DMPQ: India has lower quit rates for smoking.Comment

The International Commission to Reignite the Fight Against Smoking report was recently published. The report was prepared using secondary data from sources such as World Bank. Key Findings of the report   India has been ranked second in the number of smokers aged between 16 and 64 years. India is among the nations having lowest … Read more

DMPQ-Do you agree that Govt should make laws to make Domestic work a paid work ?

Recently various parties in their manifestos promised various forms of payment to homemakers, thus putting the spotlight on the unpaid domestic work done by women. Women everywhere carry a disproportionately higher burden of unpaid work, namely, unpaid domestic services as well as unpaid care of children. Though this work contributes to overall well-being at the … Read more

DMPQ-Throw light on the features of Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill, 2022. Also mention the issues associated with it.

Recently, the Union Minister of State for Home Affairs introduced the Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill, 2022 in Lok Sabha with an objective to ensure more efficient and expeditious investigation of crime by the use of modern technology. It would allow the police and prison authorities to collect, store and analyse physical and biological samples, including … Read more

DMPQ-Critically evaluate the issue of merit-reservation binary.

The Supreme Court of India’s recent ruling on an all India quota deserves closer attention for a reason other than its impact on post graduate medical admissions. In a detailed order providing reasons for its ruling which upheld the Constitutional validity of reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in the All India Quota for National … Read more

DMPQ-“The proposed amendments to the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) (Cadre) Rules of 1954 are making Indian federalism a combative federalism.” Explain.

The proposed amendments to the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) (Cadre) Rules of 1954 have triggered another round of conflict between the Centre and the States. The amendments proposed by the Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India, will take away the liberty of the States to deny consent for handing over civil servants for … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the challanges faced by India’s Sanitation Sector.

Sustainable sanitation, alongside clean water and handwashing facilities are necessary to help protect and maintain our health security and stop the spread of deadly infectious diseases such as COVID-19, cholera, and typhoid. Wastewater and sludge from toilets contain valuable water, nutrients, and energy. Sustainable sanitation systems make productive use of waste to safely boost agriculture … Read more

DMPQ-Write an short note on the challenge of Road safety in India. Mention the efforts Indian government’s taking to curb the road accidents.

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways had participated in a conference in Sweden in 2020 the ‘Third High Level Global Conference on Road Safety for Achieving Global Goals 2030’ where it was conceptualised to have zero road fatalities in India by 2030. In 2010, the United Nations General Assembly, after considering the alarming situation … Read more

DMPQ-Availability of Nutritional Food in India’s School System is important for the Learning Ability of children.” Discuss.

With COVID-19 cases reducing in the country, schools are opening again.  The society must focus on the nutrition of children to ensure that they get ready to take on new challenges after emerging from the confines of their homes. India faces multiple problems of under-nutrition and overweight/obesity coexisting with deficiencies of micronutrients such as iron, … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the factors contributed to the decline of ‘Total Fertility rate’ (TFR) in India According to recent National Family health survey.

. Total Fertility rate (TFR) is an important factor in population growth. Read here to know about the declining fertility rate in India. The Total fertility rate (TFR) has declined from 2.2 (reported in 2015-16) to 2.0 at the all- India level, according to the latest NFHS- 5 (phase 2) released by Union Health Ministry. … Read more

DMPQ-Development is major tool to fight against extremism. Discuss how Underdevelopment leads to the rise of extremism.

It has been the policy of governments around the world today to emphasize inclusive development, but there are always groups in every state who feel alienated because they feel left out of the developmental efforts. These perceptions combined with inefficient and corrupt governance create the condition for extremism and militancy to grow. The absence of … Read more

DMPQ-. Discuss the intensity of Human trafficking issue in India. Mention major constitutional and legal provisions associated with the curbing of Human trafficking.

Human trafficking is the process of trapping people through the use of violence, deception or coercion and exploiting them for financial or personal gain. According to NCRB reports, between 2011 and 2018, the total number of cases of human trafficking recorded in the country was 35,983. 3 In 5 People Trafficked Were Children. People are … Read more

DMPQ-What are the issues related with the women Education in India. Discuss the significance of recently launched Kanya Shiksha Pravesh Utsav’ scheme in this regard. Mention other programmes for women’s Education as well.

Issues associated with women education Gap in upper primary and secondary schooling: While female enrolment has increased rapidly since the 1990s, there is still a substantial gap in upper primary and secondary schooling. High drop-out rates: Increased female enrolment is, compromised by persistently high rates of drop-out and poor attendance of girls relative to boys. … Read more

DMPQ-What is Gorkhaland issue ? Discuss the rationale behind the demand for separated statehood for Gorkha region in West Bengal.

Gorkhaland consists of Nepali-speaking people of Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Kurseong and other hilly districts of West-Bengal. The people belonging to these areas have ethical, cultural and language differences with the Bengali community of West-Bengal. The demand of Darjeeling as a separate administrative region dates back to 1907. But, the term “Gorkhaland” was coined recently, in the … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the history, court rulings and controversy associated with the Jallikattu in Tamil Nadu.

Jallikattu is a bull taming event practiced in Tamil Nadu as a part of Pongal celebrations. Jallikattu is recently in news because of the Supreme Court rulings, Government interventions and agitations from the public against the Jallikattu ban. Jalikattu is believed to have been practiced since at least 2500 years. A seal from Indus Valley … Read more

DMPQ-Critically evaluate the concept of ‘General Consent’ in the functioning of Central bureau of Investigation by citing recent examples.

Meghalaya has recently withdrawn consent to the CBI to investigate cases in the state, becoming the ninth state to have taken this step. Eight other states which had withdrawn consent to the CBI are  Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, and Mizoram. In November last year, the Supreme Court had expressed concern over … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the various rights given to people under Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (FRA).

The act recognizes and vests the forest rights and occupation in forest land in Forest Dwelling Scheduled Tribes (FDST) and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (OTFD)who have been residing in such forests for generations. This act comes under the aegis of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. The act also establishes the responsibilities and authority for sustainable … Read more

DMPQ-Both Developmental and Political solution are necessary to solve the challenges of Insurgency in North east India.” Discuss.

. Nagaland, Manipur, Assam and Tripura had been witnessing conflict since 1950-60 period, but since 1990, the intensity of conflicts started to decrease. Now the only state where prominent insurgency exist is Manipur. But in this region several armed factions operate. Some groups call for a separate state, others for regional autonomy while some extreme … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the importance of independent institutions with special mention of independence of reserve bank of India.

Separation of power ensures efficient functioning of key organs of government as no individual organization can garner political monopoly and abuse power. The RBI is not constitutionally independent, as the 1934 Act governing its operation gives the government power to direct it. The government appoints the central bank governor and four deputies. Independence of RBI … Read more

dmpq-Throw light on the Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

Representation of Peoples Act 1951 is an act enacted by the Indian provincial parliament before first general elections. The People’s Representation act provides for the actual conduct of elections in India. The act also deals with details like qualification and disqualification of members of both houses of Parliament (ie Loksabha and Rajyasabha) and the state … Read more

dmpq-Critically evaluate the enforcement of uniform civil code.

The issue of the Uniform Civil Code has emerged into India’s political discourse recently mainly because many Muslim women, affected adversely by the personal laws, have begun knocking on the doors of the Supreme Court to uphold their fundamental rights to equality and liberty in keeping with constitutional provisions. At the end of the day, … Read more

dmpq-Discuss the current issues and court rulings associated with SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act.

Dalits (SC) and Tribals (ST) are the most marginalized sections of Indian society. Many atrocities have been committed against them since time immemorial. The SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act protects them against discrimination and atrocities.  However, the SC/ST act can never be called a successful legislation. Dalits and Tribals still face discrimination. On the other … Read more

dmpq-Child marriage still remains india’s one of the biggest social evil and Covid-19 pandemic has worsened it.” Comment.

Child marriage is a global issue fuelled by gender inequality, poverty, social norms and insecurity, and has devastating consequences all over the world. High levels of child marriage reflect discrimination and lack of opportunities for women and girls in society. Despite various statutory provisions in India and initiatives like Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programmes, the … Read more

dmpq-Discuss thee implications of raising Legal Age of Marriage for Women.

The Union Cabinet’s Proposal for bringing uniformity in the marriageable age of men and women is certainly a progressive step to realise Goal 5 of the SDGs which asks nation-states to formulate policies to achieve gender equality.  However, good intent does not guarantee favourable outcomes. Coercive laws without wide societal support often fail to deliver … Read more

dmpq-Explain why congress leaders resigned from their respective ministries in 1939.

Congress won the elections to the provincial assemblies held in February 1937. Its election manifesto reaffirmed its total rejection of the 1935 Act.  One of the first acts of the Congress Government was to release thousands of political prisoners and to cancel deportation orders on political workers. The difference between the Congress provinces and the … Read more

dmpq-Give a brief description about the different types of Majority in Indian Parliamentary System.

There is no explicit classification of majorities in the Indian Constitution. But a careful reading of different articles in Indian Constitution would provide an idea about four types of majorities. They are Absolute Majority, Effective Majority, Simple Majority and Special Majority. For ease of understanding, we have again classified Special Majority into four sub-types. Absolute … Read more

dmpq-Discuss the important constitutional and political situations where president of India can practice discretionary powers.

The discretionary powers of the Indian president are not explicitly mentioned in the Indian constitution. But cases, where the Indian President do not act on the advice of CoM, can be understood if one carefully read the provisions related to the Indian President. Suspensive Veto The President has discretionary power when he exercises suspensive veto … Read more

dmpq-Ensuring Transparency during the election process is the heart of democracy.” Comment on the statement by citing recent examples.

The Election Commission of India (ECI) is a constitutional body envisaged to uphold the values of equality, equity, impartiality, independence enshrined in the Indian Constitution and the rule of law in superintendence, direction, and control over the electoral governance.  It was established to conduct the elections with the highest standard of credibility, freeness, fairness, transparency, … Read more

dmpq-Challenges of Bonded labour and child labour is a modern slavery in India.” Comment.

According to a Walk Free Foundation report in 2016, there were 46 million people enslaved worldwide in 2016. There were 18.3 million people in India living in the forms of modern slavery (about 39% of global slaves).  Modern Slavery includes bonded labour, child labour, forced marriage, human trafficking, forced begging etc. The term modern slavery … Read more

dmpq-. Write a short note on the doctrine of Basic structure.

. Indian Constitution is a dynamic document that can be amended according to the needs of society whenever required. Constitution under Article 368 grants power to the Parliament to amend whenever there is a necessity. The doctrine of basic structure is nothing but a judicial innovation to ensure that the power of amendment is not … Read more

dmpq-Discuss how Niti Ayog has changed the Planning paradigm in India.

. Government of India has replaced the old planning commission started in 1950 with a new institution called NITI Aayog on 1 January 2015. It works under the chairmanship of Prime Minister. NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India) will seek to provide a critical directional and strategic input into the development process. It focuses … Read more

dmpq-Discuss the significance of 97th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2011 vis-à-vis Cooperative societies.

The co-operative sector, over the years, has made significant contribution to various sectors of national economy and has achieved voluminous growth. However, it has shown weaknesses in safeguarding the interests of the members and fulfilment of objects for which these institutions were organised. There have been instances where elections have been postponed indefinitely and nominated … Read more

dmpq-Discuss the major characteristics of Party system in India.

The Indian party system has the following characteristic features: Multi-Party System The continental size of the country, the diversified character of Indian society, the adoption of universal adult franchise, the peculiar type of political process, and other factors have given rise to a large number of political parties. In fact, India has the largest number … Read more

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