DMPQ-. Explain how religious sentiments influenced India’s nationalism.

Apart from cultural nationalism and economic nationalism, there were other ways also in which the idea of Indian nationalism was being expressed. There came into being, in the second half of the 19th century, a thinking on Indian nationalism which was based on religion. It was leaders like Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Dayanand Saraswati (who founded … Read more

DMPQ-. Define regional trading block. Also mention the need for such blocks.

. A regional trade bloc is a type of intergovernmental agreement, often part of a regional intergovernmental organization, where regional barriers to trade, (tariffs & non-tariff barriers) are reduced or eliminated among the participating states. A regional trading bloc is a group of countries within a geographical region that protect themselves from imports from non-members. … Read more

DMPQ-. Discuss the Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge to end the manual scavenging by 2021.

The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act (2013) and various judgements of Hon’ble Supreme Court expressly prohibit hazardous cleaning, i.e. manual entry into a septic tank or sewer without protective gear and observing operating procedures. Despite this, recurring episodes of human fatalities among those engaged in cleaning of septic tanks and … Read more

DISHA

District Development and Monitoring Committee (DISHA) is being formed with a view to fulfill the objective of ensuring better coordination among all the elected representatives in Parliament, State Legislatures and Local Governments (Panchayati Raj Institutions/Municipal Bodies) for efficient and time-bound development of districts in our country.DISHA is an effort to improve development coordination and monitoring … Read more

What do you understand by the Doctrine of Separation of Power? how this doctrine is applied in Indian and US context. (POLITY)

The concept of doctrine of power was introduced by Montesquieu, a French Scholar.   He was opposed to concentration of power in one person and, hence, advocated                 vesting the state?s power in three organs of the state that is the legislature, the Judiciary, and the executive. Separation of power in USA: The doctrine of … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the CAG’s relationship with public corporations.

The role of CAG in the auditing of public corporations is limited. Broadly speaking, his relationship with the public corporations falls into the following three categories: Some corporations are audited totally and directly by the CAG, for example, Damodar Valley Corporation, Oil and Natural Gas Commission, Air India, Indian Airlines Corporation, and others. Some other … Read more

DMPQ-. Discuss the constitutional evolution of national commission for ST’s. Also mention the functions of the commission.

. The National Commission for SCs and STs came into being consequent upon passing of the 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1990. The Commission was established under Article 338 of the Constitution with the objective of monitoring all the safeguards provided for the SCs and STs under the Constitution or other law. Geographically and culturally, … Read more

DMPQ- . How did extra constitutional institutes like planning commission has effected the significance of finance commission.

. The Constitution of India envisages the Finance commission as the balancing wheel of fiscal federalism in India. However, its role in the Centre–state fiscal relations has been undermined by the emergence of the Planning Commission, a non-constitutional and a non-statutory body. Dr P V Rajamannar, the Chairman of the Fourth Finance commission, highlighted the … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the role of joint state public service commission.

The Constitution makes a provision for the establishment of a Joint State Public Service Commission (JSPSC) for two or more states. While the UPSC and the SPSC are created directly by the Constitution, a JSPSC can be created by an act of Parliament on the request of the state legislatures concerned. Thus, a JSPSC is … Read more

DMPQ- . Briefly describe the composition of state public service commission and also mention the process of removal of it’s members.

. A State Public Service Commission consists of a chairman and other members appointed by the governor of the state. The Constitution does not specify the strength of the Commission but has left the matter to the discretion of the Governor. Further, no qualifications are prescribed for the commission’s membership except that one-half of the … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the various features of administration contained in the sixth Schedule for tribal areas.

The Constitution, under Sixth Schedule, contains special provisions for the administration of tribal areas in the four north-eastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. The various features of administration contained in the Sixth Schedule are as follows: The tribal areas in the four states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram have been constituted as … Read more

DMPQ- “Transition to statehood of Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh was smooth, it was not so in case of Nagaland and Mizoram.” Elucidate.

Naga areas were totally isolated during British rule and after Independence, government of India sought to integrate them, but they opposed in favor of a separate independent state under leadership of A Phizo and British officers and missionaries support. In 1955, a violent campaign was launched by Nagas and they declared independence from Assam and … Read more

DMPQ- What were India’s challenges vis-à-vis tribal integration after independence and how government of India resolved them.

British colonial rule left them in gross suspicion and insecure and their ‘integration’ into Indian nation became a challenge as India had already witnessed the ill effects of policies of ‘isolation’ and ‘assimilation’ in past. So, Nehru and other leaders saw a middle path in form of integrative approach and said ‘tribal areas have to … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss different institutions formed under the 74th amendement act.

Municipal Corporation Municipal corporations are created for the administration of big cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore and others. They are established in the states by the acts of the concerned state legislatures, and in the union territories by the acts of the Parliament of India. There may be one common act for all … Read more

DMPQ-. How does Article 371 A makes Nagaland a special state.

Article 371-A makes the following special provisions for Nagaland : The Acts of Parliament relating to the following matters would not apply to Nagaland unless the State Legislative Assembly so decides: religious or social practices of the Nagas; Naga customary law and procedure; Administration of civil and criminal justice involving decisions according to Naga customary … Read more

DMPQ-. Throw light on the Writ jurisdiction of state High courts.

. Article 226 of the Constitution empowers a high court to issue writs including habeas corpus, mandamus, certiorari, prohibition and quo-warrento for the enforcement of the fundamental rights of the citizens and for any other purpose. The phrase ‘for any other purpose’ refers to the enforcement of an ordinary legal right. The high court can … Read more

DMPQ- Briefly discuss the sessions of a state assembly.

Summoning The governor from time to time summons each House of state legislature to meet. The maximum gap between the two sessions of state legislature cannot be more than six months, ie, the state legislature should meet at least twice a year. A session of the state legislature consists of many sittings. Adjournment An adjournment … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the concept of judicial review. How does supreme court’s effect functioning of government through judicial review.

Judicial review is the power of the Supreme Court to examine the constitutionality of legislative enactments and executive orders of both the Central and state governments. On examination, if they are found to be violative of the Constitution (ultra-vires), they can be declared as illegal, unconstitutional and invalid (null and void) by the Supreme Court. … Read more

DMPQ-. “Article 371-J of Indian constitution gives the President of India certain power to provide that the Governor of Karnataka would have special responsibility for Karnataka.” Elucidate.

. Under Article 371-J, the President is empowered to provide that the Governor of Karnataka would have special responsibility for The establishment of a separate development board for Hyderabad-Karnataka region Making a provision that a report on the working of the board would be placed every year before the State Legislative Assembly The equitable allocation … Read more

DMPQ- “Supreme court’s writ jurisdiction power is given to defend people’s fundamental rights.” Elucidate.

. The Constitution has constituted the Supreme Court as the guarantor and defender of the fundamental rights of the citizens. The Supreme Court is empowered to issue writs including habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo-warrento and certiorari for the enforcement of the fundamental rights of an aggrieved citizen. In this regard, the Supreme Court has original … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the original jurisdiction of supreme court of India.

As a federal court, the Supreme Court decides the disputes between different units of the Indian Federation. More elaborately, any dispute between: The Centre and one or more states; or The Centre and any state or states on one side and one or more states on the other; or Between two or more states. In … Read more

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