DMPQ- . “At the end of ancient phase of history Indian philosophy was divided into 6 different branches.” Elucidate.

Samkhya System The Samkhya philosophy holds that reality is constituted of two principles one female and the other male i.e. Prakriti, Purusha respectively. Prakriti and Purusha are completely independent and absolute. According to this system, Purusha is mere consciousness, hence it cannot be modified or changed. Prakriti on the other hand is constituted of three … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the major provisions placed to ensure the independence of CAG (Comptroller and Auditor General) of India.

. The Constitution has made the following provisions to safeguard and ensure the independence of CAG: He is provided with the security of tenure. He can be removed by the president only in accordance with the procedure mentioned in the Constitution. Thus, he does not hold his office till the pleasure of the president, though … Read more

DMPQ- What are the biggest issues India’s port sector’s facing ?

Development of port infrastructure in India is not on par with the other ports across  the world. Trade in India has to face severe challenges due to inefficient port services.  Shipping lines avoid touching ports in India because of the long waiting time. The capacity  of various ports including Mumbai has already been exhausted and … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the unique features of urban infrastructure and architecture during Harappan phase.

By 2600 BCE, small Early Harappan communities had developed into large urban centers. These cities include Harappa, Ganeriwala, and Mohenjo-daro in modern-day Pakistan and Dholavira, Kalibangan, Rakhigarhi, Rupar, and Lothal in modern-day India. In total, more than 1,052 cities and settlements have been found, mainly in the general region of the Indus River and its … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the constitutional provisions associated with special officer for linguistic minorities.

Originally, the Constitution of India did not make any provision with respect to the Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities. Later, the States Reorganisation Commission (1953-55) made a recommendation in this regard. Accordingly, the Seventh Constitutional Amendment Act of 1956 inserted a new Article 350-B in Part XVII of the Constitution 2 . This article contains … Read more

DMPQ- How India’s technological dependence on foreign countries pose a serious challenge for India security.

The phenomenon of technology transfer has existed ever since the beginning of technological progress. Having significantly increased in recent years, it will probably attract the world’s attention for many years to come. Many developing countries now appear to be seeking technological progress through technology transfer to realize development in a much shorter time than that … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the important factors responsible for French revolution.

On the eve of French Revolution, France was under the ancient regime. It was the centre of autocratic rule. The French Bourbon monarchs enjoyed absolution. They declared themselves as the “Representative of God”. The French monarchs engaged themselves in Luxurious and extravagance at the royal court of Versailles. They had unlimited power. By the Letters … Read more

DMPQ- What are the Implications of Rupee Depreciation on the Indian Economy?

India’s imports comprises of essentials such as crude petroleum, machineries and  fertilizers which become expensive raising their prices facilitating ‘import’ of inflation.  India is very susceptible to a stubborn and sticky inflation. It hurts the masses in terms of  across the board higher prices. All imports become expensive including raw materials, goods and machineries which  … Read more

DMPQ- Point out the important differences between Hindustani and Carnatic music.

Carnatic and Hindustani are different in terms of their style, characteristics and the like: Carnatic music belongs to the south Indian states, namely Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala. In fact it is more popular in these regions than in north India, which is predominantly characterized by Hindustani classical. In Hindustani music outside infuelnce such … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the composition and functions of finance commission.

The Finance Commission consists of a chairman and four other members to be appointed by the president. They hold office for such period as specified by the president in his order. They are eligible for reappointment. The Constitution authorises the Parliament to determine the qualifications of members of the commission and the manner in which … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the threats posed by external state actors for India’s internal security.

China China has provided financial support, arms and sanctuaries to Naga, Mizo and Meitei extremist’s right since the British Period. The military encroachments and conflict of 1962, India was defeated and became psychologically weak. Since then, China has been astutely following a policy of strategic containment of India by regional coalitions and arming India’s neighbours … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the major ideas of enlightenment movement in Europe.

Enlightenment was based on rationalism i.e. logical reasoning based on facts. Cosmology, new world view based Newtonian physics and analysis of natural phenomena as system, secularism application of scientific theories to religion and security. Scientific method based on experimentation, observation and hypothesis. Utilitarianism, laws created for the common good and not for special interests, optimism … Read more

DMPQ- Despite the considerable easing of restrictions why is India not a preferred destination for FDI ?

. India has a large pool of English-speaking workforce, cheap labour, natural resources,  a growing economy, second largest market and a government-favouring FDI. Despite the considerable easing of restrictions there are number of factors which are haltering FDI boost: First and the foremost, a foreign investor draws a global comparison before taking a decision on … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note about Amravati school of art.

. The Amravati school of Art evolved during Satavahna period. This school of art developed at Amravati, on the banks of the Krishna River in modern Andhra Pradesh. It is the site for the largest Buddhist stupa of South India. The stupendous stupa could not withstand the ravages of time and its ruins are preserved … Read more

DMPQ- Comment on the various features of administration contained in the 5th schedule of constitution of India.

The scheduled areas are treated differently from the other areas in the country because they are inhabited by ‘aboriginals’ who are socially and economically rather backward, and special efforts need to be made to improve their condition. Therefore, the whole of the normal administrative machinery operating in a state is not extended to the scheduled … Read more

DMPQ- . Why is left wing extremism (Maoism violence) is still persistence even after so many government efforts?

In areas under Maoist domination, the absence of governance becomes a self- fulfilling prophecy since the delivery systems are extinguished through killings and intimidation. The objective of the CPI (Maoist) Party is the armed overthrow of the Indian State. They do not have any belief in parliamentary democracy. Many areas in the fringes of the … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the concept and significance of plate tectonic theory .

The theory of plate tectonics proposes that the earth’s lithosphere is divided into seven major and several minor plates. The movement of the plates results in the building up of stresses within the plates and the continental rocks above, which leads to folding, faulting and volcanic activity. The major plates are surrounded by fold mountains, … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the important government initiatives taken for labor reforms in recent years.

Along with bringing transparency and accountability in enforcement of Labour Laws, the Government has taken various initiatives to realize and establish the dignity of every worker through provision of social security, enhancing the avenues and quality of employment along with industrial development. Recent major reforms are: Introduction of Labour Codes In line with recommendations of … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss India’s major folk dances.

Bihu The Bihu dance is a folk dance from the Indian State of Assam related to the festival of Bihu. This Jogous dance is performed by both young men and women and is characterised by brisk dance steps, and rapid hand movement. Dancers wear traditionally colourful Assamese clothing. Bhangra Bhangra is a folk dance conducted … Read more

DMPQ- 74th Constitutional amendment act is an important milestone in journey of evolution of urban bodies. Elucidate.

. This Act has added a new Part IX-A to the Constitution of India. It is entitled ‘The Municipalities’ and consists of provisions from Articles 243-P to 243-ZG. In addition, the act has also added a new Twelfth Schedule to the Constitution. This schedule contains eighteen functional items of municipalities. It deals with Article 243-W. … Read more

DMPQ- Map out the draught prone areas in India. Also mention the Institutional mechanism for draught management in India.

Droughts and floods are the two accompanying features of Indian climate. According to some estimates, nearly 19 per cent of the total geographical area of the country and 12 percent of its total population suffer due to drought every year. About 30 percent of the country’s total area is identified as drought prone. Extreme Drought … Read more

DMPQ- . What was Euro zone crisis? Point out the structural problems associated with the crisis.

Earlier, European Union represented one economic market as an economic union with free  trade with each other. The Euro zone came into existence with the signing of Maastricht  treaty signed during 1992, of a monetary union, one central bank and single currency,  replacing country specific currencies in the European Union. As a result, the Euro … Read more

DMPQ- Comment on the important recommendations of Balwant Rai Mehta committee for Panchayati Raj system.

In January 1957, the Government of India appointed a committee to examine the working of the Community Development Programme (1952) and the National Extension Service (1953) and to suggest measures for their better working. The chairman of this committee was Balwant Rai G Mehta. The committee submitted its report in November 1957 and recommended the … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the pre-disaster preventive measures and post-disaster preventive measures in case of Earthquake.

Pre-disaster preventive measures Re-framing buildings’ codes, guidelines, manuals and byelaws and their strict implementation .Tougher legislation for highly seismic areas. Incorporating earthquake resistant features in all buildings in high-risk areas. Making all public utilities like water supply systems, communication networks, electricity lines, earthquake-proof. Creating alternative arrangements to reduce damages to infrastructure facilities. Constructing earthquake-resistant community … Read more

Agriculture Booster- Re-imaging agriculture through the lens of food processing industry

Re-imaging agriculture through the lens of food processing industry The COVID-19 pandemic has accentuated the criticality of food security and food surplus management in the current policy space. To this end, policy steps in the agriculture sector in recent years have shifted their orientation from sustenance to marketing. However, the sector is still exposed to … Read more

DMPQ- . What is external commercial borrowing (ECB) ? Point out the importance of ECB for India’s external investment.

An external commercial borrowing (ECB) is an instrument used in India to facilitate Indian companies to raise money outside the country in foreign currency. The government of India permits Indian corporates to raise money via ECB for expansion of existing capacity as well as for fresh investments. Other such external sources of finance/capital include FCCBs … Read more

DMPQ- Give a brief description about Sangam literature.

Sangama literature was produced in the early four centuries of the Christian era, although it was finally compiled by 600 AD. Poets who in these assemblies were patronised by kings and chieftains produced the Sangama literature over a period of three to four centuries. Poets, bards and writers, authors came from various parts of South … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the important provisions of article 371 of constitution for Maharashtra and Gujrat.

Articles 371 to 371-J in Part XXI of the constitution contain special provisions for eleven states  viz., Maharashtra, Gujarat, Nagaland, Assam, Manipur, Andhra Pradesh, Sikkim, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Goa and Karnataka. The intention behind them is to meet the aspirations of the people of backward regions of the states or to protect the cultural and … Read more

Agriculture Booster- Central coordinating system vital to handle paddy stubble

Central coordinating system vital to handle paddy stubble: Study   Main Issue India needs a central coordinating mechanism for paddy stubble management and crop diversification with adequate resources, clear assignment of responsibilities between national and sub-national agencies to counter the ill-effects of crop stubble burning during Covid-19 pandemic. This has been recommended by a study conducted by … Read more

DMPQ- Analyze the guidelines issued by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) for implementation of Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017.

According to Ramsar Convention, wetland is defined as, “areas of marsh, fen, peat land or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed 6 metres”. Key Features of the … Read more

DMPQ- “In recent years Government of India has taken several measures to improve the ease of doing business in India.” Elucidate.

The government of India has taken a series of following measures to improve ‘Ease of  Doing Business’ in the country. Existing rules have been simplified and information tech­ nology is introduced to make governance more efficient and effective: The process of applying for Industrial License (IL) and Industrial Entrepreneur Memorandum (IEM) has been made online … Read more

Agriculture Booster- Agriculture Economy : New investment needs incentives, not only ease of doing business

Agriculture Economy : New investment needs incentives, not only ease of doing business     The Union Acts on agricultural markets (a state domain until now) are aimed to create one nation-one market and provide choice to farmers for selling their produce for better price besides attracting private investment in the agricultural markets.   The … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the constitutional provisions placed to ensure the independence of High courts in India.

The independence of a high court is very essential for the effective discharge of the duties assigned to it. It should be free from the encroachments, pressures and interferences of the executive (council of ministers) and the legislature. It should be allowed to do justice without fear or favour. The Constitution has made the following … Read more

DMPQ- Why did congress start individual satyagrah ? Throw light on the important characteristics of individual satyagrah.

The government had taken the adamant position that no constitutional advance could be made till the Congress came to an agreement with the Muslim leaders. It issued ordinance after ordinance taking away the freedom of speech and that of the press and the right to organise associations. Towards the end of 1940, the Congress once … Read more

DMPQ- Throw a light on the mission pillars of Namami Gange mission. Also suggest some vital measures to make Ganga a clean river.

. It is an Integrated Conservation Mission for river Ganga, approved as ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in 2014 with budget outlay of Rs.20,000 Crore.   Main pillars of the mission River front development o Conservation of Aquatic life and biodiversity Improvement of coverage of sewerage infrastructure in habitations on banks of Ganga. River … Read more

Polity Booster- Linkages of organized crime with terrorism

Linkages of organized crime with terrorism As organized crime and terrorist groups have globalized and diversified their operations in the past decade, they have based their activities in countries offering conditions most favorable to survival and expansion. Mobility, an important new characteristic of most such groups, has given groups a wider selection of operational bases … Read more

DMPQ- Briefly explain the process of weathering.

. Weathering processes are responsible for breaking down the rocks into smaller fragments and preparing the way for formation of not only regolith and soils, but also erosion and mass movements. Biomes and biodiversity is basically a result of forests (vegetation) and forests depend upon the depth of weathering mantles. Erosion cannot be significant if … Read more

DMPQ- categorize the different parliamentary privilages placed in constitution.

. Parliamentary privileges can be classified into two broad categories: Those that are enjoyed by each House of Parliament collectively, and Those that are enjoyed by the members individually. Collective Privileges The privileges belonging to each House of Parliament collectively are: In has the right to publish its reports, debates and proceedings and also the … Read more

Polity Booster- State and non-State actors in creating challenges to internal security

State and non-State actors in creating challenges to internal security India was partitioned in the backdrop of large-scale communal riots, but the partition of the country on religious lines, without taking into consideration its multiple identities, instead of bringing the communal tensions down, in fact, worsened the situation. The two-nation theory created Pakistan, and it … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the Congress resolutions of Karachi session 1931.

.  In March 1931, a special session of the Congress was held at Karachi to endorse the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. Six days before the session (which was held on March 29) Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were executed. Throughout Gandhi’s route to Karachi, he was greeted with black flag demonstrations by the Punjab Naujawan Bharat Sabha, … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the status of Block Chain Technology in India.

. A Blockchain is a digital, immutable, distributed ledger that chronologically records transactions in near real time. The prerequisite for each subsequent transaction to be added to the ledger is the respective consensus of the network participants (called nodes), thereby creating a continuous mechanism of control regarding manipulation, errors, and data quality.”  Simply put, Blockchain … Read more


WOMEN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) was launched by the Prime Minister on 22nd January, 2015 at Panipat, Haryana. BBBP addresses the declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and related issues of women empowerment over a life-cycle continuum. It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child … Read more

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