New job scheme for urban poor
Chief minister Hemant Soren launched an employment scheme to provide jobs to unskilled labourers who are struggling to make ends meet amid the pandemic in urban areas. The Mukhya Mantri Shramik (Shahri Rozgar Manjuri For Kamgar) Yojana has been propounded on the lines of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS).
Jharkhand has become the second state in the country after Kerala to launch an employment scheme for the urban poor. In June, the southern state had launched a similar scheme — Ayyankali Urban Employment Guarantee Scheme.
As per the state government records, around 31% of those living in the urban areas fall below the poverty line and our target is to cover these families under the scheme.
Pakistan re-elected to UN Human Rights Council
Pakistan has been re-elected to the UNHRC despite opposition from activist groups over its terrible human rights records. The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations body whose aim is to promote and protect human rights all over the world.
Pakistan is serving on the UNHRC since January 1, 2018. With this re-election, Pakistan will continue as a member for another three-year term commencing on January 1, 2021.
This is the 5th time that Pakistan has been elected to the UNHRC
Pakistan is firmly committed to promoting and safeguarding human rights and fundamental freedoms for all and also effective in sustaining it.
Russia and Cuba, running unopposed, also won the seats.
FATFs Asia Pacific Group marks Pakistan on Enhanced Follow-up List
The Asia-pacific group of FATF submitted the report called “Follow up report on the mutual evaluation of Pakistan”.
The report states that the progress of Pakistan to combat the Financing of terror system and anti-money laundering made by the FATF has remained the same in 2020 as compared to that of 2019.
Enhanced follow up status means the country needs to provide reports on monthly basis compliance to the Financial Action Task Force.
Mutual Evaluation Report (MER) report also showed the gaps in the process of developing and identifying vulnerabilities, threats and risks.
After the publication of a National Risk Assessment (NRA) 2017, on Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing by Pakistan, The MER report came.
Intellectual Property India annual report released by Government of India
Government of India (GoI) released Intellectual Property India annual report. Intellectual Property India annual report released by GoI focuses on the patent for the inventions that are invented in India.
With the report released, the rankings for the year 2018 – 19 was also finalized by Office of Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks, Government of India.
By the report released, it is known that 27 Indian Institute of Technology (IIT’s) have filed 557 patents totally.
At 66%, Andhra’s literacy rate worst, Delhi’s 2nd best at 89%
Andhra Pradesh’s rate of 66.4% is the worst among all states in India and significantly lower than Bihar’s 70.9%. Similarly, Telangana’s 72.8% is well below the national average of 77.7% while Assam is well above it at 85.9% and Karnataka’s 77.2% pales in comparison to Uttarakhand’s 87.6%, which is bettered only by Kerala and Delhi among the major states and UTs.
The data is for 2017-18 and is for all aged 7 or more. Not all preconceptions are wrong though. Kerala remains by some distance, the best among the major states with a literacy rate of 96.2%. More impressively, the gap between male and female literacy is the smallest in Kerala at just 2.2 percentage points. To put that in context, the gap at the all-India level is 14.4 percentage points with male literacy at 84.7% and female literacy at 70.3%.
(91.7% versus 53.7%). Male urban literacy is under 90% in only four major states and below 85% in none of them.
In contrast, rural female literacy is above 80% only in Kerala and below 70% in 13 of the 22 major states. In four of these, it is below 60%.
Conviction rate for crimes under IPC improved marginally in 2019
The all-India chargesheeting rate for crimes under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) that were investigated in 2019 was 67.2%, a slight dip from 68.1% in 2018, while the conviction rate improved marginally to 50.4% from 50% in 2018.
In Uttar Pradesh, which is in the news due to Hathras atrocity, the conviction rate for IPC crimes was 59.2% in 2019, while the conviction rate for crimes against women was 55.2%, best among the bigger states and also higher than the all-India average of 23.7%.
As per the ‘Crime in India’ data for 2019 released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on Tuesday, disposal of crimes registered under the special and local laws (SLL) – such as Dowry Prohibition Act, Excise Act, Arms Act and POCSO Act – in 2019 was better than in IPC crimes with 93.3% all-India chargesheeting rate, up from 92.2% in 2018, and 80.3% conviction rate, down from 81.8% in 2018.
Among the states, the conviction rate for all IPC crimes was highest in Kerala (85.1%), followed by Tamil Nadu (63.2%). The states with a low conviction rate in 2019 were Bihar (6.1%) and West Bengal (13.4%), though the figure for West Bengal pertains to 2018 as the 2019 data was not submitted to NCRB by the state.
JPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for JPSC Prelims and JPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by JPSC Notes are as follows:-
- JPSC Mains Tests and Notes Program
- JPSC Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program
- JPSC Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program
- JPSC Detailed Complete Prelims Notes