Answer. The World Health Organization (WHO), the UN’s health agency, has played a crucial role in tackling the COVID-19 pandemic, ever since the first cases were identified in the Chinese city of Wuhan in December. Helping countries to prepare and respond The plan, which is updated as fresh information and data improve WHO’s understanding of … Read more DMPQ-. World Health Organization plays an important role during the pandemic. Throw light on WHO’s roles and responsibilities amid Covid19 pandemic crisis.
Mathur? art, style of Buddhist visual art that flourished in the trading and pilgrimage centre of Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India, from the 2nd century BC to the 12th century AD; its most distinctive contributions were made during the Kush?n and Gupta periods (1st–6th century AD). Images in the mottled red sandstone from the nearby S?kri … Read more DMPQ-Highlight the salient features of Mathura school of art during 1st century A.D.
A glaring and current problem is the pollution plaguing the entire north Indian plains. The short-term solution for this issue exists in the quick and scaled-out expansion of biofuel-powered public transport across the country. Imagine bringing down pollution levels by up to 90% in carbon emissions by public transport vehicles, eliminating stubble burning by farmers, … Read more DMPQ-How bio-diesel can solve India’s problems of energy and pollution.
. The 36th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1975 made Sikkim a full-fledged state of the Indian Union. It included a new Article 371-F containing special provisions with respect to Sikkim. These are as follows: The Sikkim Legislative Assembly is to consist of not less than 30 members. One seat is allotted to Sikkim in the … Read more DMPQ-How does Article 371-F of Indian constitution Makes Sikkim a special state.
. The Simon Commission published a two-volume report in May 1930. It proposed the abolition of dyarchy and the establishment of representative government in the provinces which should be given autonomy. It said that the governor should have discretionary power in relation to internal security and administrative powers to protect the different communities. The number … Read more DMPQ-. Throw light on the Simon commission recommandations.
. The rise of the liberal international order has been a major factor in the growing movement of people across borders, whether for purposes of supply chains and distribution networks, international finance and the flow of money, employment, study or tourism. But this globalization has also allowed the entire world to be much more aware … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the future of globalization amid the pandemic crisis.
. The period saw the emergence of iconic Hindu deities like Vishnu, Kartikeya, Shiva Surya and many other gods and goddesses, carved in stone in temples and in temple architecture. After the Huna invaders destroyed most of the artworks from the Gupta period, the surviving ones seen to this day are the Gupta architecture of … Read more DMPQ-. “Sculpture and painting saw it’s peak during Gupta period.” Explain.
. India’s three-stage nuclear power programme was formulated by Homi Bhabha in the 1950s to secure the country’s long term energy independence, through the use of uranium and thorium reserves found in the monazite sands of coastal regions of South India. The ultimate focus of the programme is on enabling the thorium reserves of India … Read more DMPQ-Briefly discuss all three stages of India’s Nuclear power program.
Article 371-A makes the following special provisions for Nagaland : The Acts of Parliament relating to the following matters would not apply to Nagaland unless the State Legislative Assembly so decides: religious or social practices of the Nagas; Naga customary law and procedure; Administration of civil and criminal justice involving decisions according to Naga customary … Read more DMPQ-. How does Article 371 A makes Nagaland a special state.
. The Indian response to the Simon Commission was immediate and nearly unanimous. What angered the Indians most was the exclusion of Indians from the commission and the basic notion behind the exclusion that foreigners would discuss and decide upon India’s fitness for self-government. This notion was seen as a violation of the principle of … Read more DMPQ-. How did different political groups respond to the Simon commission report ?
. The first and foremost issue is defining the ‘sensitive list’, or a negative list which would not be open to trade, those product lines on whom tariffs would not be reduced. This is also referred as trading to a negative list, which means trading in goods, other than those in the negative list. Very … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the biggest obstacles hindering regional trading .
. The Chola period is a very significant span of time in that the south Indian art and architecture made marvelous achievement. The Chola dynasty was founded by vijayalaya Chola who controlled the vast geographical terrain of TamilNadu region that was earlier ruled by the Pallava kings of kanchipuram. Vjaylaxmi was a great builder of … Read more DMPQ-. “Temple architecture reached it’s peak during Chola period.” Elucidate.
. A new technological study reveals that by the year 2050, there will be need a for three times as much primary power and it will have to be three times as clean. There is no earthly technology now available, or capable of becoming available by the year 2050, that can solve the energy problem. … Read more DMPQ-Discuss how space can solve world’s energy problems.
. A high court has the power of superintendence over all courts and tribunals functioning in its territorial jurisdiction (except military courts or tribunals). Thus, it may: call for returns from them; Make and issue, general rules and prescribe forms for regulating the practice and proceedings of them; prescribe forms in which books, entries and … Read more DMPQ-. What is High court’s supervisory Jurisdiction? What role it plays in state judicial administration.
Answer. Ideas of Marx and Socialist thinkers inspired many groups to come into existence as socialists and communists. These ideas also resulted in the rise of a left wing within the Congress, represented by Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose. These young nationalists, inspired by the Soviet Revolution and dissatisfied with Gandhian ideas and political … Read more DMPQ-. How did the spread of Marxist and Socialist Ideas effected India’s freedom struggle ?
. Regional trading refer to a treaty that is signed by two or more countries to encourage free movement of goods and services across the borders of its members. The agreement comes with internal rules that member countries follow among themselves. When dealing with non-member countries, there are external rules in place that the members … Read more DMPQ-What is regional trading ? Point out the arguments in favor of regional trading.
. Susruta was a pioneer in the field of surgery. He considered surgery as “the highest division of the healing arts and least liable to fallacy”. He studied human anatomy with the help of a dead body. In Susruta Samhita, over 1100 diseases are mentioned including fevers of twenty-six kinds, jaundice of eight kinds and … Read more DMPQ-. Throw light on the contributions of Susruta and Charak in the field of ancient medical science.
. As of August 2019, India is the third-largest producer and fourth-largest consumer of electricity in the world with an installed capacity of about 350 GW. This power is generated from both traditional and renewable sources. The advent of newer models such as microgrids, the influx of renewables, and the revised target of having 227 … Read more DMPQ-. What is the concept of smart grid in power sector ? Why it is important for India?
. Article 226 of the Constitution empowers a high court to issue writs including habeas corpus, mandamus, certiorari, prohibition and quo-warrento for the enforcement of the fundamental rights of the citizens and for any other purpose. The phrase ‘for any other purpose’ refers to the enforcement of an ordinary legal right. The high court can … Read more DMPQ-. Throw light on the Writ jurisdiction of state High courts.
. Gradually, the Swarajist position had weakened because of widespread communal riots, and a split among Swarajists themselves on communal and Responsivist-Non-responsivist lines. The government strategy of dividing the Swarajists— the more militant from the moderate, the Hindus from the Muslims—was successful. The Swarajists lost the support of many Muslims when the party did not … Read more DMPQ-. Trace the Swaraj party’s activities in Councils. Also mention their achievements.
Exchange rates in the ideal sense be a reflection of differences in purchasing power of economies on account of various factors. However, this is true only if the entire global world had free trade, without any restrictions, ability of goods to move across geographies without any hindrance, similar like a bird flying, ability to reach … Read more DMPQ-Explain how exchange Rate and Purchasing Power Parity effect each other.
. Aryabhatta was a fifth century mathematician, astronomer, astrologer and physicist. He was a pioneer in the field of mathematics. At the age of 23, he wrote Aryabhattiya, which is a summary of mathematics of his time. There are four sections in this scholarly work. In the first section he describes the method of denoting … Read more DMPQ-. Bring out the Contributions of Aryabhatt in the field of Science and mathematics.
. Like all industries, the generation of electricity produces waste. Whatever fuel is used, the waste produced in generating electricity must be managed in ways that safeguard human health and minimise the impact on the environment.For radioactive waste, this means isolating or diluting it such that the rate or concentration of any radionuclides returned to … Read more DMPQ-“Nuclear waste is quickly becoming the most dangerous challenges for the world.” Elucidate.
. The Constitution has made the following provisions to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of a high court. Mode of Appointment The judges of a high court are appointed by the president (which means the cabinet) in consultation with the members of the judiciary itself (i.e., chief justice of India and the … Read more DMPQ- . Mention the important constitutional provisions inducted to ensure the independence of High court.
After Gandhi’s arrest (March 1922), there was disintegration, disorganisation and demoralisation among nationalist ranks. A debate started among Congressmen on what to do during the transition period, i.e., the passive phase of the movement. One section led by C.R. Das, Motilal Nehru and Ajmal Khan wanted an end to the boycott of legislative councils so … Read more DMPQ- What was the reason behind the foundation of swaraj party ? what arguments swaraji leaders presented to convince congress leadership?
. First, India’s imports comprises of essentials such as crude petroleum, machineries and fertilizers which become expensive raising their prices facilitating ‘import’ of inflation. India is very susceptible to a stubborn and sticky inflation. It hurts the masses in terms of across the board higher prices. All imports become expensive including raw materials, goods and … Read more DMPQ- . Throw light on the implications of rupee depreciation on Indian economy.
. The Mughal architecture began in the reign of Akbar. He erected many important buildings. The crowning achievements of his reign was the building of his new capital city of Fatehpur Sikri., 40 km from Agra. Fatehpur Sikri is a romance of stones. The Arch of the Buland Darwaja is the most imposing gateway in … Read more DMPQ- . Give a brief description of Architecture development during Akbar’s reign.
. Here are just seven examples of how nuclear technology is improving agriculture: Improved soil and water balance Nuclear techniques are now used in many countries to help maintain healthy soil and water systems, which are paramount in ensuring food security for the growing global population. For instance, in Benin, a scheme involving 5 000 … Read more DMPQ- . How does nuclear agriculture benefits different aspects of Agriculture?
Collective Privileges The privileges belonging to each House of the state legislature collectively are: It has the right to publish its reports, debates and proceedings and also the right to prohibit others from publishing the same It can exclude strangers from its proceedings and hold secret sittings to discuss some important matters. It can make … Read more DMPQ- . Point out the collective and individual privileges constitutionally given to the members of state legislature.
. The background to the two movements was provided by a series of events after the First World War which belied all hopes of the government’s generosity towards the Indian subjects. The year 1919, in particular, saw a strong feeling of discontent among all sections of Indians for various reasons: The economic situation of the … Read more DMPQ- . Point out the historical background in which Non-cooperation and Khilafat movement began.
Managed float regime is the current international financial environment in which exchange rates fluctuate from day to day, but central banks attempt to influence their countries’ exchange rates by buying and selling currencies. It is also known as a dirty float. India’s exchange rate policy has evolved over time in line with the gradual opening … Read more DMPQ- Trace India’s progress towards market exchange rate.
. With the arrival of Turks during the thirteenth century came a new technique of architecture- the architectural styles of Persia, Arabia and Central Asia. The engineering features of these buildings were the domes, arches and minarets. The palaces, mosques and tombs built by the rulers had these features which were blended with the features … Read more DMPQ- Trace the evolution of architecture during Delhi sultanate period.
. Radioisotopes are radioactive isotopes of an element. They can also be defined as atoms that contain an unstable combination of neutrons and protons, or excess energy in their nucleus. The unstable nucleus of a radioisotope can occur naturally, or as a result of artificially altering the atom. In some cases a nuclear reactor is … Read more DMPQ- What are Radioisotopes? Point out their industrial applications.
. In the following matters, the powers and status of the council are unequal to that of the assembly: A Money Bill can be introduced only in the assembly and not in the council. The council cannot amend or reject a money bill. It should return the bill to the assembly within 14 days, either … Read more DMPQ- Do you agree that legislative assembly is way more powerful than legislative council.
. Just six months before the Montford Reforms were to be put into effect, two bills were introduced in the Imperial Legislative Council. One of them was dropped, but the other—an extension to the Defence of India Regulations Act 1915—was passed in March 1919. It was what was officially called the Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes … Read more DMPQ- The Rowlatt Act gave executive branch extraordinary powers to suppress any discordant voice against the legislative reforms.” Elucidate.
Exchange rate determination is either as pegged/fixed exchange rates or market-determined exchange rates. Pegged or fixed exchange rates are determined as a direct intervention of the central bank in deciding on the exchange rates. There are certain variants to such interventions like: Currency Board The central bank of a country pegs the home currency to … Read more DMPQ- Highlight the major determinants of currency exchange rates.
. The temple building activities that began during the Gupta rule continued to flourish in later periods. In southern India the Pallavas, Cholas, Pandyas, Hoyshalas and later the rulers of the Vijaynagar kingdom were great builders of temples. The Pallava rulers built the shore temple at Mahabalipuram. Pallavas also built other structural temples like Kailashnath … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the origin and main features of free standing temple architecture in India.
The ‘Make in India’ programme is primarily being impelled by the imperative to reduce arms import bills and ‘optimise’ defence expenditure – India’s FY2019 defence budget of USD 71.1 billion was the highest in South Asia and the third-highest in the world, and for the past five years, it has been the world’s second largest … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the significance of India’s ‘Make in India’ Programme in defence sector. Also mention the challenges In Indigenous Defence Manufacturing.
. The Constitution lays down a special procedure for the passing of Money Bills in the state legislature. This is as follows: A Money Bill cannot be introduced in the legislative council. It can be introduced in the legislative assembly only and that too on the recommendation of the governor. Every such bill is considered … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the procedure of passing a money bill in state legislative.
. Gandhi was requested by Rajkumar Shukla, a local man, to look into the problems of the farmers in context of indigo planters of Champaran in Bihar. The European planters had been forcing the peasants to grow indigo on 3/20 part of the total land (called tinkathia system). When towards the end of the nineteenth … Read more DMPQ- “Champaran Satyagraha (1917) was Gandhi’s first Civil Disobedience movement in India.” Elucidate.
AWACS (Airborne Warning And Control System) a mobile, long-range radar surveillance and control centre for air defense. The system, as developed by the U.S. Air Force, is mounted in a specially modified Boeing 707 aircraft. Its main radar antenna is mounted on a turntable housed in a circular rotodome 9 m (30 feet) in diameter, … Read more DMPQ- . Briefly describe AWACS program ? How does it strengthens India’s defence?
. The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector has emerged as a highly vibrant and dynamic sector of the Indian economy over the last five decades. MSMEs not only play crucial role in providing large employment opportunities at comparateively lower capital cost than large industries but also help in industrialization of rural & backward … Read more DMPQ- . “Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises are backbone of india;s economy.” Elucidate.
. The excavations at Harappa and Mohenjodaro and several other sites of the Indus Valley Civilisation revealed the existence of a very modern urban civilisation with expert town planning and engineering skills. Main features of Harappan remains are: The settlements could be traced as far back as third millennium BC. Some important settlements were excavated … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on the salient features of Harappan architecture.
Summoning The governor from time to time summons each House of state legislature to meet. The maximum gap between the two sessions of state legislature cannot be more than six months, ie, the state legislature should meet at least twice a year. A session of the state legislature consists of many sittings. Adjournment An adjournment … Read more DMPQ- Briefly discuss the sessions of a state assembly.
. The Indians in South Africa consisted of three categories—one, the indentured Indian labour, mainly from south India, who had migrated to South Africa after 1890 to work on sugar plantations; two, the merchants—mostly Meman Muslims who had followed the labourers; and three, the ex-indentured labourers who had settled down with their children in South … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the Gandhi’s struggle in South Africa for the rights of Indian workers.
India continued to push for greater priority to be given within the UN system for the global counter-terrorism effort. It was repeatedly highlighted that the international community needed to strengthen its legal framework that supported international counter-terrorism cooperation by reaching agreement on the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT), and ensure greater transparency and effectiveness … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on India’s contribution to UN peacekeeping missions.
. Presently, all the three art forms i.e. dance, music and drama are flourishing in the country. Several music institution like Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and Prayag Sangeet Samiiti have been imparting training in classical music and dance for more than fifty years. A number of schools, colleges and universities in India have adopted these art forms … Read more DMPQ- Give a brief description of contemporary state of India’s performing arts.
. Established in April 1987, the voluntary Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) aims to limit the spread of ballistic missiles and other unmanned delivery systems that could be used for chemical, biological, and nuclear attacks. The regime urges its 35 members, which include most of the world’s key missile manufacturers, to restrict their exports of … Read more DMPQ- What is MTCR (Missile technology control regime) ? What advantages India have after becoming it’s member ?
. The Chief Minister enjoys the following powers as head of the state council of ministers: The governor appoints only those persons as ministers who are recommended by the Chief Minister. He allocates and reshuffles the portfolios among ministers. He can ask a minister to resign or advise the governor to dismiss him in case … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on the powers and functions of office of Chief minister.
. The reforms had many drawbacks: Franchise was very limited. The electorate was extended to some one-and-a-half million for the central legislature, while the population of India was around 260 million, as per one estimate. At the centre, the legislature had no control over the viceroy and his executive council. Division of subjects was not … Read more DMPQ- Trace the drawbacks of Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms and Government of India Act, 1919.