Education, Educational Infrastructure and Educational Policy of Jharkhand

Education, Educational Infrastructure and Educational Policy of Jharkhand


Education has continued to develop, diversify and extend its reach and coverage since the dawn of human history. Each country develops its system of education to precise and promote its distinctive socio-cultural identity and conjointly to fulfil the challenges of the days. World Declaration on Education for All (1990) stressed upon the requirement to supply distended academic opportunities that may translate into substantive development. Consistent with the declaration meeting, basic learning wants represent a standard and universal human responsibility. The National Policy of Education 1986, as revised in 1992, had indicated 3 thrust areas in elementary education:

(i) Universal access, enrolment;

(ii) Universal retention of children upto fourteen years of age; and

(iii) a considerable improvement within the quality of education to change all children to attain essential levels of learning.

The 86th Constitutional amendment Act 2002 created education a elementary Right for children within the people of 6-14 years by providing that “the State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to 14 years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine”. Government of India in partnership with State Governments has created many attempts to fulfil the challenge of providing educational activity to all or any children in pursuance of directive underneath Article 45 of Constitution that has been reiterated within the National Policy of Education in 1986. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan has been one such initiative of government of India. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is  universalise education by community-ownership of the varsity system. It is a response to the demand for quality basic education everywhere the country. The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan programme is additionally an effort to supply a chance for rising human capabilities to all children, through provision of community-owned quality education during a mission mode. In Jharkhand, the Jharkhand Education Project Council is the implementing agency for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.


Jharkhand Education is focused round the examinations conducted below the State Boards, Universities and schools. Jharkhand Madarsa Examination Board, Jharkhand Intermediate Exams Board, Jharkhand Secondary Examination Board, the universities and colleges comprise the education in Jharkhand.

Rate of literacy in Jharkhand has seen upward trend and is 66.41 % as per 2011 population census. Of that, male literacy stands at 76.84 % whereas female literacy is at 52.04 percent. In 2001, literacy rate in Jharkhand stood at 53.56 % of that male and female were 63.83 % and 38.87 % literate respectively.

In Jharkhand, education starts at the age of five, once the children are admitted to schools. The schools, which form the basis of education at Jharkhand, are attached to either the State Board or CBSE or ICSE. It’s noteworthy that the govt. schools in Jharkhand are vernacular medium schools, wherever Hindi is that the medium of instruction. Besides, the govt. colleges, Education Department of Jharkhand conjointly consist of English medium colleges.

In order to boost the prospects of education at Jharkhand, the govt. has launched the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, thereby consolidating primary education to all or any up to the age of fourteen. The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is an in depth theme adopted by the govt. and is administrated to universalise primary education in each nook and corner of the state.

Jharkhand Academic Council (JAC):

The State of Jharkhand came into existence on the 15th of November, 2000. An Act to determine the Jharkhand academic Council was passed by the Jharkhand State legislative assembly and assented to by the Governor of the State on 26.12.2003 that was referred to as Jharkhand academic Council Act 02.7.2003.

The Jharkhand academic Council was established for holding and conducting examinations at the top of Intermediate, Education, secondary education, Sanskrit Education and religious school Education and for prescribing courses for such examinations and for recommending for recognition of Intermediate educational institutions, High schools, Sanskrit schools and Madrasas to the government and for completing such alternative or duties appointed to the council by the State Govt from time to time.

With the establishment of the Jharkhand academic Council, the Bihar Intermediate Education Council Act, 1992, the Bihar school Examination Board Act, 1952 (adapted as Jharkhand Secondary Examination Board Act, 2000) Bihar Sanskrit Education Board Act, 1981 And Bihar Board of madrasah Educaiton Board Acts, 1981 were repealed.

The Jharkhand academic Council started functioning during a rented house in Rameshwaram wherever antecedently the Jharkhand Intermediate Council functioned, and therefore the Secondary portion continued to operate in Zila School Ranchi campus. The look for appropriate accommodation for JAC continued intense until finally the Council was housed during a portion of the Birsadih Club on rent. The current workplace was inaugurated by the hon’ble Chief Minister Sri Arjun Munda on 13.12.2003 underneath the chairmanship of the then HRD Minister Sri Pashupati Nath Singh.

Underneath the dynamic leadership of the State Govt. all the branches of education Secondary, Intermediate Sanskrit (Madhyama) and madrasah wer brought underneath the only umbrella of Jharkhand academic Council with the only real intention that everyone the branches of learning got evenhanded and unified attention so they will grow into mighty oaks and no branch gets blanched and languished in cold shade of neglect.Education, Educational Infrastructure and Educational Policy of Jharkhand

Once the CBSE curriculum was introduced from the primary stage to the Intermediate stage to modify our students to partake within the main current of the national education-programme freely and naturally. The CBSE has been kind enough to recognise all our examinations and to issue a no-objection certificate in relevancy implementation of the CBSE curriculum Even the COBSE granted recognition to the examinations conducted by the Council and as results of this alternative Boards / Councils in India have started recognising our Examinations.

Jharkhand Education Project Council(JEPC):

The 86th Constitutional amendment Act 2002 created education a fundamental Right for children within the age bracket of 6-14 years by providing that “the State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine” .Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan has been one such initiative of government of India. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is an attempt to universalise elementary education by community-ownership of the school system. It is a response to the demand for quality basic education everywhere the country. The SSA programme is additionally an endeavour to produce a chance for rising human capabilities to all children, through provision of community-owned quality education in a very mission mode.

JEPC is an autonomous body registered beneath the Societies Registration Act 1860. The Council has been established for transfer a few basic modifications within the educational activity system and directly influence the socio-cultural situation. The Council was registered on April 12th, 2001 and since it’s origination it’s been actively implementing numerous Projects/Programmes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), National Programme for Education of women at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidayalaya (KGBV).

State Board of Technical Education (SBTE):

The State Board of Technical Education came into existence just when the creation of Jharkhand for establishment and monitoring of Technical institutions. The Board is liable for formulating new courses and Developing Curricula besides operating for advancement of Technical Education and analysis work. The board is accountable to conduct examination, offer certification and advise the regime relating to the development of Technical Education and Art & crafts.

The State Board of Technical Education Jharkhand, Ranchi is underneath the executive management of the Dep’t of Science & Technology, Government of Jharkhand. Since its formation the board is striving endlessly for betterment of academic standard of Polytechnics and women Industrial school (WIS) of this State. The board has introduced the Semester system from the session 2009-10, and updated the curricula altogether the Polytechnics.


The Department of school Education and literacy, Government of Jharkhand, aims to produce education of even handed quality to all youngsters to form an education system that has access, equity and affordability whereas facultative each individual for a lifelong learning from early days of life.

Jharkhand has considerably improved its faculty education system since its beginning, in terms of faculty access and registration of children. There are 40,174 government elementary schools, 2,637 secondary schools, and 522 higher secondary schools. Around 62 lakh students are registered in these schools. At the elementary level, the teacher-pupil ratio averages at 1:39. To boost the supply of teachers, 16,349 elementary teachers and 1719 secondary teachers have been recruited in 2015-16.

The statewide ‘Vidyalay Chalen Chalayen Abhiyan’ focuses on registration of all children in schools. Then through effective operationalisation {of schools|of faculties|of colleges} it makes an attempt to make sure that each one children attend schools regularly and learn endlessly. for varsity operationalisation, sure dynamic activities like Baal Samagam (all spherical student performance improvement), Kasturba Sangam (performance improvement of women from vulnerable background), Baal Sansad (for student leadership and holistic development), Buniyad and Buniyad plus (for making certain early grade learning skills of all children), Prayas (to enhance student attending through integrated collaboration of students, teachers and community members), ‘Hamara vidyalaya Kaisa Ho’ (guidelines for varsity improvement), Pariwartan movement (active academics and teacher educators support one another for varsity improvement), SESM (school education support mission for programme review and support in each district), etc. apart from regular programme interventions beneath Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan, Mid-Day Meals theme, and teacher education.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) has considerably contributed in improvement of infrastructure in schools. Our focus is on providing quality education and rising learning levels of each child. Initiated varied activities for improvement in quality education in schools. a number of our major initiatives embody Khel Khel Mein – children’s school readiness programme in early elements of class one, Buniyad and Buniyad plus – an integrated approach to strengthen early grade reading skills of children in primary classes, early grade mathematics in primary classes, reading programme in blocks with worst instructional indicators, CCE – Continuous and Comprehensive analysis method for assessing and enhancing learning outcomes of scholars, special Saturday classes focus on temperament development and ethical values. JCERT has developed text books for classes 1-5 in 2015-16 and for 6-8 in 2016-17.

The State has additionally undertaken many measures to scale back drop out and to enhance quality of education by providing free textbooks, school kits, uniforms and mid-day meals. To push girls’ education, state is providing free tabs, gym for physical development and Wi-Fi in all Kasturba Gandhi BalikaVidyalayas (KGBVs) of the state. Science centres are developed in KGBVs and a few schools in many districts are promoting the Aavishkar programme in secondary schools to market interest of scholars in science alongside their innovations.


Jharkhand Department of Education is running varied instructional schemes, programmes, grants, bursaries, monetary awards, loans scholarships, fellowships of school Education & literacy, education, education, higher education, adult education, tribal Education, Technical and Medical Education and business Studies, ability development etc.

The special help is given to the students belonging to Scheduled Caste (SC) and scheduled Tribe (ST), different Backward Classes (OBC) and Socially, Educationally Backward Classes(SEBC), Minority class and below poverty line(BPL), Rural areas, Disabled/Physically handicapped (PH) students.

Also this offers edges to any or all those students of undergraduate (UG) and post graduation (PG), Ph.D. students learning in school 09th standard, 10th standard, 11th standard, 12th standard, college and university Students, general class students, researchers, prime Science students.

The benefits are in terms of below mentioned:

  1. Interest subsidy (CSIS) on Education Loan
  2. Scholarship/Cash/Incentive/Awards
  3. Numerous vocational and technical training
  4. Academic help and facilities

This is introduced so as to attain following goals:

  1. To encourage students
  2. Skill up-gradation
  3. To enhance instructional and economic standing

The various ministries like Ministry of tribal Affairs, Ministry of Social Justice & empowerment, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Ministry of Labour & Employment, Ministry of Home Affairs and Department of authorisation of Persons with Disabilities are being concerned in assisting and serving to.

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