DMPQ-“With the Vienna congress 1815, Europe entered into a new phase of conservatism.” Discuss.

Following the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, European governments were driven by a spirit of conservatism. Conservatives believed that established, traditional institutions of state and society – like the monarchy, the Church, social hierarchies, property and the family – should be preserved. Most conservatives, however, did not propose a return to the society of pre-revolutionary … Read more

DMPQ-Throw light on the main provisions of Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020.

A Farming Agreement under the Act is a written agreement between the farmer/Farmer Producer Organisation (FPO) and sponsor (the person purchasing the farming produce) in respect of any farming produce. Under the Act verbal agreements are not recognized. When a sharecropper is involved in the agreement, he may be made responsible for receiving and using … Read more

DMPQ-. Write a short note on Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020).

 While India has become surplus in most Agri-commodities, farmers have been unable to get better prices due to lack of investment in cold storage, warehouses, processing and export as the entrepreneurial spirit gets dampened due to Essential Commodities Act. Farmers suffer huge losses when there are bumper harvests, especially of perishable commodities. The legislation will … Read more

DMPQ-. Write an essay on the economic consequences of migration.

. A major benefit for the source region is the remittance sent by migrants. Remittances from the international migrants are one of the major sources of foreign exchange. In 2002, India received US$ 11 billion as remittances from international migrants. Punjab, Kerala and Tamil Nadu receive very significant amount from their international migrants. The amount … Read more

DMPQ-. Explain how religious sentiments influenced India’s nationalism.

Apart from cultural nationalism and economic nationalism, there were other ways also in which the idea of Indian nationalism was being expressed. There came into being, in the second half of the 19th century, a thinking on Indian nationalism which was based on religion. It was leaders like Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Dayanand Saraswati (who founded … Read more

DMPQ-Throw light on the events that led to the unification of Italy.

. Like Germany, Italy too had a long history of political fragmentation. Italians were scattered over several dynastic states as well as the multi-national Habsburg Empire. During the middle of the nineteenth century, Italy was divided into seven states, of which only one, Sardinia-Piedmont, was ruled by an Italian princely house. The north was under … Read more

DMPQ-. Explain the implications of bringing Digital media and Over–The-Top (OTT) platforms under the ambit of ministry of information and broadcasting.

.  The government of India has brought digital audio-visual content, including films and web shows on over-the-top (OTT) streaming platforms, as well as news and current affairs on online platforms under the ambit of the ministry of information and broadcasting, in a move that media experts say could have far reaching effects on creative expression … Read more

DMPQ-What is production linked incentive (PLI)? Also mention the important features of the scheme.

The domestic electronics hardware manufacturing sector faces lack of a level playing field vis-à-vis competing nations. The sector suffers disability of around 8.5% to 11% on account of lack of adequate infrastructure, domestic supply chain and logistics; high cost of finance; inadequate availability of quality power; limited design capabilities and focus on R&D by the … Read more

DMPQ-“Reorganization and reorientation of revolutionary movement after the end of noncooperation movement was the obvious consequences.” Comment.

The spontaneous upsurge of the non-cooperation movement released the great force of India’s youth that were determined to wrest freedom. The youth of the country had responded eagerly to the call of Gandhi and had participated in the non-cooperation movement. The sudden withdrawal of the movement was a blow to their aspirations. The secret samitis … Read more

DMPQ-. Define regional trading block. Also mention the need for such blocks.

. A regional trade bloc is a type of intergovernmental agreement, often part of a regional intergovernmental organization, where regional barriers to trade, (tariffs & non-tariff barriers) are reduced or eliminated among the participating states. A regional trading bloc is a group of countries within a geographical region that protect themselves from imports from non-members. … Read more

DMPQ-. Write a short note on ISRO’s Shukrayaan mission.

. Shukrayaan -1 is a proposed mission to the fiery planet, Venus which is also known as Shukra. Based on the success of Chandrayaan and the Mangalyan ISRO has been studying the feasibility of future interplanetary missions which includes Venus. Venus is the second planet from the sun and is the hottest in our solar … Read more

DMPQ-Throw light on the major characteristics of Data centre policy 2020.

India is witnessing a transition from an emerging to a developed market economy and digital is slated to play a key role in this journey. Digital is not only catalysing economic growth across all sectors and sub-sectors, but also forms the bedrock for providing better services to citizens, enabling social and financial inclusion, enhancing productivity … Read more

DMPQ-. Discuss the Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge to end the manual scavenging by 2021.

The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act (2013) and various judgements of Hon’ble Supreme Court expressly prohibit hazardous cleaning, i.e. manual entry into a septic tank or sewer without protective gear and observing operating procedures. Despite this, recurring episodes of human fatalities among those engaged in cleaning of septic tanks and … Read more

DMPQ-. Discuss India’s response to 2008 financial crisis.

The global crisis took its toll on the US and Europe leading to a contraction of their output, but did not enter the recessionary phase, which is continuous contraction of output more than two quarters. However, the fears of recession haunted both the US and Europe . More than the contraction of output , a … Read more

DMPQ-. Throw light on the major provisions of Foreign contribution (Regulation) amendment act 2020.

. The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2020 was introduced in Lok Sabha on September 20, 2020.  The Bill amends the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010.  The Act regulates the acceptance and utilisation of foreign contribution by individuals, associations and companies.  Foreign contribution is the donation or transfer of any currency, security or article (of … Read more

DMPQ-. Write a short note on October Revolution 1917.

. As the conflict between the Provisional Government and the Bolsheviks grew, Lenin feared the Provisional Government would set up a dictatorship. In September, he began discussions for an uprising against the government. Bolshevik supporters in the army, soviets and factories were brought together. On 16 October 1917, Lenin persuaded the Petrograd Soviet and the … Read more

DMPQ-Throw light on the key findings of world bank’s report “Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2020: Reversals of Fortune”.

. Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2020: Reversals of Fortune provides new data and analysis on the causes and consequences of this reversal and identifies policy principles countries can use to counter it. The report presents new estimates of COVID-19’s impacts on global poverty and inequality. Harnessing fresh data from frontline surveys and economic  simulations,  it  … Read more

DMPQ-Trade union movements did not succeed as much as peasants movements during British rule. Throw light on the causes of trade union’s failures to mobilize labourers.

Uneven Growth Trade unions were concentrated more or less in major metropolitan cities in India and traceable only in large scale units especially in cotton textile industry. The degree of unionism also varies from industry to industry, iron and steel, tobacco, railways, cement, banking, insurance etc. There is very little trade union activity in small … Read more

DMPQ-“Russian revolution has global impact.” Comment.

Existing socialist parties in Europe did not wholly approve of the way the Bolsheviks took power – and kept it. However, the possibility of a workers’ state fired people’s imagination across the world. In many countries, communist parties were formed – like the Communist Party of Great Britain. The Bolsheviks encouraged colonial peoples to follow … Read more

DMPQ-. Discuss the major provisions of Pesticides management bill 2020.

. The Pesticide Management Bill, 2020 was introduced in Rajya Sabha by the Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Mr. Narendra Singh Tomar, on March 23, 2020.  It seeks to regulate the manufacture, import, sale, storage, distribution, use, and disposal of pesticides, in order to ensure the availability of safe pesticides and minimise the risk … Read more

DMPQ-. Discuss the key findings of annual status of education report 2020.

Recent global estimates suggest that school closures, unequal access to technology-based educational inputs used for remote learning, and other related disruptions due to the pandemic are likely to result in ‘learning loss’ and higher dropout rates, aggravating existing equity gaps in education among other consequences. In India, numerous studies have been done on the impact … Read more

DMPQ-Write a short note on Quit India movement.

. In August 1942, Gandhiji started the ‘Quit India Movement’ and decided to launch a mass civil disobedience movement ‘Do or Die’ call to force the British to leave India. The movement was followed, nonetheless, by large-scale violence directed at railway stations, telegraph offices, government buildings, and other emblems and institutions of colonial rule. There … Read more

DMPQ-Write an essay on new international economic order.

The non-aligned countries were more than merely mediators during the Cold War. The challenge for most of the non-aligned countries — a majority of them were categorised as the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) — was to be more developed economically and to lift their people out of poverty. Economic development was also vital for the … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on October Revolution 1917.

Since the charter act 1813, different steps had been taken to spread education among masses. But different problems and controversies had been raised. So they required a new education policy and a committee was appointed for look this matter. In 1854 Sir Wood then president of the Board of Control of Government of India, gave … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on ISRO’s Shukrayaan mission.

Bioterrorism is the use of bacteria, viruses, or germs to purposely harm large quantities of people or communities. These “weapons” are spread through air, water, or food sources. Bioterrorism is rare and is used to threaten people, governments, and countries. In bioterrorist attacks, usually only a small number of people may be injured or affected. … Read more

Describe the major features associated with ocean continental convergence.

In plate tectonics, Convergent boundary is a region where two or more tectonic plates of the lithosphere move towards one another and collide. There are 3 types of Convergence: Ocean-Continental Continent-Continent Ocean-Ocean Features associated with ocean continental convergence: In this type of boundary, the oceanic lithosphere will always sub duct below the continental lithosphere. This … Read more

Is Preamble part of the Indian constitution? (POLITY)

The Preamble provided the basic philosophy and fundamental values to the Indian constitution. It contains the ideals, objectives and basic principles of the Constitution. The salient features of the Constitution have evolved from the objectives enshrined in the Preamble. In berubari union case the SC stated that Preamble is key to the makers of the … Read more

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