DMPQ- What are NGO’s? Discuss the issue as far as their functioning is concerned?

A non-governmental organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens’ group which is organized on a local, national or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to Governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political participation through provision of information. … Read more

DMPQ: EVM offer a smooth way for functioning of polling and result declaration but still they are always under radar. In this context , explain the advantage of EVM over ballot and the concern raised against its use

Advantage of EVM: Saving of lot of papers and hence eco-friendly. Time saver as result declaration does not take too much of time. It reduces the chance of booth capturing. No bogus vote and no double vote. EVM can be run on 6 volt battery. Concerns associated with EVM Hacking and manipulation of EVM.( even … Read more

DMPQ- Education gives a human being the power to discriminate between right and wrong, good or bad. Discuss the statement in the context of basic education being the criteria for fighting election.

Supreme court of India in its judgement rightly stated that it is only education which gives a human being the power to discriminate between right and wrong, good or bad. Hence educational criteria is valid criteria.  The states under article 246(3) can make laws to enable the functioning of self -government. The benefits attached with … Read more

DMPQ- Zilla Parishad plays a unifying role in Panchayati raj system. Justify.

The Zilla Parishad stands at the apex of the three-tier structure of the Panchayati Raj system. Generally, the Zilla Parishad consists of representatives of the Panchayat Samiti; all the members of the State Legislature and the Parliament representing a part or whole of the district; all district level officers of the Medical, Public Health, Public … Read more

DMPQ- What are the objectives of National Cyber Crime Policy?

To create a secure cyber ecosystem in the country, generate adequate trust & confidence in IT systems and transactions in cyberspace and thereby enhance adoption of IT in all sectors of the economy. To create an assurance framework for design of security policies and for promotion and enabling actions for compliance to global security standards … Read more

DMPQ- What is Social Security?

Social sufferings such as poverty, unemployment and disease are the sound grounds for advocating the provisions of social security measures in India as national programme. Social security is a dynamic conception which is considered in all advanced countries of the world as an indispensable of the national programme with the development of the idea of … Read more

DMPQ- What are the Salient Features of Right To Information Act 2005

Replaced Freedom of Information Act 2002. Jammu and Kashmir has separate Right To Information Act – RTI 2009. RTI relaxes restrictions placed by Official Secrets Act 1923. 3 Levels – Public Information Officer, First Appellate Authority, Central Information Commission(CIC). Time period for Public Information Officer : Expeditiously or within 30 daysfrom the date of receipt by public authority. … Read more

DMPQ-District Courts

The basis of structuring of district courts in India is mainly depending upon the discretion of the state governments or the union territories. The structure of those courts are mainly made considering several factors like the number of cases, distribution of population, etc. Depending upon those factors the state government takes the decision of numbers … Read more

DMPQ-What are the features of parliamentary government in India ?

The features of parliamentary government in India are: Presence of nominal and real executives; Majority party rule, Collective responsibility of the executive to the legislature, Membership of the ministers in the legislature, Leadership of the prime minister or the chief minister, Dissolution of the lower House (Lok Sabha or Assembly).

DMPQ-Write a short note on Delimitation Commission.

The delimitation commission or boundary commission of India is a commission established by the government of India under the provisions of the delimitation commission Act. The main task of the commission is redrawing the boundaries of the various assembly and Lok Sabha constituencies based on a recent census.  The representation from each State is not … Read more

DMPQ-Indian Constitution has come a long way and proved to be successful one. But the maker of the constitution , constituent assembly is not immune from criticism. Comment

Indian constituent assembly framed our constitution and its success and sustainability even after 70 years is commendable. But there are certain features which opens the gate for criticism. These are as follows: It was not the representative body as members were not directly elected. It was not the sovereign body as it was not constituted … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on the Centre State Financial Relations.

Indian Constitution has made elaborate provisions, relating to the distribution of the taxes as well as non-tax revenues and the power of borrowing, supplemented by provisions for grants-in-aid by the Union to the States.  Article 268 to 293 deals with the provisions of financial relations between Centre and States. The Constitution divides the taxing powers … Read more

DMPQ- Differentiate between Personal and Official Bias

Personal Bias Personal bias may arise out of friendship, relationship, professional grievance or even enmity. Here again likelihood of bias is to be given more credence than for the actual bias. “it is difficult to prove the state of mind of a person. Therefore, we have to see whether there is reasonable ground for believing … Read more

DMPQ:What are the compulsory provisions for 73rd amendment act?

73rd amendment act gave the constitutional sanctity to the panchayat. IT was the landmark event in Indian constitutional History. The amendment had certain compulsory provisions and some voluntary provisions.   Compulsory Provisions are as follows: Organisation of Gram sabha Creation of 3 tier panchayati raj at District, Block & Village level All the seats in … Read more

DMPQ- What is article 370? What are the implications after its removal?

Article 370 of the Indian constitution is an article that gives autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The article is drafted in Part XXI of the Constitution: Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions. While the article was created to give temporary, transitional, special provisions, it has become a Permanent feature. In the years since Independence, this article was … Read more

DMPQ-What is the composition and function of CVC?

Commission consists of Commissioner and not more than two Vigilance commissioner. They are pointed by the president on recommendation of a committee of Prime Minister, Home minister and leader of opposition lok sabha. They occupy post till age of 65 yrs or 4 yr term. Functions of CVC  are: To inquire or cause an inquiry … Read more

DMPQ-How empathy affects the Governance?

Empathy allows the leaders and administrators become more aware of the changing environment and are willing to adopt and do things differently. Adaptability provides leaders an advantage in cross cultural situations and prevents them from offending employees. It helps administrators to increase their capacity and willingness to understand situations and accept the proposed changes and … Read more

DMPQ- Evaluate the secular features of Indian Constitution.

The Constitution of India stands for a secular state. Hence, it does not uphold any particular religion as the official religion of the Indian State. The following provisions of the Constitution reveal the secular character of the Indian State: The term ‘secular’ was added to the Preamble of the Indian Constitution by the 42nd Constitutional … Read more

DMPQ- Evaluate the nature of Indian federalism.

India has adopted a federal structure. In a federation there are two distinct levels of governments. There is one government for the whole country which is called the Union or Central Government. Also there is government for each Unit/State. The United States of America is a federation whereas the United Kingdom (Britain) has a unitary … Read more

DMPQ- What are the sailent features of The Competition Act, 2002

Salient Features Anti Agreements Enterprises, persons or associations of enterprises or persons, including cartels, shall not enter into agreements in respect of production, supply, distribution, storage, acquisition or control of goods or provision of services, which cause or are likely to cause an “appreciable adverse impact” on competition in India. Such agreements would consequently be … Read more

DMPQ- What is Social Audit?

“Social auditing is defined as a systematic attempt to identify, analyse, measure (if possible), evaluate, and monitor the effect of an organisation’s operations on society (that is, specific social groups) and on the public well-being.”   Social audit as a term was used as far back as the 1950s. In a nutshell, it refers to … Read more

DMPQ- Mention the activities of charitable organizations in India.

Some form of activities of charitable organizations include: Advocacy – Charitable organisations working on advocacy or campaigning on issues or causes and they do not implement programs. Consultancy / Research Organizations – Charitable organisation working on social and development research as well as consultancy. Training / Capacity Building Organizations – Charitable organisation helping other charity … Read more

DMPQ- What are the implications of neutrality in civil services?

The concept of neutrality has three implications: public confidence in the non-political character of public service, Confidence of ministers belonging to any political party in the loyalty of the permanent subordinates, and High morale of public servants based on the confidence that promoting would be made not on the basis of political considerations but on … Read more

DMPQ:What is the difference between Ethics and law?

Ethics Law It tells what a man ought to do Law tell what man can and cannot do. Man is guilty even if he think so Guilty only if committed the crime Ethical has larger scope Narrow scope as compared to Ethics Law can be used as tool to enforce ethics Ethics sometimes is the … Read more

DMPQ- Evaluate the role of Mass media as pressure group.

Mass media plays a vital role in showcasing happenings of politics and life of common people around. It help in a great way to educate the mass in politics. This knowledge act as power and help to choose the right party, right candidate and putting pressure on political parties, ruling government to take action against … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on SHe-box.

It seeks to ensure effective implementation of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace(Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 Once a complaint is submitted to the portal, it will be directly sent to the ICC/LCC of the concerned authority having jurisdiction to take action intothe matter.Both, Ministry of Women & Child Development Ministry as well … Read more

DMPQ:Constitution of India ensured a cordial relation between centre and state. But over the period of time lot of tension areas developed. What are the tension areas between centre and state?

These are as follows: Mode of appointment and dismissal of Governor Discriminatory and partisan role of governor Imposition of president’s rule Deployment of center forces in the states to maintain law and order Reservation of state bills for the consideration of the president Discrimination in financial allocations to the states Role of planning commission (now … Read more

DMPQ:Directive Principles of States Policy is not an effective tool and they are just constitutional instrument without much substance. Discuss.

DPSP prima facie appears to be not an effective tool as they are non justiciable, non enforceable unlike Fundamental rights. Further their implementation are at the will of the Politicians and law makers.  But outright rejection of DPSP and terming them ineffective will be injustice to the constitution makers. They have their own benefits: Dr … Read more

DMPQ:Article 21 of the constitution has gotten more dimensions and scope due to Supreme Court Judgement. This liberal interpretation has led to the real broadening of fundamental rights. Comment

Article 21 of the Constitution says that “No person shall be deprived of his life or personalliberty except according to procedure established by law.” It is the most precious andsacrosanct right. Having found it to be inadequate and unrealistic in view of the changing socio-economic needs and aspirations of the society, the Supreme Court resorted … Read more

DMPQ:Indian constitution in true sense do not follow the perfect separation of power. Do you agree with the statement. If Yes, Why?

Indian constitution is based on the clear but delicate principle of limited separation of powers and responsibilities between different arms of Government, a precondition for smooth functioning of a government. But there are provisions and functioning where there are overlapping of functional areas. For example: Legislature- President is head but works on advice of CoM, … Read more

DMPQ:Constitution of India was finalised in Constituent assembly but its seed were sown during freedom struggle. Comment

Most of the features were inspired from the freedom struggle and their demands were put forth by the freedom fighters during national movement.  These demands were incorporated by the Constituent assembly after due deliberations. Features shaped by Indian Leaders during freedom struggle: Fundamental Rights: Nehru report gave 19 fundamental rights. Citizenship: Single citizenship also from … Read more

DMPQ:What is Emotional Intelligence? What is the need for emotional Intelligence in Civil Services?

EI is the ability to understand and regulate our emotions and that of others to handle interpersonal relationships effectively. Need for EI: Work environment of civil services has become much more complex, even hostile at times. There’s multiplicity of work (new schemes) and shortage of personnel. Civil service itself is beset with problems of corruption, inefficiency, … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on differentiated banking.

The banks which could be differentiated on the accountof capital requirement, scope of activities and servethe needs of a certain demographic segment of thepopulation are called as Differentiated Banks or NicheBanks.The idea of Differentiated Bank was mooted byNachiket More Committee 2014, for FinancialInclusion. It can be classified as Payment Banks, SmallFinance Banks, Regional Rural Banks, … Read more

DMPQ :Electoral reforms are organic in nature demand for them is increasing even at a rapid rate. In this context, outline the electoral reforms put forth by the ECI.

The major demand by ECI are as follows: First and foremost demand is to make the demand charged expenditure on. It will provide financial independence to the ECI. The denial of Financial independence does not go well with the status of ECI. Independent secretariat for the commission A proposal has been made by the commission … Read more

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