DMPQ-Sangeet Natak Academy.

The Sangeet NatakAkademi – India’s national academy for music, dance and drama – is the first National Academy of the arts set-up by the Republic of India. It was created by a resolution of the (then) Ministry of Education, Government of India, dated 31 May 1952 notified in the Gazette of India of June 1952. … Read more

DMPQ-What do you mean by quantum supremacy and how it is going to be beneficial in our quest for prowess in Information and Technology.

Quantum supremacy refers to quantum computers being able to solve a problem that a classical computer cannot. In the research paper, Google used a 53-qubit processor to generate a sequence of millions of numbers. Though these numbers appeared randomly generated, they conform to an algorithm generated by Google. A classical supercomputer checked some of these … Read more

DMPQ-Write a short note on RHINO conservation.

Launched in 2005, Indian Rhino Vision 2020 is an ambitious effort to attain a wild population of at least 3,000 greater one-horned rhinos spread over seven protected areas in the Indian state of Assam by the year 2020.Seven protected areas are Kaziranga, Pobitora, Orang National Park, Manas National Park, Laokhowa wildlife sanctuary, Burachapori wildlife sanctuary … Read more

DMPQ-What are core sectors in Indian economy. How statistically the growth in the core sector is calculated?

Core sectors of an economy are the main or the key industries in the economy. In India, there are 8 sectors which are considered the Core Sectors. The eight core sectors of the Indian economy are: Electricity Steel Refinery products Crude oil Coal Cement Natural gas Fertilisers These industries have a major impact on the general economic … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the functioning of Fuel cell and how it is going the serve the problem of energy deficiency and climate change.

A fuel cell uses the chemical energy of hydrogen or another fuel to cleanly and efficiently produce electricity. If hydrogen is the fuel, electricity, water, and heat are the only products. Fuel cells are unique in terms of the variety of their potential applications; they can provide power for systems as large as a utility … Read more

DMPQ-Justice late is justice denied. The number of pendency of cases are on rise. Discuss the reasons for such high rate of pendency.

There are over three crore cases pending across the Supreme Court, the High Courts, and the subordinate courts (including district courts).Of these, the subordinate courts account for over 86% pendency of cases, followed by 13.8% pendency before the 24 High Courts. The remaining 0.2% of cases are pending with the Supreme Court. Between 2006 and … Read more

DMPQ-QUAD and its strategic importance.

The quadrilateral formation includes Japan, India, United States and Australia.All four nations find a common ground of being the democratic nations and common interests of unhindered maritime trade and security.The idea was first mooted by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in 2007. However, the idea couldn’t move ahead with Australia pulling out of it. Quad … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Project Beehive.

Project Beehive was launched by the Army’s Corps of Electronics and Mechanical Engineers(EME) on September 1,2019. The project seeks to achieve greater automation of the Corps and connect all its workshops to an integrated smart network with real-time data analytics capabilities.The centralised network would allow Indian army to access data about any equipment across the … Read more

DMPQ- CHapcharKut festival.

ChapcharKut Festival which is a state-level celebration of MIZORAM state. ChapcharKut is a festival held during the period when they cut bamboo trees and are been left to dry so that they can be burnt for jhumming farming. ChapcharKut is a celebration held in anticipation of a golden harvest. The sight of men and women dressed in … Read more


The Union Minister of Earth Sciences has recently launched the Gagan Enabled Mariner’s Instrument for Navigation and Information (GEMINI) device. The device is developed for effective dissemination of emergency information and communication on Ocean States Forecast and mapping of Potential Fishing Zones (PFZ) to fishermen. Ocean States Forecast provides the accurate state of the ocean … Read more


ICANN is the short form for Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers which manages the maintenance of namespaces and numerical spaces which enable secure and stable operation of the internet. ICANN performs the technical maintenance of IP Address pools and Domain Name Servers(DNS). ICANN was incorporated in California on September 30, 1998. Its formation … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Foot and mouth disease

It is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease. Affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids. The virus causes a high fever for two or three days, followed by blisters inside the mouth and on the feet that may rupture and cause lameness. The virus responsible for the disease is a picornavirus, the prototypic … Read more

DMPQ- Explain centrally sponsored scheme and Central sector scheme and how they are different from each other.

Centrally sector scheme: Central sector schemes are schemes with 100% funding by the Central government and implemented by the Central Government machinery. The central sector schemes are mainly formulated on subjects mainly from the Union List. Besides, there are some other programmes that various Central Ministries implements directly in States and UTs which also comes … Read more

DMPQ- Explain following terms: a) Disinvestment b) Strategic Disinvestment c) Privitisation d) Offer for sale e) Cross Holding

a) Disinvestment: Disinvestment means sale or liquidation of assets by the government, usually Central and state public sector enterprises, projects, or other fixed assets.The government undertakes disinvestment to reduce the fiscal burden on the exchequer, or to raise money for meeting specific needs, such as to bridge the revenue shortfall from other regular sources. b) … Read more

DMPQ- Air quality is declining to a high proportion. In this context explain the system of Advanced Air quality early warning system.

Air Quality Early Warning Systemis designed to predict extreme air pollution events and give alerts to take necessary steps as per Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) of the Government of India. The air pollution system has been developed jointly by the scientists at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, India Meteorological Department and National … Read more

DMPQ- What do you understand by ELASTOCALORIC effect?

When rubbers bands are twisted and untwisted, it produces a cooling effect. This is called the “elastocaloric” effect, and researchers have suggested that it can be used in a very relevant context today. The elastocaloric effect, if harnessed, may be able to do away with the need of fluid refrigerants used in fridges and air-conditioners. … Read more

DMPQ- What are zonal council and writ down its objectives.

The idea of creation of Zonal Councils was mooted by the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru in 1956 when during the course of debate on the report of the States Re-organisation Commission, he suggested that the States proposed to be reorganised may be grouped into four or five zones having an … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on INDIAN Technical and economic cooperation Programme.

Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) Programme The Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation Programme (ITEC) was launched by Government of India on 15th September 1964 as a programme of bilateral cooperation and technical assistance. Presently 158 countries in Asia, East Europe (including former USSR), Central Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean as well as Pacific … Read more

DMPQ- What is S-400 system and how it is going to be beneficial For India?

Missile defence is a system, weapon or technology involved in detection, tracking, interception and tracking of attacking missiles. The United States, Russia, China, India, Israel and France have all developed such air defence systems.Surface-to-air missile is a missile designed to destroy aircraft or other missiles. Attempts to develop them started during World War II and … Read more

DMPQ- National Animal disease control Programme.

The National Animal Disease Control Programme (NACDP) to control and eradicate the Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis amongst the livestock in the country. The 12,652 Crore fully Central Government sponsored programme will vaccinate over 600 million cattle in the country in an effort to mitigate the two diseases.The programme also aims at vaccinating … Read more

DMPQ- What is Nirvik Scheme?

Ministry of Commerce & Industry throughExport Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) has introduced a new Export Credit Insurance Scheme (ECIS) called NIRVIK to enhance loan availability and ease the lending process.Enhanced cover will ensure that Foreign and Rupee export credit interest rates will be below 4%and 8% respectively for exporters.Under ECIS, insurance coverpercentage has also been … Read more

Jharkhand budget 2020-21-Analysis

Jharkhand budget 2020-21 Economic outlook of Jharkhand GDP The growth rate of Jharkhand’s GDP was 7% in 2018-19. In comparison, GDP grew at 12.7% in 2017-18. Different sectors of economy In 2018-19, agriculture, manufacturing, and services contributed to 24%, 30% and 46% to the economy.  In the same year, these sectors grew by 3.5%, 3.8%, … Read more

DMPQ- Hornbill Festival.

The tribes of Nagaland celebrate their festivals with appreciation and fervor. More than 60% of the population of Nagaland depends on agriculture and therefore most of their festivals revolve around agriculture. They consider their festivals sacred and so participation in these festivals is essential. To encourage inter-tribal interaction and to promote cultural heritage of Nagaland, … Read more

DMPQ- What were the major amendments done in the NHRC?

Following are the major amendments done in the NHRC: Under the Act, the chairperson of the NHRC is a person who has been a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.  The Act amends this to provide that a person who has been Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, or a Judge of the Supreme Court … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on NISAR.

Using advanced radar imaging that will provide an unprecedented, detailed view of Earth, the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar, or NISAR, satellite is designed to observe and take measurements of some of the planet’s most complex processes. These include ecosystem disturbances, ice-sheet collapse, and natural hazards such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes and landslides. Data collected from … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Talanoa dialogue.

Talanoa is a traditional word used in Fiji and across the Pacific to reflect a process of inclusive, participatory and transparent dialogue. The purpose of Talanoa is to share stories, build empathy and to make wise decisions for the collective good. The process of Talanoa involves the sharing of ideas, skills and experience through storytelling. … Read more

DMPQ- What are the differences between discretionary and statutory grants given as per the constitution by the centre to the states?

Article 275 empowers the Parliament to make grants to the states which are in need of financial assistance and not to every state. Also, different sums may be fixed for different states. These sums are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India every year. Apart from this general provision, the Constitution also provides for specific … Read more


The Belmont Forum is an international partnership that mobilizes funding of environmental change research and accelerates its delivery to remove critical barriers to sustainability.The Belmont Forum has funded international teams of natural scientists, social scientists, and stakeholders to conduct transdisciplinary research. Established in 2009, the Belmont Forum is a partnership of funding organizations, international science … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on World Gold Council.

The World Gold Council (WGC) is a nonprofit association of the world’s leading gold producers.Headquartered in London, the WGC covers the markets which comprise about three-quarters of the world’s annual gold consumption.It is a market development organization for the gold industry which includes 25 members and many gold mining companies as well.The WGC was established … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Ellora caves.

Ellora Caves It one of the largest rock-hewn monastic-temple complexes in the entire world. There are 34 caves, structures are excavated out of the vertical face of the hills. Cave Architecture – Out of these, there are 12 Mahayana Buddhist caves (caves 1-12), 17 Hindu caves (caves 13-29) and 5 caves of the Jain faith … Read more

DMPQ- Mention the ways to raise revenue by central government.

The following points highlight the two main sources of government revenue in India. Tax Revenue: Union Excise Duties: They are, presently, by far the leading source of revenue for the Central Government and are levied on commo­dities produced within the country, but exclu­ding those commodities on which State excise is levied (viz., liquors and narcotic … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Arribada.

The Olive ridley turtles are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world, inhabiting warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.They are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.The species is listed as … Read more

DMPQ- Difference between totipotent and pluripotent Cells

Totipotent cells: Stem cells are characterized according to their degree of potency, which refers to their varying ability to differentiate into different cell types. Totipotent cells are the most potent of all stem cells, and defining them is important for research and the field of regenerative medicine.A totipotent cell is a single cell that can give … Read more

DMPQ- Enumerate the difference between Varna and Jatisystem.

Jati and Varna are two words that are very important while studying Indian social system. These are classifications of the traditional Indian society that confuse many people who are outsiders, especially westerners as they go for literal translation of these words. Varna: Literally ‘Varna’ means colour and originates from the world ‘Vri’ meaning the choice … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on FATF.

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is the global money laundering and terrorist financing watchdog. The inter-governmental body sets international standards that aim to prevent these illegal activities and the harm they cause to society. As a policy-making body, the FATF works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory … Read more

DMPQ- Why cooperative societies were accorded constitutional status?

Constitutional status was accorded to the cooperative societies via 97th Constitutional amendment act. Apart from providing for the right to form cooperative societies to be a fundamental right under Article 19 of the Constitution of India and insertion of Article 43B under the Directive Principles of State Policy on promotion of cooperative societies, the amendment … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Hoysala Architecture

The Karnata Dravidian tradition developed in the 7th century under the patronage of Badami Chalukya got matured under Western Chalukya (Kalyani Chalukya) in the 11nth century. The Chalukya style got perfection as an independent style under Hoysala rule in the 13nth century. Features:                Makartorana : It leads to the mantapa of the temples. It is made … Read more

DMPQ- What do you understand by the term Super Earth?

In the strictest sense, a super earth is just a planet with more mass than Earth, but less than a larger planet like Uranus or Neptune. So, super earths made of rock and metal, or even ice and gas. These planets could have oceans and atmospheres, or made of nothing but hydrogen and helium. The … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on ASPIRE Scheme.

Aspire – A Scheme for Promotion of Innovation, Rural Industries and Entrepreneurship.  It was launched by Ministry of MSME. ASPIRE- was launched to set up a network of technology centres and to set up incubation centres to accelarateenterpreneurship and also to promote startups for innovation in agro industry   The main objectives of the scheme … Read more

DMPQ: Hague code of conduct.

The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC) is the result of efforts of the international community to internationally regulate the area of ballistic missiles capable of carrying weapons of mass destruction. Along with the MTCR, the HCOC is the only multilateral transparency and confidence building instrument concerning the spread of ballistic missiles. … Read more

DMPQ: Write a short note on Sankalp Programme.

Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood (SANKALP) is an outcome-oriented programme of Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) with a special focus on decentralised planning and quality improvement.It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme which is collaborated with the World Bank. It aims to implement the mandate of the National Skill Development Mission (NSDM). … Read more

DMPQ: Write down the difference between antigen and antibodyand their role in vaccine development.

    Antigen Antibody Overview Substance that can induce an immune response Proteins that recognize and bind to antigens Molecule type Usually proteins, may also be polysaccharides, lipids or nucleic acids Proteins Origin Within the body or externally Within the body Image   The Role of Antigens & Antibodies in Vaccinations Vaccines contain antigens which … Read more

DMPQ: Explain the following term: a) Khud kashta b) PahiKashta c) Antyaja d) Jama e) Hasil

Khudkasht:          Those residential peasants living in their own village, owning their own land and implements, paying the land-revenue at a concessional rate, formed the governing body of the village community. Also called mirasdars in Maharashtra and gharu-hala in Rajasthan. Pahi-kasht:          These peasants were basically outsiders but cultivated the rented land in a vil­lage either by … Read more

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