DMPQ- “There are many provisions which limit the reach and aceess of Fundamental rights.” Elucidate.

The Fundamental Rights enshrined in Part III of the Constitution have met with a wide and varied criticism. The arguments of the critics are: Excessive Limitations They are subjected to innumerable exceptions, restrictions, qualifications and explanations. Hence, the critics remarked that the Constitution grants Fundamental Rights with one hand and takes them away with the … Read more

DMPQ- . Government has started defence reforms based on Shekatkar Committee recommendations to enhance combat capability of the armed forces. Discuss.

The defence ministry is in the process of implementing a slew of reforms suggested by the committee, headed by Lt Gen. D.B. Shekatkar (retd), which studied how to make the armed forces much leaner, cohesive and modern. Initially, the ministry had considered the report and sent 99 recommendations to the armed forces for making an … Read more

DMPQ- Why was there a period of détente during the1970s and 1980s,and in what ways did detente manifest itself?

Between the late 1960s and the late 1970s, there was a thawing of the ongoing Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. This détente took several forms, including increased discussion on arms control. Although the decade began with vast improvements in bilateral relations, by the end of the decade events had brought … Read more

DMPQ- Point out the significance of ‘Maritime Agenda 2010-2020’ for the development of India’s Port sector.

India’s fact sheet of ports consists of twelve major ports (two additionally approved—  one in West Bengal and the second at Andhra Pradesh) and two hundred odd minor ports  accounting for 95 per cent of cargo movement by volume and 70 per cent by value. The  present port capacity is around 1000 million tonnes (MT). … Read more

16.12.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND CLIMATE of Jharkhand   There are three well-defined seasons in Jharkhand. The cold-weather season, from November to February, is the most pleasant part of the year. High temperatures in Ranchi in December usually rise from about 50 °F (10 °C) into the low 70s F (low 20s C) daily. The hot-weather season lasts from … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the position of Right to property since independence.

Originally, the right to property was one of the seven fundamental rights under Part III of the Constitution. It was dealt by Article 19(1)(f) and Article 31. Article 19(1)(f) guaranteed to every citizen the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property. Article 31, on the other hand, guaranteed to every person, whether citizen or … Read more

DMPQ- What is QUAD ? What are the implications of including Australia in MALABAR 2020 under QUAD ?

Quad is an informal strategic forum among the like-minded democracies across the Indian and the Pacific Ocean aimed to ensure and support a “free, open and prosperous” Indo-Pacific region. It comprises of the USA, India, Japan and Australia. Dubbed the Asian NATO, the Quad has a rocky past and has only recently developed a greater … Read more

DMPQ- Explain why the Cold War came to an end, and show how this affected international relations.

End of cold war When Mikhail Gorbachev assumed the reins of power in the Soviet Union in 1985, no one predicted the revolution he would bring. A dedicated reformer, Gorbachev introduced the policies of glasnost and perestroika to the USSR. Gorbachev hoped these changes would be enough to spark the sluggish Soviet economy. Freedom, however, … Read more

DMPQ- What is RCEP ? Analyze the economic implications for India of opting out of Agreement.

. Fifteen countries have formed the world's largest trading bloc, covering nearly a third of the global economy. The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is made up of 10 Southeast Asian countries, as well as South Korea, China, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. The pact is seen as an extension of China's influence in the … Read more

DMPQ- What caused the civil war in South Vietnam and why did the USA become involved?

Following its 1945 defeat in World War II, Japan withdrew its forces from Vietnam, leaving the French-educated Emperor Bao Dai in control. Seeing an opportunity to seize control, Ho’s Viet Minh forces immediately rose up, taking over the northern city of Hanoi and declaring a Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) with Ho as president.  Seeking … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the major steps taken by central government to boost the Urban infrastructure.

Smart cities Cities accommodate nearly 31% of India’s current population and contribute 63% of GDP (Census 2011). Urban areas are expected to house 40% of India’s population and contribute 75% of India’s GDP by 2030. This requires comprehensive development of physical, institutional, social and economic infrastructure. All are important in improving the quality of life … Read more

DMPQ- Explain how Article 32 is the soul of constitution of India.

A mere declaration of fundamental rights in the Constitution is meaningless, useless and worthless without providing an effective machinery for their enforcement, if and when they are violated. Hence, Article 32 confers the right to remedies for the enforcement of the fundamental rights of an aggrieved citizen. In other words, the right to get the … Read more

DMPQ- What are the causes of pro democracy protests in Thailand? Also analyze the way forward for democracy in the country.

Thousands of young people in Thailand are defying the authorities by gathering in the streets and calling for change in some of the biggest pro-democracy protests the country has seen in years. An emergency decree banning such rallies was issued by the government in an attempt to clamp down on the largely peaceful demonstrations that … Read more

DMPQ- How important was the Marshall Plan in bringing about the recovery of Western Europe between 1947 and 1951?

Between 1948 and 1951, the United States undertook what many consider to be one of its more successful foreign policy initiatives and most effective foreign aid programs. The Marshall Plan (the Plan) and the European Recovery Program (ERP) that it generated involved an ambitious effort to stimulate economic growth in a despondent and nearly bankrupt … Read more

DMPQ- What are the important aspects of national manufacturing policy 2011?

The Policy is based on a principle of industrial growth in partnership with the States.  Central Government will create the enabling policy framework, provide incentives for  infrastructure development on a PPP basis through appropriate financing instruments,  while State Governments will identify the suitable land and be equity holders in the  National Investment and Manufacturing Zones … Read more

DMPQ- Analyze the significance of recent Israel-Arab peace deal to bring the peace in middle east region. Also mention it’s importance for India’s interests.

Within the span of only a month, the United States has brokered peace between Israel and two Arab countries—first the United Arab Emirates, then Bahrain. Both deals are revolutionary in scop. By normalizing ties and focusing on business, trade, and travel, these “warm peace” agreements go beyond the often tenuous “cold peace” that Egypt and … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the approach of disinvestment and privatization in 1991 economic policy.

Both disinvestment as well as privatization is the reverse of investment. For setting up  public sector, the government had to invest by subscribing in shares of the new public  sector from budgetary resources. Thus, disinvestment and privatization both imply ‘selling  of shares of public sector by the government’. We all know that shares are traded … Read more

DMPQ- Point out the significance of Indo-US 2+2 dialogue in 2020 in advancing the shared vision for Indo-pacific region.

India’s Minister of Defence Rajnath Singh and Minister of External Affairs Dr. S. Jaishankar welcomed U.S. Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo and Secretary of Defense Dr. Mark T. Esper to New Delhi for the third annual India-U.S. 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue. The Ministers reiterated their commitment to maintaining a free, open, inclusive, peaceful, and prosperous … Read more

DMPQ- Explain why relations between the European states were so full of tensions in the early years of the twentieth century.

The dawn of the 20th century was thus a time of anxiety for the British Empire. Challenged for the first time by the commercial, naval, and colonial might of many other industrializing nations, the British reconsidered the wisdom of splendid isolation. To be sure, in the Fashoda Incident of 1898 Britain succeeded in forcing France … Read more

DMPQ- “In an effort to bolster food processing sector government has announced many many initiatives in recent years.” Explain.

. Various  incentives are provided by the Government of India for promoting investment in the Food Processing sector. Some of the key incentives are outlined below: Establishment of a sustained and lasting linkage between the farmers and the processors based on mutual trust, understanding and benefits by utilizing the existing  infrastructure of cooperative, village panchayats … Read more

DMPQ- How Ladakh conflict has completely derailed India-China diplomatic relations?Also suggest a way forward for these two diplomatic partners.

For more than 100 days, tensions have been high between India and China along their disputed Himalayan border. This tension has been most acute in eastern Ladakh, where, in mid-June, 20 Indian soldiers and an unspecified number of Chinese soldiers were killed in the Galwan Valley, the first fatalities along the de facto Line of … Read more

DMPQ- What is rainbow revolution ? Point out it’s importance for India’s Agriculture.

The earlier Green Revolution was centred on wheat and now what is required is a  comprehensive revolution, which covers the entire agriculture sector known as Rainbow  Revolution and it essentially means the following: Agricultural activities to change from subsistence and livelihood activities to as a commercial venture with focus on productivity and profitability. Crop diversification, … Read more

DMPQ- Explain why India’s constitution is lengthiest constitution in the world?

Constitutions are classified into written, like the American Constitution, or unwritten, like the British Constitution. The Constitution of India is the lengthiest of all the written constitutions of the world. It is a very comprehensive, elaborate and detailed document. Originally (1949), the Constitution contained a Preamble, 395 Articles (divided into 22 Parts) and 8 Schedules. … Read more

DMPQ- Describe the historical background of Azerbaijan-Armenia conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh region.

The Caucasus is a strategically important mountainous region in south-east Europe. For centuries, different powers in the region – both Christian and Muslim – have vied for control there. Modern-day Armenia and Azerbaijan became part of the Soviet Union when it formed in the 1920s. Nagorno-Karabakh was an ethnic-majority Armenian region, but the Soviets gave … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the recent India-Nepal border dispute.

On May 8, India’s defence minister virtually inaugurated a new 80 km-long road in the Himalayas, connecting to the border with China, at the Lipulekh pass. The Nepali government protested immediately, contending that the road crosses territory that it claims and accusing India of changing the status quo without diplomatic consultations. Lipulekh and Kalapani are … Read more

DMPQ- . “Nehru rejected the capitalist developmental and civilizational perspective and, instead, worked for fundamental transformation of Indian society in a socialist direction.” Elaborate the statement.

For Nehru socialism meant greater equality of opportunity, social justice, more equitable distribution of higher incomes generated through the application of modern science and technology to the processes of production, the ending of the acute social and economic disparities generated by feudalism and capitalism, and the application of the scientific approach to the problems of … Read more

DMPQ- What is the purpose of Buffer stock? How does FCI (Food corporation of India) manages it ?

India  is  one  among the  few  countries in the world having government held stocks of  grains, for the following reasons: Buffer for meeting natural calamities Price stabilization in case   of   crop failures; Providing food grains under   public   distribution system. The government has buffer stock norms for different months in a year. At present, the  maximum … Read more

DMPQ- Critically evaluate the ‘Freedom to offend’ issue in light of recent terrorist attack in France.

The case of Charlie Hebdo Outright violence broke out in early 2015 when the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo published a series of cartoons depicting Prophet Mohammad in improper ways, considered blasphemous in Islam. Two brothers of Algerian descent broke into the premises of the newspaper and murdered 11 people in cold blood including the chief … Read more

DMPQ- What is the concept of Universal basic income ? Critically evaluate it’s viability for India.

Universal Basic Income is a radical and compelling paradigm shift in thinking about  both social justice and a productive economy. A universal basic income is, like many  rights, unconditional and universal: it requires that every person should have a right  to a basic income to cover their needs, just by virtue of being citizens. The … Read more

DMPQ- “Government of India act of 1856 brought the significant changes in British India’s constitutional set up.” Elucidate.

. This significant Act was enacted in the wake of the Revolt of 1857—also known as the First War of Independence or the ‘sepoy mutiny’. The act known as the Act for the Good Government of India, abolished the East India Company, and transferred the powers of government, territories and revenues to the British Crown. … Read more

DMPQ- Evaluate the effect of new government in USA on Indo-US diplomatic relations.

Since his re-election in 2019, Prime minister Modi has pushed through a series of policies seen by many in the country as unduly targeting India’s Muslim minority, including the revocation of Muslim-majority Kashmir’s semi-autonomous status and a new citizenship act that makes it easier for adherents of most large faiths practiced in South Asia, except … Read more

14.10.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Hemant hints at implementing farm bills in state   Chief minister Hemant Soren  termed the farm bills passed by Parliament as potentially disastrous for the state’s farmers but hinted his government will implement the laws as they are the laws of the land.   Earlier, Soren had criticized the Centre for bringing in the National Education Policy, e-auction of … Read more

DMPQ- “Economic backwardness of India was one of the major features on the eve of Independence.” Elaborate.

Colonialism became a fetter on India’s agricultural and industrial development. Agriculture stagnated in most parts of the country and even deteriorated over the years, resulting in extremely low yields per acre, and sometimes even reaching zero. There was a decline in per capita agricultural production which fell by 14 per cent between 1901 and 1941. … Read more

DMPQ- . What is the concept of JAM ? Point out it’s significance in the modernization of Indian economy.

Large-scale, technology-enabled, real-time Direct Benefit Transfers can improve the  economic lives of India’s poor, and the JAM Trinity (Jan Dhan, Aadhaar, Mobile) can  help the government implement them. Over the past year, JAM has deepened its coverage  at an astonishing rate creating around 4 million accounts per week and several mobile  money operators were licensed. … Read more

15.12.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Jharkhand Government Has Banned Consumption Of Any Form Of Tobacco Products   According to a recent order, the government of Jharkhand prohibits all state government employees from consuming any form of tobacco products. The state government has forced all state government employees to submit an affidavit stating that they will quit smoking. Tobacco products … Read more

13-14.12.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND PLANT AND ANIMAL LIFE of Jharkhand   More than one-fourth of Jharkhand’s land area is forested. Most forests occur on the Chota Nagpur plateau; those on the plain largely have been cleared to allow cultivation of the land. The natural vegetation is deciduous forest; Chota Nagpur is rich in sal (Shorea robusta), a valuable … Read more

12.12.20 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND State govt’s unique kitchen gardening scheme picks up pace The Jharkhand government’s unique kitchen gardening scheme titled, Didi Badi Yojana, which aims at ensuring food security, tackling malnutrition and providing a source of livelihood to the rural households is gaining momentum across the state. The scheme was rolled out under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee … Read more

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