DMPQ: Write a short note on ease of doing business rank.

The Ease of Doing Business Rank (EODB) is a measure of an economy’s position to the best regulatory practices. Though World Bank used to publish the ‘Doing Business’ reports from 2003, the ranking of economies started only from 2006. The EODB study tries to capture the experience of small and mid-sized companies in a country with their … Read more

DMPQ: Write a short note on Cryosphere.

There are places on Earth that are so cold that water is frozen solid. These areas of snow or ice, which are subject to temperatures below 32°F for at least part of the year, compose the cryosphere. The term “cryosphere” comes from the Greek word, “krios,” which means cold. Ice and snow on land are one part … Read more

DMPQ: What was the significance of Champaran Movement.

Gandhiji returned to India in January 1915 after gaining experience in South Africa with his agitational/ protest methods. After coming to India, he decided to travel India and not to take any position on any political matter for at least one year. In 1917 Gandhiji was requested to look into the problems of the farmers … Read more

DMPQ: What is the strategic importance of Golan Heights.

The Golan Heights are a fertile plateau of around 1,300 sq km area lying to the north and east of the Sea of Galilee, which Israel seized from Syria during the Six-Day War of 1967, and has occupied ever since. The Golan overlooks both Israel and Syria, and offers a commanding military vantage. Israel argues that Golan is a … Read more

DMPQ: Ordinance making power is an emergency power but in Indian constitutional history this power has been surrounded with issues. Explain the issue involved with ordinance making power.

Article 123 of the Constitution grants the President certain law-making powers to promulgate ordinances during the recess of Parliament. These ordinances have the same force and effect as an Act of Parliament but are in the nature of temporary laws.  Similarly power is given under article 213 to governor of states. Issues associated with the … Read more

DMPQ: Write a short note on Hoysala architecture.

Hoysala architecture is the Hindu temple architecture which got developed in the region of Karnataka near Mysore. It developed in the period from 1050-1300 A.D with the prominent seats being Belur, Halebid and Sringeri. Salient features of Hoysala Architecture Multiple shrines of different deities were built around a central pillared hall. Stellate plan: These shrines are … Read more

DMPQ: Spiritual tourism potential is largely untapped. Do you agree with the statement. Discuss the steps taken by the government to promote spiritual tourism.

Since the ancient times, India has been known as the Hub of several religions and practices. Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism are the most popular religions in India. There have been significant centers for all these religions which are the places for the communal worship and social harmony. The Kings who had been ruling the … Read more

DMPQ:Contribution of MSME sector is immense in Indian economy. Comment

MSMEs are labour intensive, have the advantage of low cost of production and can make good use of locally available resources pushing demand and growth The sector offers wide range of employment opportunities and absorbs most of the working age population Majorly consists of handlooms, handicrafts, coir, sericulture, khadi and village industries, small scale industries … Read more

DMPQ-“Healthy bicameralism is predicated on the constructive relationship between Upper and Lower Houses of Parliament.” Analyse the contemporary relevance of the statement.

“The makers of our Constitution envisaged the role of the Rajya Sabha along three axes: as a legislative chamber of elders discussing, revising or delaying legislation as per need; as an institution where interests of the states of the Indian Union could be projected and safeguarded and; as a deliberative chamber where greater and diverse … Read more

DMPQ-. Explain various types of revolutions, took place in Agriculture after Independence in India. How these revolutions have helped in poverty alleviation and food security in India?

After independence, India witnessed green , blue and white revolutions in farm, fishery and dairy sector respectively. Green revolution: It was initiated to achieve food security in the country. It included three components : continued expansion of farming areas, double-cropping existing farmland, using seeds with improved genetics. The Green Revolution resulted in a record grain … Read more

DMPQ-The patrons of art and architecture during Vijayanagar Empire were the inheritors of the rich traditions of the Cholas, Pallavas and the Hoysalas. Elucidate

The vast expanse of land in the southern Deccan comprised the kingdom of Vijayanagar from 1336-1650 A.D approximately. The famous kingdom was ruled by a series of able monarchs who were great patrons of art, architecture and letters. Magnificent structures were erected during the heydays of the empire, famous among them like Hampi monuments find … Read more

DMPQ-Though the provision was used many times for the good of deprived sections, the Supreme Court’s vast powers under the Article 142 raise important concerns. Discuss, along with the need for checks and balances to uphold the doctrine of separation of powers.

Article 142 empowers the Supreme Court to make such order as is necessary for doing “complete justice” in any matter before it. Article 142 is conceived to give the apex court the powers to meet the situation(s) which cannot be effectively tackled by existing provisions of law. Over the years, the apex court has often … Read more

DMPQ-. According to many sociologists, in contemporary India, the traditional joint families are being replaced by functional joint families. What do you understand by functional joint families? Why such trend is on increase in recent years?

Features of Traditional joint family include common residence, common kitchen, common property and participation in common family worship etc. Indian family system since ancient period was basically traditional joint family system. However in recent years it has been replaced by functional joint family. Functional joint family, according to sociologist IP Desai, means a family where … Read more

DMPQ-Right to privacy has been elusive in India and the absence of a law specifying safeguards to privacy increases the risk of infringement of this right. This is accentuated by the myriad of sources collecting information about the citizens. Do you think there is a threat to privacy in India and to what extent can a law mitigate them?

The status of “Right to privacy” under the Constitution has not been settled as yet in India. In fact in M.P. Sharma vs. Satish Chandra 1954, an 8-judge bench of the Supreme Court ruled that it is not a fundamental right and this decision of the Supreme Court has not been overruled by the Supreme … Read more

DMPQ-“Political and economic empowerment of women is necessary, but not a sufficient condition for improving social status of women in India.” Comment

Political empowerment is an organized effort to increase control over resources and regulative institutions on the part of groups and movements of those hitherto excluded from such control. Political empowerment of women means to give political rights to women. These political rights include right to vote, right to get elected and equal participation and representation … Read more

DMPQ-. A recent UN report has highlighted that Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) can cost the Indian economy a whopping Rs. 6.2 trillion during the 2012-2030 period. Discuss the present status of burden of Non-communicable diseases in India. Also, suggest some measures to control the incidence of such diseases and highlight some government’s initiatives in this regard?

Chronic NCDs comprise diabetes, high and low blood pressure, cancer, chronic respiratory problems, mental disorders and cardiovascular diseases. Malnutrition and infection at early age prevalent in poor are important triggers for NCDs. Low literacy and inadequate information among people are the main cause for non- awareness about these chronic diseases. Status of burden of Non … Read more

DMPQ- “Dr. Ambedkar gave the slogan of Educate, Agitate and Organize.” In your opinion, how this slogan is relevant today in the Empowerment of the Depressed Class?

Ambedkar’s Vision of Education Bhim Rao Ambedkar was an educational Pragmatist. His educational philosophy stresses the development of person and his environment. He was highly influenced by the John Dewey’s philosophy of education. He emphasized education as one of the basic need for human. According to him education is not only a ladder for social … Read more

DMPQ-“Dr. Ambedkar’s objection to the concurrence of Chief Justice in India in the appointment of Judges was legally allayed by the Second and Third Judges Cases.” Explain the statement in the light of the Judgment of the Apex Court in the Supreme Court Advocates-on-Record Association Vs. Union of India, 2015 (Fourth Judges case). Also explain why the Supreme Court did not consider it as necessary to review the Second and Third Judges decisions.

Dr. Ambedker’s objection was premised on the potential frailty in individual decision making, howsoever wise the person may be. As President acts on the advice of Council of Ministers, it was thought that “consultation” with Chief Justice of India (CJI) is better than the President being required to concur with the opinion of Chief Justice … Read more

DMPQ-. “Even after twenty years of the enactment of the 73rd and the 74th Constitutional Amendments, local self governments are neither local nor self-governing.” Do you agree? What are the key reasons for such a state of affairs? What suggestions would you put forward to improve the situation?

Integrating institutional reforms in local governance with economic reforms was Gandhiji’s far-sighted vision of ‘Poorna Swaraj’. Economic reforms and local government empowerment were the two great initiatives launched in the 1990s. While economic reforms have taken roots and have yielded dividends, local government empowerment, as envisaged, has not taken place. The key reason behind such … Read more

DMPQ-The growth of Indian economy since 1991 reforms can be described as the service sector led economic growth. Analyze its major impacts on the Indian Economy? Do you think that service sector led growth is sustainable in the long run? Give reasons with statistical support?

The period 2000-2010 was a golden period for growth of services in India, one of rapid services-led economic growth in India; the economy grew at an average annual rate of 7.2 per cent, and around 63 per cent of this growth came from growth of services. Such growth leads to a belief that India is … Read more

DMPQ-. The declining growth in agriculture owing to two consecutive drought years indicating a building up rural distress, discuss a roadmap to ensure complete agrarian transformation of sort to ensure sustainable livelihoods for the farmers and food security for the population?

The decline in agriculture growth is attributed to two consecutive drought years; as 60% of Indian agriculture is rain-fed. A target of 4% growth has been envisaged for agriculture and allied sectors for twelfth plan period, however, the growth was (-) 0.2 per cent in 2014-15 & 1.1% in 2015-16. The depressing situation of agriculture … Read more

DMPQ-Examine the growth of temple architecture under the Vijayanagar rule.

The temple building activity further gained momentum during the Vijayanagar rule. The chief characteristics of the Vijayanagara architecture were the construction of tall Raya Gopurams or gateways and the Kalyanamandapam with carved pillars in the temple premises. The sculptures on the pillars were carved with distinctive features. The horse was the most common animal found … Read more

DMPQ-) Estimate the achievements of Krishna Deva Raya.

The greatest of the Vijayanagar rulers, Krishna Deva Raya belonged to the Tuluva dynasty. He possessed great military ability. His imposing personality was accompanied by high intellectual quality. His first task was to check the invading Bahmani forces. The Muslim armies were decisively defeated in the battle of Diwani by Krishna Deva Raya. He invaded … Read more

DMPQ-“The two-nation theory, which we had used in the fight for Pakistan, had created not only bad blood against the Muslims of the minority provinces, but also an ideological wedge between them and the Hindus of India.” Discuss the statement and explain two nation theory importance?

Two Nation Theory’s phenomenon basically sprigged up with the advent of Islam in the Sub-Continent. The sense was very unique about Pakistan’s creation that it was generally based on ideological commitments in the light of Islam. The basic concept behind Two Nation Theory was Muslims and Hindus was two separate nations from every expects, So … Read more

DMPQ- Write short note on Diastrophism.

Diastrophism refers to deformation of the Earth’s crust due to diastrophic movements (deforming movements) such as folding, faulting, warping (bending or twisting of a large area) and fracturing. All processes that move, elevate or build up portions of the earth’s crust come under diastrophism.  They include: orogenic processes involving mountain building through severe folding (crust is severely deformed into folds) and affecting long … Read more

DMPQ- Write down the salient features of Chola architecture.

Chief features of Chola architecture are: (i) Dravidian feature initiated by the Pallavas acquired the classical forms and features under the Cholas such as gopurams, mandapams and  Vimanas. (ii) In the beginning, gopuram features was subdued and vimana features dominated but in the later stages, gopurams overshadowed the Vimanas. (iii) In the beginning, Vimanas were … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the following: a) Financial Act b) Appropriation Act

Appropriation Act:  The Appropriation Bill under the Indian Constitution is related to the Budget making process by the Government. According to Article 114 of the Indian constitution, no money can be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India ( which basically comprises of the major fund of the govt. of India) to meet specified expenditure except under an … Read more

DMPQ- Write down the salient features of Janani Suraksha Yojana.

Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Health Mission (NHM). The Yojana was launched on 12th April 2005. It is being implemented in all states and UTs. It  is a 100 % centrally sponsored scheme and it integrates cash assistance with delivery and post-delivery care. Objectives: It was Launched for reducing maternal and neonatal mortality, to promote institutional … Read more

DMPQ- What do you understand by the term JAM Trinity?

JAM stands for Jan Dhan Yojana, Aadhaar and Mobile number. The government intends to use these three modes of identification to implement one of the biggest reforms in independent India – direct subsidy transfers to the poor. Current subsidy schemes take an indirect route to reach the poor of the country. Examples are the PDS, … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the constitutional amendment procedure in India.

Constitution amendment can be done via article 368 of the constitution which suggest two mays to amend the constitution apart from that there are other ways also through which constitution can be amended i.e. with simple majority.  The procedure is as follows:

DMPQ- Discuss the objective of National career service.

National Career Service is a Five Year Mission Mode Project launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 20th July, 2015. The project is being implemented by the Directorate General of Employment, Ministry of Labour & Employment. National Career Service (NCS) is a one-stop solution that provides a wide array of employment and career related services … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Government debt.

Government liabilities are classified as debt contracted against the Consolidated Fund of India (defined as Public Debt) and liabilities in the Public Account, called Other Liabilities. Public debt is further classified into internal and external debt. Internal debt consists of marketable debt and non-marketable debt. Government dated securities and treasury bills, issued through auctions, together … Read more

DMPQ- What is Disinvestment? Salient features of Disinvestment

Disinvestment, or divestment, refers to the act of a business or government selling or liquidating an asset or subsidiary or the process of dilution of a government’s stake in a PSU (Public Sector Undertaking). The concept of disinvestment follows the dictum: The government has no business to be in business. Thus, the government continues to … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Fold mountains.

Fold mountains are created where two or more of Earth’s tectonic plates are pushed together. At these colliding, compressing boundaries, rocks and debris are warped and folded into rocky outcrops, hills, mountains, and entire mountain ranges. Fold mountains are created through a process called orogeny. An orogenic event takes millions of years to create a fold mountain. Fold mountains are often associated with continental crust. … Read more

DMPQ- During the tenure of Lord Lytton as viceroy, a lot of regressive policies were passed which raised the discontent among Indians. Do you agree with the statement.

Various repressive measures undertaken by the British authority in India led to the growth of suspicion and hatred towards the British. During the time of Lord Lytton, the Viceroy, certain repressive laws like Vernacular Press Act and Arms Act of 1878 were passed to suppress the Indian mass. By the Vernacular Press Act of 1878 … Read more

DMPQ- Agroecology is a boon to small and marginal farmers. Comment

Small farming systems not only have fed much of the world population for centuries and continue to feed people in many parts of the planet, especially in developing countries, but also have the potential to bring solutions to many uncertainties facing humanity in a peak oil era of global climate change and financial crisis. Recent … Read more

DMPQ- Write an essay on the rule of Firuz Shah Tughlaq.

Firuz Shah Tughlaq was the successor of Mohammed Bin Tughlaq. Firuz Shah was a caring ruler unlike Mohammed bin Tughlaq. He made sure that people in his kingdom were happy and heard out their problems patiently. However, he was not militarily strong and could not sustain any sort of external attacks or aggression. Firuz Shah … Read more

JPSC Mains Test Series 2019

Subscribe our Test Series program to get access to 20 Quality mock tests for JPSC Preparation.

Click Here for Mains Test Series and Notes

Click Here for Printed Notes (With COD)

Hope we have satisfied your need for JPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation

Kindly review us to serve even better

Subscribe to JPSC Notes

Never Miss any JPSC important update!

Join 2,272 other subscribers