DMPQ- How ‘Make in India’ Programme has made progress in India’s manufacturing sector ?

The Make in India initiative has been built on layers of collaborative effort of DIPP,  acting as a backbone with Union Ministers, Secretaries to the Government of India, state  governments, industry leaders, and various knowledge partners to debate and formulate an  action plan for the next three years, aimed at raising the contribution of the … Read more

DMPQ- What is Inter state council ? Also mentions it’s composition and it’s role in centre-state relations.

The Sarkaria Commission on Centre-State Relations (1983–87) made a strong case for the establishment of a permanent Inter-State Council under Article 263 of the Constitution. It recommended that in order to differentiate the Inter-State Council from other bodies established under the same Article 263, it must be called as the Inter-Governmental Council. The Commission recommended … Read more

DMPQ- Classify Himalayas on the bases on relief, alignment of ranges and other geomorphological features.

Based on relief, alignment of ranges and other geomorphological features, the Himalayas can be divided into the following sub-divisions: Kashmir or Northwestern Himalayas  Kashmir or Northwestern Himalayas consist of a series of ranges such as the Karakoram, Ladakh, Zanskar, and Pir Panjal. Important glaciers of South Asia, i.e., the Baltoro and Siachen are found in … Read more

DMPQ- Critically evaluate that how Make in India programme can be a milestone for India’s Defense sector.

. India has the third largest military in the world and is the sixth biggest defence spender. India is also one of the largest importers of conventional defence equipment and spends around 30% of its total defense budget on capital acquisitions. 60% of defence related requirements are currently met through imports. The ‘Make in India’ … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the factors affecting temperature distribution of Ocean water.

The following factors affect the distribution of temperature of ocean water: Latitudes The temperature of surface water decreases from equator towards the poles because the sun’s rays become more and more slanting and thus the amount of insolation decreases poleward accordingly. The temperature of surface water between 40°N and 40°S is lower than air temperature … Read more

18-19.10.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND New job scheme for urban poor   Chief minister Hemant Soren launched an employment scheme to provide jobs to unskilled labourers who are struggling to make ends meet amid the pandemic in urban areas. The Mukhya Mantri Shramik (Shahri Rozgar Manjuri For Kamgar) Yojana has been propounded on the lines of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment … Read more

17.10.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Employment generation in mining, other sectors priority of Govt: CM Apart from the mining sector in the State, the government has special emphasis on creating employment in other areas. For this, the government is moving ahead in a phased manner to employ more and more people through different mediums. The CM said that there … Read more

18.12.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND SC displeased over non-compliance on re-grassing of mined areas in State The Supreme Court has expressed displeasure over non-compliance of its previous direction regarding re-grassing of mined areas by leaseholders after mining operations are completed.   In the previous hearing on January 8 the bench had observed mining is causing complete destruction of grass. … Read more

16.10.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Govt sets up 6 centres across state to detect post covid complications   In order to enhance the life expectancy and to detect post covid complications among recovered patients, the state health department set up six covid care centres across the state. These centres will also counsel patients.   According to the letter, patients on oxygen support during … Read more

17.12.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Govt plans farm loan waiver from Jan   Amid the ongoing farmers’ stir in the state against the Centre’s new farm laws, the Jharkhand government is gearing up to roll out a farm loan waiver scheme, which was promised in its election manifesto, from January next year. State government officials said the scheme, which is likely to provide loan waivers up to … Read more

15.10.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Cabinet nod to dhoti-saree scheme The state cabinet  approved a proposal to roll out the Sona Sobran Dhoti Saree scheme, which promises one saree and one dhoti (or lungi) to 57.10 lakh families of Jharkhand twice a year at a subsidized price of Rs 10 a piece. The scheme was first introduced by the former UPA government … Read more

DMPQ- What is the role of SEBI (Securities exchange beuro of India) in order to regulate Capital market of India ?

All such issuances in terms of quantum to be raised, pricing is left to the company,  however, regulated by the Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) which has the  following objectives: To ensure that all companies accessing the primary market are making complete disclosures about their company and their functioning. Pricing has been determined through … Read more

DMPQ- Throw light on the constitutional provisions which enable the mutual delegation of power between Centre and states.

The distribution of legislative powers between the Centre and the states is rigid. Consequently, the Centre cannot delegate its legislative powers to the states and a single state cannot request the Parliament to make a law on a state subject. The distribution of executive power in general follows the distribution of legislative powers. But, such … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the main causes escalating maritime challenges for India.

India’s main strategic challenge comes from its prosperous northern neighbour; China. It can be said that China and India, are going to make uneasy neighbours. For the two nuclear-armed nations to rise, almost simultaneously, without conflict will require either adroit diplomacy or a miracle; possibly both. The all weather Sino-Pakistan alliance, with its strong anti-Indian … Read more

DMPQ- What are the major objectives of Gold monetization scheme? How it’s going to benefit india’s financial situation?

The Gold Monetization Scheme is a welcome step initiated by the Government of India to  unlock the unused and idle gold lying in households and institutions and bring them into  mainstream and release the capital locked in for use in the economy for its development.  The key objectives of this scheme are stated as under: … Read more

DMPQ- . How can community participation is one of the important factors in border management ?

One of the most important challenges of border management is integration of local community in 4 border management. Preventing alienation of border population, winning their hearts and minds by formulating people inclusive border management policies is of paramount importance. There is need to recognise the local bordering community as a prime stakeholder in border management. … Read more

DMPQ- . What is Geomorphic process ? Explain Diastrophism in detail.

The endogenic and exogenic forces causing physical stresses and chemical actions on earth materials and bringing about changes in the configuration of the surface of the earth are known as geomorphic processes. Diastrophism and volcanism are endogenic geomorphic processes. A process is a force applied on earth materials affecting the same. An agent is a … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the Unitary features enshrined in the Constitution of India.

Besides the above federal features, the Indian Constitution also possesses the following unitary or non-federal features: Strong Centre The division of powers is in favour of the Centre and highly inequitable from the federal angle. Firstly, the Union List contains more subjects than the State List. Secondly, the more important subjects have been included in … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the major cyber security challenges of India.

With varying income groups in India, not everyone can afford expensive phones. In the US, Apple has over 44% market share. However, in India the iPhones with their higher security norms are used by less than 1% of mobile users. The widening gap between the security offered by the high-end iPhone and lower cost mobiles … Read more

DMPQ- Classify the volcanos based on the forms they develop.

Shield Volcanoes The second type may be familiar to you from news reports from Hawaii: the shield volcano. This type of volcano can be hundreds of miles across and 10,000 feet high. A shield volcano is characterized by gentle upper slopes (about 5 degrees) with somewhat steeper lower slopes (about 10 degrees). The shield volcanoes … Read more

DMPQ- Throw light on some of other forms of budgeting in India.

Zero-Based Budgeting – ZBB This is a method of budgeting in which all expenses must be justified for each financial  year. The process of this budgeting starts from a “zero base,” on every financial year. Every  function within the ministry or department is analyzed for its needs and costs. Budget  allocations are then made according … Read more

DMPQ- . “Indian Parliamentary system is not a replica of British Parliament.” Explain the statement.

The parliamentary system of government in India is largely based on the British parliamentary system. However, it never became a replica of the British system and differs in the following respects: India has a republican system in place of British monarchical system. In other words, the Head of the State in India (that is, President) … Read more

DMPQ- Describe how Indian Police is overburdened. Also mention the major lacks in police infrastructure in Indian police.

State police forces had 24% vacancies (about 5.5 lakh vacancies) in January 2016. Hence, while the sanctioned police strength was 181 police per lakh persons in 2016, the actual strength was 137 police. Note that the United Nations recommended standard is 222 police per lakh persons.  86% of the state police comprises of constabulary. Constables … Read more

DMPQ- How did Demonetisation helped to curb in tax related corruption ?

Tax on black money The most important way to view demonetisation is as a tax  administration measure, one designed to tax holdings of black money. Of course,  demonetisation of large denomination notes is not exactly the same as demonetisation  of black money. Some cash holdings were perfectly “white”, the fruit of income upon  which taxes … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the reasons Why India adopted Parliamentary system instead of Presidential system .

. A plea was made in favour of US presidential system of government in the Constituent Assembly4. But, the founding fathers preferred the British parliamentary system due to the following reasons: Familiarity with the System The Constitution-makers were somewhat familiar with the parliamentary system as it had been in operation in India during the British … Read more

DMPQ- China has been actively engaged in expanding its footprint in Indian Ocean. Explain what kind of threat China pose for India in Indian ocean.

China and its engagements in the Indian Ocean Region is set to grow at a rapid pace until the near future. China’s setting up of its base in Djibouti is ideal during peacetime but there is also a significant presence of other militaries such as the US, France, Japan, etc, which shall render the Chinese … Read more

DMPQ- . Why and how did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?

Mikhail Gorbachev’s reformist policies in the Soviet Union merely served to encourage opposition movements to the Communist regimes in the Soviet bloc countries. Demonstrations became more frequent. Governments were forced to accept measures, recommended, moreover, by Gorbachev, towards liberalisation. However, these measures were not deemed to be sufficient. Hopes of freedom, long suppressed by the … Read more

DMPQ- What are the main objectives of Fiscal policy in India ?

The government does not perform any business so it cannot earn money to spend. Hence,  the government has to raise the money from the economy to enable it to spend that  money in terms of requirements and national priorities. The government raises money  primarily through ‘taxes’ and the spending known as ‘public expenditure’. A policy … Read more

DMPQ- Terrorists organizations like ISIS are using lone wolf attacks. What do you understand by ‘lone wolf attacks’? What threat does this pose to India?

. There have been a series of lone wolf terrorist strikes across the world. From 2014 Sydney hostage crisis to Paris knife attack  are among the prominent incidents. A lone wolf attack is undertaken by a very small group or an individual in support of a larger cause, but without the overall supervision or support … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the reasons for the failure of Weimar republic ?

Weimar republic which came in power in Germany after first world war failed to solve the problems and soon Germany turned into a fascist state. The reasons for it’s failures are as follows : Republic lacked legitimacy from the outset. This was a result of the elites fleeing the nation just before the war ended. … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the major features of Integrated energy policy of India.

. Besides the huge resources required there are structural issues like, one of the highest  Aggregate Transmission and Distribution (AT&D) losses of 25 per cent the highest in the  world. There are other issues like power thefts which along with distribution losses result  in losses to the State Electricity Boards (SEBs), under pricing, mounting losses … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the Swarn Singh committee and it’s recommendations vis-à-vis Fundamental duties.

. In 1976, the Congress Party set up the Sardar Swaran Singh Committee to make recommendations about fundamental duties, the need and necessity of which was felt during the operation of the internal emergency (1975–1977). The committee recommended the inclusion of a separate chapter on fundamental duties in the Constitution. It stressed that the citizens … Read more

DMPQ- What is money laundering ? How does it helps organized crime ?

Money laundering is the illegal process of making large amounts of money generated by a criminal activity, such as drug trafficking or terrorist funding, appear to have come from a legitimate source. The money from the criminal activity is considered dirty, and the process “launders” it to make it look clean. Money laundering is a … Read more

DMPQ- Critically evaluate the achievements of new deal to end the recession in the United States of America.

The New Deal itself created millions of jobs and sponsored public works projects that reached most every county in the nation. Federal protection of bank deposits ended the dangerous trend of bank runs. Abuse of the stock market was more clearly defined and monitored to prevent collapses in the future. The Social Security system was … Read more

DMPQ- Suggest appropriate investment model for India’s infrastructure sector.

Various investment models which have emerged in recent times especially  in post-reforms and also from experiences of emerging marker economies (EMEs). These  models are not alternates to each other but are only variants of investment models. The policy support will require well-drafted ‘futuristic policies’ in different areas  especially in the areas of ‘pricing and tax … Read more

DMPQ- Explain why Directive principles of State policy are important and relevant in 21st century.

. In spite of the above criticisms and shortcomings, the Directive Principles are not an unnecessary appendage to the Constitution. The Constitution itself declares that they are fundamental to the governance of the country. According to L M Singhvi, an eminent jurist and diplomat, ‘the Directives are the life giving provisions of the Constitution. They … Read more

DMPQ- . “Paramilitary forces allege of step-motherly treatment meted by the government as compared to military.” Discuss.

Paramilitary forces such as the Central Reserve Police Force, Border Security Force, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, Central Industrial Security Force and Sashastra Seema Bal brave the odds to fight enemies of the nation and to protect our borders. The paramilitary forces come under the union home ministry, while the three armed forces are ruled by the … Read more

DMPQ- Assess the reasons why the Six-Day War of 1967 was followed by the Yom Kippur War only three years later.

Israel’s stunning victory in the Six-Day War of 1967 left the Jewish nation in control of territory four times its previous size. Egypt lost the 23,500-square-mile Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip, Jordan lost the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and Syria lost the strategic Golan Heights. When Anwar el-Sadat (1918-81) became president of Egypt … Read more

DMPQ- What is High speed railway project ? Throw light on the salient features of the project ?

The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) which undertook the study on  the feasibility of this prestigious project, submitted its report in July 2015. The project  was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, in December 2015, to  be implemented with Japanese technical and financial assistance. The memorandum of  understanding for cooperation between India and … Read more

DMPQ- Throw light on Directive principles which are Socialistic in Nature.

These principles reflect the ideology of socialism. They lay down the framework of a democratic socialist state, aim at providing social and economic justice, and set the path towards welfare state. They direct the state: To promote the welfare of the people by securing a social order permeated by justice— social, economic and political—and to … Read more

DMPQ- . Why and in what ways did the states of western Europe see close relations with each other after the Second World War?

The genesis of the integration process began in Europe after the World War II. In the process of planning the introduction of a new political order in post-war Europe, it was acknowledged that the key task was the reconstruction of European economies. Western European leaders realised that only efficient and effective European economy would be … Read more

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