Volcanoes Volcano is a  place on the earth’s surface (or any other planet) where molten rock and gases are erupted. or  hill or mountain built up by the eruption of molten rock.Volcanic eruptions are caused by magma (a mixture of liquid rock, crystals, and dissolved gas) expelled onto the Earth’s surface. Basaltic magmas tend to … Read more

Non Co-operation and Khilafat Movement

Non Co-operation and Khilafat Movement Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms 1919: Dyarchy In a system called “dyarchy,” the nation-building departments of government — agriculture, education, public works, and the like — were placed under ministers who were individually responsible to the legislature. The departments that made up the “steel frame” of British rule — finance, revenue, and home … Read more

The Home Rule Movement

The Home Rule Movement After being released in 1914, Tilak sought re-entry into Congress. Annie Besant and Gokhale supported. But finally Pherozshah Mehta won and Tilak was not admitted. Tilak and Besant decided to start the home rule movement on their own. In early 1915, Annie Besant (and S Subramaniya Iyer) launched a campaign through … Read more

Rise of National Movement and Indian National Congress

Rise of National Movement and Indian National Congress Why did national movement arise? Indian nationalism rose to meet the challenges of foreign domination The British rule and its direct and indirect consequences provided the material and the moral and intellectual conditions for the development of a national movement in India. Clash of interest between the … Read more

DMPQ- How the interest rate of the central bank of any nation affects foreign capital Investment in India?

The interest rate fluctuation impacts foreign investment in India. The developing countries like India tend to have a higher interest rate than those developed countries. The foreign investment institutes such as FIIs (Foreign Institutional Investors) borrow money from their domestic market at a low-interest rate and invest it in countries like India where the interest … Read more

DMPQ- The freedom guaranteed by Article 301 is a freedom from all restrictions, except those which are provided for in the other provisions. Still reasonable restriction can be put. Comment on the statement.

The freedom guaranteed by Article 301 is a freedom from all restrictions, except those which are provided for in the other provisions (Articles 302 to 305) of Part XIII of the Constitution itself. These are explained below: (i)           Parliament can impose restrictions on the freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse between the states or … Read more

DMPQ- What is a negotiable instrument. Mention the different types of negotiable instruments recognised by the Negotiable Instrument Act,1881.

A negotiable instrument is a signed document that promises a sum of payment to a specified person or the assignee. In other words, it is a transferable, signed document that promises to pay the bearer a sum of money at a future date or on-demand. The payee, who is the person receiving the payment, must … Read more

DMPQ- What is TRIFED initiative to Combat desertification?

Under this initiative, TRIFED will integrate its Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana with this global environmental intervention termed as TICD (TRIFED’s Initiative to Combat Desertification). TRIFED will be partnering with the German Cooperation (GIZ) to involve the tribal community for rehabilitating the degraded land while supplementing the income of tribal community. 4P1000 Initiative: The international … Read more

DMPQ- What was the motive behind Irwin declaration?

The Irwin Declaration was a statement made by Lord Irwin, then Viceroy of India, on 31 October 1929 regarding the status of India in the British empire. It was intended to placate leaders of the Indian nationalist movement who had become increasingly vocal in demanding dominion status for India. The Declaration was a five-line statement … Read more

DMPQ- Recently Angikaar compaign was in the news. What is Angikkar compaign and comment upon its significance.

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has launched the Angikaar Campaign. The campaign was officially rolled out in all cities with PMAY (U) on October 2, 2019. It has been launched for social behaviour change, focusing on issues such as water & energy conservation, waste management, health, tree plantation, sanitation and hygiene. The campaign … Read more

DMPQ- What is carbon date and How they are useful?

Carbon dots are fluorescent nanoparticles that show similar physical and optical properties to the well-known semiconductor quantum dots. However, the building block of carbon dots is made primarily out of carbon, with some doped heteroatoms, creating a nanoparticle that is more biocompatible and less toxic compared with the quantum dots that commonly contain heavy metals. … Read more

DMPQ- Agent Smith was recently in the news. What is Agent smith?

Agent Smith is a mobile malware which has infected approximately 25 million smartphones across the world out of which 15 million devices are estimated to be from India. It accesses the smartphone’s resources to show fraudulent ads for financial gains, however, it could be easily used for much more intrusive and harmful purposes like theft … Read more

DMPQ- The 19th century began witnessing a growing discontent against the British rule in India. In that milieu Nationalist literature developed. Write some of the contribution of National Literature in freedom struggle.

The 19th century began witnessing a growing discontent against the British rule in India. This gave birth to an organized national movement. Inspired by this movement, there emerged a corpus of literature which in turn contributed to the growth and spread of nationalist sentiments across different regions of the country as well as among the … Read more

DMPQ- MPLADS scheme.

The Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) is an ongoing Central Sector Scheme which was launched in 1993-94. The Scheme enables the Members of Parliament to recommend works for creation of durable community assets based on locally felt needs to be taken up in their constituencies in the area of national priorities namely … Read more

DMPQ- Antibiotic resistance is accelerated by the misuse and overuse of antibiotics, as well as poor infection prevention and control. Suggest ways to prevent the rise of antibiotic resistance.

Antibiotic resistance is accelerated by the misuse and overuse of antibiotics, as well as poor infection prevention and control. Steps can be taken at all levels of society to reduce the impact and limit the spread of resistance. To prevent and control the spread of antibiotic resistance, individuals can: Only use antibiotics when prescribed by … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on United Nations Population Fund.

The United Nations Population Fund, formerly the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, is a UN organization. The UNFPA says it “is the lead UN agency for delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled”. It was created in 1969, the same year the … Read more

DMPQ- Define the following Military exercises: a) Dharma Guardian b) Tiger Triumph c) Exercise Malabar d) Yudh abhyas

a) Dharma Guardian: is a series of military training exercises undertaken by India with Japan. It is crucial and significant in terms of security challenges faced by both nations in the backdrop of global terrorism. The second edition of bilateral annual military exercise Dharma Guardian – 2019 between Indian and Japanese Army commenced on Saturday … Read more

DMPQ-CNTs have unique thermal and mechanical properties that make them intriguing for the development of new materials. Discuss

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are cylindrical molecules that consist of rolled-up sheets of single-layer carbon atoms (graphene). They can be single-walled (SWCNT) with a diameter of less than 1 nanometer (nm) or multi-walled (MWCNT), consisting of several concentrically interlinked nanotubes, with diameters reaching more than 100 nm. Their length can reach several micrometers or even millimeters. … Read more

DMPQ-What do you mean by Infrastructure? How does tagging of infrastructure status to Industry is beneficial. Name the Industries that are under infrastructure ambit.

Infrastructure is the term for the basic physical systems of a business or nation. Transportation, communication, sewage, water, and electric systems are all examples of infrastructure. These systems tend to be high-cost investments and are vital to a country’s economic development and prosperity. Grant of infrastructure status enables the industry to raise money from insurance … Read more

DMPQ-Write a short note on Indian national social conference.

Indian (National) Social Conference was founded by M.G. Ranade and Raghunath Rao. It was virtually the social reform cell of the Indian National Congress. Its first session was held in Madras in December 1887. The Conference met annually as a subsidiary convention of the Indian National Congress, at the same venue, and focused attention on … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Central Drug standard control organisation.

The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) under Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India is the National Regulatory Authority (NRA) of India. Under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, CDSCO is responsible for approval of New Drugs, Conduct of Clinical Trials, laying down the standards for Drugs, control … Read more

DMPQ- In 1976, with the introduction of the 42nd Amendment Act, there were various provisions that were amended against the will of the citizens hence, to reverse those changes and safeguard the interests of the nation, 44th Amendment Act was called into action. What were the changes made by the 44th AA?

The important changes introduced by the 44th Amendment Act are: o      Any changes in the basic structure of the constitution can be made only if they are approved by the people of India by a majority of votes at a referendum in which at least fifty-one per cent of the electorate participated. Article 368 … Read more

DMPQ- Explain Harijan Seva sangh

It is an all India Non-Governmental Organization founded by Mahatma Gandhi on September 30, 1932, following a large public meeting held in Bombay under the Presidentship of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. The meeting was prompted by the epic fast of Gandhiji in Yervada Jail near Poona in protest against the nefarious design of Communal Award, … Read more

DMPQ- ODISSA school of Architecture.

Architecture in Odisha found its supreme expression in the form of temples, some of which are among, finest in the country. o Of these, three are most famous the Lingaraja temple at Bhubaneswar (11th century), the Jagannath Temple at Puri (12th century) and the great Sun Temple at Konark (13th century). These three cities form … Read more

DMPQ- What are stem cells? What are the different types of stem cells and how they are utilised to treat cancer?

Stem cells are special human cells that have the ability to develop into many different cell types, from muscle cells to brain cells. In some cases, they also have the ability to repair damaged tissues.               Stem cells differ from other kinds of cells in the body. Self-renewal: They can divide and renew themselves for … Read more

DMPQ- What are footloose industries?

Foot loose industries can be located in a wide variety of places. They are not dependent on any specific raw material, weight losing or otherwise. They largely depend on component parts which can be obtained anywhere. They produce in small quantity and also employ a small labour force. These are generally not polluting industries. The … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on the structure of Municipal corporations.

Municipal corporations are created for the administration of big cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore and others. They are established in the states by the acts of the concerned state  legislatures, and in the union territories by the acts of the Parliament of India. There may be one common act for all the municipal … Read more

DMPQ- What do you understand by the term Zigzag Technology?

In zigzag kilns, bricks are arranged to allow hot air to travel in a zigzag path. The length of the zigzag air path is about three times that of a straight line, and this improves the heat transfer from the flue gases to the bricks, making the entire operation more efficient. In addition, better mixing … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on the Globally Important agricultural Heritage system.

Global important agricultural Heritage systems are outstanding landscapes of aesthetic beauty that combine agricultural biodiversity and ecosystem and valuable cultural heritage. It is designated by the Food and agricultural organization (FAO). Its goal and objective include: to leverage global and national recognition of the importance of agricultural Heritage systems-capacity building of local farming communities and … Read more

DMPQ- Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the study of molecules by recording the interaction of radiofrequency (Rf) electromagnetic radiations with the nuclei of molecules placed in a strong magnetic field. The technique is used in quality control and research for determining the content and purity of a sample as well as its molecular structure. The … Read more

DMPQ- Explain Bio rock Technology

The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), with help from Gujarat’s forest department, is attempting for the first time a process to restore coral reefs using biorock or mineral accretion technology. A biorock structure was installed one nautical mile off the Mithapur coast in the Gulf of Kachchh on January 19. Biorock is the name given … Read more


It is the web enabled patient management system for TB control under the National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP). It is developed and maintained by the Central TB Division (CTD), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, in collaboration with the National Informatics Centre (NIC), and the World Health Organization Country office for India. … Read more

DMPQ- Outline the salient features of the National Agro Forestry Policy, 2014.

Agroforestry is defined as a land use system which integrates trees and shrubs on farmlands and rural landscapes to enhance productivity, profitability, diversity and ecosystem sustainability. It is a dynamic, ecologically based, natural resource management system that, through integration of woody perennials on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversifies and sustains production and builds … Read more

DMPQ- What is FDI? What are the sectors prohibited for FDI.

A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country. It is thus distinguished from a foreign portfolio investment by a notion of direct control. Foreign direct investment (FDI) in India is a major monetary source for … Read more

DMPQ- A significant feature of the Quit India Movement was the emergence of what came to be known as parallel governments in some parts of the country. What were these Parallel Governments.

The first one was proclaimed in Ballia, in East U P, in August 1942 under the leadership of Chittu Pande, who called himself a Gandhian. Though it succeeded in getting the Collector to hand over power and release all the arrested Congress leaders, it could not survive for long and when the soldiers marched in, … Read more

DMPQ- Arctic Council.

The Arctic Council is the leading intergovernmental forum promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States, Arctic indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants on common Arctic issues, in particular on issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic. The Ottawa Declaration lists the following countries as members of the Arctic Council: Canada, … Read more

DMPQ- Convention on conservation of Migratory species.

As an environmental treaty under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme, CM provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. CMS brings together the countries through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a … Read more

DMPQ- What is Resolution and How it is different from Motion?

All resolutions come in the category of substantive motions, that is, every resolution is a particular type of motion. All motions need not necessarily be substantive. Further, all motions are not necessarily put to vote of the House, whereas all the resolutions are required to be voted upon. The members can move resolutions to draw … Read more

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