DMPQ- Write a short note on ISRO’s Shukrayaan mission.

Bioterrorism is the use of bacteria, viruses, or germs to purposely harm large quantities of people or communities. These “weapons” are spread through air, water, or food sources. Bioterrorism is rare and is used to threaten people, governments, and countries. In bioterrorist attacks, usually only a small number of people may be injured or affected. … Read more

Shia Crescendo

The failure of U.S. policy toward Iran, Iraq, and Syria—the major Shia-led nations in the Middle East—creates significant risks for regional stability. These include a lethal conflict with Iran; upward pressure on oil prices; an Iraq caught between Iran’s orbit and state failure, and a rogue Syria fused to Russia and Iran. Neither Donald Trump … Read more

Mission shakti

On March 27, DRDO conducted Mission Shakti, an anti-satellite missile test, from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island launch complex. One of India’s existing satellites operating in lower orbit used in the mission. The test was successful on all parameters. India has made it clear that its space capabilities aren’t directed against anyone and the government … Read more

DMPQ-. World Health Organization plays an important role during the pandemic. Throw light on WHO’s roles and responsibilities amid Covid19 pandemic crisis.

Answer. The World Health Organization (WHO), the UN’s health agency, has played a crucial role in tackling the COVID-19 pandemic, ever since the first cases were identified in the Chinese city of Wuhan in December. Helping countries to prepare and respond The plan, which is updated as fresh information and data improve WHO’s understanding of … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the future of globalization amid the pandemic crisis.

. The rise of the liberal international order has been a major factor in the growing movement of people across borders, whether for purposes of supply chains and distribution networks, international finance and the flow of money, employment, study or tourism. But this globalization has also allowed the entire world to be much more aware … Read more

DMPQ- Throw light on India’s contribution to UN peacekeeping missions.

India continued to push for greater priority to be given within the UN system for the global counter-terrorism effort. It was repeatedly highlighted that the international community needed to strengthen its legal framework that supported international counter-terrorism cooperation by reaching agreement on the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT), and ensure greater transparency and effectiveness … Read more

DMPQ- Briefly describe wassenaar arrangement. Also mention it’s importance for India becoming the member of it.

. The Wassenaar Arrangement has been established in order to contribute to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus preventing destabilising accumulations. The aim is also to prevent the acquisition of these items by terrorists.  Participating States seek, through … Read more

DMPQ- Disscuss the major intelliegence Challenges India facing in the context of recent India china border dispute.

. The conflict with China on the borders of Ladakh, and the brutal murder of 20 Indian soldiers has led to furious allegations by retired service officers as well as opposition leaders of ‘another’ intelligence failure. A disjointed Indian intelligence system appears to have permitted China the crucial time window to initially move forces into … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the main causes escalating maritime challenges for India.

India’s main strategic challenge comes from its prosperous northern neighbour; China. It can be said that China and India, are going to make uneasy neighbours. For the two nuclear-armed nations to rise, almost simultaneously, without conflict will require either adroit diplomacy or a miracle; possibly both. The all weather Sino-Pakistan alliance, with its strong anti-Indian … Read more

DMPQ- . How can community participation is one of the important factors in border management ?

One of the most important challenges of border management is integration of local community in 4 border management. Preventing alienation of border population, winning their hearts and minds by formulating people inclusive border management policies is of paramount importance. There is need to recognise the local bordering community as a prime stakeholder in border management. … Read more

DMPQ- Terrorists organizations like ISIS are using lone wolf attacks. What do you understand by ‘lone wolf attacks’? What threat does this pose to India?

. There have been a series of lone wolf terrorist strikes across the world. From 2014 Sydney hostage crisis to Paris knife attack  are among the prominent incidents. A lone wolf attack is undertaken by a very small group or an individual in support of a larger cause, but without the overall supervision or support … Read more

DMPQ- Analyze the significance of recent Israel-Arab peace deal to bring the peace in middle east region. Also mention it’s importance for India’s interests.

Within the span of only a month, the United States has brokered peace between Israel and two Arab countries—first the United Arab Emirates, then Bahrain. Both deals are revolutionary in scop. By normalizing ties and focusing on business, trade, and travel, these “warm peace” agreements go beyond the often tenuous “cold peace” that Egypt and … Read more

DMPQ- Point out the significance of Indo-US 2+2 dialogue in 2020 in advancing the shared vision for Indo-pacific region.

India’s Minister of Defence Rajnath Singh and Minister of External Affairs Dr. S. Jaishankar welcomed U.S. Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo and Secretary of Defense Dr. Mark T. Esper to New Delhi for the third annual India-U.S. 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue. The Ministers reiterated their commitment to maintaining a free, open, inclusive, peaceful, and prosperous … Read more

DMPQ- How Ladakh conflict has completely derailed India-China diplomatic relations?Also suggest a way forward for these two diplomatic partners.

For more than 100 days, tensions have been high between India and China along their disputed Himalayan border. This tension has been most acute in eastern Ladakh, where, in mid-June, 20 Indian soldiers and an unspecified number of Chinese soldiers were killed in the Galwan Valley, the first fatalities along the de facto Line of … Read more

DMPQ- Describe the historical background of Azerbaijan-Armenia conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh region.

The Caucasus is a strategically important mountainous region in south-east Europe. For centuries, different powers in the region – both Christian and Muslim – have vied for control there. Modern-day Armenia and Azerbaijan became part of the Soviet Union when it formed in the 1920s. Nagorno-Karabakh was an ethnic-majority Armenian region, but the Soviets gave … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the recent India-Nepal border dispute.

On May 8, India’s defence minister virtually inaugurated a new 80 km-long road in the Himalayas, connecting to the border with China, at the Lipulekh pass. The Nepali government protested immediately, contending that the road crosses territory that it claims and accusing India of changing the status quo without diplomatic consultations. Lipulekh and Kalapani are … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the threats posed by external state actors for India’s internal security.

China China has provided financial support, arms and sanctuaries to Naga, Mizo and Meitei extremist’s right since the British Period. The military encroachments and conflict of 1962, India was defeated and became psychologically weak. Since then, China has been astutely following a policy of strategic containment of India by regional coalitions and arming India’s neighbours … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the challenges India faces in implementing it’s ‘neighbourhood first’ policy.

Within South Asia, Modi government framed a Neighbourhood First policy to signal India’s commitment to regional connectivity. From a policy of strategic insulation and neglect during much of the Cold War, and a reluctant embrace of regionalism thereafter, India’s regional policy has now shifted irreversibly towards strengthening cross-border relations. An Indian connectivity strategy must be … Read more

DMPQ- How does Great power politics affect India’s security interests in Indian ocean ?

The extension of India’s strategic posture into the Indian Ocean littoral creates opportunities and challenges associated with its increasing contact and influence across a broader area. As described above, China appears to be pursuing a policy of encirclement of India, relying upon its military advantage along the Sino–Indian border and its ‘all-weather friendship’ with Pakistan. … Read more

DMPQ- What are the challenges against multilateralism in front of International diplomacy ? Also discuss necessary UN reforms in this regard.

Three main areas where the challenges to multilateralism can be identified include concepts, methods and institutions. First, concepts are becoming volatile eroded by problems of global dimension that have to be handled over national borders. Some examples include national sovereignty versus human rights concerns or international criminal justice decisions, environmental and health problems. We have … Read more

DMPQ- . What are the objectives and functions of World health organization? Do you agree with the criticism of WHO regarding Covid-19 pandemic.

Mains Functions and Objectives of World Health Organization are: To act as the directing and co-ordinating authority on international health work; To establish and maintain effective collaboration with the United Nations, specialized agencies, governmental health administrations, professional groups and such other organizations as may be deemed appropriate; To assist Governments, upon request, in strengthening health … Read more

DMPQ- Throw light on the security challenges at India-Bangladesh border.

. India shares around 4100 km of its land border with Bangladesh. The entire stretch consists of plain, riverine, hilly and with hardly any natural obstacles. Instead of natural barriers, border meanders through villages, agricultural lands, etc. Undemarcated stretches and adverse possessions had been causing constant friction between the border guarding forces of India and … Read more

DMPQ- Write short note on: o Project 75I o Project 28

Project 75I: The Indian Navy’s Project 75I (P75I) Scorpene submarine development for six latest-generation attack boats is expected to be completed by 2022. The P75I Scorpene class diesel-electric / air-independent propulsion (AIP) submarines are based on the Scorpene class submarines, which were designed by French naval shipbuilding firm DCNS in partnership with Spanish shipbuilding firm … Read more

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