Currency convertibility is the ease with which the currency of a country can be freely converted into any other foreign currency or gold at market determined exchange rate based on demand and supply for that currency. For example, convertibility of Indian rupee is the ease with which rupee be converted into any foreign exchange like … Read more DMPQ- Write a short note on currency convertibility.
Ozone is a gas that occurs both in the Earth’s upper atmosphere and at ground level. Ozone can be “good” or “bad” for your health and the environment, depending on its location in the atmosphere. Ground-level or “bad” ozone is not emitted directly into the air, but is created by chemical reactions between oxides of … Read more DMPQ- What do you understand by the term Good ozone and bad zone?
K Gokhale was instrumental Indian in bringing about Morley-Minto Reforms, which marked the beginning of constitutional reforms in India. He was an advocate of liberalism, reason free of passion and the importance of education in enriching minds. Gokhale’s idea of free and compulsory education was proposed through his Elementary Education Bill in 1910, and this … Read more DMPQ- Gopal Krishna Gokhale was the pioneer of Indian National Movement. He was the political guru of M K Gandhi. Elaborate upon the contribution of Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
Sovereign: India is internally and externally sovereign – externally free from the control of any foreign power and internally, it has a free government which is directly elected by the people and makes laws that govern the people. No external power can dictate the government of India. Republic: As opposed to a monarchy, in which the head of state is … Read more DMPQ- Explain the following terms in the Preamble: A) Sovereign B) Republic C) Socialist
A tropical deciduous forest would grow in a place that is warm all year and the trees would lose their leaves at some point every year. Main characteristics of tropical deciduous forests are: These are the most wide spread forests of India. They are also known as the monsoon forests. They spread over areas of … Read more DMPQ- What are the main characteristics of Tropical deciduous forest?
Monetary transmission refers to the process by which a central bank’s monetary policy signals (like repo rate) are passed on, through financial system to influence the businesses and households. There are many monetary policy signals by the RBI; the most powerful one is the repo rate. When repo rate is changed, it brings changes in … Read more DMPQ- What do you understand by the term Monetary Policy Transmission.
Dry cell batteries create electrical energy by converting chemical energy into electricity. The exact means of doing so depends on the type of dry cell battery in question, but the materials that are used are generally zinc and carbon or zinc and manganese dioxide. These materials are placed within the electrolyte paste within the battery. … Read more DMPQ- Explain the functioning of Dry cell.
As per constitution, there are two types of Houses i.e. Lok sabha and Rajya sabha in the Parliament. Rajya sabha provides representation to states and is upper chamber of the house. The power balance is tilted slightly towards Lok sabha which can be gauged from following provisions: Money Bill: A Money Bill can be introduced … Read more DMPQ- Rajya Sabha is not so powerful as compared to Lok Sabha. Comment on the statement.
JHARKHAND Padam shri Awardee Guru Shashadhar Acharya Art Madhu Mansuri Hasmukh Art Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile capability displayed to the world as the ASAT weapon, Mission Shakthi developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) On March 27, 2019 the DRDO shot down a live satellite in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) of 300 km using … Read more 26-27.01.20 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs
The Non-cooperation movement was perhaps the biggest event in the history of India’s struggle for independence since the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. The movement was launched as a protest against the Rowlatt Act, the Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre and the Khilafat movement. It was pitched in under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National … Read more DMPQ- . Enumerate the features of the Non cooperation Movement.
Joint Forest Management (JFM) is an approach wherein state forest departments support local forest dwelling and forest fringe communities to protect and manage forests and share the costs and benefits from the forests with them. The Government of India consolidated the intervention on participatory forest management through the National Forest Policy, 1988, and then through … Read more DMPQ- Write a short note on Joint forest Management.
A plain is a broad area of relatively flat land and is one of the major landforms on the earth surface. There are various types of Plains which are discussed as: Structural plains: relatively undisturbed horizontal surfaces of the earth. They are structurally depressed areas of the world that make up some of the most extensive … Read more DMPQ- What are Plains? What are different type of Plains?
Budget is the annual financial statement of income and expenditure of government. The Constitution of India has a provision (Art. 112) for such a document called Annual Financial Statement to be presented in the Parliament before the commencement of every new fiscal year—popular as the Union Budget. The budget is prepared by the Budget Division … Read more DMPQ- Write a short note on the outcome Budgeting.
Fiber optics, or optical fibers, are long, thin strands of carefully drawn glass about the diameter of a human hair. These strands are arranged in bundles called optical cables. We rely on them to transmit light signals over long distances. At the transmitting source, the light signals are encoded with data… the same data you see … Read more DMPQ- What is Optical fibre technology? How do optical fibre works?
He was the Pioneer social reformer of 19th century. He introduced various reforms which rusted the Indian society for long. The evils of past were haunting modernisation past and has kept virtually half of the population at the mercy of other half. The kind of reforms brought by him introduce humane elements of modern society. … Read more DMPQ- Why Raja Ram Mohan Roy was called the Father of Modern India.
Anti defection was brought up by the 52nd amendment act which brought changes in the 4 article and added X schedule of the constitution. The main aim was to prevent defection, when one member leave a political party and joins another. The act was aimed to provide stability to the political party and prevent aaya … Read more DMPQ- . The role of individual MPs have diminished over the years and as it result healthy constructive debate on policy issues are not closely witnessed. How far can this be attributed to the anti defection law which was legislated but with different intention.
Weathering, water, elevation, sinking, and erosion of the soil are constantly shaping the surface of the Earth. It doesn’t really happen overnight but takes hundreds and thousands of years for us to notice these changes. These are the natural processes that lead to various formations of the Landforms. Landforms originate from these geological processes. Landforms can be categorized into Mountains, Plateaus, and Plains depending … Read more DMPQ- Discuss different types of Mountain landforms.
The circulatory system consists of three independent systems that work together: the heart (cardiovascular), lungs (pulmonary), and arteries, veins, coronary and portal vessels (systemic). The system is responsible for the flow of blood, nutrients, oxygen and other gases, and as well as hormones to and from cells. An average adult has 5 to 6 quarts … Read more DMPQ- Write a short note on the circulatory system.
Inland waterways is an important mode of transport for any economy. Inland water transport contribute just 1% of the total freight and as the data suggest it is underutilised as in other countries the proportion of freight is relatively high. There are challenges in the development of Inland waterways in India and they are as … Read more DMPQ- What are the challenges in the development of the Inland waterways in India.
The Champaran Satyagraha was the combination of an elements of extra-constitutional struggle as well as the employment of moral force against an adversary, an exemplar of the rule of law; and the use of compromise as a gambit. It marked as the first India’s Civil Disobedience movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi to protest against the … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on the significance of the Champaran satyagraha in the Indian National freedom struggle.
Comptroller and Auditor general is a constitutional body sanctioned by article 148 of the constitution. Its work is to audit the expenditure incurred by government of India, Government of state from consolidated fund of India, Contingency fund of India, Public accounts of India. Its function is to prepare audit reports on appropriation, finance and public … Read more DMPQ- Autonomous functioning of CAG is an important part to keep our democracy vibrant. Discuss the provisions provided in the constitution to have free functioning of CAG.
JHARKHAND SIT to investigate killings Chief Minister Shri. Hemant Soren held a high-level review meeting with the Chief Secretary, Additional Chief Secretary, home, DG Police and other officers of the Police Department at the Jharkhand Ministry over the brutal killing of 7 villagers in Burugulikela village of West Singhbhum to ascertain the real causes of … Read more 25.01.20 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs
The basis of ABO grouping is of two antigens- Antigen A and Antigen B. The ABO grouping system is classified into four types based on the presence or absence of antigens on red blood cells surface and plasma antibodies. Group A – contains antigen A and antibody B. Group B –contains antigen B and antibody A. Group … Read more DMPQ- ABO Blood group system.
Since auditing is a task of impartial evaluation of the performance of governmental functions, it requires autonomy for the CAG. Constitution has thereby secured independence via following provisions: He is appointed by the President by a warrant under his hand and seal and his oath of office requires him to uphold the Constitution of India … Read more DMPQ- What are the safeguards provided in the constitution for effective functioning of CAG?
Modern education in India is given by British Government. They were the first who gave institutionalisation to Modern education. They through their policies brought secular and modern elements to the education system. The chronological development of Education during the British Period in India is discussed below: Charter Act of 1813: The British Parliament added a … Read more DMPQ- The development of modern education can be attributed to British government. Comment
Economic growth is inclusive when growth percolates to all the sectors of the economy and the development is not concentrated to certain pockets but in all region. The growth should reduce the inequality between the rich and the poor. SALIENT FEATURES OF INCLUSIVE GROWTH Participation– People are able to participate fully in economic life and … Read more DMPQ- Inclusive growth is the major model to be focus by developing economies to achieve overall development. What are the characteristics of inclusive growth.
The jute industries are majorly located in eastern region of the country. About 25% of the workforce are enrolled in the jute industry. 80% of the industries are in West Bengal only. The reasons for the high concentration of Jute Industries are as follows: Soil: The alluvial conditions of Eastern Bengal offer ideal environment for … Read more DMPQ- Why Jute mill Industry are located in West Bengal. Enumerate the factors.
Microwave ovens are so quick and efficient because they channel heat energy directly to the molecules (tiny particles) inside food. Microwaves heat food like the sun heats your face—by radiation. A microwave is much like the electromagnetic waves that zap through the air from TV and radio transmitters. It’s an invisible up-and-down pattern of electricity and magnetism that races through the air at the speed of light (300,000 … Read more DMPQ- Explain the functioning of microwave.
INTERNATIONAL Golden Globes Awards :2020 Best Motion Picture – Drama: 1917 Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama: Renee Zellweger, (Judy) Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama: Joaquin Phoenix, (Joker) Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy: Once Upon A Time In Hollywood Best Motion Picture – Animated: Missing Link … Read more 02.01.20 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs
The GDP deflator, also called implicit price deflator, is a measure of inflation. It is the ratio of the value of goods and services an economy produces in a particular year at current prices to that of prices that prevailed during the base year. This ratio helps show the extent to which the increase in … Read more DMPQ- Write a short note on the GDP deflator.
Family is a smallest basic social unit which performs various functions like biological, psychological, economical etc. The form and the characteristics of the families are changing. Changes: Joint family to nuclear family. Concept of single mother, single father. Supreme court has given legal sanction to live in couple as family. The reasons for the changes … Read more DMPQ- Family as an institution is getting affected by the changes in society. Discuss the changes in the family and the causes of the changes.
The Parliamentary system of government refers to “a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature. Reasons for adopting Parliamentary government are as follows: Because of the familiarity with the previous government of India act 1909,1919 … Read more DMPQ- Why our constitutional makers adopted parliamentary form of government?
The Indian handicrafts that had made the country famous, collapsed under the colonial rule. There was a sudden and quick collapse of the urban handicrafts which had for centuries made India’s name a byword in the markets of the entire civilised world. During the first half of 18th century, India was the biggest manufacturing nation … Read more DMPQ- What were the major reasons for the decline of traditional Indian handicrafts Industries after reaching zenith in Mughal era?
INTERNATIONAL Year 2020 Designated as Year of Nurse and Midwife World Health Organization (WHO) designated 2020 as the Year of the Nurse and the Midwife to honor the 200th birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale. The World Health Organization (WHO) is the collaborating partner in the three-year Nursing Now Campaign (2018–2020). The main objective is to improve health … Read more 01.01.20 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs
The term “Rule of Law” is derived from the French phrase ‘La Principe de Legality’ (the principle of legality) which refers to a government based on principles of law and not of men. The DICEY’S THEORY of the Rule of Law consists of three main principles: Absence of discretionary powers and supremacy of Law: viz. … Read more DMPQ- Write a short note on the concept of Rule of law?
In 1991, India launched a process of economic reforms in response to a fiscal and balance-of-payments (BoP) crisis. The reforms and the related programmes are still going on with changing emphasis and dimensions. The economic reform programme, that India launched, consisted of two categories of measures: Macroeconomic Stabilisation Measures and Structural Reform Measures. POSITIVE IMPACTS … Read more DMPQ- Economic reforms of 1991 had positive results on Indian economy. Comment
In the annals of history of India, there were so many empires with large administration such as Mauryans, Guptas, etc. Unlike them Cholas had a well-organized administration with an element of self-government at local level which can be seen reminiscent of current local self-administration. The most important feature of the Chola administration was the local … Read more DMPQ- Comment on the village administration of chola empire.
The last decade of 19th century and the early years of the 20th century saw the rise of the group of young nationalists who were increasingly getting critical to the methods and ideology of early nationalists. Reasons for the emergence Discovering true nature of British policies: The early nationalists, journalists and writers through their writings … Read more DMPQ- What were the reasons for the rise in militant nationalism?
India’s latest communication satellite GSAT-30 was successfully launched from the Spaceport in French Guiana. With a lift-off mass of 3357 kg, GSAT-30 will provide continuity to operational services on some of the in-orbit satellites. GSAT-30 derives its heritage from ISRO’s earlier INSAT/GSAT satellite series and will replace INSAT-4A in orbit. GSAT-30 has a unique configuration … Read more DMPQ- Comment on the utility of recently launched satellite GSAT-30.
The Ministry of road transport and highways has taken up detailed review of NHs network with a view to develop the road connectivity to Border areas, development of Coastal roads including road connectivity for Non-Major ports, improvement in the efficiency of National Corridors, development of Economic Corridors, Inter Corridors and Feeder Routes along with integration … Read more DMPQ- Bharatmala Project.
India’s geographical location of it being in tropical zone make it potent solar energy power house. As per Ministry of New and Renewable Energy or MNRE with about 300 clear and sunny days in a year, the calculated solar energy incidence on India’s land area is about 5000 trillion kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year. Solar Energy … Read more DMPQ- Solar energy can be developed as an alternative to the conventional source of energy. Comment
Quantum computing is paving the way for the development of fifth generation of computers. It scores over existing computing methods by performing more efficient algorithms than traditional computing. Quantum computing relies on quantum physics by taking advantage of certain quantum physics properties of atoms or nuclei that allow them to work together as quantum bits, … Read more DMPQ- What do you understand by the term quantam computing?
Interim Budget, also known as ‘a vote on account’, essentially means that the government seeks the approval of Parliament for meeting expenditure for the first four months of the fisca l year (April-March) — paying salaries, ongoing programmes in various sectors etc — with no changes in the taxation structure, until a new government takes … Read more DMPQ- What is interim budget?
Legislative Council or Vidhan Parishad is the upper house in bicameral legislatures in some states of India. Article 169 of the constitution of India deals with the creation or abolition of State Legislative Councils. The power of abolition and creation of the State legislative council is vested in Parliament of India as per article 169. To create … Read more DMPQ- What is the procedure for the formation of legislative council?
INTERNATIONAL India likely to surpass Germany to become the fourth-largest economy in 2026: Report India will overtake Germany to become the fourth-largest economy in the world by the year 2026. According to a report by the UK-based Centre for Economics and Business Research (CEBR), India is all set to overtake Japan to become the … Read more 31.12.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs
INTERNATIONAL UN declares Malala decade’s ‘most famous teenager’ The UN has declared Pakistani education activist and Nobel laureate Malala Yousafzai as “the most famous teenager in the world” in its ‘Decade in Review’ report. In 2014, Malala became the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of her efforts for children’s rights … Read more 29-30.12.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs
INTERNATIONAL ‘World’s oldest rhino’ dies in Tanzania A female black rhino, Fausta, who was believed to be the world’s oldest rhino has died at the age of 57 in a Tanzanian conservation area. Fausta died of natural causes in captivity in Ngorongoro Crater, which lies in Ngorongoro Conservation Area of Tanzania. The records showed … Read more 28.12.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs
INTERNATIONAL UN gives green light to draft treaty to combat cybercrime UN General Assembly approved it will start the process of drafting a new international treaty to combat cybercrime over objections from the European Union, the United States, and other countries. Russian-drafted resolution was approved by the 193-member world body by a vote of 79-60 … Read more 27.12.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs
INTERNATIONAL Russia ‘only country in world’ with hypersonic weapons Russia is the only country in the world that has hypersonic weapons- weapons that travel faster than Mach5 (~6174kmph) and have the capability to manoeuvre during the entire flight. The first unit equipped with the Avangard hypersonic glide vehicle is set to go on duty … Read more 26.12.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs
The Ease of Doing Business Rank (EODB) is a measure of an economy’s position to the best regulatory practices. Though World Bank used to publish the ‘Doing Business’ reports from 2003, the ranking of economies started only from 2006. The EODB study tries to capture the experience of small and mid-sized companies in a country with their … Read more DMPQ: Write a short note on ease of doing business rank.