DMPQ- Write a short note on one China policy.

The One China policy is a key cornerstone of Sino-US relations. It is the diplomatic acknowledgement of China’s position that there is only one Chinese government. Under the policy, the US recognises and has formal ties with China rather than the island of Taiwan, which China sees as a breakaway province. China insists Taiwan is an … Read more

DMPQ- What are the major thrust of India’s cultural diplomacy ?

Know India Program – To help familiarize Indian Diaspora youth, in the age group of 18-26 years, with developments and achievements made by the country and bringing them closer to the land of their ancestors. KIP provides a unique  forum for students and young professionals of Indian Origin to visit India, share their views, expectations … Read more

DMPQ- International Development Association

The International Development Association (IDA) is an international financial institution which offers concessional loans and grants to the world’s poorest developing countries. The IDA is a member of the World Bank Group and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States. It was established in 1960 to complement the existing International Bank for Reconstruction and Development … Read more

DMPQ- NSG membership is important for India. Comment

NSG means Nuclear supplier group. It was brought in 1974 in response to the Indian nuclear test. It is a multilateral export control regime.  It is a Group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons. Benefits of … Read more

DMPQ-Write a short note on Agenda 21.

Agenda 21 is a non-binding and voluntary implementation plan of United Nations with regard to sustainable development. Agenda 21 is a comprehensive plan of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations System, Governments, and Major Groups in every area in which human impacts on the environment. Agenda 21, … Read more

DMPQ-Write a short note on Bunker convention.

The International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage (BUNKER) is an International treaty listed and administered by the International Maritime Organization, signed in London on 23 March 2001 and in force generally on 21 November 2008. The purpose is to adopt uniform international rules and procedures for determining questions of liability and … Read more

DMPQ- Write an essay on the Land frontiers of India.

India shares her 15,200 long land frontier with Pakistan, in the west and north-west.   Afghanistan in the north-west, China, Nepal and Bhutan in the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar in the east. India’s longest border is with Bangladesh while the shortest border is with Afghanistan.       Some of the important international border point … Read more

DMPQ- . In Northeast Asia, growing tensions around the Korean Peninsula are likely, with the possibility of a confrontation in the coming years. Justify

Kim Jong Un is consolidating his grip on power through a combination of patronage and dread and is doubling down on his nuclear and missile programs, developing long-range missiles that may soon endanger the continental USA. Beijing, Seoul, Tokyo, and Washington have a shared incentive to handle security risks in Northeast Asia, but a history … Read more

DMPQ- The Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

The Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) was established in 1989 as an informal Ministerial-level dialogue group with twelve members. Today APEC has 21 member economies spread out over four continents. APEC Member Economies work together to sustain economic growth through a commitment to open trade, investment and economic reform. This is accomplished by progressively reducing … Read more

DMPQ- West Asia holds a complimentary value for India . Comment

West Asia is an important region in terms of energy security, investment, maintenance of law order and overall economic development of sub continent. The complimentary value can be quantified as: West Asia absorb much of India`s cheap labor. Around 7 million Indian works in WestAsia. It provide with huge amount of remittance. India has highest … Read more

DMPQ- Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is variously referred to as a think tank or monitoring group. Its stated goals include fostering economic development and cooperation; fighting poverty; and ensuring the environmental impact of growth and social development is always considered. Over the years, it has dealt with a range of issues, including … Read more

DMPQ- Look East to Act East. Analyse

The Southeast Asian and Indian Ocean littoral nations that retain primary significance for India are Myanmar, Indonesia and Vietnam, all of which are of increasing strategic importance to India.As Myanmar is the only ASEAN country which India directly borders, the country is of critical importance to India’s security, especially given the serious insurgency-related problems that … Read more

DMPQ-In Northeast Asia, growing tensions around the Korean Peninsula are likely, with the possibility of a confrontation in the coming years. Justify with current developements.

Kim Jong Un is consolidating his grip on power through a combination of patronage and dread and is doubling down on his nuclear and missile programs, developing long-range missiles that may soon endanger the continental USA. Beijing, Seoul, Tokyo, and Washington have a shared incentive to handle security risks in Northeast Asia, but a history … Read more

DMPQ- What are Patents? Explain the Criteria for Patentability.

What are Patents? Patents are a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor. These rights are granted for a limited period of time, usually about twenty years. The granting of these rights is in return for public disclosure of the invention. Criteria for Patentability Patents protect inventions. These inventions could … Read more

DMPQ- BRICS payment system

At the 2015 BRICS summit in Russia, ministers from BRICS nations, initiated consultations for a payment system that would be an alternative to the SWIFT system. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov stated in an interview, “The finance ministers and executives of the BRICS central banks are negotiating … setting up payment systems and moving … Read more

DMPQ- The BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA)

The BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) is a framework for providing protection against global liquidity pressures. This includes currency issues where members’ national currencies are being adversely affected by global financial pressures. It is found that emerging economies that experienced rapid economic liberalization went through increased economic volatility, bringing uncertain macroeconomic environment. The CRA is … Read more

DMPQ- What are the main Causes of refugee crisis?

Religious/Racial/Political Persecution The most common reason people become refugees is persecution — which can take on many forms: religious, national, social, racial, or political.  When it comes to religious refugees in the United States, the split between Christians and Muslims is quite even. According to Pew, 46% of refugees in 2016 who came to the … Read more

DMPQ- Lisbon treaty was recently in the news? What is Lisbon treaty?

The Lisbon Treaty updated regulations for the European Union, establishing a more centralized leadership and foreign policy, a proper process for countries that wish to leave the Union, and a streamlined process for enacting new policies. The treaty was signed on December 13, 2007, in Lisbon, Portugal, and amends the two previous treaties that established … Read more

DMPQ- RCEP

It is a regional grouping name Regional comprehensive  economic partnership. In August 2012, the 16 Economic Ministers endorsed the Guiding Principles and Objectives for Negotiating the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership. The RCEP negotiations were launched by Leaders from 10 ASEAN Member States (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and … Read more

DMPQ- Sir creek dispute.

Sir Creek is a disputed water stream between the Sindh province of Pakistan and Gujarat state of India in the Ran of Kutch  Pakistan claims the whole water stream till India’s land borders whereas India contends that the issue should be solved as per international standards for riverine systems and hence claims half of the channel with division at the centre. The issue … Read more

DMPQ- Write short note on Indus water treaty.

The Indus Water Treaty (IWT) is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan signed on September 19, 1960. The treaty was signed by the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistan’s President Ayub Khan. It was brokered by the World Bank (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development). According to treaty, all the water of eastern rivers( Sutlej, Beas, Ravi) … Read more

DMPQ:What is Belt and road initiative? Why India declined for the second time to participate in the forum?

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an ambitious effort to improve regional cooperation and connectivity on a trans-continental scale. The initiative aims to strengthen infrastructure, trade, and investment links between China and some 65 other countries that account collectively for over 30 percent of global GDP, 62 percent of population, and 75 percent of known … Read more

DMPQ- Venezuela crisis and the reasons for the crisis.

There was the political crisis as two centre of power confronted to usurped the top most position. The leader of Venezuela’s National Assembly, Juan Guaido has declared himself as president of Venezuela on January 23, challenging the power of current President Nicolas Maduro, who was recently sworn in as president of Venezuela for a second … Read more

DMPQ: Write short note on Syrian crisis.

The Syrian civil war is an ongoing war between multiple parties taking place in Syria since the past eight years. The unrest started in the wake of the 2011 Arab Spring protests that had originated in Tunisia. People in Syria protested against the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad who suppressed all dissent with violent … Read more

DMPQ- Significance of Golan heights. (IR/Disputes)

The Golan Heights, a rocky plateau in south-western Syria, has a political and strategic significance which belies its size. Israel unilaterally annexed the Golan Heights in 1981. The move was not recognised internationally, although the US Trump Administration did so unilaterally in March 2019.There are more than 30 Jewish settlements on the heights, with an … Read more

DMPQ- European Bank for Reconstruction and development.

It was set up after the fall of the Berlin wall to promote private and entrepreneurial initiative in emerging Europe.   HQ – London.    EBRD is owned by 66 countries and two EU institutions i.e EU & EIB.   US is the biggest shareholder.   Besides Europe, member countries of the EBRD are also from other continents – … Read more

DMPQ:Write short note on Indian Ocean Rim association.

It was set up with the objective of strengthening regional cooperation and sustainable development within the Indian Ocean Region. The association comprises 22 Member States and 7 Dialogue Partners.  India, Australia, Iran, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, South Africa, Mozambique, Kenya, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Bangladesh, Singapore, Maldives, Mauritius, Madagascar, UAE, Yemen, Seychelles, Somalia, Comoros and Oman are … Read more

DMPQ:Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank.

It is a multilateral financial institution which brings countries together to address the daunting infrastructure needs across Asia. It is headquartered at Beijing.    The membership in AIIB is open to members of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development or the Asian Development Bank.  It has authorized capital of US 100 billion dollars and subscribed … Read more

DMPQ- Assumption island and its importance.

Assumption Island, a single coral island, belongs to the Outer Islands District of Seychelles.With only a small village on the sheltered western side and a 1,210-m concrete airfield running from there to the southeastern coast, the island’s few inhabitants, mostly farmers and fishermen, have to go to Victoria (the capital) for government services. The island’s … Read more

DMPQ- Short Note on Asia Pacific Trade Agreement?

The Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA) was signed in 1975 as an initiative of UN- Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP).  It is previously named the Bangkok Agreement.  There are 6-member states to APTA – Bangladesh, China, India, South Korea, Laos and Sri Lanka.  Mongolia is soon to become the 7th member … Read more

DMPQ: Write short note on ITLOS. (International Relation)

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the UNCLOS to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the UNCLOS Convention. Its Base  is in Hamburg, Germany.  The Tribunal is composed of 21 independent members, elected from among persons enjoying the highest reputation for fairness … Read more

DMPQ- Short note on UNCLOS.

UN Convention on the Law of Sea is the international agreement that resulted from the 3rd United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. It provides a regulatory framework for the use of the world’s seas and oceans, to ensure the conservation and equitable usage of resources and the marine environment and to ensure … Read more

DMPQ- Intermediate Range Nuclear forces treaty.

The 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty required the United States and the Soviet Union to eliminate and permanently forswear all of their nuclear and conventional ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges of 500 to 5,500 kilometers. The treaty marked the first time the superpowers had agreed to reduce their nuclear arsenals, eliminate an entire … Read more

DMPQ: India and Japan currently have a special strategic and global partnership. Why did India confer such status.

Geopolitics – The rise of China and doubts about USA‘s commitments in Asia has pushed both the countries towards this relationship. Economic Aspect – Japan is investing heavily in Indian projects. The two countries are also working on a joint infrastructure development and connectivity drive traversing the Indian Ocean. Their projects span from Myanmar to … Read more

DMPQ: Why UAE is special for India’s Look west policy?

UAE is a special partner in India’s look west policy. UAE with its surplus of oil and capital can fuel the demand of India. India diaspora is a huge source of human resource for UAE. The relation pillars can be summarised under the two heads:   Economically: Central to India’s pitch for improving foreign direct … Read more

DMPQ: What are the positives in India-Saudi Arabia relation?

Positive: Energy security: Saudi Arabia today is our 4th largest trade partner (after China, USA and Japan) and is a major source of energy as we import around 17 % of our crude oil requirement from the Kingdom. Investment:According to Saudi Arabian General Investment Authority (SAGIA), there are 322 Indian companies as joint ventures/100% owned … Read more

DMPQ:A) OPERATION NISTAR B) OPERATION RAHAT

OPERATION NISTAR:   It is a operation carried out by Indian Naval Ship Sunayna. The Indians were stranded in Scotra island after a cyclone hit the area and INS Sunayna had evacuated them in the operation.  The cyclone mekunu had badly hit various parts OPERATION RAHAT: ‘Operation Rahat’ was launched by Indian Armed Forces to evacuate … Read more

DMPQ: Write a short note on Malabar exercise

The Malabar exercises were first established in 1992 between India and the United States, but due to tensions arising from India’s nuclearization in 1998, it became an annual feature only in 2002.The bilateral exercises evolved from basic naval drills to include aircraft carriers in 2005 and added anti-piracy drills and search and rescue with a … Read more

DMPQ: Write short note on UNESCO

Its aim is “to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information” It was established in 1946 and is based in Paris. It has 195 member states and ten associate members. Its five major programs are:  Education,  Natural sciences,  Social/human … Read more

DMPQ: What is the significance of high quantum of Diaspora?

As per the ‘World Migration Report (2018)’, published by the International Organisation for Migration, the Indian diaspora constitutes 6% of the total number of international migrants . The population of overseas Indian increased from 6.7 million in 1990 to 16 million in 2015. However, if computed as a percentage of the world’s population, the growth of … Read more

DMPQ: What are the issues attached with Indo Bangladesh Relation?

  Adverse balance to trade:  To enable more Bangladeshi exports to flow into India, duty free entry was granted in 2011 under SAFTA. An SEZ in BG for Indian manufacturing companies has been mooted and notified. To offset economic asymmetry, India has granted BG generous line of credit (LOCs) and grants, with commitments reaching $ … Read more

DMPQ: What are the areas of cooperation in INDIA-BANGLADESH RELATIONS?

:  Areas of cooperation:     Trade and investment: $ 9 bn annual trade along with $8-9 bn informal trade. Indian investment in Bangladesh has reached $3 bn. Connectivity: The Padma Multipurpose Bridge and the Akhaura-Agartala Rail link. Waterways: to reduce the cost of trade Cyberspace: Bangladesh has provided cyber connectivity b/w the Int’l gateway at … Read more

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