DMPQ-What is Anti-Dumping duty. Discuss the implications of recently India Imposing antidumping duties on Chinese goods.

India has imposed anti-dumping duty on five Chinese products, including certain aluminium goods and some chemicals, for five years to guard local manufacturers from cheap imports from the neighbouring country. A remedy sanctioned by the WTO to protect a member country’s domestic industry from imports that have been priced at levels below those prevailing in … Read more

DMPQ-Write an essay on the issue of Gender Inequality by citing Global Gender Report, 2021.

Gender inequality is the social process by which men and women are not treated as equals. The treatment may arise from distinctions regarding biology, psychology, or cultural norms. Some of these distinctions are empirically-grounded while others appear to be socially constructed. The under-representation of women in the workforce is both a social and economic loss. … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the issues faced by India’s Urbanization.

Providing Affordable Housing The Covid-19 pandemic had brought to fore the plight of migrant workers in India. The reverse migration we saw, highlights the need to provide affordable living conditions to the workers, so that they are not compelled to migrate back in times of income uncertainties. Data show that around 25 per cent of … Read more

DMPQ-Write a short note on the significance of Atmnirbhar abhiyan.

Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan or Self-reliant India campaign is the vision of new India. In the year 2020, Prime Minister raised a clarion call to the nation giving a kick start to the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan (Self-reliant India campaign) and announced the Special economic and comprehensive package of INR 20 lakh crores – equivalent to 10% … Read more

DMPQ-what is Draft India Data Accessibility and Use Policy 2022? Explain it’s significance in the wake of increasing use of data in the global economy.

The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY)’s draft India Data Accessibility and Use Policy 2022 is a continuation of earlier efforts to encourage better utilisation of large-scale data collected by the government machinery. The Draft Policy aims at providing a robust scaffolding for harnessing public sector data for informed decision-making, citizen-centric delivery of public … Read more

DMPQ-. Write an essay on RBI’s plan to launch an digital currency.

In the Budget presented for 2022-23, Finance Minister had announced the introduction of India’s Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) and that the digital rupee would give a ‘big boost’ to digital economy. Finance Minister had indicated that technologies such as blockchain would be used by the Reserve Bank of India to issue the currency, starting … Read more

DMPQ-What is shadow entrepreneurship? explain how corona crisis has worsened the problem of shadow entrepreneurship.

Shadow entrepreneurs manage a business that sells legitimate goods and services but they do not register their businesses. Shadow entrepreneurship is a key factor affecting economic development, both in a positive and negative sense. Moreover, India has one of the highest numbers of shadow entrepreneurs in the world and with a rising gig economy, understanding … Read more

DMPQ-“Monopolistic Practices of Big tech companies are creating multitudes of problems around the globe.” Discuss.

With the Internet playing a central role in determining how humans live and work, a few big technology companies have gathered remarkable clout. Big Tech firms, also known as GAFA (Amazon, Apple, Google, Facebook), are the largest and most dominant companies in the information technology industry of the United States. Many have speculated it may … Read more

DMPQ-What is the concept of recycling in economy ? discuss the potential of recycling in Indian economy.

In India, we are driven by need — conserve and reuse to save money. As incomes rise, behaviour could tilt towards throwaway choices. Responsibility requires that, by understanding the impact of our choices, we reduce our footprint. Finally, recognition of business opportunities towards wealth creation from recycling and reuse. As economies evolve, we see these … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the recently announced National Strategy for Additive Manufacturing policy.

.  Ministry of electronics and information technology (MeitY) released the National Strategy for Additive Manufacturing policy to cater to next-generation digital manufacturing and mitigate immediate disabilities of local industries. Additive manufacturing is also known as 3D printing, refers to the construction of a three-dimensional object from a digital 3D model by adding materials layer by … Read more

DMPQ-India recently ratified Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer for phase down of Hydroflurocarbons (HFCs). Explain the significance of the decision. Also mention it’s probable impacts on India’s economy including employment generation.

The Union Cabinet, had given its approval for ratification of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer for phase down of Hydroflurocarbons (HFCs) by India, adopted by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on October, 2016 at 28 th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol held … Read more

dmpq-. Explain the reasons for India’s high NPA’s. Also discuss how does it impacts India’s Economy.

Possible reasons for NPAs Diversification of funds to unrelated business/fraud. Lapses due to diligence. Busines losses due to changes in business/regulatory environment. Lack of morale, particularly after government schemes which had written off loans. Global, regional or national financial crisis which results in erosion of margins and profits of companies, therefore, stressing their balance sheet … Read more

dmpq-. Discuss how rainfed farming is related with Agro-Economy. Also mention the challenges of rainfed Agricuture.

Rain-fed areas produce nearly 90% of millets, 80% of oilseeds and pulses, 60% of cotton and support nearly 40% of our population and 60% of our livestock.  These facts present an existing vulnerability to ensuing climate change. The only option we have is being prepared, adapt, and mitigate climate change. Rain-fed areas are ecologically fragile … Read more

dmpq-Explain the Twin Balance Sheet Problem. Discuss the causes of India’s Everlasting Twin Balance Sheet Problem.

Twin Balance Sheet Problem (TBS) deals with two balance sheet problems. One with Indian companies and the other with Indian Banks. Thus, TBS is two two-fold problem for Indian economy which deals with: Overleveraged companies Debt accumulation on companies is very high and thus they are unable to pay interest payments on loans. Note: 40% … Read more

dmpq-Write an essay on Yes bank Crisis.

Yes Bank, started in 2004, is one of the new generation private banks that were allowed to start banking operations by Reserve Bank of India in the post-liberalisation era. The bank engaged in highrisk lending, providing loans to those who could not raise funds elsewhere. Loans not repaid is a major issue of most banks … Read more

dmpq-Throw light on the advantages Universal Basic Income (UBI) presents to Indian Economy.

As a form of social security UBI will help in reducing inequality and eliminating poverty. Thus it ensures security and dignity for all individuals. As human labour is being substituted by technology, there will be reduced wage income and reduced purchasing power. UBI will compensate for reduced purchasing power. Advantages of UBI First, UBI would … Read more

dmpq-Mention the major Government Public Distribute System (PDS) Reforms Taken in recent years.

The different types reforms undertaken by different states are: Adhaar Linked and digitized ration cards This allows online entry and verification of beneficiary data. It also enables online tracking of monthly entitlements and off-take of foodgrains by beneficiaries. Computerized Fair Price Shops: FPS automated by installing ‘Point of Sale’device to swap the ration card. It … Read more

dmpq-. Mention the Different issues faced by India’s Infrastructure sector. Do you Agree That National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) will solve these issues.

Issues with infrastructure sector The sector needs long term finance; but banks are helpless: One of the fundamental reason why Indian infrastructure is still not up to desired level is the lack of long term finance. This is despite the fact that 10.4% of bank lending was channelled to Infrastructure in 2015. But of late, … Read more

dmpq-Do you agree that National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) will revive the Indian economy.

National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) is a roadmap for an investment of Rs.100 lakh crore in infrastructure over the next five years (2020-2025).  The aim of the National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) is to help make India a $5 trillion economy by 2025.  NIP includes economic and social infrastructure projects. To implement an infrastructure program of the … Read more

dmpq-Discuss how internal migrant crisis in the wake of Pandemic issue has created immediate need to reform india’s Urban Scenrio.

Urbanisation and the growth of cities in India have been accompanied by pressure on basic infrastructure and services like housing, sanitation and health. The 2011 Census of India reveals that the urban population of the country stood at 31.16 per cent. It indicates that there are about 4.5 lakh houseless families, a total population of … Read more

dmpq-India has the opportunity to harness it’s demographic dividend to bolster it’s economic progress.” Comment.

A nation’s growth requires the productive contribution of all segments of society, particularly the children and the youth, who need to be provided opportunities for self-expression.  Household and national investments in children and youth yield long-term returns in terms of high productivity of the economically active population till they enter the elderly cohort. Currently, India’s … Read more

dmpq-Define the concept of Brain drain. Discuss the Push factors responsible for the Brain drain.

The brain drain is the migration of educated persons from one country to another.  Primary external brain drain occurs when human resources leave their country to go work overseas in developed countries such as Europe, North America, and Australia.  Secondary external brain drain occurs when human resources leave their country to go work elsewhere in … Read more

dmpq-Discuss the recent government efforts for the formalization of economy.

In the last few years, the Government of India has made several efforts to formalize the Indian economy via the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), digitalisation of financial transactions and enrolment of informal sector workers on government portals such as E-Shram.  Despite these well-intentioned efforts at formalization, the challenge of informality looms … Read more

dmpq-Define the concept of Web 3.0. Discuss the opportunities and challenges it provides for India.

In the modern retelling of Web history, the world has now fully entered the third generation of the internet. We have moved from decentralized protocols (Web 1.0) to centralized, monopolistic platforms (Web 2.0) and are now poised to move towards an era of decentralized blockchain-based architectures – Web 3.0.  With Web 3.0 as the current … Read more

dmpq-. Recent reports clearly indicate to an unemployment crisis India is going through. Suggest some measures to tackle the challenge.

The two important indicators of structural transformation in any economy are rates of growth and changes in the structural composition of output and the workforce.  India has experienced fairly consistent changes in the first indicator, especially after the 1991 reforms, but the trend in employment has not revealed any consistent or clear pattern.  Though the … Read more

dmpq-Discuss how Artificial Intelligence can play significant role In dealing with the challenge of Climate crisis.

. Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies have been often thought as a gateway to a future written in chrome, operating on a virtual cloud.  Even in the Budget 2022-23, AI was described as a sunrise technology that would “assist sustainable development at scale and modernise the country.” In terms of climate change, AI can prove to … Read more

DMPQ- Critically evaluate the govt’s plan to privatize the public sector banking.

It has been reported that while addressing the NCAER-organised India Policy Forum 2021, the Finance Secretary, TV Somanathan, said that the government continues to work on its stated position that most of the public sector banks will be eventually privatised. In fact, he was responding to a suggestion by Montek Singh Ahluwalia that the government … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss how PLI scheme for Textile Sector is going to boost India’s Textile Sector.

The Indian textile and apparel sector, with $37 billion exports and $85 billion domestic consumption, is one of the largest employers in the country. Every $1 billion additional exports in apparel manufacturing can create 1.5 lakh new jobs. If we capitalise on the current China-plus-One opportunity, Indian exports will grow in double digits for the … Read more

DMPQ-Critically evaluate the success of India’s planned economy before Liberalization in 1991.

. While the reasons for adopting a centrally directed strategy of development were understandable against the background of colonial rule, it, however soon became clear that the actual results of this strategy were far below expectations. Instead of showing high growth, high public savings and a high degree of self-reliance, India was actually showing one … Read more

DMPQ-. Throw light on the goals of five years plan.

. A plan should have some clearly specified goals. The goals of the five year plans were: growth, modernisation, self-reliance and equity. This does not mean that all the plans have given equal importance to all these goals. Due to limited resources, a choice has to be made in each plan about which of the … Read more

DMPQ-. Write an essay on India’s financial sector reforms in 1991.

Financial sector includes financial institutions, such as commercial banks, investment banks, stock exchange operations and foreign exchange market. The financial sector in India is regulated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). You may be aware that all banks and other financial institutions in India are regulated through various norms and regulations of the RBI. … Read more

DMPQ-Throw light on the main provisions of Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020.

A Farming Agreement under the Act is a written agreement between the farmer/Farmer Producer Organisation (FPO) and sponsor (the person purchasing the farming produce) in respect of any farming produce. Under the Act verbal agreements are not recognized. When a sharecropper is involved in the agreement, he may be made responsible for receiving and using … Read more

DMPQ-. Write a short note on Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020).

 While India has become surplus in most Agri-commodities, farmers have been unable to get better prices due to lack of investment in cold storage, warehouses, processing and export as the entrepreneurial spirit gets dampened due to Essential Commodities Act. Farmers suffer huge losses when there are bumper harvests, especially of perishable commodities. The legislation will … Read more

DMPQ-. Write an essay on the economic consequences of migration.

. A major benefit for the source region is the remittance sent by migrants. Remittances from the international migrants are one of the major sources of foreign exchange. In 2002, India received US$ 11 billion as remittances from international migrants. Punjab, Kerala and Tamil Nadu receive very significant amount from their international migrants. The amount … Read more

DMPQ-. Explain the implications of bringing Digital media and Over–The-Top (OTT) platforms under the ambit of ministry of information and broadcasting.

.  The government of India has brought digital audio-visual content, including films and web shows on over-the-top (OTT) streaming platforms, as well as news and current affairs on online platforms under the ambit of the ministry of information and broadcasting, in a move that media experts say could have far reaching effects on creative expression … Read more

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