Paul H Appleby, in his two reports on Indian Administration, was very critical of the role of CAG and attacked the significance of his work5. He also suggested that the CAG should be relieved of the responsibility of audit. In other words, he recommended the abolition of the office of CAG. His points of criticism … Read more DMPQ-. Give a brief description of Paul Appleby’s criticism of CAG’s Auditing responsibility.
The role of CAG in the auditing of public corporations is limited. Broadly speaking, his relationship with the public corporations falls into the following three categories: Some corporations are audited totally and directly by the CAG, for example, Damodar Valley Corporation, Oil and Natural Gas Commission, Air India, Indian Airlines Corporation, and others. Some other … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the CAG’s relationship with public corporations.
. In pursuance of the provision of Article 350-B of the Constitution, the office of the Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities was created in 1957. He is designated as the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities. The Commissioner takes up all the matters pertaining to the grievances arising out of the non- implementation of the Constitutional and … Read more DMPQ-Describe the role and objectives of Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities.
. The National Commission for SCs and STs came into being consequent upon passing of the 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1990. The Commission was established under Article 338 of the Constitution with the objective of monitoring all the safeguards provided for the SCs and STs under the Constitution or other law. Geographically and culturally, … Read more DMPQ-. Discuss the constitutional evolution of national commission for ST’s. Also mention the functions of the commission.
. Originally, Article 338 of the Constitution provided for the appointment of a Special Officer for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) to investigate all matters relating to the constitutional safeguards for the SCs and STs and to report to the President on their working3. He was designated as the Commissioner for SCs and … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the constitutional evolution of national commission for SC’s.
. The Constitution of India envisages the Finance commission as the balancing wheel of fiscal federalism in India. However, its role in the Centre–state fiscal relations has been undermined by the emergence of the Planning Commission, a non-constitutional and a non-statutory body. Dr P V Rajamannar, the Chairman of the Fourth Finance commission, highlighted the … Read more DMPQ- . How did extra constitutional institutes like planning commission has effected the significance of finance commission.
The Constitution makes a provision for the establishment of a Joint State Public Service Commission (JSPSC) for two or more states. While the UPSC and the SPSC are created directly by the Constitution, a JSPSC can be created by an act of Parliament on the request of the state legislatures concerned. Thus, a JSPSC is … Read more DMPQ- Explain the role of joint state public service commission.
. The Constitution visualizes the SPSC to be the ‘watchdog of merit system’ in the state. It is concerned with the recruitment to the state services and advises the government, when consulted, on promotion and disciplinary matters. It is not concerned with the classification of services, pay and service conditions, cadre management, training and so … Read more DMPQ- Explain the role of state public service commission’s role in the recruitment process.
. As in the case of UPSC, the Constitution has made the following provisions to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of a SPSC: The chairman or a member of a SPSC can be removed from office by the president only in the manner and on the grounds mentioned in the Constitution. Therefore, … Read more DMPQ- Point out the constitutional provisions inducted to ensure the independent working of state public service commission.
. The Committee recommends a total financial investment of Rs 1,00,000 crore over a five year period. Its key recommendations are: The Committee notes that the ‘present environment on Indian Railways reveals a grim picture of inadequate performance’ largely due to poor infrastructure and resources, and lack of empowerment at the functional level. The financial … Read more DMPQ- . Throw light on the recommendations given by Kakodkar committee for railway safety.
. A State Public Service Commission consists of a chairman and other members appointed by the governor of the state. The Constitution does not specify the strength of the Commission but has left the matter to the discretion of the Governor. Further, no qualifications are prescribed for the commission’s membership except that one-half of the … Read more DMPQ- . Briefly describe the composition of state public service commission and also mention the process of removal of it’s members.
The Constitution, under Sixth Schedule, contains special provisions for the administration of tribal areas in the four north-eastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. The various features of administration contained in the Sixth Schedule are as follows: The tribal areas in the four states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram have been constituted as … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the various features of administration contained in the sixth Schedule for tribal areas.
. The various features of administration contained in the Fifth Schedule are as follows: Declaration of Scheduled Areas The president is empowered to declare an area to be a scheduled area. He can also increase or decrease its area, alter its boundary lines, rescind such designation or make fresh orders for such redesignation on an … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the various features of administration contained in the Fifth Schedule for tribal areas.
. The 69th Constitutional Amendment Act of 19915 provided a special status to the Union Territory of Delhi, and redesignated it the National Capital Territory of Delhi and designated the administrator of Delhi as the lieutenant (lt.) governor. It created a legislative assembly and a council of ministers for Delhi. Previously, Delhi had a metropolitan … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on the special constitutional provisions inducted for the national capital region.
Naga areas were totally isolated during British rule and after Independence, government of India sought to integrate them, but they opposed in favor of a separate independent state under leadership of A Phizo and British officers and missionaries support. In 1955, a violent campaign was launched by Nagas and they declared independence from Assam and … Read more DMPQ- “Transition to statehood of Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh was smooth, it was not so in case of Nagaland and Mizoram.” Elucidate.
Articles 239 to 241 in Part VIII of the Constitution deal with the union territories. Even though all the union territories belong to one category, there is no uniformity in their administrative system. Every union territory is administered by the President acting through an administrator appointed by him. An administrator of a union territory is … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the major constitutional and legal provisions inducted for the administration of union territories.
British colonial rule left them in gross suspicion and insecure and their ‘integration’ into Indian nation became a challenge as India had already witnessed the ill effects of policies of ‘isolation’ and ‘assimilation’ in past. So, Nehru and other leaders saw a middle path in form of integrative approach and said ‘tribal areas have to … Read more DMPQ- What were India’s challenges vis-à-vis tribal integration after independence and how government of India resolved them.
There are two basic pillars of the argument against planning commission – first, the institution is not a fit in the liberalized environment where market calls the shots and second, it has long played a role of distorting the true federal nature of Indian polity. Planning Commission is more than 60 years old – modeled … Read more DMPQ- Critically evaluate the role played by planning commission and mention the reasons why government eradicated it.
Municipal Corporation Municipal corporations are created for the administration of big cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore and others. They are established in the states by the acts of the concerned state legislatures, and in the union territories by the acts of the Parliament of India. There may be one common act for all … Read more DMPQ- Discuss different institutions formed under the 74th amendement act.
. 74th amendment has a provision that says every metropolitan area shall have a metropolitan planning committee to prepare a draft development plan. The state legislature may make provisions with respect to the following: The composition of such committees; The manner of election of members of such committees; The representation in such committes of the … Read more DMPQ- Point out the major provisions and functions of metropolitan planning committee under 74th amendment act.
. The 36th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1975 made Sikkim a full-fledged state of the Indian Union. It included a new Article 371-F containing special provisions with respect to Sikkim. These are as follows: The Sikkim Legislative Assembly is to consist of not less than 30 members. One seat is allotted to Sikkim in the … Read more DMPQ-How does Article 371-F of Indian constitution Makes Sikkim a special state.
Article 371-A makes the following special provisions for Nagaland : The Acts of Parliament relating to the following matters would not apply to Nagaland unless the State Legislative Assembly so decides: religious or social practices of the Nagas; Naga customary law and procedure; Administration of civil and criminal justice involving decisions according to Naga customary … Read more DMPQ-. How does Article 371 A makes Nagaland a special state.
. A high court has the power of superintendence over all courts and tribunals functioning in its territorial jurisdiction (except military courts or tribunals). Thus, it may: call for returns from them; Make and issue, general rules and prescribe forms for regulating the practice and proceedings of them; prescribe forms in which books, entries and … Read more DMPQ-. What is High court’s supervisory Jurisdiction? What role it plays in state judicial administration.
. Article 226 of the Constitution empowers a high court to issue writs including habeas corpus, mandamus, certiorari, prohibition and quo-warrento for the enforcement of the fundamental rights of the citizens and for any other purpose. The phrase ‘for any other purpose’ refers to the enforcement of an ordinary legal right. The high court can … Read more DMPQ-. Throw light on the Writ jurisdiction of state High courts.
. The Constitution has made the following provisions to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of a high court. Mode of Appointment The judges of a high court are appointed by the president (which means the cabinet) in consultation with the members of the judiciary itself (i.e., chief justice of India and the … Read more DMPQ- . Mention the important constitutional provisions inducted to ensure the independence of High court.
Collective Privileges The privileges belonging to each House of the state legislature collectively are: It has the right to publish its reports, debates and proceedings and also the right to prohibit others from publishing the same It can exclude strangers from its proceedings and hold secret sittings to discuss some important matters. It can make … Read more DMPQ- . Point out the collective and individual privileges constitutionally given to the members of state legislature.
. In the following matters, the powers and status of the council are unequal to that of the assembly: A Money Bill can be introduced only in the assembly and not in the council. The council cannot amend or reject a money bill. It should return the bill to the assembly within 14 days, either … Read more DMPQ- Do you agree that legislative assembly is way more powerful than legislative council.
. The Constitution lays down a special procedure for the passing of Money Bills in the state legislature. This is as follows: A Money Bill cannot be introduced in the legislative council. It can be introduced in the legislative assembly only and that too on the recommendation of the governor. Every such bill is considered … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the procedure of passing a money bill in state legislative.
Summoning The governor from time to time summons each House of state legislature to meet. The maximum gap between the two sessions of state legislature cannot be more than six months, ie, the state legislature should meet at least twice a year. A session of the state legislature consists of many sittings. Adjournment An adjournment … Read more DMPQ- Briefly discuss the sessions of a state assembly.
. The Chief Minister enjoys the following powers as head of the state council of ministers: The governor appoints only those persons as ministers who are recommended by the Chief Minister. He allocates and reshuffles the portfolios among ministers. He can ask a minister to resign or advise the governor to dismiss him in case … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on the powers and functions of office of Chief minister.
The Constitution of India provides for a parliamentary form of government in the states as in the Centre. Consequently, the governor has been made only a nominal executive, the real executive constitutes the council of ministers headed by the chief minister. In other words, the governor has to exercise his powers and functions with the … Read more DMPQ- . “Constitution of India has made the governor only a nominal executive.” Explain.
. A governor is an integral part of the state legislature. In that capacity, he has the following legislative powers and functions: He can summon or prorogue the state legislature and dissolve the state legislative assembly. He can address the state legislature at the commencement of the first session after each general election and the … Read more DMPQ- “Office of the Governor not only have executive powers but also holds legislative powers.” Elucidate.
. The executive powers and functions of the Governor are: All executive actions of the government of a state are formally taken in his name. He can make rules specifying the manner in which the Orders and other instruments made and executed in his name shall be authenticated. He can make rules for more convenient … Read more DMPQ- . Briefly discuss the executive powers hold by office of the Governor.
. The governor is neither directly elected by the people nor indirectly elected by a specially constituted electoral college as is the case with the president. He is appointed by the president by warrant under his hand and seal. In a way, he is a nominee of the Central government. But, as held by the … Read more DMPQ- Trace the constitutional provisions for the appointment and conditions for the post of Governor.
Judicial review is the power of the Supreme Court to examine the constitutionality of legislative enactments and executive orders of both the Central and state governments. On examination, if they are found to be violative of the Constitution (ultra-vires), they can be declared as illegal, unconstitutional and invalid (null and void) by the Supreme Court. … Read more DMPQ- Explain the concept of judicial review. How does supreme court’s effect functioning of government through judicial review.
The Constitution (Article 143) authorises the president to seek the opinion of the Supreme Court in the two categories of matters: On any question of law or fact of public importance which has arisen or which is likely to arise. On any dispute arising out of any pre-constitution treaty, agreement, covenant, engagement, sanad or other … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the constitutional status of Supreme court’s advisory jurisdiction.
. Under Article 371-J, the President is empowered to provide that the Governor of Karnataka would have special responsibility for The establishment of a separate development board for Hyderabad-Karnataka region Making a provision that a report on the working of the board would be placed every year before the State Legislative Assembly The equitable allocation … Read more DMPQ-. “Article 371-J of Indian constitution gives the President of India certain power to provide that the Governor of Karnataka would have special responsibility for Karnataka.” Elucidate.
. The Constitution has constituted the Supreme Court as the guarantor and defender of the fundamental rights of the citizens. The Supreme Court is empowered to issue writs including habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo-warrento and certiorari for the enforcement of the fundamental rights of an aggrieved citizen. In this regard, the Supreme Court has original … Read more DMPQ- “Supreme court’s writ jurisdiction power is given to defend people’s fundamental rights.” Elucidate.
As a federal court, the Supreme Court decides the disputes between different units of the Indian Federation. More elaborately, any dispute between: The Centre and one or more states; or The Centre and any state or states on one side and one or more states on the other; or Between two or more states. In … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the original jurisdiction of supreme court of India.
. The Constitution has made the following provisions to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of the Supreme Court: Mode of Appointment The judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the Pre-sident (which means the cabinet) in consultation with the members of the judiciary itself (ie, judges of the Supreme Court and … Read more DMPQ- Throw the light on the constitutional provisions made to safeguard and ensure the independence of supreme court of India.
Appointment of Chief Justice From 1950 to 1973, the practice has been to appoint the seniormost judge of the Supreme Court as the chief justice of India. This established convention was violated in 1973 when A N Ray was appointed as the Chief Justice of India by superseding three senior judges. Again in 1977, M … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the appointment and removal procedure of supreme court judges.
The objectives behind the constitution of the Parliamentary forums are: To provide a platform to the members to have interactions with the ministers concerned, experts and key officials from the nodal ministries with a view to have a focused and meaningful discussion on critical issues with a result-oriented approach for speeding up the implementation process; … Read more DMPQ- What are the objectives and composition of the parliamentary forums?
. The Indian Parliament cannot be regarded as a sovereign body as there are ‘legal’ restrictions on its authority and jurisdiction. The factors that limit the sovereignty of Indian Parliament are: Written Nature of the Constitution The Constitution is the fundamental law of the land in our country. It has defined the authority and jurisdiction … Read more DMPQ- Point out the factors which limit the sovereignty of India’s parliament.
Parliamentary privileges are special rights, immunities and exemptions enjoyed by the two Houses of Parliament, their committees and their members. They are necessary in order to secure the independence and effectiveness of their actions. Without these privileges, the Houses can neither maintain their authority, dignity and honour nor can protect their members from any obstruction … Read more DMPQ- Briefly describe the concept of parliamentary privileges. Also mention the consequences of breach of privileges.
This committee was created in 1964 on the recommendation of the Krishna Menon Committee. Originally, it had 15 members (10 from the Lok Sabha and 5 from the Rajya Sabha). However, in 1974, its membership was raised to 22 (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha). The members are elected by … Read more DMPQ- Trace the origin and functions of public undertakings committee.
The origin of this committee can be traced to the standing financial committee set up in 1921. The first Estimates Committee in the post-independence era was constituted in 1950 on the recommendation of John Mathai, the then finance minister. Originally, it had 25 members but in 1956 its membership was raised to 30. All the … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the origin and functions of estimates committee.
This committee was setup first in 1921 under the provisions of the Government of India Act of 1919 and has since been in existence. At present, it consists of 22 members (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha). The members are elected by the Parliament every year from amongst its members … Read more DMPQ- Give historical background of Public account committee. Also mention the important functions performed by the committee.
. Due to its federal character, the Rajya Sabha has been given two exclusive or special powers that are not enjoyed by the Lok Sabha: It can authorise the Parliament to make a law on a subject enumerated in the State List (Article 249). It can authorise the Parliament to create new All-India Services common … Read more DMPQ- Give the brief description of Special powers allotted to Rajya sabha by Constitution.
. In the following matters, the powers and status of the Rajya Sabha are unequal to that of the Lok Sabha: .A Money Bill can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha and not in the Rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha cannot amend or reject a Money Bill. It should return the bill to the Lok … Read more DMPQ- Point out the matters where Lok sabha has more powers than Rajya sabha.
As a federal court, the Supreme Court decides the disputes between different units of the Indian Federation. More elaborately, any dispute between: The Centre and one or more states; or The Centre and any state or states on one side and one or more states on the other; or Between two or more states. In … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the original jurisdiction of supreme court of India.