The Make in India initiative has been built on layers of collaborative effort of DIPP, acting as a backbone with Union Ministers, Secretaries to the Government of India, state governments, industry leaders, and various knowledge partners to debate and formulate an action plan for the next three years, aimed at raising the contribution of the … Read more DMPQ- How ‘Make in India’ Programme has made progress in India’s manufacturing sector ?
The Sarkaria Commission on Centre-State Relations (1983–87) made a strong case for the establishment of a permanent Inter-State Council under Article 263 of the Constitution. It recommended that in order to differentiate the Inter-State Council from other bodies established under the same Article 263, it must be called as the Inter-Governmental Council. The Commission recommended … Read more DMPQ- What is Inter state council ? Also mentions it’s composition and it’s role in centre-state relations.
Based on relief, alignment of ranges and other geomorphological features, the Himalayas can be divided into the following sub-divisions: Kashmir or Northwestern Himalayas Kashmir or Northwestern Himalayas consist of a series of ranges such as the Karakoram, Ladakh, Zanskar, and Pir Panjal. Important glaciers of South Asia, i.e., the Baltoro and Siachen are found in … Read more DMPQ- Classify Himalayas on the bases on relief, alignment of ranges and other geomorphological features.
In recent times, there has been an increased preference of mutual fund companies as well as insurance companies to combine the investments in stock markets with life insurance plans, known as ULIPs. This need has arisen as there is very low penetration of life insurance in India or lack of awareness of the need for … Read more DMPQ- What is ULIP (Unit-linked insurance plans) ? How does it links insurance companies with stock markets?
The Second commission on Centre-State Relations was set-up by the Government of India in April 2007 under the Chairmanship of Madan Mohan Punchhi, former Chief Justice of India.It was required to look into the issues of Centre-State relations keeping in view the sea-changes that have taken place in the polity and economy of India since … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the recommandations of Punchhi commissions regarding Centre-State relations.
. India has the third largest military in the world and is the sixth biggest defence spender. India is also one of the largest importers of conventional defence equipment and spends around 30% of its total defense budget on capital acquisitions. 60% of defence related requirements are currently met through imports. The ‘Make in India’ … Read more DMPQ- Critically evaluate that how Make in India programme can be a milestone for India’s Defense sector.
The following factors affect the distribution of temperature of ocean water: Latitudes The temperature of surface water decreases from equator towards the poles because the sun’s rays become more and more slanting and thus the amount of insolation decreases poleward accordingly. The temperature of surface water between 40°N and 40°S is lower than air temperature … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the factors affecting temperature distribution of Ocean water.
JHARKHAND New job scheme for urban poor Chief minister Hemant Soren launched an employment scheme to provide jobs to unskilled labourers who are struggling to make ends meet amid the pandemic in urban areas. The Mukhya Mantri Shramik (Shahri Rozgar Manjuri For Kamgar) Yojana has been propounded on the lines of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment … Read more 18-19.10.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs
JHARKHAND Employment generation in mining, other sectors priority of Govt: CM Apart from the mining sector in the State, the government has special emphasis on creating employment in other areas. For this, the government is moving ahead in a phased manner to employ more and more people through different mediums. The CM said that there … Read more 17.10.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs
JHARKHAND SC displeased over non-compliance on re-grassing of mined areas in State The Supreme Court has expressed displeasure over non-compliance of its previous direction regarding re-grassing of mined areas by leaseholders after mining operations are completed. In the previous hearing on January 8 the bench had observed mining is causing complete destruction of grass. … Read more 18.12.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs
JHARKHAND Govt sets up 6 centres across state to detect post covid complications In order to enhance the life expectancy and to detect post covid complications among recovered patients, the state health department set up six covid care centres across the state. These centres will also counsel patients. According to the letter, patients on oxygen support during … Read more 16.10.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs
JHARKHAND Govt plans farm loan waiver from Jan Amid the ongoing farmers’ stir in the state against the Centre’s new farm laws, the Jharkhand government is gearing up to roll out a farm loan waiver scheme, which was promised in its election manifesto, from January next year. State government officials said the scheme, which is likely to provide loan waivers up to … Read more 17.12.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs
JHARKHAND Cabinet nod to dhoti-saree scheme The state cabinet approved a proposal to roll out the Sona Sobran Dhoti Saree scheme, which promises one saree and one dhoti (or lungi) to 57.10 lakh families of Jharkhand twice a year at a subsidized price of Rs 10 a piece. The scheme was first introduced by the former UPA government … Read more 15.10.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs
All such issuances in terms of quantum to be raised, pricing is left to the company, however, regulated by the Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) which has the following objectives: To ensure that all companies accessing the primary market are making complete disclosures about their company and their functioning. Pricing has been determined through … Read more DMPQ- What is the role of SEBI (Securities exchange beuro of India) in order to regulate Capital market of India ?
The distribution of legislative powers between the Centre and the states is rigid. Consequently, the Centre cannot delegate its legislative powers to the states and a single state cannot request the Parliament to make a law on a state subject. The distribution of executive power in general follows the distribution of legislative powers. But, such … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on the constitutional provisions which enable the mutual delegation of power between Centre and states.
India’s main strategic challenge comes from its prosperous northern neighbour; China. It can be said that China and India, are going to make uneasy neighbours. For the two nuclear-armed nations to rise, almost simultaneously, without conflict will require either adroit diplomacy or a miracle; possibly both. The all weather Sino-Pakistan alliance, with its strong anti-Indian … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the main causes escalating maritime challenges for India.
Every location on Earth receives sunlight at least part of the year. The amount of solar radiation that reaches any one spot on the Earth’s surface varies according to: Geographic location Time of day Season Local landscape Local weather. Because the Earth is round, the sun strikes the surface at different angles, ranging from 0° … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the factors affecting the amount of solar radiation received by surfaces.
The Gold Monetization Scheme is a welcome step initiated by the Government of India to unlock the unused and idle gold lying in households and institutions and bring them into mainstream and release the capital locked in for use in the economy for its development. The key objectives of this scheme are stated as under: … Read more DMPQ- What are the major objectives of Gold monetization scheme? How it’s going to benefit india’s financial situation?
The Constitution defines the territorial limits of the legislative powers vested in the Centre and the states in the following way: The Parliament can make laws for the whole or any part of the territory of India. The territory of India includes the states, the union territories, and any other area for the time being … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the Constitutional provisions for territorial Extent of Central and State Legislation.
One of the most important challenges of border management is integration of local community in 4 border management. Preventing alienation of border population, winning their hearts and minds by formulating people inclusive border management policies is of paramount importance. There is need to recognise the local bordering community as a prime stakeholder in border management. … Read more DMPQ- . How can community participation is one of the important factors in border management ?
The endogenic and exogenic forces causing physical stresses and chemical actions on earth materials and bringing about changes in the configuration of the surface of the earth are known as geomorphic processes. Diastrophism and volcanism are endogenic geomorphic processes. A process is a force applied on earth materials affecting the same. An agent is a … Read more DMPQ- . What is Geomorphic process ? Explain Diastrophism in detail.
RBI thus has certain quantitative and qualitative tools through which it manages liquidity and they are as follows: Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) Every bank has to retain a certain percentage of its demands and time liabilities in cash with the RBI which can be raised by the RBI to drain out excess liquidity or reduced … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the various quantitative and qualitative measures implemented by RBI to manage liquidity in market.
Besides the above federal features, the Indian Constitution also possesses the following unitary or non-federal features: Strong Centre The division of powers is in favour of the Centre and highly inequitable from the federal angle. Firstly, the Union List contains more subjects than the State List. Secondly, the more important subjects have been included in … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the Unitary features enshrined in the Constitution of India.
With varying income groups in India, not everyone can afford expensive phones. In the US, Apple has over 44% market share. However, in India the iPhones with their higher security norms are used by less than 1% of mobile users. The widening gap between the security offered by the high-end iPhone and lower cost mobiles … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the major cyber security challenges of India.
Shield Volcanoes The second type may be familiar to you from news reports from Hawaii: the shield volcano. This type of volcano can be hundreds of miles across and 10,000 feet high. A shield volcano is characterized by gentle upper slopes (about 5 degrees) with somewhat steeper lower slopes (about 10 degrees). The shield volcanoes … Read more DMPQ- Classify the volcanos based on the forms they develop.
Zero-Based Budgeting – ZBB This is a method of budgeting in which all expenses must be justified for each financial year. The process of this budgeting starts from a “zero base,” on every financial year. Every function within the ministry or department is analyzed for its needs and costs. Budget allocations are then made according … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on some of other forms of budgeting in India.
The parliamentary system of government in India is largely based on the British parliamentary system. However, it never became a replica of the British system and differs in the following respects: India has a republican system in place of British monarchical system. In other words, the Head of the State in India (that is, President) … Read more DMPQ- . “Indian Parliamentary system is not a replica of British Parliament.” Explain the statement.
State police forces had 24% vacancies (about 5.5 lakh vacancies) in January 2016. Hence, while the sanctioned police strength was 181 police per lakh persons in 2016, the actual strength was 137 police. Note that the United Nations recommended standard is 222 police per lakh persons. 86% of the state police comprises of constabulary. Constables … Read more DMPQ- Describe how Indian Police is overburdened. Also mention the major lacks in police infrastructure in Indian police.
The summer solstice occurs at the moment the earth’s tilt toward from the sun is at a maximum. Therefore, on the day of the summer solstice, the sun appears at its highest elevation with a noontime position that changes very little for several days before and after the summer solstice. The summer solstice occurs when … Read more DMPQ- Differentiate between summer solstice, winter solstice and equinox.
Tax on black money The most important way to view demonetisation is as a tax administration measure, one designed to tax holdings of black money. Of course, demonetisation of large denomination notes is not exactly the same as demonetisation of black money. Some cash holdings were perfectly “white”, the fruit of income upon which taxes … Read more DMPQ- How did Demonetisation helped to curb in tax related corruption ?
. A plea was made in favour of US presidential system of government in the Constituent Assembly4. But, the founding fathers preferred the British parliamentary system due to the following reasons: Familiarity with the System The Constitution-makers were somewhat familiar with the parliamentary system as it had been in operation in India during the British … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the reasons Why India adopted Parliamentary system instead of Presidential system .
China and its engagements in the Indian Ocean Region is set to grow at a rapid pace until the near future. China’s setting up of its base in Djibouti is ideal during peacetime but there is also a significant presence of other militaries such as the US, France, Japan, etc, which shall render the Chinese … Read more DMPQ- China has been actively engaged in expanding its footprint in Indian Ocean. Explain what kind of threat China pose for India in Indian ocean.
Mikhail Gorbachev’s reformist policies in the Soviet Union merely served to encourage opposition movements to the Communist regimes in the Soviet bloc countries. Demonstrations became more frequent. Governments were forced to accept measures, recommended, moreover, by Gorbachev, towards liberalisation. However, these measures were not deemed to be sufficient. Hopes of freedom, long suppressed by the … Read more DMPQ- . Why and how did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?
The government does not perform any business so it cannot earn money to spend. Hence, the government has to raise the money from the economy to enable it to spend that money in terms of requirements and national priorities. The government raises money primarily through ‘taxes’ and the spending known as ‘public expenditure’. A policy … Read more DMPQ- What are the main objectives of Fiscal policy in India ?
The features or principles of parliamentary government in India are: Nominal and Real Executives The President is the nominal executive (de jure executive or titular executive) while the Prime Minister is the real executive (de facto executive). Thus, the President is head of the State, while the Prime Minister is head of the government. Article … Read more DMPQ- . What are important features of Parliamentary system of India’s democracy?
. There have been a series of lone wolf terrorist strikes across the world. From 2014 Sydney hostage crisis to Paris knife attack are among the prominent incidents. A lone wolf attack is undertaken by a very small group or an individual in support of a larger cause, but without the overall supervision or support … Read more DMPQ- Terrorists organizations like ISIS are using lone wolf attacks. What do you understand by ‘lone wolf attacks’? What threat does this pose to India?
Weimar republic which came in power in Germany after first world war failed to solve the problems and soon Germany turned into a fascist state. The reasons for it’s failures are as follows : Republic lacked legitimacy from the outset. This was a result of the elites fleeing the nation just before the war ended. … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the reasons for the failure of Weimar republic ?
. Besides the huge resources required there are structural issues like, one of the highest Aggregate Transmission and Distribution (AT&D) losses of 25 per cent the highest in the world. There are other issues like power thefts which along with distribution losses result in losses to the State Electricity Boards (SEBs), under pricing, mounting losses … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the major features of Integrated energy policy of India.
. In 1976, the Congress Party set up the Sardar Swaran Singh Committee to make recommendations about fundamental duties, the need and necessity of which was felt during the operation of the internal emergency (1975–1977). The committee recommended the inclusion of a separate chapter on fundamental duties in the Constitution. It stressed that the citizens … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the Swarn Singh committee and it’s recommendations vis-à-vis Fundamental duties.
Money laundering is the illegal process of making large amounts of money generated by a criminal activity, such as drug trafficking or terrorist funding, appear to have come from a legitimate source. The money from the criminal activity is considered dirty, and the process “launders” it to make it look clean. Money laundering is a … Read more DMPQ- What is money laundering ? How does it helps organized crime ?
The New Deal itself created millions of jobs and sponsored public works projects that reached most every county in the nation. Federal protection of bank deposits ended the dangerous trend of bank runs. Abuse of the stock market was more clearly defined and monitored to prevent collapses in the future. The Social Security system was … Read more DMPQ- Critically evaluate the achievements of new deal to end the recession in the United States of America.
Various investment models which have emerged in recent times especially in post-reforms and also from experiences of emerging marker economies (EMEs). These models are not alternates to each other but are only variants of investment models. The policy support will require well-drafted ‘futuristic policies’ in different areas especially in the areas of ‘pricing and tax … Read more DMPQ- Suggest appropriate investment model for India’s infrastructure sector.
. In spite of the above criticisms and shortcomings, the Directive Principles are not an unnecessary appendage to the Constitution. The Constitution itself declares that they are fundamental to the governance of the country. According to L M Singhvi, an eminent jurist and diplomat, ‘the Directives are the life giving provisions of the Constitution. They … Read more DMPQ- Explain why Directive principles of State policy are important and relevant in 21st century.
Paramilitary forces such as the Central Reserve Police Force, Border Security Force, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, Central Industrial Security Force and Sashastra Seema Bal brave the odds to fight enemies of the nation and to protect our borders. The paramilitary forces come under the union home ministry, while the three armed forces are ruled by the … Read more DMPQ- . “Paramilitary forces allege of step-motherly treatment meted by the government as compared to military.” Discuss.
Israel’s stunning victory in the Six-Day War of 1967 left the Jewish nation in control of territory four times its previous size. Egypt lost the 23,500-square-mile Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip, Jordan lost the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and Syria lost the strategic Golan Heights. When Anwar el-Sadat (1918-81) became president of Egypt … Read more DMPQ- Assess the reasons why the Six-Day War of 1967 was followed by the Yom Kippur War only three years later.
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) which undertook the study on the feasibility of this prestigious project, submitted its report in July 2015. The project was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, in December 2015, to be implemented with Japanese technical and financial assistance. The memorandum of understanding for cooperation between India and … Read more DMPQ- What is High speed railway project ? Throw light on the salient features of the project ?
These principles reflect the ideology of socialism. They lay down the framework of a democratic socialist state, aim at providing social and economic justice, and set the path towards welfare state. They direct the state: To promote the welfare of the people by securing a social order permeated by justice— social, economic and political—and to … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on Directive principles which are Socialistic in Nature.
The army, air force and navy began inducting women as short-service commission (SSC) officers in 1992. This was the first time women were allowed to join the military outside the medical stream. Initially, they could serve for five years, and their service could be extended by another five years. In 2006, a policy revision allowed … Read more DMPQ- Analyze the recent decision of induction of women for combat role in Indian Army.
The genesis of the integration process began in Europe after the World War II. In the process of planning the introduction of a new political order in post-war Europe, it was acknowledged that the key task was the reconstruction of European economies. Western European leaders realised that only efficient and effective European economy would be … Read more DMPQ- . Why and in what ways did the states of western Europe see close relations with each other after the Second World War?
The CISF came into existence in 1969 with a modest beginning, having three battalions, to provide integrated security cover to the Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) which, in those years, occupied the commanding heights of the economy. In a span of four decades, the Force has grown several folds to reach one lakh forty eight thousand … Read more DMPQ- What is central Industrial Security Force (CISF) ? Explain it’s mandate and objectives.