DMPQ- What is GPS (Global positioning system)? How is India’s IRNSS ( Indian regional navigational satellite system is different from GPS?

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based navigation system made up of at least 24 satellites. GPS works in any weather conditions, anywhere in the world, 24 hours a day, with no subscription fees or setup charges. The U.S. Department of Defense (USDOD) originally put the satellites into orbit for military use, but they … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the changes brought by new space com policy 2020 .

The objective of the policy is, to quote, “at meeting the growing demands on satellite communication requirements, promotion of space based communication activities by industry, advancements in the relevant indigenous technologies for self-sustenance and protection of space assets needed for the country”. The norms classify upstream SATCOM activities viz., launch and operation of Satellite communication … Read more

DMPQ- Give the brief description of India’s INSAT (Indian national satellite system) Program.

Insat (Indian National Satellite System) was a multipurpose satellite system for telecommunications, broadcasting, meteorology and search and rescue services. Commissioned in 1983, Insat was the largest domestic communication system in the Asia-Pacific Region, and was a joint venture of the Indian Department of Space (DOS), Department of Telecommunications, India Meteorological Department, All India Radio and … Read more

DMPQ- “India’s remote sensing satellite system has important role in it’s development.” Elucidate.

IRS-1A, the first of the series of indigenous state-of-art operating remote sensing satellites, was successfully launched into a polar sun-synchronous orbit on March 17, 1988 from the Soviet Cosmodrome at Baikonur. The successful launch of IRS-1A was one of the proudest moments for the entire country, which depicted the maturity of satellite to address the … Read more

DMPQ- What is Reusable launch vehicle ? Trace the development of India’s reusable launch technology .

The cost of access to space is the major deterrent in space exploration and space utilization. A reusable launch vehicle is the unanimous solution to achieve low cost, reliable and on-demand space access. Reusable Launch Vehicle-Technology Demonstration Program or RLV-TD is a series of technology demonstration missions that have been considered as a first step … Read more

DMPQ- What is GSLV-5 rocket ? point out it’s significance for India’s Space missions.

GSLV-D5 is the eighth flight of India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). It is also the fourth developmental flight of GSLV. GSLV-D5 vehicle is configured with its first and second stages similar to the ones flown during earlier GSLV missions. The third stage is the Indigenous Cryogenic Stage. The metallic payload fairing with a diameter … Read more

DMPQ- Give a brief description of Chandrayan-2 mission. Mention why it did not complete it’s goal.

Chandrayaan-2 mission was a highly complex mission, which represents a significant technological leap compared to the previous missions of ISRO. It comprised an Orbiter, Lander and Rover to explore the unexplored South Pole of the Moon. The mission was designed to expand the lunar scientific knowledge through detailed study of topography, seismography, mineral identification and … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the major cyber security challenges of India.

With varying income groups in India, not everyone can afford expensive phones. In the US, Apple has over 44% market share. However, in India the iPhones with their higher security norms are used by less than 1% of mobile users. The widening gap between the security offered by the high-end iPhone and lower cost mobiles … Read more

DMPQ- How India’s technological dependence on foreign countries pose a serious challenge for India security.

The phenomenon of technology transfer has existed ever since the beginning of technological progress. Having significantly increased in recent years, it will probably attract the world’s attention for many years to come. Many developing countries now appear to be seeking technological progress through technology transfer to realize development in a much shorter time than that … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the status of Block Chain Technology in India.

. A Blockchain is a digital, immutable, distributed ledger that chronologically records transactions in near real time. The prerequisite for each subsequent transaction to be added to the ledger is the respective consensus of the network participants (called nodes), thereby creating a continuous mechanism of control regarding manipulation, errors, and data quality.”  Simply put, Blockchain … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the importance of NATGRID and the areas where it needs improvements.

. NATGRID plays following important roles in India’s security: National Intelligence Grid or NATGRID is an intelligence grid connecting the databases of 21 core security agencies to collect comprehensive patterns of intelligence. These databases include railway and air travel, income tax, bank account details, credit card transactions, etc. Despite prone to such terror attacks, we … Read more

DMPQ- Describe India’s institutional framework for cybersecurity.

National Cybersecurity Coordination Centre (NCCC) It is India’s cyberspace intelligence agency which will conduct security and electronic surveillance. It aims to screen communications metadata and work in close coordination with various law-enforcement agencies for intelligence gathering. The body, functioning under the IT ministry, would strengthen the country’s cybersecurity posture. Some have expressed concern that the … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the major challenges in securing communication networks.

The process of protecting communication networks has many challenges; some of them are discussed below: External sourcing of equipment and technology Much of the software and hardware that makes up communication system are imported from other countries (Chinese devices account for more than 60% of total telecom equipment imports). These devices may contain back-window for … Read more

DMPQ- What is Energy monitor technology?

Home energy monitor is a small hand-held or table-top device with a screen that shows you how much electricity you’re using in your home – some models also allow you to receive the information on your mobile phone, tablet or laptop. Your energy monitor should show you how much energy you’re using, how much it … Read more

DMPQ- NAG Missile

ATGM NAG has been developed by DRDO to engage highly fortified enemy tanks in day and night conditions. The missile has “Fire & Forget” “Top Attack” capabilities with passive homing guidance to defeat all MBTs equipped with composite and reactive armour. The NAG missile carrier NAMICA is a BMP II based system with amphibious capability. … Read more

DMPQ- Mission shakti

On March 27, DRDO conducted Mission Shakti, an anti-satellite missile test, from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island launch complex. One of India’s existing satellites operating in lower orbit used in the mission. The test was successful on all parameters. India has made it clear that its space capabilities aren’t directed against anyone and the government … Read more

DMPQ-What do you understand by the term Gravitational Lensing?

Gravitational Lensing is a natural phenomenon that magnifies light around galaxies.  The phenomenon occurs when a huge amount of matter, such as a massive galaxy or cluster of galaxies, creates a gravitational field that distorts and magnifies the light from objects behind it, but in the same line of sight. This makes dim, faraway objects … Read more

DMPQ- What are the different Steps of photosynthesis?

Steps of photosynthesis ? Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the plant leaf through stomata, i.e., minute epidermal pores in the leaves and stem of plants which facilitate the transfer of various gases and water vapor. ? Water enters the leaves, primarily through the roots. These roots are especially designed to draw the ground water … Read more

DMPQ- Vaishvik Bhartiya Vaigyanik (VAIBHAV) Summit

The VAIBHAV Summit is a global virtual summit of overseas and resident Indian Researchers and Academicians The aim of the summit is to bring Indian origin luminaries in academic institutes and R&D organizations across the world and resident counterparts on a single platform to debate upon collaboration mechanisms to strengthen academic and S&T base in … Read more

DMPQ- RAISE 2020- ‘Responsible AI for Social Empowerment 2020,’

The Government of India is organizing the Global Virtual Summit on Artificial Intelligence (AI), RAISE 2020- ‘Responsible AI for Social Empowerment 2020,’ Artificial Intelligence is considered to be the next giant technological leap similar to electricity and the internet. With AI possessing the power to radically transform the economic and social fabric of the world … Read more

DMPQ- List out the common Properties of paints.

Properties of paints ? Exterior paint is exposed to all types of varying weather conditions. Exterior paint is therefore required to provide protection against UV radiation of the sun as well as fungal growth. ? It’s made to combat mildew as well as fading. In addition, they have to be fade resistant as they face … Read more

DMPQ- What are the components of Components of Remote Sensing System?

Although, the remote sensing includes a wide array of technologies and types, but they all are based on certain common concepts with the same basic components. The basic components of remote sensing system are given below: • Target • Energy source • Transmission path, and • Sensor. The target is the object or material being … Read more

DMPQ- What are the General principles of food safety? How can India ensure food safety for it growing population?

1. Endeavour to achieve an appropriate level of protection of human life and health and the protection of consumer’s interests, including fair practices in all kinds of food trade with reference to food safety standards and practices; 2. Carry out risk management which shall include taking into account the results of risk assessment and other … Read more

DMPQ- Successfull flight tests of Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle was the need of the hour for India. Justify.

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully demonstrated the hypersonic air-breathing scramjet technology with the flight test of Hypersonic Technology Demonstration Vehicle (HSTDV) at 1103 hours from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Launch Complex at Wheeler Island, off the coast of Odisha. With this successful demonstration, many critical technologies such as aerodynamic configuration for hypersonic … Read more

DMPQ- Differentiate between Symbiotic and paracitic nutrition

parasitic nutrition In this type of nutrition, the organisms (called parasites) depend on the body of other living organisms (called their host) for getting their food. Many viruses, bacteria, fungi and animals have this mode of nutrition. The organisms which depend on other living organisms (host) for food are called as parasites. Parasites of two … Read more

DMPQ- Explain Reflex action with examples.

Reflex action is an immediate involuntary response to a stimulus. In an involuntary response, a sensory impulse on reaching central nervous system is itself returned to a specific effector as a motor impulse without neuronal analysis and integration. Reflex responses occur below the level of consciousness. Reflex actions are sudden and autonomic. For instance, if … Read more

DMPQ- Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Priyojana (PMBJP)

Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Priyojana (PMBJP) objective is to make quality medicines available at affordable prices for all, particularly the poor and disadvantaged, through exclusive outlets “Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras”, so as to reduce out of pocket expenses in healthcare. In addition to medicines and surgical items supplied by BPPI, Jan Aushadhi stores also … Read more

DMPQ- List out the main Application of radioactivity.

Application of radioactivity: • Health: 1. Found extensive use in diagnosis and therapy eg. Phosphorous-32 is used to identify the cancerous cell. As cancer cell absorb more phosphorous, Iodine 131 is employ to determine cardiac output, plasma volume and fat metabolism and particularly to measure the activity of thyroid gland. 2. To treat cancer cells: … Read more

DMPQ- Indiscriminate use of Pesticides has caused a lot term effect on Human Health. What are the Alternatives to pesticides ?

? Alternatives to pesticides are available and include methods of cultivation, use of biological pest controls (such as pheromones and microbial pesticides), genetic engineering and methods of interfering with insect breeding. ? Application of composted yard waste has also been used as a way of controlling pests. These methods are becoming increasingly popular and are … Read more

DMPQ- How can the events such as Smart India Hackathon 2020 help in developing the entrepreneurship in India?

Students are working on several solutions to the challenges being faced by the country. Along with providing solutions to the problems, it also strengthens India’s aspirations regarding Data, Digitization and Hi-tech Future. Acknowledging that in the fast paced 21st century, India needs to swiftly change itself to continue playing an effective role Such events will … Read more

DMPQ- Differentiate between Radio and Microwave transmission.

Radio Transmission Its frequency is between 10 kHz to 1GHz. It is simple to install and has high attenuation. These waves are used for multicast communications. Types of Propogation Radio Transmission utilizes different types of propogation : Troposphere : The lowest portion of earth’s atmosphere extending outward approximately 30 miles from the earth’s surface. Clouds, … Read more

DMPQ- What are the different Types of Artificial Intelligence?

Type 1: Reactive Machines. An example is Deep Blue, an IBM chess program that can identify pieces on the chess board and can make predictions accordingly. But the major fault with this is that it has no memory and cannot use past experiences to inform future ones. It also analyzes possible moves of its own … Read more

DMPQ- Tribal Health & Nutrition Portal – ‘Swasthya’

e-portal on tribal health and nutrition named ‘Swasthya’, a first of its kind e-portal, providing all health and nutrition related information of the tribal population of India in a single platform. Swasthya will also curate innovative practices, research briefs, case studies, and best practices collected from different parts of India to facilitate the exchange of … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the Amplitude and Wavelength of sound wave.

Amplitude Amplitude, the maximum displacement or distance moved by a point on a vibrating body or wave measured from its equilibrium position. It is equal to one-half the length of the vibration path. The amplitude of a pendulum is thus one-half the distance that the bob traverses in moving from one side to the other. … Read more

DMPQ-What do you understand by the term data sovereignty.

Data sovereignty is the concept that information which has been converted and stored in binary digital form is subject to the laws of the country in which it is located. The concept of data sovereignty is closely linked with data security, cloud computing and technological sovereignty.  Many countries have passed cyber laws to prevent the … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the status of Pharmaceutical sector in India.

India is a prominent and rapidly growing presence in global pharmaceuticals. It is the largest provider of generic medicines globally, occupying a 20% share in global supply by volume, and also supplies 62% of global demand for vaccines. India ranks 3rd worldwide for production by volume and 10th by value. India is the source of … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the effect of COVID-19 on Hospitality Industry.

The hospitality industry is a broad category of fields within the service industry that includes lodging, food and drink service, event planning, theme parks, and transportation. It includes hotels, restaurants and bars. CoVID affect: Loss of business and loss of revenue due to Lock down and ban on travelling. Piling up of debt on the … Read more

DMPQ- Convalescent plasma therapy

Convalescent plasma (kon-vuh-LES-unt PLAZ-muh) therapy is an experimental treatment that some doctors are using for people with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). No drug has been proved to be safe and effective for treating COVID-19. People who’ve recovered from COVID-19 have antibodies — proteins the body uses to fight off infections — to the disease in … Read more

DMPQ- RT PCR method

Real time RT-PCR (reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction) is now one of the most accurate laboratory methods for detecting, tracking, and studying the coronavirus. RT-PCR is a nuclear-derived method for detecting the presence of specific genetic material from any pathogen, including a virus. In order for a virus like the coronavirus to be detected early in … Read more

DMPQ-Government has announced a new organisation IN-SPACe, a part of reforms. Discuss the impact of establishment of such organisation.

The new Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe), which is expected to be functional within six months, will assess the needs and demands of private players, including educational and research institutions, and, explore ways to accommodate these requirements in consultation with ISRO. Existing ISRO infrastructure, both ground- and space-based, scientific and technical resources, … Read more

DMPQ-Maha Navy Connect 2020.

An expedition, to promote the maritime heritage of India and spread awareness about Coastal Security amongst the coastal communities in Maharashtra, was launched by the Indian Navy on 05 January 2020 from the Naval Dockyard, Mumbai. The expedition extends from Arnala fort, Northernmost fort of Maharashtra to Sindhudurg fort, the southernmost fort of Maharashtra, covering … Read more

DMPQ-Light Combat Aircraft.

India’s Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) together with its variants, is the smallest and lightest Multi-Role Supersonic Fighter Aircraft of its class. This single engine, Compound-Delta-Wing, Tailless Aircraft is designed and developed by ADA with HAL as the principal partner along with DRDO, CSIR, BEL, DGAQA, IAF & IN to meet diverse needs of the Indian … Read more


VAJRA Faculty Scheme has been conceptualized to bring an international dimension to the R&D ecosystem of India by leveraging overseas scientists’ expertise to the Indian research framework.   The Objectives of the Scheme are: To tap the expertise of International Faculty / scientists/technologists including Non-resident Indians (NRI) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) / Overseas … Read more

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