There are many branches in medicine. Here are some of them.
Anatomy: This is the study of the physical structure of the body.
Biochemistry: A biochemist studies chemical components and how they affect the body.
Biomechanics: This focuses on the structure of biological systems in the body and how they work, using a mechanical approach.
Biostatistics: Researchers apply statistics to biological fields. This is crucial for successful medical research and many areas of medical practice.
Biophysics: This uses physics, mathematics, chemistry, and biology to model and understand the workings of biological systems.
Cytology: This is a branch of pathology that involves the medical and scientific microscopic study of cells.
Embryology: This branch of biology studies the formation, early growth, and development of organisms.
Endocrinology: Scientists investigate hormones and their impact on the body.
Epidemiology: Researchers track the causes, distribution, and control of diseases in populations.
Genetics: This is the study of genes and their impact on health and the body.
Histology: This involves looking at the form of structures under the microscope. It is also known as microscopic anatomy.
Microbiology: This is the study of organisms that are too small to see with the naked eye, known as microorganisms. Aspects of microbiology include bacteriology, virology, mycology (the study of fungi), and parasitology.
Neuroscience: Neuroscientists study the nervous system and the brain and investigate diseases of the nervous system. Aspects of neuroscience include computational modeling and psychophysics. Some types of neuroscience are cognitive neuroscience, cellular neuroscience, and molecular neuroscience.
Nutrition: Nutritionists study how food and drink influence health, and how they can help treat, cure, and prevent different diseases and conditions.