DMPQ: Ordinance making power is an emergency power but in Indian constitutional history this power has been surrounded with issues. Explain the issue involved with ordinance making power.

Article 123 of the Constitution grants the President certain law-making powers to promulgate ordinances during the recess of Parliament. These ordinances have the same force and effect as an Act of Parliament but are in the nature of temporary laws.  Similarly power is given under article 213 to governor of states. Issues associated with the … Read more

DMPQ-“Healthy bicameralism is predicated on the constructive relationship between Upper and Lower Houses of Parliament.” Analyse the contemporary relevance of the statement.

“The makers of our Constitution envisaged the role of the Rajya Sabha along three axes: as a legislative chamber of elders discussing, revising or delaying legislation as per need; as an institution where interests of the states of the Indian Union could be projected and safeguarded and; as a deliberative chamber where greater and diverse … Read more

DMPQ-Though the provision was used many times for the good of deprived sections, the Supreme Court’s vast powers under the Article 142 raise important concerns. Discuss, along with the need for checks and balances to uphold the doctrine of separation of powers.

Article 142 empowers the Supreme Court to make such order as is necessary for doing “complete justice” in any matter before it. Article 142 is conceived to give the apex court the powers to meet the situation(s) which cannot be effectively tackled by existing provisions of law. Over the years, the apex court has often … Read more

DMPQ-Right to privacy has been elusive in India and the absence of a law specifying safeguards to privacy increases the risk of infringement of this right. This is accentuated by the myriad of sources collecting information about the citizens. Do you think there is a threat to privacy in India and to what extent can a law mitigate them?

The status of “Right to privacy” under the Constitution has not been settled as yet in India. In fact in M.P. Sharma vs. Satish Chandra 1954, an 8-judge bench of the Supreme Court ruled that it is not a fundamental right and this decision of the Supreme Court has not been overruled by the Supreme … Read more

DMPQ-“Dr. Ambedkar’s objection to the concurrence of Chief Justice in India in the appointment of Judges was legally allayed by the Second and Third Judges Cases.” Explain the statement in the light of the Judgment of the Apex Court in the Supreme Court Advocates-on-Record Association Vs. Union of India, 2015 (Fourth Judges case). Also explain why the Supreme Court did not consider it as necessary to review the Second and Third Judges decisions.

Dr. Ambedker’s objection was premised on the potential frailty in individual decision making, howsoever wise the person may be. As President acts on the advice of Council of Ministers, it was thought that “consultation” with Chief Justice of India (CJI) is better than the President being required to concur with the opinion of Chief Justice … Read more

DMPQ-. “Even after twenty years of the enactment of the 73rd and the 74th Constitutional Amendments, local self governments are neither local nor self-governing.” Do you agree? What are the key reasons for such a state of affairs? What suggestions would you put forward to improve the situation?

Integrating institutional reforms in local governance with economic reforms was Gandhiji’s far-sighted vision of ‘Poorna Swaraj’. Economic reforms and local government empowerment were the two great initiatives launched in the 1990s. While economic reforms have taken roots and have yielded dividends, local government empowerment, as envisaged, has not taken place. The key reason behind such … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the constitutional amendment procedure in India.

Constitution amendment can be done via article 368 of the constitution which suggest two mays to amend the constitution apart from that there are other ways also through which constitution can be amended i.e. with simple majority.  The procedure is as follows:

DMPQ- Explain the Salient features of data protection bill 2019.

The Bill regulates the processing of personal data of individuals (data principals) by government and private entities (data fiduciaries) incorporated in India and abroad. Processing is allowed if the individual gives consent, or in a medical emergency, or by the State for providing benefits. • The data principal has several rights with respect to their … Read more

DMPQ: Police reforms is long awaited reform. In the light of the statement, what were the directives given in Prakash singh vs Union Of India case?

Police is in want of reforms. The major issues are insensitivity of Police, Gender disparity in workforce, custodial deaths, overburdened force, ill equipped force, major emphasis on law and order control and overlooking of intelligence, undue political interference and many more. In this light, the reforms are long overdue. Paraksh singh, former DGP of UP … Read more

DMPQ: What are the major irritants between US- Turkey relations?

The relations reached a new low when Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdo?an has threatened to shut down two U.S. bases in Turkey recently. This step is in retaliation to passing of bill in US senate approving sanction on Turkey over the S-400 Purchase and the Syria offense.   The major cause of irritants are: U.S.-Turkey … Read more

DMPQ- What is Ninth Schedule and what are issues related with it?

The first amendment to the Indian Constitution added the Ninth Schedule to it. It was introduced by the Nehru Government, on 10 May 1951 to address judicial decisions and pronouncements espe­cially about the chapter on fundamental rights. Nehru was also very clear on the purpose behind the first amendment. The state wanted to pursue nationalisation, take away … Read more

DMPQ- Need of Emotional quotient is prerequisite for better administration and ultimately e governance. Suggest ways to improve EQ.

EQ is very important and the techniques to improve EQ are as follows: Sensitivity Training: Helps the person to known his limitations and how his limitations affect his interpersonal ties. Improve inter personal competence and social competence. Role Playing: Helps us understand challenges associated with other roles better. Harness and express his creativity. Helps in … Read more

DMPQ-Citizen amendment act is surrounded by controversies. Explain the statement.

Citizen amendment act made some amendment in  the process of acquiring citizenship. The 2019 act seeks to make illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, eligible for citizenship. The Act further reduces the period of naturalisation ( one of the mode of acquiring citizenship)  for such group of persons … Read more

DMPQ-Anti defection law is not immune from criticism. Explain

Aaya Ram Gaya Ram was a phrase that became popular in Indian politics after a Haryana MLA Gaya Lal changed his party thrice within the same day in 1967.  The anti-defection law sought to prevent such political defections which may be due to reward of office or other similar considerations.  The Tenth Schedule was inserted in … Read more

DMPQ-Decline in Parliamentary standards is a harsh reality. Comment.

Recently the 70th anniversary of the adoption of the constitution of India was celebrated with Joint session of both the house of the parliament . But the parliamentary standards are on decline which are due to following reasons: Decline in the number of sittings of legislature due to persistent disruption. Decline in the quality of … Read more

DMPQ- What are NGO’s? Discuss the issue as far as their functioning is concerned?

A non-governmental organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens’ group which is organized on a local, national or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to Governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political participation through provision of information. … Read more

DMPQ: EVM offer a smooth way for functioning of polling and result declaration but still they are always under radar. In this context , explain the advantage of EVM over ballot and the concern raised against its use

Advantage of EVM: Saving of lot of papers and hence eco-friendly. Time saver as result declaration does not take too much of time. It reduces the chance of booth capturing. No bogus vote and no double vote. EVM can be run on 6 volt battery. Concerns associated with EVM Hacking and manipulation of EVM.( even … Read more

DMPQ- Education gives a human being the power to discriminate between right and wrong, good or bad. Discuss the statement in the context of basic education being the criteria for fighting election.

Supreme court of India in its judgement rightly stated that it is only education which gives a human being the power to discriminate between right and wrong, good or bad. Hence educational criteria is valid criteria.  The states under article 246(3) can make laws to enable the functioning of self -government. The benefits attached with … Read more

DMPQ- What are the objectives of National Cyber Crime Policy?

To create a secure cyber ecosystem in the country, generate adequate trust & confidence in IT systems and transactions in cyberspace and thereby enhance adoption of IT in all sectors of the economy. To create an assurance framework for design of security policies and for promotion and enabling actions for compliance to global security standards … Read more

DMPQ- What is Social Security?

Social sufferings such as poverty, unemployment and disease are the sound grounds for advocating the provisions of social security measures in India as national programme. Social security is a dynamic conception which is considered in all advanced countries of the world as an indispensable of the national programme with the development of the idea of … Read more

DMPQ- What are the Salient Features of Right To Information Act 2005

Replaced Freedom of Information Act 2002. Jammu and Kashmir has separate Right To Information Act – RTI 2009. RTI relaxes restrictions placed by Official Secrets Act 1923. 3 Levels – Public Information Officer, First Appellate Authority, Central Information Commission(CIC). Time period for Public Information Officer : Expeditiously or within 30 daysfrom the date of receipt by public authority. … Read more

DMPQ-District Courts

The basis of structuring of district courts in India is mainly depending upon the discretion of the state governments or the union territories. The structure of those courts are mainly made considering several factors like the number of cases, distribution of population, etc. Depending upon those factors the state government takes the decision of numbers … Read more

DMPQ-What are the features of parliamentary government in India ?

The features of parliamentary government in India are: Presence of nominal and real executives; Majority party rule, Collective responsibility of the executive to the legislature, Membership of the ministers in the legislature, Leadership of the prime minister or the chief minister, Dissolution of the lower House (Lok Sabha or Assembly).

DMPQ-Write a short note on Delimitation Commission.

The delimitation commission or boundary commission of India is a commission established by the government of India under the provisions of the delimitation commission Act. The main task of the commission is redrawing the boundaries of the various assembly and Lok Sabha constituencies based on a recent census.  The representation from each State is not … Read more

DMPQ-Indian Constitution has come a long way and proved to be successful one. But the maker of the constitution , constituent assembly is not immune from criticism. Comment

Indian constituent assembly framed our constitution and its success and sustainability even after 70 years is commendable. But there are certain features which opens the gate for criticism. These are as follows: It was not the representative body as members were not directly elected. It was not the sovereign body as it was not constituted … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on the Centre State Financial Relations.

Indian Constitution has made elaborate provisions, relating to the distribution of the taxes as well as non-tax revenues and the power of borrowing, supplemented by provisions for grants-in-aid by the Union to the States.  Article 268 to 293 deals with the provisions of financial relations between Centre and States. The Constitution divides the taxing powers … Read more

DMPQ- Differentiate between Personal and Official Bias

Personal Bias Personal bias may arise out of friendship, relationship, professional grievance or even enmity. Here again likelihood of bias is to be given more credence than for the actual bias. “it is difficult to prove the state of mind of a person. Therefore, we have to see whether there is reasonable ground for believing … Read more

DMPQ:What are the compulsory provisions for 73rd amendment act?

73rd amendment act gave the constitutional sanctity to the panchayat. IT was the landmark event in Indian constitutional History. The amendment had certain compulsory provisions and some voluntary provisions.   Compulsory Provisions are as follows: Organisation of Gram sabha Creation of 3 tier panchayati raj at District, Block & Village level All the seats in … Read more

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