DMPQ-. Discuss the cultural, political and Economic aspects of Decolonisation of Africa.

It was the cultural, economic and political process through which colonies broke free from the colonial empires and integrated themselves to the new ‘world order’. Cultural Colonial empires were generally founded on principles of Racism and ‘right to rule’ over ‘inferior races’. These narratives had to be challenged. An image of benevolent and modernising influence … Read more

DMPQ-Mention the major factors responsible for the end of European Colonialism

Nationalist movements Through the effects of westernisation and opening up, colonies acquired enlightened leadership and many developed strong nationalist movements. Most colonies were extensive police states. Massive unrest made them simply unviable. Second World War It weakened most European powers and they couldn’t keep up with the maintenance of their empires. The most powerful among … Read more

DMPQ-Write a short note on Russian of 1905. Mention it’s outcome as well.

Centuries of unchallenged Russian expansion in Asia ended with an embarrassing defeat in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–05). This military defeat broke Russia’s dream of establishing dominance over the whole of Asia, and also contributed to a wave of domestic unrest leading to the Russian revolution of 1905. During this time the industrial revolution also reached … Read more

dmpq-. Explain how did the British rule change India’s Cities.

The European Commercial Companies had set up base in different places early during the Mughal era: the Portuguese in Panaji in 1510, the Dutch in Masulipatnam in 1605, the British in Madras in 1639 and the French in Pondicherry (present-day Puducherry) in 1673. From the mid-eighteenth century, there was a new phase of change. Commercial … Read more

dmpq-Discuss the nature of Peasants movements and uprisings after the revolt of 1857.

Colonial economic policies, the new land revenue system, the colonial administrative and judicial systems, and the ruin of handicrafts leading to the over-crowding of land transformed the agrarian structure and impoverished the peasantry. When the peasants could take it no longer, they resisted this oppression and exploitation.  The most militant and widespread of the peasant … Read more

dmpq-Discuss the cultural, economic and political factors which led to the decolonization of African Continent .

It was the cultural, economic and political process through which colonies broke free from the colonial empires and integrated themselves to the new ‘world order’. Cultural Colonial empires were generally founded on principles of Racism and ‘right to rule’ over ‘inferior races’. These narratives had to be challenged. An image of benevolent and modernising influence … Read more

dmpq-Significance of American Revolution was not just limited to the political independence of America but it had Global impact.” Evaluate.

The revolution led to the establishment of a republic based on the first written constitution in the world. This was a marked contrast to the other states were Monarchies were still in power. This inspired people across the world to struggle for democratic and republican forms of government. It established a federal state with powers … Read more

dmpq-Discuss the nature of Anti caste movements during British Period.

The caste system was another major target of attack for the social reform movement. The Hindus were at this time divided into numerous castes.  The untouchables suffered from numerous and severe disabilities and restrictions. He could not enter the Hindu temples or study the shastras. In some parts of the country, particularly in the south, … Read more

dmpq-. Discuss how Gandhi-Irwin Paved the way for Congress’s Participation in Round table Conferences.

. British convened a series of “Round Table Conferences” in London to discuss constitutional reforms in India.  The first meeting was held in November 1930. However, without the pre-eminent political leader in India, it was an exercise in futility.  Gandhi was released from jail in January 1931. In the following month, he had several long … Read more

dmpq-Write an essay on Communal Award (1932).

After the Third Round Table Conference, in November 1932, the then Prime Minister of Britain Ramsay McDonald gave an order which is known as the Communal Award.  It was part of Britisher’s policy of ‘Divide and Rule.  The award granted separate electorates in British India for the Forward Caste, Lower Caste, Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs, Indian … Read more

dmpq-Discuss the causes of failure of Cripps Mission.

The Cripps Mission was a failed attempt in late March 1942 by the British government to secure full Indian cooperation and support for their efforts in World War II.  The mission was headed by a senior minister Sir Stafford Cripps, traditionally sympathetic to Indian self-rule.  However, he was also a member of the coalition War … Read more

dmpq-“Congress’s Tripuri crisis was an evidence of ideological polarization in party.” Comment.

Subhas Bose had been a unanimous choice as the President of the Congress in 1938. In 1939, he decided to stand again — this time as the spokesperson of militant politics and radical groups.  However, with the blessings of Gandhiji, Sardar Patel, Rajendra Prasad, J.B. Kripalani other leaders put up Pattabhi Sitaramayya as a candidate … Read more

dmpq-Give a brief description of Royal Indian Mutiny (1946). Also mention it’s historical significance.

. The Royal Indian Navy (RIN) revolt started in February 1946 at Mumbai when the naval ratings on HMIS Talwar protested against the poor quality of food and racial discrimination by British officers.  From the initial flashpoint in Mumbai, the revolt spread and found support throughout India, from Karachi to Kolkata, and ultimately came to … Read more

dmpq-Throw light on the incidents leading to the second World war.

Defeat of Poland The Poles were defeated swiftly by the German Blitzkrieg (lightning war), which they were ill-equipped to deal with. It consisted of rapid thrusts by motorized divisions and tanks (Panzers) supported by air power. The Luftwaffe (the German air force) put the Polish railway system out of action and destroyed the Polish air … Read more

dmpq-Write a short note the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Cuba became involved in the Cold War in 1959 when Fidel Castro, who had just seized power from the corrupt, American-backed dictator Batista, outraged the USA by nationalizing American-owned estates and factories. As Cuba’s relations with the USA worsened, those with the USSR improved: in January 1961 the USA broke off diplomatic relations with Cuba, … Read more

dmpq-. Give a brief description of 8 prominent Bodhisattvas mentioned in Buddhist Philosophy.

There are 8 important Bodhisattvas who represent different aspects of Buddha. They are as following: Avalokitesvara (Buddha’s Compassion) Avalokiteshwara means one who can see all. He represents infinite compassion and mercy. He is the most popular Bodhisattva of all. He represents the ideal of welfare in which he postpones his own transformation into Buddha to … Read more

DMPQ-Trade and commerce became a tool of exploitation in the second stage of British colonialism.” Discuss.

This was a period of exploitation through trade and is also termed as Colonialism of Free Trade during the 19th century. Immediately after the East India company became the ruler over most parts of India, an intense struggle broke out in Britain to determine whose interests would the newly acquired colony serve. Britain was after … Read more

DMPQ-. “De-industrialisation of India was the obvious consequence of British imperialism.”Comment.

. The destruction of traditional Indian industries was one of the earliest consequences of colonialism to be noticed and documented in this country. While it was evidently connected with the growth of modem factory industry in England, the beginning of the process of destruction of Indian cottage industries lay further back, in the 18th century, … Read more

DMPQ-. Explain the nature of pre-marxian socialism.

. Despite the common belief that Marx and his manifesto laid the foundations of socialist thought, it actually preceded him by at least seven decades, going back all the way to the French revolution (1789). The arrival of Marxism and its fresh ideas in many ways changed history particularly with its aim of overthrowing the … Read more

DMPQ-. Explain how commercialization of Agriculture effected India’s rural society during British colonialism.

Commercialisation of agriculture paved the way for the generation of usury and merchant capital in rural society and widened the levels of differentiation among the peasantry. The common cultivator’s dependence on the village bania for advance of credit. for the marketing of his crop, for loans during lean seasons for subsistence increased as commercialisation progressed. … Read more

DMPQ-. Explain how Singh sabha movement tried to eradicate socio-religious evils from Sikh religion.

. Singh Sabha is a 19th-century movement within Sikhism that began as a defense against the proselytizing activities of Christians and Hindus. Its chief aims were the revival of the teachings of the Sikh Gurus (spiritual leaders), the production of religious literature in Punjabi, and a campaign against illiteracy. After the annexation of the Khalsa … Read more

DMPQ-Throw light on the nature of French revolution.

. On the morning of 14 July 1789, the city of Paris was in a state of alarm. The king had commanded troops to move into the city. Rumours spread that he would soon order the army to open fire upon the citizens. Some 7,000 men and women gathered in front of the town hall … Read more

DMPQ-. How far is it correct to say that the first world war was fought essentially for the preservation of balance of power ?

. As the imperial game raged throughout the world, the map of Europe was changing as well. From 1815-1870, in the aftermath of Napoleon’s near domination of Europe, the European power developed a system of military and political balance. The aptly-named balance of power in Europe was a system that aimed to maintain international order … Read more

DMPQ-Write an essay on the rise of first phase of revolutionary nationalism in India.

. A large-scale participation of the masses in the struggle for Swaraj-the essential pre- condition of a successful passive resistance-was not, however, realized. With little success  among the workers, total failure in respect of the cultivators and sad mismanagement of the communal tangle, the Swadeshi movement was unable by a second half of 1907 to … Read more

DMPQ-Why were other European countries slower to industrialize than Britain? Discuss.

. The Industrial Revolution marked a period of development in the latter half of the 18th century that transformed largely rural, agrarian societies in Europe and America into industrialized, urban ones. Goods that had once been painstakingly crafted by hand started to be produced in mass quantities by machines in factories, thanks to the introduction … Read more

DMPQ-Throw light on the evolution of industrial capitalism in France.

. France witnessed the growth of capitalism in fifteenth century. However, in comparison to England she was rather a late starter. Especially France was an agricultural country till the beginning of the nineteenth century. Gradually capitalism was developed in France with the extension of guilds, the rise of factory system with the use of machinery … Read more

DMPQ-Write an essay on the permanent settlement land revenue policy.

In 1793 Permanent Settlement for Bengal, Bihar and Orissa was introduced. Its special features were: The Zamindars became the owners of the entire land in their zamindaries and became agents of the government in collecting land revenue. A Zarnindar was to pay over nine-tenth of what he received from the feasting to the state, retaining … Read more

DMPQ-. Throw light on the development of industrial capitalism in Germany.

. From the beginning Germany was politically divided. It was also industrially quite backward. Her economy worked through the guild system. Furthermore Germany was an agricultural country. It was not ready to adopt the new industrial techniques. The continuous ware fare prevented the accumulation of capital and obstructed the development of capitalism Lack of banking … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the evolution of Judicial system under British colonialism.

. The early Charters of the Company gave it authority to make reasonable laws, ‘constitutional orders’ and ‘ordinances’ and within limits to punish offences committed by its servants, but they gave no territorial powers of jurisdiction. In 1661 Charles I1 authorised the Governor and Council of each factory to exercise criminal and civil jurisdiction, not … Read more

DMPQ-. Explain how threat from Russia shaped the British policy in Afghanistan.

The idea of ‘Russian Peril’, was propagated by Lord Palmerston, British Foreign Secretary, in the mid-nineteenth century and the term first time mentioned by William Bentinck, the Indian Governor-General was believed to reflect a real danger. Checked  I by the British in Mediterranean Sea, the Russians rapidly advanced towards the north- western frontier of Afghanistan. … Read more

DMPQ-. Throw light on the evolution of socialism in Russia.

. In the process of Industrialization Russia was just behind other European countries. With the development of industrialization, the Marxian Socialism exercised great influence on Russia. In 1883, Marx’s follower George Plekhanov established the “Russian Social Democratic Party”. In 1898, by developing its relationship with other socialist organization “Russian Social Democratic Labour Party” was formed. … Read more

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