Paul H Appleby, in his two reports on Indian Administration, was very critical of the role of CAG and attacked the significance of his work5. He also suggested that the CAG should be relieved of the responsibility of audit. In other words, he recommended the abolition of the office of CAG. His points of criticism … Read more DMPQ-. Give a brief description of Paul Appleby’s criticism of CAG’s Auditing responsibility.
. Monolithic pillars and capitols made during this period are prime example of Mauryan art. The important places where the pillars have been found are Basarah-Bakhira, Lauriya-Nandangarh, Rampurva, Sankisa and Sarnath. These pillars were carved in two types of stone viz. the spotted red and white sandstone from the region of Mathura and buff-coloured fine … Read more DMPQ-Monolithic pillars are epitome of Mauryan architecture.” Elucidate.
When Napoleon named Joseph Bonaparte King of Spain and its colonies, which included Venezuela, Bolívar joined the resistance movement. The resistance group based in Caracas gained independence in 1810, and Bolívar traveled to Britain on a diplomatic mission. The fight for control of Caracas, Venezuela and most of South American continued on back home. Finally, … Read more DMPQ-Write an essay on Simon Bolivar’s role in latin America’s freedom.
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) play a key role in development & Economic growth of Rural India. Political, Cultural, Socio-economic Developmental & Behavioral decisions today rests on the ability to access, gather, analyze and utilize Information and Knowledge. ICT is the conduits that transmit information and knowledge to individual to widen their choices for Economic … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the role of e-governance in India’s rural development.
The role of CAG in the auditing of public corporations is limited. Broadly speaking, his relationship with the public corporations falls into the following three categories: Some corporations are audited totally and directly by the CAG, for example, Damodar Valley Corporation, Oil and Natural Gas Commission, Air India, Indian Airlines Corporation, and others. Some other … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the CAG’s relationship with public corporations.
Japan was the only country to remain outside colonial clutches. Japanese military generals called ‘shoguns’ ruled Japan for more than 200 years and emperor was mere figurehead. Japanese society was almost feudal and it was largely disconnected from the wider world. Japan awakened to the modern development in middle of 19th century only when its … Read more DMPQ-Write an essay on the rise of modern Japan.
. The El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is an irregular cycle of change in wind and sea surface temperatures over the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean, affecting the climate of much of the tropics and subtropics. The warming phase of the sea temperature is known as El Nino and the cooling phase as La Nina. This sea … Read more DMPQ-How does ENSO (El-Nino southern oscillation) phenomenon effects Monsoon in India ?
. Photonics is the science of light. It is the technology of generating, controlling, and detecting light waves and photons, which are particles of light. The characteristics of the waves and photons can be used to explore the universe, cure diseases, and even to solve crimes. Scientists have been studying light for hundreds of years. … Read more DMPQ-Briefly describe photonics. Also mention the need of photonics.
. In pursuance of the provision of Article 350-B of the Constitution, the office of the Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities was created in 1957. He is designated as the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities. The Commissioner takes up all the matters pertaining to the grievances arising out of the non- implementation of the Constitutional and … Read more DMPQ-Describe the role and objectives of Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities.
The Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) or Thermal Equator is a broad trough of low pressure in equatorial latitudes (it always remains on the north of the equator due to effect of landmass). This is where the northeast and the southeast trade winds converge and this is a low pressure zone. This convergence zone lies … Read more DMPQ-What is Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). How does it effects India’s climate.
As genetic research becomes more sophisticated, so does our ability to use plants and animals to develop new drugs or modify crops to meet food security needs. Often, in the search for new bio resources, researchers draw on local people’s traditional knowledge about the properties of a particular plant, animal or chemical compound. When researchers … Read more DMPQ-. Give a brief description about Bio-piracy with examples.
. The National Commission for SCs and STs came into being consequent upon passing of the 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1990. The Commission was established under Article 338 of the Constitution with the objective of monitoring all the safeguards provided for the SCs and STs under the Constitution or other law. Geographically and culturally, … Read more DMPQ-. Discuss the constitutional evolution of national commission for ST’s. Also mention the functions of the commission.
Carbonari, a secret society was formed by people to liberate Italy from clutches of foreigners. Rulers of Naples and Piedmont also encouraged liberal tendencies. But these efforts were curbed by Metternich. French revolutions of 1830 and 1848 sparked feelings of liberation, but the smaller states couldn’t coordinate and Austria again suppressed movements and movement was … Read more DMPQ-Trace the events that led to the unification of Italy.
They can be of various types depending upon the process of precipitation, obstacles etc. Convectional Rain The, air on being heated, becomes light and rises up in convection currents. As it rises, it expands and loses heat and consequently, condensation takes place and cumulous clouds are formed. With thunder and lightening, heavy rainfall takes place … Read more DMPQ-. Explain different types of rain.
Hydroponics, or growing plants in a nutrient solution root medium, is a growing area of commercial food production and also is used for home food production by hobbyists. Learn about the state-of-the-art techniques for producing food in a controlled, soilless setting. Major factors to ensure the successful hydroponics practice are as follows: Ensuring water quality … Read more DMPQ-What is hydroponics? Mention the important factors necessary for successful practice of hydroponics.
. Originally, Article 338 of the Constitution provided for the appointment of a Special Officer for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) to investigate all matters relating to the constitutional safeguards for the SCs and STs and to report to the President on their working3. He was designated as the Commissioner for SCs and … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the constitutional evolution of national commission for SC’s.
. Process of formation of the fronts is known as frontogenesis. There are four types of fronts: Cold Front When the cold air moves towards the warm air mass, its contact zone is called the cold front. As the cold front nears your region, the barometer falls. The cold air behind the front wedges under … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the different types of fronts formed during the process of frontogenesis.
Cloning is the process of generating a genetically identical copy of a cell or an organism. Cloning happens often in nature—for example, when a cell replicates itself asexually without any genetic alteration or recombination. Prokaryotic organisms (organisms lacking a cell nucleus) such as bacteria create genetically identical duplicates of themselves using binary fission or budding. … Read more DMPQ-. Describe the basic concept of Cloning. Also mention the potential drawbacks of applications of Cloning.
. The Constitution of India envisages the Finance commission as the balancing wheel of fiscal federalism in India. However, its role in the Centre–state fiscal relations has been undermined by the emergence of the Planning Commission, a non-constitutional and a non-statutory body. Dr P V Rajamannar, the Chairman of the Fourth Finance commission, highlighted the … Read more DMPQ- . How did extra constitutional institutes like planning commission has effected the significance of finance commission.
. Napoleon’s fetish for power led him to zenith and then to his doom. He made some terrible blunders like – Continental policy, invasion on Russia, attack on Spanish sovereignty and so on. The very economic system he was supposed to boost was badly damaged by wars. His European Wars hit the already developing France … Read more DMPQ- Napoleonic Empire was Doomed Because of Its Inherent and Self Defeating Contradictions.”
. The trade winds, westerly and easterlies are the permanent winds. These blow constantly throughout the year in a particular direction and they are global in nature. These play an important role in, and in turn get influenced too, formation of Weather Cell. Headly Cell The air at the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) rises … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the types of cells formed primary wind circulations.
A biometric system is a technology which takes an individual’s physiological, behavioral, or both traits as input, analyzes it, and identifies the individual as a genuine or malicious user. Basic Components of a Biometric System Input Interface (Sensors) It is the sensing component of a biometrics system that converts human biological data into digital form. … Read more DMPQ- Point out the major components and applications of biometric system.
The Constitution makes a provision for the establishment of a Joint State Public Service Commission (JSPSC) for two or more states. While the UPSC and the SPSC are created directly by the Constitution, a JSPSC can be created by an act of Parliament on the request of the state legislatures concerned. Thus, a JSPSC is … Read more DMPQ- Explain the role of joint state public service commission.
. Instead of being a radical abrupt change, the American Revolution was a culmination of evolutionary changes that resulted in an evolved way of life. With the social, political and economic spheres, the change occurred gradually and remained largely unnoticed. For example, in Political sphere, the 13 colonies already had a certain degree of independence, … Read more DMPQ- . “American Revolution was a Natural and Even Expected Event in The History of Colonial People Who Had Come of Age.” Comment.
. Most of the metallic minerals in India occur in the peninsular plateau region in the old crystalline rocks. Over 97 per cent of coal reserves occur in the valleys of Damodar, Sone, Mahanadi and Godavari. Areas of high rainfall lack in soluble minerals like Limestone, Gypsum and Salt. Northern Plains are poor in minerals … Read more DMPQ- Point out the major mineral belts of India.
Stem cells are a group of cells in our bodies, with capacity to self-renew and differentiate to various types of cells, thus to construct tissues and organs. In science, it is still a challenge to understand how a fertilized egg to develop germ layers and various types of cells, which further develop to multiple tissues … Read more DMPQ- Briefly describe the stem cell. Mention the characteristics of Stem cells.
. The Constitution visualizes the SPSC to be the ‘watchdog of merit system’ in the state. It is concerned with the recruitment to the state services and advises the government, when consulted, on promotion and disciplinary matters. It is not concerned with the classification of services, pay and service conditions, cadre management, training and so … Read more DMPQ- Explain the role of state public service commission’s role in the recruitment process.
. Of all the political parties that emerged immediately after independence the Socialist Party held the greatest promise. In Jayaprakash Narayan it had a leader next only to Jawaharlal Nehru in mass popularity. It had also several other brilliant leaders, for example, Acharya Narendra Dev, Achyut Patwardhan, Asoka Mehta, Dr Rammanohar Lohia and S.M. Joshi. … Read more DMPQ- . Throw light on the economic and political activities of Jaiprakash Narayan’s socialist party after independence.
Answer. In 1939 the Viceroy, Lord Linlithgow, declared India a party to war without consulting Indian political leaders or the elected provincial representatives. This caused considerable resentment in India and provoked the resignation en masse of elected Congress Party Provincial Governments in 1939 (which were elected in 1937), giving rise to the prospect of public … Read more DMPQ- Give a brief background about cripps mission. Mention the major features of cripps mission.
. Some of the major cropping systems are: Sequential system Multiple crops are grown in a sequence using short duration crops and intense input management. In Maharashtra, a sequence of Rice, Beans and Ground nuts is followed. It is the most common cropping system in India. Mixed cropping It refers to crop mixture of two … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the major crop patterns in India.
A concern about what affect genetically modified material could have on human health. For example, transgenic crops have been suggested to cause allergies in some people, although it is uncertain whether transgenic crops are the source of this reaction. Furthermore the antibiotic resistance genes placed in these crops has been suggested to cause resistance to … Read more DMPQ- Explain the potential disadvantages of Transgenic crops.
. As in the case of UPSC, the Constitution has made the following provisions to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of a SPSC: The chairman or a member of a SPSC can be removed from office by the president only in the manner and on the grounds mentioned in the Constitution. Therefore, … Read more DMPQ- Point out the constitutional provisions inducted to ensure the independent working of state public service commission.
. Nehru died without naming a political heir and dissension and factionalism had become a part of Congress. Major contenders of PM post were Morarji Desai – a honest sound administrator, but unpopular for being self-righteous, inflexible and even right winger; and Lal Bahdur Shastri – a mild, tactful, likeable and personally incorruptible. The succession … Read more DMPQ- . Give a brief description of Lal Bahadur Shastri era.
Amidst all the confusion over war and Congress’ dilemma of joining the war, Muslim League passed a resolution in its 1940 session declaring that ‘Muslims are not a minority, but a separate nation’. This gave rise to ‘Two nation Theory’. It called for the creation of ‘independent states’ for Muslims in British India. The constituent … Read more DMPQ- Discuss how Lahore resolution became founding stone for the success of two nation theory.
. The Committee recommends a total financial investment of Rs 1,00,000 crore over a five year period. Its key recommendations are: The Committee notes that the ‘present environment on Indian Railways reveals a grim picture of inadequate performance’ largely due to poor infrastructure and resources, and lack of empowerment at the functional level. The financial … Read more DMPQ- . Throw light on the recommendations given by Kakodkar committee for railway safety.
A transgenic crop is a genetically modified organism (GMO). Transgenic indicates that a transfer of genes has occurred using recombinant DNA technology. Generally a transgenic crop contains one or more genes that have been inserted artificially either from an unrelated plant or from different species altogether. Plants have been modified for many reasons over the … Read more DMPQ- What are Transgenic crops ? Explain how transgenic crops have the potential to end the food security crisis.
. A State Public Service Commission consists of a chairman and other members appointed by the governor of the state. The Constitution does not specify the strength of the Commission but has left the matter to the discretion of the Governor. Further, no qualifications are prescribed for the commission’s membership except that one-half of the … Read more DMPQ- . Briefly describe the composition of state public service commission and also mention the process of removal of it’s members.
Almost after Indira Gandhi’s swearing in as PM after 1971 elections, Bangladesh Crisis broke out. It was a direct challenge to the Two Nations Theory itself that people of one religion form one nation. Political and economic elites of West Pakistan had dominated the scene and people of East Pakistan had no mechanism to air … Read more DMPQ- Explain government of India’s role in the liberation of Bangladesh.
Gandhi had retired from Congress in 1934 and Congress under Jawahar’s leadership has acquired a taste of socialism and radicalism. Subhas was chosen unanimously in February 1938 session of Congress at Haripura to built upon that trend. In that session under the leadership of Bose, Congress passed a resolution to opposition to the impending imperialistic … Read more DMPQ- Explain how Tripuri congress session led to the foundation of Forward block.
. India is a tropical country and has around 300 days availability of sunlight which is one of the highest in the world. Germany is a sub-tropical country, now produces almost 40% of its energy from renewable power. India has huge potential. Solar power has one unique advantage that it can be used to supply … Read more DMPQ- Give a brief description of current scenario of solar power production in India.
. In India, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) introduced the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 as an umbrella legislation to provide a holistic framework for the protection and improvement to the environment. In connection with the use of micro-organisms and application of gene technology, the MoEFCC notified the “Rules for manufacture, use/import/export & … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the process of regulation of Genetically modified (GM) foods in India.
The Constitution, under Sixth Schedule, contains special provisions for the administration of tribal areas in the four north-eastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. The various features of administration contained in the Sixth Schedule are as follows: The tribal areas in the four states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram have been constituted as … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the various features of administration contained in the sixth Schedule for tribal areas.
. Third Round Table Conference happened in 1932, and no Congress leader participated. However its discussion and discussions of earlier Round Tables and Simon Commission recommendations led to the enactment of 1935 Act. Major features of the act are as follows: It introduced Federalism in India with Princely States and Provinces being its parts and … Read more DMPQ- Trace the salient features of Government of India act, 1935.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) appointment a Committee on Comprehensive Financial Services for Small Businesses and Low-Income Households under the Chairmanship of Shri Nachiket Mor, member on the Central Board of Directors, RBI in the month of Sep 2013. Its prime object was to frame a clear and detailed vision for financial inclusion and … Read more DMPQ- . Evaluate the recommendations of nachiketa committee for financial inclusion.
Biotechnology is being harnessed in various aspects of the livestock industry to hasten breed development for improved animal health and welfare, enhanced reproduction, and improved nutritional quality and safety of animal-derived foods. Artificial Insemination One of the earliest perfected technology is artificial insemination (AI) where new breeds of animals are produced through the introduction of … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the Applications of Biotechnology in live stock and animal husbandry.
. The various features of administration contained in the Fifth Schedule are as follows: Declaration of Scheduled Areas The president is empowered to declare an area to be a scheduled area. He can also increase or decrease its area, alter its boundary lines, rescind such designation or make fresh orders for such redesignation on an … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the various features of administration contained in the Fifth Schedule for tribal areas.
. In the wake of inconclusive Round Table Talks, British government had declared that, if a consensus was not reached on separate representation of minorities, a unilateral communal award will be made. Government kept its promise in form of Communal Award of 1932. The Communal Award was by the British Prime Minister Ramsay McDonald on … Read more DMPQ- Give a brief description of communal award (1932) and puna pact.
. The main objective of the committee was to recommend what needs to be done to revise and strengthen the current monetary policy framework with a view to making it transparent and predictable with a focus on inflation management. The group submitted its report in January, 2014 and inter-alia, made the following recommendations with regard … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the recommendations given by Urjit patel committee for monetary policy framework.
At present, loss of specific species, groups of species (extinction) or decrease in number of particular organisms (endangerment) are taking place in different parts of the world at a rapid pace. These losses are often manifestations of degradation or destruction in the ecosystem or habitat. DNA Banks More plant conservationists are turning to DNA technologies … Read more DMPQ- . Explain how Biotechnology can play significant role in the conservation of Bio diversity and environment.
. The 69th Constitutional Amendment Act of 19915 provided a special status to the Union Territory of Delhi, and redesignated it the National Capital Territory of Delhi and designated the administrator of Delhi as the lieutenant (lt.) governor. It created a legislative assembly and a council of ministers for Delhi. Previously, Delhi had a metropolitan … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on the special constitutional provisions inducted for the national capital region.