17.03.21 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND

Briquetting plant to boost livelihood in rural Jharkhand

A new initiative towards providing employment by Chief Minister Hemant Soren has started showing positive results, providing the option of coal and wood briquettes production in Jharkhand. A briquetting plant has been set up in Tisiya village of Pakhar Panchayat under Kisko block of Lohardaga under the scheme. These briquettes will be supplied as fuel to power plants, industries, dhabas, brick kilns, hotels and domestic works. Briquettes are more eco-friendly as well as have higher quality than coal in terms of temperature and expenditure.

Through briquette production, at least 15 to 20 people in the aforementioned village are getting a new means of income. It has full potential to grow in the future. Presently local men and women are working to bring dried leaves that have fallen in the forest and sell them at the briquetting plant, for which they are being paid hands-on at the rate of Rs.2 per kg.

Through this work, the daily income of the people is increasing from Rs.100 to Rs.300 and their economic empowerment is being done. On the other hand, the use of this fuel will reduce the pollution level in the fire caused by dry leaves in the forest, prohibit the illegal cutting of wood for firewood. The use of briquettes will also be economically more viable for industries than coal and wood. As a result of this initiative there is sure to be a decrease in migration from this region.

Briquettes are produced from dried leaves, fruits, stems, agricultural products and waste products of the forest. The heat of briquettes is almost similar to that of coal. A briquetting plant at Tisra villageis spread over 5000 hectares of forest area, and is built at a cost of Rs.35 lakh. The plant is producing 15 tonnes of fuel as a trial, which has been planned to be supplied to some identified brick kilns in the district. After the trial, it will be made available to other businesses and people.

INTERNATIONAL

Space Hurricanes Was Discovered By Scientists From China

Scientists from China discovered a space hurricane above the Arctic for the first time. Previously, it was believed that space hurricanes were a theoretical phenomenon.

Highlights:

According to their report, the hurricane traversed about 600 miles and caused charged electrons to land for up to 8 hours.

Academic papers report that the space hurricane is rotating counterclockwise at a speed of 4,700 miles per hour.

The hurricane is reported to be in the space directly above the North Pole. About space hurricanes

They are believed to be the result of the interaction between the solar wind and the earth’s magnetic field.

This is a huge, funnel-shaped, spiral-shaped geomagnetic storm that occurs above the earth’s polar ionosphere and is in extremely quiet conditions.

They are related to the aurora borealis phenomenon, because the electron precipitation in the storm funnel will produce huge cyclone-like aurora.

They are composed of plasma, composed of extremely hot ionized gas, and they rotate at extremely high speeds.

Space hurricanes are caused by plasma released from the sun as a solar wind. These clouds of charged particles propagate in space and excite electromagnetic storms when they interact with magnetic fields.

Bamiyan Buddhas-Taliban

 

The Taliban began to blow up two huge Buddha statues in the Bamiyan Valley in Afghanistan. Now, 20 years later, the Bamiyan Buddhas have been brought back to life in the form of 3D projections in an event called “A Night With Buddha”. Highlights:

Bamiyan Buddha is a model of the fusion of Gupta, Sassanian and Hellenistic artistic style.

It is said that the history of Bamiyan Buddha can be traced back to the 5th century AD.

They used to be the tallest standing Buddha statues in the world.

They were called by locals Salsal and Shamama.

Salsal – The light shines on the entire universe; Shamama – The queen mother.

UNESCO included the remains on the 2003 World Heritage List

Efforts have been made to use the available debris to restore and rebuild the walls of the Buddha statue.

NATIONAL

UNESCO World Heritage Sites-Declaration

World heritage sites are classified as natural or man-made areas or structures of international importance, as well as spaces that require special protection. Highlights:

 

Currently, 42 sites in India are included in the “Tentative List”, which is a prerequisite for inclusion in the World Heritage Site.

 

“Dholavira: Harapan City” has submitted its nomination and will be nominated as a World Heritage Site in 2019-2020.

 

The nomination files for ” Santiniketan, India ” and ” Sacred Ensemble of Hoysalas ” have been submitted to UNESCO for the 2021-22 cycle. About World Heritage site:

 

World heritage sites are classified as natural or man-made areas or structures of international importance, as well as spaces that require special protection.

 

These sites are officially recognized by the United Nations and the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (also known as UNESCO).

 

UNESCO believes that sites listed as World Heritage are very important to mankind and have cultural and material significance.

 

Report on National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

The Parliament’s Standing Committee on Rural Development recently submitted a report to Lok Sabha. According to the report, the center must increase “meagre” pensions for impoverished elderly, widows and disabled persons. Highlights:

The Committee noted that under the National Social Assistance Program (NSAP), monthly assistance ranging from 200 to 500 rupees is provided in different components.

 

The team previously urged the increase of these pensions in the report on the grant requirements of the Department of Rural Development’s (DoRD) for 2019-20 and 2020-21. About National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

 

This is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.

 

It provides financial assistance to the elderly, widows and the disabled in the form of social pensions.

 

Administered by: Ministry of Rural Development

 

It contains five sub-schemes:

 

Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS)

 

Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS)

 

Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS)

 

National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS)

Annapurna Scheme.

 

Agriculture Voltage Technology by Agricultural Ministry

 

The ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute in Jodhpur has developed an Agri-voltaic system with a capacity of 105 kW.

 

This technology can increase farmers’ income through power generation and the cultivation of cash crops.

 

In the KUSUM Part I (Kisan Urja Suraksha Utthan Mahabhiyan) scheme, there is a clause stipulating the installation of agri-voltaic systems in farmland, with capacities ranging from 500 kilowatts to 2 megawatts.

 

The National Solar Energy Federation of India (NSEFI) also recorded 13 agri-voltaic systems in India.