16-17.01.21 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND

Jharkhand witnessing growth in domestic, foreign tourists

 

Jharkhand, a state blessed with immense natural and cultural beauty, has witnessed a steady rise in foreign and domestic tourist visits since 2000. There has been an unprecedented increase in the number of foreign and domestic tourists in the state.

Jharkhand, a state of natural wealth, forests and springs, is being liked by people all over the world and has witnessed increase in foreign tourists by more than 1000 times. The number of foreign tourists in the state was only 172 in the year 2000, which increased to 1,76,043 in the year 2019. This figure is only increasing year after year.

 

According to the report of India Tourism Statistics 2019, the ranking of the state has also increased due to increase in the number of foreign tourists in the state. According to the report of India Tourism Statistics 2019, the national ranking of Jharkhand was 17 in the year 2018 in terms of foreign tourists coming to the state. This year, it has jumped to 16 rank. Similarly, in the case of the arrival of domestic tourists, the national ranking of the state, where it was 13, has increased unexpectedly. In this, the state ranking in the country is 9.

The number of domestic tourists visiting the state establishment period i.e. 2000 was only 23991. At the same time, the number of foreign tourists was only 172. But after 20 years, the number of domestic tourists coming to the state is 3,55,80,768. The number of foreign tourists is 1,76,043 which is growth by 1000 times.

 

In the year 2011, 1,45,80,387 domestic tourists visited the state. At the same time, the number of foreign tourists visiting was 87,521. In the year 2017, the state received 3,37,23,185 domestic and 1,70,987 foreign tourists. In the year 2018, 3,54,08,822 domestic and 1,75,801 foreign tourists came. According to the statistics of the tourism department, about 75,000 people of the state have got employment through local tourism.

INTERNATIONAL

At 18 million, India has largest diaspora in the world: UN

The Indian diaspora is the largest in the world, with 18 million people from the country living outside their homeland in 2020.

The United Arab Emirates, the US and Saudi Arabia host the largest numbers of migrants from India.

Other countries with a large diaspora included Mexico and Russia (11 million each), China (10 million) and Syria (8 million).

India’s large diaspora is distributed across a number of major countries of destination, with the UAE (3.5 million), the US (2.7 million) and Saudi Arabia (2.5 million) hosting the largest numbers of migrants from India.

Other countries hosting large numbers of migrants from India included Australia, Canada, Kuwait, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar and the UK.

 

NATIONAL

Third phase of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana launched in 600 districts across country

 

The third phase of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) 3.0 launched in 600 districts across the country.

Spearheaded by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, this phase will focus on new-age and COVID-related skills.

The third phase of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana envisages training of  eight lakh candidates over a scheme period of 2020-2021 with an outlay of 948.90 crore rupees.

Skill India Mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2015 has gained tremendous momentum through the launch of its flagship scheme PMKVY to unlock the vision of making India the Skill Capital of the world.

PM Modi to interact with startups and address ‘Prarambh: Startup India International Summit’

 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will interact with startups and address ‘Prarambh: Startup India International Summit’ through video conferencing.

The two day Summit is being organized by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

It is being organised as a follow up of the announcement made by the Prime Minister at the fourth Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation, BIMSTEC Summit held in Kathmandu in August 2018 wherein India committed to host the BIMSTEC Startup Conclave.

The Summit marks the fifth anniversary of the Startup India initiative, launched by the Prime Minister on 16 January, 2016.

The objective is to focus attention on global capital for startups in India, mobilize domestic capital, provide opportunities for accessing international markets to our startups and evolve enabling policy provisions.

 

Govt brings forward target of 20% ethanol-blending with gasoline by 2025

 

India plans to achieve 20% ethanol-blending with gasoline by 2025, five years ahead of its previous target, to help reduce its dependence on costly oil imports.

In 2020, the government had set a target of reaching 10% ethanol-blending by 2022 – meaning 10% of ethanol mixed with 90% of gasoline – and 20% by 2030.

India relies on foreign suppliers to meet more than 80% of its demand.

Archaeologists Discovered the Worlds Oldest Cave Art

 

Archaeologists discovered the oldest cave art in the world. It is a life-size photo of a wild boar, which was painted in Indonesia at least 45,500 years ago. The photo was found in Leang Tedongnge cave in a remote valley in Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Sulawesi Warthog painting can be traced back at least 45,500 years ago.

 

It shows a pig with short upright hair on the top of the head and a pair of horn-shaped warts in front of the eyes, which are characteristic of adult male Sulawesi warthogs.

 

The Sulawesi Warthog is the most commonly depicted animal in the island’s ice age rock art, which shows that they have long been regarded as food and the focus of creative thinking and artistic expression.

 

The pig was painted with red stone paint and seems to be observing the fighting or social interaction between the other two warthogs.

 

Gk bit: Cave Paintings in India:

 Ajanta Cave is located in the Aurangabad area of Maharashtra. Ajanta’s famous murals are of dying princesses, flying fairies and missionary Buddha.

 

Ellora is located in the Aurangabad region of Maharashtra. This cave is popular for the largest monolithic excavation in the world-the great Kailasa.

 Elephanta is located on the Elephanta Islands in Mumbai. The Elephanta team has excavated 7 caves.

 Bhimbetka is located between Hoshangabad and Bhopal, at the foot of Vindhya Mountain. It has one of the oldest paintings in India and the world.

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