Divisions and districts of Jharkhand
With the approval of Bihar Reorganization Bill, Jharkhand states came into existence on 15 Nov 2000 and have become the 28th state of India. Jharkhand is a state sculpted out of the southern a part of Bihar with 18 districts. The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, state to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east.
- Jharkhand state has a neighborhood of 79,710 km.
- Ranchi city is the capital of Jharkhand and Dumka is that the sub-capital of Jharkhand.
- According to 2011 Indian Census Jharkhand includes a population of 32.96 million, consisting of 16.93 million males and 16.03 million females.
- Chota Nagpur plateau covers a lot of of the area of Jharkhand state yet as adjacent parts of Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar and Chhattisgarh.
Currently, 24 districts of Jharkhand are classified in to 5 divisions. These divisions are: Palamu division – 3Districts: Palamu, Garhwa, Latehar – Headquarters: Medininagar. North Chotanagpur division – 7 Districts: Chatra, Hazaribagh, Koderma, Giridih, Ramgarh, Bokaro, Dhanbad – Headquarters: Hazaribagh.
Jharkhand is ‘the land of forests’ – endowed with wealthy flora and fauna. to possess an entire view of nature and beauty, one will visit the zoological gardens and national parks. The state is set within the eastern a part of India. In the year 2000, it had been split from southern Bihar and was formed into another state.
Jharkhand is surrounded by the Indian states of West Bengal (east), Uttar Pradesh (west), Chhattisgarh (west), Bihar (north) and Odisha (south). The state is spread out across 30,778 sq metres. Ranchi is that the state’s prime capital, whereas the biggest town for industrial purposes is Jamshedpur. The sub-capital of the state is Dumka.
Ranchi, The land of lakes & waterfalls
Ranchi, (Capital of Jharkhand) is one in all the oldest districts in Jharkhand. Ranchi is additionally referred to as city of Water falls and lakes. Earlier the name of the district was Lohardaga. The old district had get existence once the creation of the non-regulation south – West frontier as results of the Kol rising in 1831-32. The name of the district was modified in 1899 from Lohardaga to Ranchi once the name of a small village currently comprised among the headquarters station.
The name Ranchi comes from “archi” an Oraon/Kurukh word for the farmer’s “baton” in use whereas plowing. Before that up to 1927, this place (Ranchi) was called Rachi. the area was an agricultural locality, in between Hinoo & Harmoo river was a far better known place for its military base and garrison. the current Purani Ranchi was originally called the village Archi. Ranchi was the centre of the Jharkhand movement for a separate state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, northern Orissa, Western West Bengal and therefore the present eastern Chhattisgarh. Subarnarekha river flows by the side of the city. Ranchi could be a town of many Falls and lakes.
Dhanbad, The coal capital of India
Dhanbad district set within the state of Jharkhand is a mining and industrial city. it’s the biggest city in Jharkhand and is known for its coal fields. The Dhanbad lies between 23.37’3″ N and 24.4′ N latitude and between 86.6’30” E and 86.50′ E longitude. Dhanbad lies 168 kilometer from Ranchi and 171 kilometers from Jamshedpur, and is delimited by Giridih on the west, Bokaro on the north, by Giridih and Dumka and on the east and south by Purulia district of West Bengal.
Dhanbad is additionally called the ‘Coal capital’ and ‘City of Coal’ because of the wealthy deposits gift within the district. Its economy utterly depends upon coal mining and connected industries. the companies that have contend a significant role within the development of Dhanbad are Tata Steel, Indian Iron and steel company bharat Coking Coal Ltd. etc.
Dhanbad includes a wealthy history of growth, urbanisation and migration of individuals. the early history of the Dhanbad is shrouded in mystery. Details of even later periods are tough to trace. the current district wont to be a part of Manbhum.
Deoghar – ‘Abode of Gods’
Deoghar is an ancient city set within the Santhal Parganas of Jharkhand. Deogharis additionally the headquarters city of Deoghar district within the state of Jharkhand. Deoghar or ‘Abode of Gods’ is additionally called Vaidyanath Dham. Deoghar is a Hindi word and therefore the literal which means of ‘Deoghar’ is abode (‘ghar’) of the Gods and Goddesses(‘dev’). The famous Muslim invader Bhaktiyar Khilji created Deoghar his capital in 1201 once the take-over of Bihar.
Deoghar may be a celebrated health resort and a significant Hindu journeying center. Baidyanath Temple in Deoghar holds one of the twelve ‘Shiva Jyothirlingams’ and is additionally one in every of the 51 saktipeeths in India. The ‘Purans’ confer with this temple as fit place for funeral obsequies. It’s additionally famous for the mela of Shrawan (5th month according to the Hindu calendar system). it’s the sole place in India wherever the jyotirlinga and therefore the saktipeeth are together. They lay side by side. every year between July and August(On the eve of shravan month) concerning seven to eight million devotees return from numerous a part of India to offer holy water from the Ganges at Sultangunj—almost 108 kilometer from Deoghar—to gift it to Shiva. Baidyanath Dham is one among the foremost secret destinations in Indian tourism. Several parts are untouched until recently. There are ruins of many Buddhist monasteries around.
Palamu, an area of refuse
The district of Palamu is between 23°50′ and 24°8′ north latitude and between 83°55′ and 84°30′ east longitude. The district covers a region of 5043.8 km² and contains a population of 1,533,176. it’s bordered on the north by Son and Bihar rivers, on the east by the Chatra and Hazaribagh districts, on the south by Latehar District and on the west by Garhwa District. an excellent proportion of Palamu consists of hills coated with jungle. The soil in several elements is powerfully fertilized with iron. Palamu is renowned for rich natural resources.
Daltonganj, settled on the North Koel stream, 24 degree 3’ north, and 84 degree 4’ east, is the district headquarters of Palamu. Daltonganj is known as once colonel Dalton, Commissioner of Chhota Nagpur in 1861. the space between Daltonganj and Ranchi is about 165 kilometre.
The Origin of the name Palamu may be a matter of various opinions. in keeping with some, it’s derived from the Hindi word palana means that “a place of refuse”. Another suggestions is that the name is combination of Pala meaning “ forst” and mu means “dead “, making it “dead as a result of frost”. it should result to the intense winter temperatures.
The Palamu is home to the famous ‘Palamau National Park’ better-known for its wild life. The park is covering a core space of 250 sq. kilometers. The world is made in flora and fauna however additionally liable to severe droughts. The Palamau national park was brought underneath Project Tiger within the year 1973 and is among the original tiger reserves of India. Sal and bamboo area cover the most vegetation. The tourists will drive through dense patches of sal and bamboo within the park.
Bokaro -‘The Steel Capital’
The Bokaro of Jharkhand State was created within the year 1991 by carving out one subdivision consisting of 2 blocks from Dhanbad District and 6 blocks from Giridih District. Bokaro Steel city is the district headquarters. Currently Bokaro district consists of eight blocks particularly Bermo,Chandyankiyari, Chas, Gomia, Jaridih, Kasmar, Nawadih and Petarwar.
Bokaro district covers a region of 2861 km². It’s settled within the eastern a part of India at 23°17?N 86°05?E / 23.29°N 86.09°E. The average altitude of the land is 210 metres from mean water level. Average rain is around 1950mm annually. Bokaro district contains a population of 17,75,961. The population is drawn from all elements of India primarily as a result of Bokaro’s industrial importance.
Bokaro Steel city is that the district headquarters of the Bokaro district additionally as Bokaro divisional vary (Bokaro, Dhanbad and Giridih). It’s 47 kilometre from Dhanhad on the Dhanbad-Ranchi main road, wherever Dhanbad lies on the Delhi-Howrah line. Bokaro Steel city is additionally the home of the biggest steel mill in India, the bokaro steel plant, different other medium and small industries.Situated on the Chhota Nagpur plateau, the vast rolling topography of the town is typical, strewn by ranked valleys and winding streams.
Hazaribagh – ‘The thousand gardens’
Hazaribagh district is one among the 24 districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Hazaribagh city is that the district capital. Hazaribagh city is additionally the divisional headquarters of North Chota Nagpur division. Hazaribag city is found at 23.98°N 85.35°E. it’s a median elevation of 604 metres. It’s far-famed for health resorts because of its scenic beauty, glorious climate and thickly wooded space and for Hazaribagh national park, that is 17 kilometer off from Hazaribagh city.
Hazaribagh district is called after its capital, the city of Hazaribagh. The word Hazaribagh is formed of 2 Urdu words, hazar that means ‘thousand’, and bagh that means ‘garden’, that makes the literal that means of Hazaribagh as ‘City of thousand gardens’. the attractive sceneries and dense forests build Hazaribagh one in all the main tourist attractions of Jharkhand.
Hazaribagh district is bounded by Gaya and Koderma within the north, Giridih and Bokaro within the east, Ranchi within the south and Palamu and Chatra within the west. The district consists of 15 blocks specifically Hazaribagh, Katkam Sandi, Bishnugarh, Barkagaon, Keredari, Ichak, Churchu, Daru, Tatijhariya, Katkambag, Dari, Padma, Barhi, Chauparan and Barkatha.
The district of Latehar came into existence on 4 April 2001. Previously, it had been a subdivision of Palamu district of Jharkhand State, India. Latehar has been named once the village of a similar name on Ranchi -Daltonganj Road. Latehar is legendary for its wealthy natural beauty, forest, forest merchandise and mineral deposits.
Latehar district is placed on the north–west corner of Jharkhand between 84° 31′ East longitude and 23° 44.4′ north great circle. the area of the district is 3660 km², with a population of 558,831. The district is encircled by Ranchi, Lohardaga, Gumla, Palamau and Chatra district aside from Chhattisgarh state. Laterhar district is split into seven blocks particularly Latehar, Chandwa, Balumath, Manika, Barwadih, Garu and Mahuad.
The rustic city of Latehar is that the headquarters of Latehar district. it’s settled roughly around ninety five klick north-west of the capital, Ranchi.
Latehar is a predominantly tribal district with virtually 40% of the population belonging to the schedule tribes and more than 66 capitalize on total population contains SCs and STs. The villages area unit scattered amidst the dense forest, mountainous terrains and agricultural fields. the number of scheduled Castes and scheduled Tribes is predominantly high here and Latehar comes underneath tribal Sub set up space. Latehar space had sensible missionary activities ongoing within the past.
Lohardaga -‘The watercourse of tears’
Lohardaga came into existence after Ranchi was split into 3 districts specifically Ranchi, Lohardagga and Gumla way back in 1983. The district is called after the city of Lohardaga, the executive headquarters of the district. Lohardaga, the position of a sub division in 1972 and a district in 1983. In Jainist texts there’s respect to Lord Mahavir’s visit to Lore-a-Yadaga, which implies ‘river of tears’ in Mundari. ‘Ain-e-akbari’, The noted book on Akbar, additionally mentions an area known as ‘Kismate Lohardaga’. The word Lohardaga is also made of 2 hindi words, Lohar that means ‘ironmonger’, and Daga that means center’, that makes the literal that means of Lohardaga as ‘center of iron mining’.
The district is located within the south western a part of Jharkhand State between 23°30′ and 23°40′ north latitudes and 84°40′ and 84°50′ east longitudes. The district covers a region of 1491 km² within the tribal belt of Chotanagpur plateau. it’s 5 blocks specifically Lohardaga, Kuru, Bhandra, Kisko and Senha. There are unit 353 villages contacts in sixty six Gram Panchayats. Lohardaga had a complete population of three.64 hundred thousand with a population density of 244 per sq. kilometer. Most of the villages except the mountainous pockets of the district area unit connected with the roads. Electricity is equipped from Patratu Thermal power plant that is within the Hazaribagh district.
Gumla -‘The land of Gaw-Mela’
Gumla district in Jharkhand state is acknowledged for its natural beauty and hill resorts. Gumla area was beneath Lohadaga province throughout british rule. In 1843 it had been brought beneath bishunpur province that was any named Ranchi. really Ranchi district came into existence in 1899. The territory occupied by this Gumla district became a sub-division of Ranchi district in 1902. This district was formed on 18 may 1984 by separating the Gumla sub-division from the restwhile Ranchi district, that was then in Bihar state. Sri Jagannath Mishra, then ruling chief minister of Bihar inaugurated the new district and Sri Dwarika Nath Sinha became the first deputy commissioner. Until 30th Apr 2001, Gumla district consisted on 2 sub-divisions particularly Gumla and Simdega. however when the creation of Jharkhand State , a new district of Simdega was engraved out of Gumla district on 30th April 2001.
For a awfully long time, Gumla was a gathering center for folks from the Jharkhand who flocked here to exchange goods using the barter system, and therefore the place was known as Gaw-Mela. The name ‘Gumla’ is believed to derived from 2 Hindi words particularly, Gaw suggests that cows and Mela that means fair. The place became referred to as Gaw-mela, so the word remodeled itself into Gumla.
Simdega district of Jharkhand is carved out from Gumla district on 30 April, 2001. Simdega is found within the south-western a part of the state of Jharkhand. The district is near the capital of Jharkhand, Ranchi and to the Steel city Rourkela, in Orissa. Simdega city is that the administrative headquarters of this district.
Simdega is found at 22°37′ N 84°31′ E / 22.62° N 84.52°E / 22.62; 84.52. it’s a mean elevation of 418 metres. Simdega is enclosed by Gumla district within the North, Khunti and West Singhbhum within the east, Chhattisgarh state within the west and state state within the South. The district includes ten blocks: Simdega, Kurdeg, Bolba, Thethaitangar, Kolebira, Bano, Jaldega, Pakartanr, Bansjore and Kersai.
Main tourist attractions in and around Simdega includes Kelaghagh dam (distance of four kilometer from district. a water dam is enclosed by multiple hills ), Bhairo baba Pahari (a cave trying sort of a living body), Ram rekha dham ( 26 K.M from simdega H.Q), Dangadi (situated in block Bolba is a beautiful waterfall ), KetungaDham (situated in Bano Block), Rajadera, Bhanwar Pahar etc.