Niti Ayog

? – National Institution for Transforming India   The National Institution for Transforming India, also called NITI Aayog, was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015. NITI Aayog is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs. While designing strategic and long … Read more

Official Language Language Of The Union And Regional Languages

? Official Language- Language of the Union and Regional Languages PART XVII OFFICIAL LANGUAGE CHAPTER I.-LANGUAGE OF THE UNION 343. Official language of the Union. 344. Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language. CHAPTER II.-REGIONAL LANGUAGES 345. Official language or languages of a State. 346. Official language for communication between one State and another … Read more

Philosophical Basis Of Governance

? Governance is the exercise of economic, political, and administrative authority to manage a country’s affairs at all levels. It comprises mechanisms, processes, and institutions through which citizens and groups articulate their interests, exercise their legal rights, meet their obligations, and mediate their differences. The challenge for all societies is to create a system of … Read more

Regional Organizations

? Regional Organizations                Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)   The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was formed in 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand to promote political and economic cooperation and regional stability. The member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Read more

Disaster Management Models

? . Roles and responsibilities of stakeholders including community, Concept of first responders Disaster management (DM) is a challenging domain to model because of the variety of dynamic characteristics attached to the domain. Metamodeling is a model-driven approach that describes how semantic domain models can be built into an artifact called a Metamodel. By collecting … Read more

Earthquakes And Volcanoes

? : Types, distribution and their impact:- Earthquake:- The study of seismic waves provides a complete picture of the layered interior. An earthquake in simple words is shaking of the earth. It is a natural event. It is caused due to release of energy, which generates waves that travel in all directions. Why does the … Read more

Hydrological Cycle

? Water cycle, also called hydrologic cycle, cycle that involves the continuous circulation of water in the Earth-atmosphere system. Of the many processes involved in the water cycle, the most important are evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation, and runoff. Although the total amount of water within the cycle remains essentially constant, its distribution among the various … Read more

Panchayat Financing And Devolution

? Panchayat: Financing, Resource mobilization and devolution Sources of Funds The Amendments left important matters such as implementation, service delivery (including local capacity building) and transfer of responsibilities and powers to rural local bodies at the discretion of the state legislatures. Consequently, while expenditure responsibilities of local bodies are extensively enhanced, there is no law … Read more

Diseases Related To Heart

? There are many types of heart disease that affect different parts of the organ and occur in different ways. Congenital heart disease   This is a general term for some deformities of the heart that have been present since birth. Examples include:   Septal defects: There is a hole between the two chambers of … Read more

Diseases Related To Kidney

? Abderhalden-Kaufmann-Lignac syndrome Autosomal recessive syndrome of disturbance of amino acid transport characterized by deposition of cystine crystals in numerous tissues of the body, particularly evident in the conjunctiva and cornea. Children in whom cystinosis is found are subnormal in development, with dwarfing, rickets, and osteoporosis. Renal tubular disease, aminoaciduria, glycosuria, and hypokalemia are usually … Read more

Control And Coordination

? :Plants and animals All the living organisms respond and react to changes in the environment around them. The changes in the environment to which the organisms respond and react are called stimuli such as light, heat, cold, sound, smell, touch etc. Coordination in plants Coordination refers to ordered working of different but interrelated parts … Read more

Nanda Dynasty

? , family that ruled Magadha, in northern India, between c. 343 and 321 BCE. The immediately preceded the dynasty of the Mauryas, and, as with all pre-Maurya dynasties, what is known about it is a mixture of fact and legend. Indigenous traditions, both Brahmanical and Jaina, suggest that the founder of the dynasty, Mahapadma … Read more

Kingdom Of Vijaynagar

?                                                      The kingdom of Vijaynagar founded by two brothers, Harihar and Bukka, on the south bank of the River Tungabhadra in 1336 AD. According to the legends, they had been the feudatories of the Kakatiyas of Warangal. Later they became ministers in the kingdom of Kampili. After the destruction of Kampili kingdom by … Read more


? INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND THE EMERGENCE OF CAPITALISM   The Industrial Revolution refers to the greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England during the 18th century. Before the Industrial Revolution, people wove textiles by hand. Beginning in the middle 1700s, machines did this and other jobs as well. The Industrial Revolution started … Read more

Effects Of Aasana And Pranayama On Health (2)

? Effects of Aasana and Pranayama on health Improves your flexibility Improved flexibility is one of the first and most obvious benefits of yoga. During your first class, you probably won't be able to touch your toes, never mind do a backbend. But if you stick with it, you'll notice a gradual loosening, and eventually, … Read more

27-28.01.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Govt to plant 37L saplings to compensate deforestation   The Government is going to carry out massive afforestation drive in State by planting 37 lakhs saplings to compensate felling of 3.44 lakh trees for the completion of Mandal Dam project in Palamu.   44 lakh trees will be cut for completion of the project, … Read more

Scheduled Caste

? & Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) 1989 (No.33 of 1989) The s and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted to prevent atrocities against scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The Act is popularly known as POA, the SC/ST Act, the Prevention of Atrocities Act, or simply … Read more

Self Help Groups

? (SHGs) and Civil Society in India The (SHG) initiative was adopted by India several decades ago in order to alleviate poverty, and improve women’s ability to achieve rights and well-being. At the beginning, SHG was an initiative undertook by NGOs, but later on, due to its success in improving live standards and delivering public … Read more

26.01.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Ranchi state’s rape capital too   With an average of 14 rape cases and 13 murders each month, the state capital of Jharkhand remained also the state’s most crime-prone district in 2018, as per the crime data released by the state police.   Ranchi witnessed the maximum number of incidents of cognisable crimes like … Read more

Disaster Profile Of The Country

? Disasters are sudden and intense events which result in considerable destruction, injuries & deaths, disrupting normal life as well as the process of development. Increasing population and various other socio-economic factors have forced people to live in vulnerable areas. Disasters are perceived to be on the increase in terms of their magnitude, frequency, and … Read more

Humidity And Precipitation

? Atmospheric humidity, which is the amount of water vapour or moisture in the air, is another leading climatic element, as is precipitation. All forms of precipitation, including drizzle, rain, snow, ice crystals, and hail, are produced as a result of the condensation of atmospheric moisture that forms clouds in which some of the particles, … Read more

Pressure And Wind Belt

? Pressure and wind belts Atmospheric pressure, also called barometric pressure, force per unit area exerted by an atmospheric column (that is, the entire body of air above the specified area). Atmospheric pressure can be measured with a mercury barometer (hence the commonly used synonym barometric pressure), which indicates the height of a column of … Read more

Blood Bank

? is a place where blood is collected from donors, typed, separated into components, stored, and prepared for transfusion to recipients. A blood bank may be a separate free-standing facility or part of a larger laboratory in a hospital. Separation of blood Typically, each donated unit of blood (whole blood) is separated into multiple components, … Read more

Non Banking Financial Institutions

? Non-banking financial institutions and their reforms in them since 1990s A Non Banking Financial Company (NBFC) is a company registered under the Companies Act, 1956 of India, engaged in the business of loans and advances, acquisition of shares, stock, bonds hire-purchase insurance business or chit business but does not include any institution whose principal … Read more

25.01.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Witch hunting death cases lowest in five years in State   In 2018, a total of 26 cases of witch hunting deaths were reported in the State, which is the lowest in last five years. The monthly crime records on Jharkhand police website shows that in 2018, there has been over 35 per cent … Read more

Endocrine Glands

? : harmone and their function The endocrine system is made up of glands that produce and secrete hormones, chemical substances produced in the body that regulate the activity of cells or organs. These hormones regulate the body's growth, metabolism (the physical and chemical processes of the body), and sexual development and function. The hormones … Read more

Foreign Exchange

?   is the exchange of one currency for another or the conversion of one currency into another currency. also refers to the global market where currencies are traded virtually around the clock. transactions encompass everything from the conversion of currencies by a traveler at an airport kiosk to billion-dollar payments made by corporations, financial … Read more

Nervous System Of Human Being

? The nervous system is a complex collection of nerves and specialized cells known as neurons that transmit signals between different parts of the body. It is essentially the body's electrical wiring. Structurally, the nervous system has two components: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. According to the National Institutes of Health, … Read more

Regional Imbalances And Income Inequalitiies In India

? : Steps taken by the Government to reduce it. Regional imbalance is the disparity in economic and social development of two regions. One region/city/area is stronger than another region/city/area. Regions develop when investments are made to set up industries, service sectors, educational institutions, health care facilities etc. Income inequality is the unequal distribution of household or individual income across the … Read more

Ancient Kingdom

?   Rajrishitulya kul Rajrishitulya kul dynasty ruled over the south Kaushal. They ruled from 5th to 6th century AD. From the bronze inscription it is known that they followed Gupt samvata. This shows that accepted the supremacy of the Gupta Dynasty. There are six known rulers of the Rajrishikulya Dynasty. They are all follows: … Read more

Distinction Between Indus Civilization And Vedic Civilization

? These two civilizations have not only played a major role in the development of ancient India, but have also left a lineage that still continues to shape our present Indian culture. Differences based on Following Major Headings PERIODICTY BASED DIFFERNENCES: Indus Valley Civilization: Till 20th century, historians thought that the Vedic society was the … Read more

Foreign Travelers

? India has always been the dream destination for people who want to explore one of the earliest civilizations in the world. Since time immemorial, India has received a number of keen travelers who came here and fell in love with its traditions and colors. Hiuen Tsang from China (629-645) One of the earliest and … Read more

DMPQ: Discuss the points in favour of nuclear energy.

Low Pollution: Nuclear power also has a lot fewer greenhouse emissions. It has been determined that the amount of greenhouse gases have decreased by almost half because of the prevalence in the utilization of nuclear power. Nuclear energy has the least effect on nature since it doesn‘t discharge any gasses like methane and carbon dioxide, … Read more

DMPQ: What is Comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty.

CTBT is a multilateral treaty that bans all nuclear explosions, for both civilian and military purposes, in all environments. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 September 1996 but has not entered into force as eight specific states have not ratified the treaty. 166 states have ratified the CTBT and another … Read more

DMPQ: Preamble is a part of the constitution or not. Comment

.  Preamble represent the core theme of the constitution. Preamble is the most precious part of the constitution. It is the proper yardstick with which we can measure the worth of the constitution. It is based on the objective resolution adopted by constituent assembly. Whether preamble is a part of constitution or not was firstly … Read more

DMPQ: What is protectionism? How does it affect India? (Economy)

Protectionism is the economic policy of restricting imports from other countries through methods such as tariffs on imported goods, import quotas, and a variety of other government regulations. Protectionist policies help immune the producers, businesses, and workers of the import-competing sector in the country from foreign competitors.   Impact on India   Positive: India has … Read more

DMPQ: Name some of the famous Bhakti saints of Medieval India.

Ramanuja: Born in A.D. 1166 in a small town near Chenni (Madras), Ramanuja was a worshipper of Vishnu and preached Vaishnavism. He had a great following in the South. Ramananda: The greatest preacher of this cult in north India was Ramananda. He discarded all caste distinctions and his disciples belonged to all castes.   Kabir: … Read more

24.01.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND I&B Ministry to facilitate Jharkhand International Film Festival, 2019   With a view to promote and showcase the Best of Indian cinema, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, through Directorate of Film Festivals, will be lending support to the organization of 2nd Jharkhand International Film Festival in Ranchi, Jharkhand from 1st to 3rd February, 2019. … Read more

DMPQ: India has been accorded observer status in the arctic council. What are the implications for India. (IR)

The Arctic Council is the leading intergovernmental forum promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States, Arctic indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants on common Arctic issues, in particular on issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic. IMPLICATION OF OBSERVER STATUS TO INDIA: Observers do not have a role in decision … Read more

DMPQ: Comment on the rig veda economy. (Ancient India)

Rig Vedic economy was primarily pastoral. They domesticated Pashu (which included cattle, horse and even human beings), as opposed to Mriga, i.e. wild animals. Cattle was synonymous with wealth and a wealthy person was called Gomat. Cattle was so important that the terms of battle were derived from Gau itself, such as Gavisti, Gosu, Gavyat, … Read more

23.01.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND ·         CM presented Rs 85,429 Cr budget   The size of the budget witnessed a 6.5 per cent increase from previous year with 12 per cent raise in development schemes’ share from Rs 46,503 crore in FY 2018-19 to Rs 52,282 crore in 2019-2020. The government has also tried to curtail its non planned … Read more

DMPQ: Give a brief account on following term. (Economy) a) Monetary policy transmission b) Ponzi scheme

Monetary transmission refers to the process by which a central bank’s monetary policy decisions are passed on, through financial markets, to businesses and households.     A Ponzi scheme is a fraudulent investing scam promising high rates of return with little risk to investors. Instances of people losing their hard-earned money to Ponzi schemes keep … Read more

DMPQ: Do you think ordinance is a source of concern and it should be removed from our constitution? (Polity)

Article 123 of the constitution grants power to President to promulgate ordinance if he/she feels conditions are necessary for a law, provided the parliament is not in session.   SO it is a extraordinary power which shall be utilised in rare situation. The concerns raised against the ordinance is that its frequent use and repromulgation … Read more

DMPQ: Nitrogen pollution is more dangerous than carbon pollution. How nitrogen affects our ecosystem. (Science)

:  Nitrogen is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere and it is in inert form. But when it converts into reactive form like ammonia, nitrous oxide and nitrogen di oxide, it become dangerous for the ecosystem in many ways. Nitrogenous gases also play an important role in global climate change. Nitrous oxide is a particularly … Read more

DMPQ: Man-animal conflict is on rise. What are the causes of Conflicts also mention the impacts of Man-animal conflict. (Envt)

Human-wildlife conflict refers to interaction between wild animals and people and resultant negative impact on people or their resources, or wild animals or their habitat.  According to data from the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, conflict with wild animals (mostly elephants and tigers), has killed more than 1,100 people across India between 2014 … Read more

DMPQ: Recently Prime Minister advocated for simultaneous elections for Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and local bodies. Discuss the points in favour of conduction simultaneous elections. (Polity)

  It will help to reduce the expenditure incurred in conducting elections.  Cost of holding simultaneous election as reckoned by  the election commission is way less than holding independently. Always in electioneering mode entails another costs. Our PM rightly said that how frequent elections and campaigns hurt the federal structure as leaders were “forced to … Read more

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