13.12.17 JPSC (Jharkhand) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND   Administration makes cctv cameras mandatory inside school buses   Emphasising on the need to improve the status of transport facilities in all private schools, the district administration has made installation of close-circuit cameras mandatory in all school buses from January 2018 onwards besides deputing a transport manager who has to ensure all basic … Read more

Miscellaneous Facts:

Miscellaneous Facts:   India’s GDP per Capita 622 (US $ PPP). It is 684 US $ for Pakistan.   The top 3 countries with external debt are Brazil (235 billion $), China (193 billion $) & Russia (175 billion $). India is 9th with 112 billion $.   Functional employment occurs when people change from … Read more

Commissions/Committees & Their Purpose

  Commissions/Committees & Their Purpose Arjun Sen Gupta   Public Sector Enterprise Autonomy Committee         Rangarajan Committee   Disinvestment of PSUs & Balance of Payments. Malhotra Committee   Insurance Sector & its regulation. Follow up led to setting up of IRDA. Madhukar Committee   Gold exchange traded fund implementation. L.C. Gupta Committee … Read more

Four Modes of Services under GATT

  Four Modes of Services under GATT Mode 1 Cross border trade, which is defined as delivery of a service from the territory of one   country into the territory of other country; Mode 2 Consumption abroad – this mode covers supply of a service of one country to the service   consumer of any … Read more

Direct & Indirect Taxes

    Direct & Indirect Taxes   Direct Tax   Indirect Tax     Corporation Tax   Excise Duties     Income Tax   Service Tax     Interest Tax   Central Value Added Tax (Vat)     Expenditure Tax   Sales Tax     Wealth Tax   Property Tax     Gift Tax   … Read more

Components of Money Supply

    Components of Money Supply   M1 Consists of currency with the public (ie notes & coins in circulation minus cash with the banks)   plus demand deposits with the bank (deposits which can be withdrawn without notice) plus   other deposits with RBI (usually negligible). Also called narrow money M2 M1 + saving … Read more

Organizations & Their Survey/Reports

Organizations & Their Survey/Reports 1. World Economic & Social Survey U. N 2. World Investment Report UNCTAD 3. Global Competitiveness Report World Economic Forum 4. World Economic Outlook IMF 5. Business Competitive Index World Economic Forum 6. Green Index World Bank 7. Business Confidence Index NCAER 8. Poverty Ratio Planning Commission 9. Economic Survey Ministry … Read more

Millenium Development Goals

Millenium Development Goals 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2. Achieve universal primary education 3. Promote gender equality and empower women 4. Reduce child mortality 5. Improve maternal health 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 7. Ensure environmental sustainability 8. Develop a global partnership for development

Financial Inclusion

Financial Inclusion Financial inclusion or inclusive financing is the delivery of financial services at affordable costs to sections of disadvantaged and low-income segments of society, in contrast to financial exclusion where those services are not available or affordable. Government of India has launched an innovative scheme of Jan Dhan Yojna for Financial Inclusion to provide … Read more

Role of Commercial Banks

Role of Commercial Banks A Commercial bank is a type of financial institution that provides services such as accepting deposits, making business loans, and offering basic investment products There is acute shortage of capital. People lack initiative and enterprise. Means of transport are undeveloped. Industry is depressed. The commercial banks help in overcoming these obstacles and promoting … Read more

MONEY SUPPLY

Money Supply Money supply is the entire stock of currency and other liquid instruments in a country’s economy as of a particular time. The money supply can include cash, coins and balances held in checking and savings accounts. Money Supply can be estimated as narrow or broad money. There are four measures of money supply … Read more

INDIAN PUBLIC FINANCE

Indian Public Finance Value Added Tax Under the constitution the States have the exclusive power to tax sales and purchases of goods other than newspapers There are however defects of sales tax It is regressive in nature. Families with low income a larger proportion of their income as sales tax. Has a cascading effect – … Read more

MONETARY POLICIES

Monetary Policies Monetary policy is the process by which the monetary authority of a country controls the supply of money, often targeting an inflation rate or interest rate to ensure price stability and general trust in the currency. Objectives of Monetary Policies are:- Accelerated growth of the economy Balancing saving and investments Exchange rate stabilization Price … Read more

PUBLIC FINANCE

Public Finance Public finance is the study of the role of the government in the economy. It is the branch of economics which assesses the government revenue and government expenditure of the public authorities and the adjustment of one or the other to achieve desirable effects and avoid undesirable ones. It includes the study of … Read more

-SUBSIDIES- CASH RANSFER OF SUBSIDY ISSUE

Subsidies- Cash Transfer of Subsidy Issue. A subsidy is a benefit given by the government to groups or individuals usually in the form of a cash payment or tax reduction. The subsidy is usually given to remove some type of burden and is often considered to be in the interest of the public. Direct Cash … Read more

TAX REFORMS IN INDIA

Tax Reforms in India Sience 1990 ie the liberalization of Indian economy saw the beginning of Taxation reforms in the nation. The taxation system in the nation has been subjected to consistent and comprehensive reform. Following factors arise the need for tax reforms in India:- Tax resources must be maximized for increased social sector investment in … Read more

BUDGETING

Budgeting Budgeting is the process of estimating the availability of resources and then allocating them to various activities of an organization according to a pre-determined priority. In most cases, approval of a budget also means the approval to various spending units to utilize the allocated resources. Budgeting plays a criucial role in the socio-economic development … Read more

Drain Theory

  Dadabhai Naoroji: ‘Poverty in India’ (1876) He claimed that the drain of wealth and capital from the country which started after 1757 was responsible for absence of development in India. Drain was done through trade, industry and finance Two elements of the drain That arising from the remittances by European officials of their savings, … Read more

Industrial Transition in India

  The process of industrial transition divided into: industrial growth during the 19th century and industrial progress during the 20th century Industrial growth during the 19th century Decline of indigenous industries and the rise of large scale modern industries 1850-55: first cotton mill, first jute mill and the first coal mine established. Railway also introduced. … Read more

India under the British Rule

  The economic consequences of the British rule can be studied under three heads: Decline of Indian Handicrafts and progressive ruralisation of the Indian economy Growth of the new land system and the commercialisation of Indian agriculture Process of industrial transition of India Decline of Handicrafts While India was an exporter of Handicrafts before the … Read more

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