Improvement in Yield Gene technology plays important role in increasing the productivity of food, fibre and vegetable crops ensuring food security which is essential for international peace and stability. Thus it is an important mean to fight hunger. The transgenes generally are not yield enhancing genes. The increase in yield or productivity is achieved by … Read more DMPQ- What are the Main Advantages of Transgenic Plant?
To develop, maintain and manage National Highways vested in it by the Central Government. To regulate and control the plying of vehicles on National Highways for its proper management. To develop and provide consultancy and construction services in India and abroad, and carry out research activities in relation to the development, maintenance and management of … Read more DMPQ- What are the main functions of National Highway authority of India?
Urbanization is a key environmental issue as well. The rapid pace at which urbanization is taking place in the developing world has an impact on climate change and other global environmental issues. Cities account for more than two-thirds of the global energy demand and result in up to 80 per cent of global greenhouse gas … Read more DMPQ- Examine the Role of Science and Technology in Urbanisation.
Most important sorts of ocean deposits are: Terrigenous Deposits Body of water Deposits. There are loose sediments, deposited on the ocean bottom. These are ocean deposits. They vary from location to location. The study of ocean deposits is vital in beneath standing the rocks exposed on the earth’s surface that were once set under ocean. … Read more DMPQ- List out the various oceanic deposits with their classifications.
The village courts are named as Lok Adalat or Nyaya Panchyat which means the service of justice extended to the villagers of India. This is the system for resolving disputes in micro level. The need of these courts is justified though the Madras Village Court Act of 1888. This act is followed by the development … Read more DMPQ- Explain the Village Courts.
One of the core elements of India’s foreign policy is its unflinching faith in the political solution and peaceful settlement of international disputes. This principle has been included in the Constitution of India, under the Directive Principles of State Policy as well as in the Charter of the UN. India has played leading role in … Read more DMPQ- Explain the Indian policy of Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes
1) Planetary Winds – The water beneath the wind forms surface water current. The pushing action of those winds makes the water flow in definite direction. 2) Rotation of Earth – the world rotates from the west to the east. As a result of the force, the permanent winds are deflected to the proper within … Read more DMPQ- Mention the main causes for the creation of oceanic currents.
Causes of Decline: Decline of Indian courts: The disappearance of Indian courts struck the first blow at Indian handicrafts. As native states passed under British rule, the demand for fine articles, for display in durbars and other ceremonial occasions disappeared. The ordinary demand did continue for sometime longer, but the younger generation lacked the means … Read more DMPQ- Mention the Causes of Decline of Indian Handicraft in British India.
Section 8 of RTI Act exempts certain items from being disclosed through an RTI. Section 22 only covers overriding of provisions of Official Secrets Act, 1923 that are inconsistent with those of RTI Act, the documents classified under OSA are not covered. Therefore, Official Secrets Act may cause hinderance. It is a loophole that has … Read more DMPQ- How are the official documents in India are classified ? Analyse the impact of RTI on Official Secrets Act.
What are Patents? Patents are a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor. These rights are granted for a limited period of time, usually about twenty years. The granting of these rights is in return for public disclosure of the invention. Criteria for Patentability Patents protect inventions. These inventions could … Read more DMPQ- What are Patents? Explain the Criteria for Patentability.
Factors poignant ocean salinity are : The salinity of water within the surface layer of oceans rely in the main on evaporation and precipitation. Wind, additionally influences salinity of a district by transferring water to different areas. The ocean currents contribute to the salinity variations. Salinity, temperature and density of water are interconnected. Hence, any … Read more DMPQ- What are the factors which control the salinity of the oceans?
Rural people in India depend on a wide range of bioresources for their nutrition and livelihood security. The report recommends: Preserving traditional rights of access to biodiversity, which include access to non-timber forest products including medicinal plants, gums and resins, oil yielding plants and beneficial micro-organisms; Conserving, enhancing and improving crops and farm animals as … Read more DMPQ- Highlight the recommendations of Swwaminathan Commission mentioning bioresources for their nutrition and livelihood security of Rural India.
Civil society’s functional contribution to good governance could be: Watchdog — against violation of human rights and governing deficiencies. Advocate — of the weaker sections’ point of view. Agitator — on behalf of aggrieved citizens. Educator — of citizens on their rights, entitlements and responsibilities and the government about the pulse of the people. Service … Read more DMPQ- Mention the Civil society’s functional contribution to good governance.
The key functions of DAPCUS are: DAPCUs, through active engagement of the district administration mobilise response from allied line departments and private sector in mainstreaming the programme. Initiates evidence based district-specific initiatives by leveraging local resources. Facilitates in linking vulnerable population with various social entitlement and welfare schemes under the mechanism of DAPCU led single … Read more DMPQ- What are the key functions of DAPCU (District AIDS Prevention and Control Unit)?
Scheduled Castes are notified in 31 States/UTs of India and there are altogether 1,241 individual ethnic groups, etc. notified as Scheduled Castes in different States/UTs. There has been some changes in the List of SCs/STs in States/ UTs during the last decade. As per the 2011 Census of India, there are around 201.4 million SCs … Read more DMPQ- Write an essay on the Scheduled Caste population composition of India.
Judicial Reforms Cornwallis introduced some significant reforms in the sphere of judicial administration and tried to complete the unfinished work of Warren Hastings. During his period number of revenue districts was reduced from 35 to 23 in the Presidency of Bengal. The collector was the head of the district. In 1787 district courts were presided … Read more DMPQ- Highlight the Judicial Reforms by Lord Cornwallis in British India.
Adaptive immunity develops when innate immunity is ineffective in eliminating infectious agents and the infection is established. The primary functions of the adaptive immune response are the recognition of specific “non-self” antigens in the presence of “self” antigens; the generation of pathogen-specific immunologic effector pathways that eliminate specific pathogens or pathogen-infected cells; and the development … Read more DMPQ- What do you understand by Adaptive immunity ?
Over the years, the government has gradually withdrawn from direct management of public institutions, devolving governance to boards compromising academics, alumni and external members. Instead, it exerts indirect forms of control based largely on mechanisms such as performance-linked funding and quality recognition. The erstwhile regulatory regime of multiple bodies with conflicting and overlapping mandates has … Read more DMPQ- Diminishing role of government in governance is must for Higher Educational growth. Critically analyse.
Poona Pact of 1932 is an agreement between the untouchables or depressed classes of India and the Hindus. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar led the depressed class. The Poona Pact took place at Yerawada Jail in Pune, Maharashtra on 24th September, 1932.During the first Round Table Conference, Ambedkar favored the move of the British Government to provide separate … Read more DMPQ- Explain the impact of Poona Pact of 1932 on the depressed class movements of British India.
Administrative and Judicial Reforms: The administrative structure of British India had been given shape by Cornwallis. But since the days of Cornwallis the company had made great advances, and defects in that structure became apparent as it had not kept pace with the advance. The judicial system especially suffered from the three great evils of … Read more DMPQ- Illustrate the Administrative and Judicial Reforms by Lord William Bentick in British India.
On March 20, 1929, arrests against WPP, CPI and other labour leaders were made in several parts of India, in what became known as the Meerut Conspiracy Case. Most of the WPP leadership was now put behind bars. The trial proceedings were to last for four years, thus outliving the WPP. Tengdi, the WPP of … Read more DMPQ- What was Meerut Conspiracy case ?
Defluoridation is the downward adjustment of the level of fluoride in drinking water. Worldwide, fluoride is one of the most abundant anions present in groundwater. Fluoride is more present in groundwater than surface water mainly due to the leaching of minerals. Groundwater accounts for 98 percent of the earth’s potable water. An excess of fluoride … Read more DMPQ- Explain the method of Defluoridation for water purification.
Functions of Trade Unions in India Collective Bargaining-Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has defined Collective bargaining as“the technique by which dispute as to conditions of employment is resolved amicably by agreement rather than coercion”in this process negotiations and discussions take place between employer and employee in respect to working conditions.Refusing to bargain collectively is an … Read more DMPQ- What are the main functions of Trade Unions in India?
Principal Objectives of Social Audit The principal objectives according to Goyder are as follows. The extension, development and improvement of the company’s business and building up of its financial independence. The payment of a fair and regular dividend to the shareholders. The payment of fair wages under the best possible conditions to the worker. … Read more DMPQ- What are the Principal and Secondary objectives of Social Audit?
The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny or the Bombay Mutiny was the revolt of the Indian sailors. The sailors who belonged to the Royal Indian Navy on board ship and shore establishments at Bombay harbour went for a strike and organised a mutiny on 18th February 1946.The whole mutiny involved 78 ships, 20 shore establishments and … Read more DMPQ- What were the causes and effects of The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny (RIN Mutiny)
Promote “Blue Revolution” through a multipronged approach and introduction of alternate species. Develop a policy framework for allotment of marine areas and large reservoirs for cage culture through fi shermen cooperatives/private participation or by consortium. Establish SPF Brood Stock Multiplication centres and aquatic quarantine centres for L.vannamei for production and supply of SPF brood stock … Read more DMPQ- What are the main objectives of Blue Revolution?
Live vaccines are derived from “wild,” or disease-causing, viruses or bacteria. These wild viruses or bacteria are attenuated, or weakened, in a laboratory, usually by repeated culturing. For example, the measles virus used as a vaccine today was isolated from a child with measles disease in 1954. Almost 10 years of serial passage using tissue … Read more DMPQ- Examine the process of Live Attenuated Vaccines .
Important glaciers of India Gangotri Gangotri Glacier is the Himalayan glacier situated in the Uttarkashi district in the Indian state of Uttaranchal. It is the largest glacier in the Garhwal Himalayas. Pindari Pindari glacier falls in the Kumaon Himalayan Mountain range at an altitude of 3353 meters. The Glacier is is 3 km in length … Read more DMPQ- Write a short note on the Important glaciers of India.
Distillation is a water purification method that utilizes heat to collect pure water in the form of vapor. This method is effective by the scientific fact that water has a lower boiling point than other contaminants and disease-causing elements found in water. Water is subjected to a heat source until it attains its boiling point. … Read more DMPQ- Explain the method of Distillation for water purification.
Measuring corruption There are two main types of Corruption based on its quantum – Petty Corruption faced by common man in his day to day life and Grand Corruption which takes place at higher levels. While the former is based predominantly on duress, the latter is more consensual and is driven by expectations of mutual … Read more DMPQ- What are the various means to measure corruption?
The Licchavis turned to be great rivals of Magadhan monarchy. In the reign of Bimbisara of Magadha, they invaded the Magadhan kingdom. In the reign of Ajatasatru, a protracted war began between Magadha and the Lichchhavis. The latter were united with the Vajjis in a confederacy. In the struggle that followed the Lichchhavis and the Vajjis … Read more DMPQ- How was The Magadha-Licchavi Struggleled to the fall of the Licchavis rule?
Duties of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) • Receipts and expenditure of the Union and the State Governments accounted for in the respective Consolidated Funds. • Transactions relating to emergency Funds (created for use in circumstances) and the Public Accounts (used mainly for loans, deposits and remittances). • Trading, manufacturing, profit and loss accounts … Read more DMPQ- What are the duties of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)?
The attitude of the British Government had also changed which now wanted to suppress every movement which will hamper its war image .As a result the quit India resolution was passed on 8th August and by 24 hours on 9 August Gandhi and all prominent leaders were arrested. Congress was declared an illegal party and … Read more DMPQ- Evaluate the attitude of the British Government toward Quit India Movement
The first human vaccines against viruses were based using weaker or attenuated viruses to generate immunity. The smallpox vaccine used cowpox, a poxvirus that was similar enough to smallpox to protect against it but usually didn’t cause serious illness. Rabies was the first virus attenuated in a lab to create a vaccine for humans. Egg-Based … Read more DMPQ- Write a short note on Traditional methods of vaccine production.
Chlorine is a powerful chemical that has been in use for many years to treat water for home consumption. Chlorine is an effective water purification method that kills germs, parasites and other disease-causing organisms found in ground or tap water. Water can be purified using chlorine tablets or liquid chlorine. As an off-the-shelf water purification … Read more DMPQ- Explain the method of Chlorination for water purification.
Non-Tax Revenue: Interest Receipts: This largest non-tax source of Central Government’s revenue receipts is the interest it earns mainly on the loans it has advanced to State Governments, to financial and industrial enterprises in the public sector. Surplus Profits of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI): The surplus profits of the RBI is also a … Read more DMPQ- Mention the various Non-Tax revenue of Government.
Tax Revenue: Union Excise Duties: They are, presently, by far the leading source of revenue for the Central Government and are levied on commodities produced within the country, but excluding those commodities on which State excise is levied (viz., liquors and narcotic drugs). The most important commodities from the revenue point of view are sugar, … Read more DMPQ- Mention the various Tax revenue of Government.
Indian government believe in maintaining good relations with neighbouring countries. Bangladesh is one of its close neighbour. India had recognised Bangladesh as a separate and independent state, did so on 6 December 1971. India fought together with the Bangladeshis to liberate Bangladesh from West Pakistan in 1971. Bangladesh and India share a common tradition. They … Read more DMPQ- Trace out the historical bilateral relation between India and Bangladesh
At the 2015 BRICS summit in Russia, ministers from BRICS nations, initiated consultations for a payment system that would be an alternative to the SWIFT system. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov stated in an interview, “The finance ministers and executives of the BRICS central banks are negotiating … setting up payment systems and moving … Read more DMPQ- BRICS payment system
The BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) is a framework for providing protection against global liquidity pressures. This includes currency issues where members’ national currencies are being adversely affected by global financial pressures. It is found that emerging economies that experienced rapid economic liberalization went through increased economic volatility, bringing uncertain macroeconomic environment. The CRA is … Read more DMPQ- The BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA)
The spine is made up of 26 bones divided into 5 sections. These bones surround and protect the spinal cord. This includes 24 vertebrae (divided into cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions), the sacrum and the coccyx. Cervical region: These are 7 vertebrae at the top of the spine that run from the base of the … Read more DMPQ- Mention the Structure and function of the spine
In order to form a zygote, male gametes in pollen grains have to fuse with egg in the ovule. This is achieved by the process called pollination. Pollination is the process of transferring pollen grains from the anther – male part of a flower, to the stigma – female part of a flower. Depending on … Read more DMPQ- Define pollination and its types.
The Government shall promote the Public Service Values and a standard of ethics in the Public Service operations, requiring and facilitating every Public Service employee: To discharge official duties with competence and accountability; care and diligence; responsibility, honesty, objectivity and impartiality; without discrimination and in accordance with law. To ensure effective management, professional growth and … Read more DMPQ- Mention the Public Service Values and a standard of ethics in the Public Service operations
Characteristics of a Healthy work Culture A healthy work culture leads to satisfied employees and an increased productivity. Employees must be cordial with each other. One must respect his fellow worker. Backbiting is considered strictly unprofessional and must be avoided for a healthy work culture. One gains nothing out of conflicts and nasty politics at … Read more DMPQ- What are the Characteristics of a Healthy work Culture?
India is a vast country and has a long history. Its society has evolved through the ages and has also been affected by foreign influences giving it extreme diversity and made unity amidst diversity a characteristic of the Indian society. However, to understand the process, we need to understand the meaning of diversity, unity and … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the main Features of Indian Society.
OBJECTIVES OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION : Social legislation derives its inspiration from our constitution and has the following specific objectives: i)Removal of discrimination on the grounds of sex, religion, caste, class etc. and promotion of equality to all. ii)Safeguard the rights of the weaker section such as women, children, elderly, widows, destitute and the backward classes. … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the aim and objectives of social legislation.
Urban Naxalism is a phenomenon where educated individuals living in cities provide legal and intellectual support to Naxalites. These individuals could be lawyers, professors, writers and activists who are not involved directly in Naxal activities. Some people claim that Urban naxals are the ‘invisible enemies’ of India, some of them have either been caught or … Read more DMPQ- Critical evaluate Urban naxalism or hoax ?
Religious/Racial/Political Persecution The most common reason people become refugees is persecution — which can take on many forms: religious, national, social, racial, or political. When it comes to religious refugees in the United States, the split between Christians and Muslims is quite even. According to Pew, 46% of refugees in 2016 who came to the … Read more DMPQ- What are the main Causes of refugee crisis?
Chalcolithic period Art: Copper age art. The paintings of this period reveal the association, contact and mutual exchange of requirements of the cave dwellers of this area with settled agricultural communities of the Malwa Plateau. Pottery and metal tools can be seen in paintings. Similarities with rock paintings:Common motifs (designs/patterns like cross-hatched squares, lattices etc) … Read more DMPQ- What are the main features of Chalcolithic period Art?
The earliest evidence of pottery manufacture comes from the site of Mehrgarh in Baluchistan, dated to 6500 BC. One of the characteristic features of the Chalcolithic period is a well-developed ceramic industry. They produced fine painted and plain and coarse pottery for a variety of purposes. Besides, the people of the Ahar and Narahan cultures … Read more DMPQ- Explain Ochre Coloured Pottery.