DMPQ-Write a short note on somatic cell nuclear transfer.

SCNT is a laboratory technique for creating an ovum with donor nucleus. In it, nucleus containing the organism’s DNA of somatic cell (a body cell other than sperm or egg cell) is removed and rest of cell discarded. The nucleus of somatic cell is then inserted into enucleated egg cell which reprograms somatic cell nucleus … Read more

DMPQ: What is cloud seeding? What are its possible application?

Cloud seeding is the process of spreading either dry ice, or more commonly, silver iodide aerosols, into the upper part of clouds to try to stimulate the precipitation process and form rain. There are three cloud seeding methods– Hygroscopic cloud seeding disperses salts through flares or explosives in the lower portions of clouds. The salts grow in size as … Read more

DMPQ-Explain the concept of functioning of Thermoelectric Generator.

Thermoelectric power generators are the devices which used to convert temperature difference between two junctions into electrical energy. A working of thermoelectric generator is based on Seebeck effect.  According to which, a loop of two dissimilar metal develops an emf when the two junctions are kept at different temperature. That is why it is also referred as Seebeck … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Dark Web.

Dark Web is the virtual equivalent of a black market. Like Silk Road that marketed illegal drugs through the Dark Web, entities which want to operate out of the arms of the law seek refuge in the Dark Web.  Dark Web can be simply explained as a specialised form of browsing in incognito mode. While … Read more

DMPQ- List out the Importance of Medical Microbiology.

  Medical microbiology basically deals with the study of microorganisms that are both beneficial and harmful to both human and animal majorly. Branches of medical microbiology include Virology, Bacteriology, Parasitology and Mycology etc. Following are some of the major important features of the medical microbiology. The major importance of medical microbiology is that it helps … Read more

DMPQ- List out main Yogic practices which are being practiced for prevention and management of diseases

Shatkarma: These are six cleansing techniques in Yoga used to clean the internal organs and systems of the body. These are called as the process of detoxification. Shatkarmas are Neti, Dhouti, Basti, Kapalabhati, Nauli, Trataka. Yogasana: These are special patterns of body that stabilise the mind through static stretching. Yogasanas are psycho-physical in nature. They … Read more

DMPQ- Mention the strategies angaist Cyber Crime. Critically evaluate them and give suggestive measures.

Creating a secure cyber ecosystem To designate a National nodal agency to coordinate all matters related to cyber security in the country, with clearly defined roles & responsibilities. To encourage all organizations, private and public to designate a member of senior management, as Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), responsible for cyber security efforts and initiatives. … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Blood Bank.

Blood bank is a place where blood is collected from donors, typed, separated into components, stored, and prepared for transfusion to recipients. A blood bank may be a separate free-standing facility or part of a larger laboratory in a hospital. Separation of blood Typically, each donated unit of blood (whole blood) is separated into multiple … Read more

DMPQ- Mention the Technological aspects of agricultural biotechnology.

Genetic engineering Scientists have learned how to move genes from one organism to another. This has been called genetic modification (GM), genetic engineering (GE) or genetic improvement (GI). Regardless of the name, the process allows the transfer of useful characteristics (such as resistance to a disease) into a plant, animal or microorganism by inserting genes … Read more

DMPQ- What are Natural Food Preservatives?

In the category of natural food preservatives comes the salt, sugar, alcohol, vinegar etc. These are the traditional preservatives in food that are also used at home while making pickles, jams and juices etc. Also the freezing, boiling, smoking, salting are considered to be the natural ways of preserving food. Coffee powder and soup are … Read more

DMPQ- What are the different Types of Robots?

These are the some types of robots given below: Articulated: The feature of this robot is its rotary joints and range of these are from 2 to 10 or more joints. The arm is connected to the rotary joint and each joint is known as the axis which provides a range of movements. Cartesian: These are also … Read more

DMPQ-Write a short note on cells of Human Immune system.

The immune system is a complex network of cells and organs that work together to defend against Foreign substances. There are various cells associated with immune system: B-cell: It is a type of white blood cell that makes antibodies. Antibodies are large Y-shaped proteins which bind to specific antigens. This signals the other cells of … Read more

DMPQ- What are the main Branches of medicine ?

There are many branches in medicine. Here are some of them. Anatomy: This is the study of the physical structure of the body. Biochemistry: A biochemist studies chemical components and how they affect the body. Biomechanics: This focuses on the structure of biological systems in the body and how they work, using a mechanical approach. … Read more

DMPQ- Mention the Applications of polycarbonates.

Popular uses of polycarbonate can include aircraft parts, data storage devices, dome lights, eye protection, multiwall sheets, electronic components and more. Due to polycarbonates ability to withstand extreme temperatures for prolonged periods of time, it is often used in components for various industries, including: Aircrafts and Aerospace Components Greenhouses and Agriculture Industrial Lighting Electronic Components … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the role of chromosomes during cell division.

Mitosis When the chromosomes condense during cell division, they have already undergone replication. Each chromosome thus consists of two identical replicas, called chromatids, joined at a point called the centromere. During mitosis the sister chromatids separate, one going to each daughter cell. Chromosomes thus meet the first criterion for being the repository of genes: they … Read more

DMPQ-Media Lab Asia or Digital India Corporation

Digital India Corporation (Formerly Media Lab Asia) is a not for profit organization set up by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Govt. of India, under Section 25 of the Companies Act 1956 (Section 8 under Companies Act 2013). The objective of the company is to bring the benefits of ICT to the common … Read more

DMPQ-What is Codex Alimentarius?

The Codex Alimentarius is the food code that has become the global food standard for consumer foods, food producers and processors, national food regulatory agencies and international trade practices. The code has enormous impact and its influence extends to every continent. The Codex Alimentarius Commission was created in 1963 by the UN Food and Agricultural … Read more

DMPQ- Mention the different Types of Sexual Reproduction.

Allogamy Allogamy occurs when the gametes which join together during fertilization come from two different individuals. The female gamete is usually in the form of an egg or ovum while the male gamete takes the form of a sperm. Both egg and sperm are cells specialized to perform the task of reproduction; each sex cell … Read more

DMPQ:Write a short note on cells of Human Immune system.

The immune system is a complex network of cells and organs that work together to defend against Foreign substances. There are various cells associated with immune system: B-cell: It is a type of white blood cell that makesantibodies. Antibodies are large Y-shaped proteinswhich bind to specific antigens. This signals theother cells of the immune system … Read more

DMPQ- Mention some harmful bacteria

Pathogenic Bacteria These bacteria cause great losses to plant and animal popula­tion by causing several diseases. Reduction of Soil Fertility Some facul­tative anaerobic bacteria are available mostly in the oxygen deficient soil which reverse the nitrifying process, thereby causing the loss of a part of its combined nitrogen. They break down the nitrates in a … Read more

DMPQ-What do you understand by the term seeker technology and 5G Technology?

  Seeker Technology :The seeker technology is a critical technology that determines the accuracy of a missile. So far, the seeker technology had come from Russia.   The technology is a closely guarded secret.  Mastering it is a significant milestone in missile technology and would reduce import dependence.  The seeker was developed by Research Centre Imarat … Read more

DMPQ-Write a short note on BIOFIN.

BIOFIN is a global partnership seeking to address the biodiversity finance challenge in a comprehensive manner – building a sound business case for increased investment in the management of ecosystems and biodiversity. The goals of BIOFIN include the following: Develop and pilot a new approach and methodology to fill the financing gap for biodiversity; Support … Read more

DMPQ-Department for Biotechnology and Biotech parks

The remarkable march of India into the world of biosciences and technological advances began in 1986. That year, government of india accepted the vision that unless India created a separate Department for Biotechnology, within the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India the country would not progress to the desired extent. This was because … Read more

DMPQ- Mention the various applications of Polystyrene.

Polystyrene in Appliances Refrigerators, air conditioners, ovens, microwaves, vacuum cleaners, blenders – these and other appliances often are made with polystyrene (solid and foam) because it is inert (doesn’t react with other materials), cost-effective and long-lasting.     Polystyrene in Automotive Polystyrene (solid and foam) is used to make many car parts, including knobs, instrument … Read more

DMPQ- What is the vision of Digital India Mission?

The vision of the programme  is centred on three key areas Digital infrastructure as Utility to Every Citizen Governance and services on demand Digital empowerment of citizens Digital Infrastructure as Utility to Every Citizen Availability of high speed internet as a core utility for delivery of services to citizens. Cradle to grave digital identity that … Read more

DMPQ- Nanotransmitters and nanosensors

  Implantations of nanotransmitters and nanosensors within individuals have opened gates for monitoring and treating them at the microscopic level with the use of nanodevices. But this crosses traditional bounderies of care in the hospitals as persons can get the treatment done while siting in their homes . Pateients at home could have access to … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the spinal cord and its functions

The spinal cord, running almost the full length of the back, carries information between the brain and body, but also carries out other tasks.  From the brainstem, where the spinal cord meets the brain, 31 spinal nerves enter the cord.  Along its length, it connects with the nerves of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) that … Read more

DMPQ- What are directional and non-directional movements in plants?

Directional Movements Directional changes are called tropic movements. Tropic movements are the one which occurs in the direction of the stimulus. Positive phototropism is responding by bending towards the sunlight which can be seen in shoots. Negative geotropism is growing away from the ground which is also shown by shoots. Roots exhibit negative photo tropism … Read more

DMPQ- What is composting?

Composting is an anaerobic microbially driven process that converts organic wastes into stable sanitary humus like material. This material can then be safely returned to the natural environment. This method is actually a low moisture, solid substrate fermentation process. In large- scale operations using largely domestic solid wastes, the final product is mostly used for … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Community Information Centre.

Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DEIT) had taken up an initiative in February 2002 for setting up of Community Information Centres (CICs) in the hilly, far-flung rural areas of the country to bring the benefits of ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) to the people for socio-economic development of these regions and to alleviate the … Read more

DMPQ- What is the significance of Biomarker?

In medicine, a biomarker is a measurable indicator of the severity or presence of somedisease state. More generally a biomarker is anything that can be used as an indicator of aparticular disease state or some other physiological state of an organism. A biomarker can be a substance that is introduced into an organism as a … Read more

DMPQ:What is VOIP and write its advantages.

VOIP is IP enabled voice calling technology over internet. Example: Skype, Yahoo messenger,MSN messenger.It requires broadband connectivity to make a call along with IP enables  like Computers,Smartphone etc.The voice is converted into digital packets and transmitted to destination over packet switchednetwork. Advantages of VOIP are: Cost of calling is cheaper than normal phone. No need … Read more

DMPQ:Write a short note on Totipotency.

Many somatic plant cells, including some fully differentiated types (e.g. leaf mesophyll),provided they contain intact nuclear, plastid and mitochondrial genomes, have the capacity to regenerate into whole plants. This phenomenon is totipotency.Totipotent cells from plants have been used in tissue-culture techniques to produce improved plant materials that are pathogen-free and disease-resistant. Totipotent cells fromanimals are … Read more

DMPQ :What is electrostatic precipitator? Explain with the help of diagram.

There are several ways of removing particulate matter; the most widelyused of which is the electrostatic precipitator, which can remove over 99 per cent particulate matter present in the exhaust from a thermal power plant. It has electrode wires that are maintained at several thousand volts, which produce a corona that releases electrons. These electrons … Read more

DMPQ- Write an essay on the use of Medicinal Plants in India.

The history of medicinal plants is intimately connected with the history of botany. Primitive man, in constant terror of diseases, lived at the mercy of nature. From the earliest times, tribal priests and medicine men (witch doctors) used various plants, minerals and animal organs, usually in association with strange rituals and incantation, to drive out … Read more

DMPQ- Evaluate the Regulatory mechanism for bt brinjal in India.

Bt brinjal is the first food crop under evaluation for commercial release in India. Since its development in 2000, the crop has undergone rigorous scientific evaluation to assess its food safety, environmental safety, human and animal health safety and biodiversity. Rigorous scientific tests, including toxicity and allergenicity evaluation as well as nutritional studies on rabbits, … Read more

DMPQ- Biotech-KISAN scheme

Biotech-KISAN scheme is a farmer centric scheme for farmers, developed by and with farmers. It is a Pan-India program, following a hub-and spoke model and stimulates entrepreneurship and innovation in farmers and empowers women. The Biotech- KISAN Hubs are expected to fulfil the technology requirement to generate agriculture and bio-resource related jobs and better livelihood … Read more

DMPQ- Mention the uses and properties of Gaseous refinery products .

Gaseous refinery products include hydrogen, fuel gas, ethane, propane, and butane. Most of the hydrogen is consumed in refinery desulfurization facilities, which remove hydrogen sulfide from the gas stream and then separate that compound into elemental hydrogen and sulfur; small quantities of the hydrogen may be delivered to the refinery fuel system. Refinery fuel gas … Read more

DMPQ- What are the Functions of lymph system?

The lymphatic system has three primary functions: Fluid balance The lymphatic system helps maintain fluid balance. It returns excess fluid and proteins from the tissues that cannot be returned through the blood vessels.  The fluid is found in tissue spaces and cavities, in the tiny spaces surrounding cells, known as the interstitial spaces. These are … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the Diseases related to kidney.

Renovascular hypertension Renovascular hypertension is high blood pressure due to narrowing of the arteries that carry blood to the kidneys. This condition is also called renal artery stenosis. renal artery stenosis is a narrowing or blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the kidneys.  The most common cause of renal artery stenosis is a … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the Magnetic lines of force and their properties.

To describe the phenomena related to magnets, lines are used to depict the force existing in the area surrounding the magnet. These lines are called the magnetic lines of force. These lines do not exist actually, but are imaginary lines that are used to illustrate and describe the pattern of the magnetic field. As shown … Read more

DMPQ:Write short note on Genetic modified crops.

Genetically modified crops are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has beenmodified using genetic engineering techniques. The aim is to introduce a new trait to the plant which does not occur naturally in thespecies. In food crops include resistance to certain pests, diseases, or environmentalconditions, and improving the nutrient profile of the crop. … Read more

DMPQ:What is the working principle of Hydrogen Bomb?

Hydrogen bombs are thermonuclearweapons which employs fusion of isotopes ofhydrogen. The result is greatly increased explosivepower when compared to single-stage fissionweapons.The energy released in a Hydrogen bombis several magnitudes higher than anAtom bomb. A fusion bomb is more sophisticated anddifficult to make, since it requires a muchhigher temperature — in the order ofmillions of degrees … Read more

DMPQ- Write Short Note on National Supercomputing Mission. (SCIENCE)

The Mission envisages empowering our national academic and R&D institutions spread over the country by installing a vast supercomputing grid comprising of more than 70 high-performance computing facilities. These supercomputers will also be networked on the National Supercomputing grid over the National Knowledge Network (NKN). The Mission would be implemented and steered jointly by the … Read more

DMPQ- What do you mean by Linear motion

Linear motion, also called uniform motion or rectilinear motion, motion in one spatial dimension.  According to Newton’s first law (also known as the principle of inertia), a body with no net force acting on it will either remain at rest or continue to move with uniform speed in a straight line, according to its initial … Read more

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