Discuss the challenges of Indian Agriculture and present an outlook.

Indian economy still is agro based economy and Indian society still remains agrarian society. Contribution of agriculture in GDP has declined but its importance and significance has not declined. But some fundamental challenges are faced by Indian agriculture.

Indian agriculture still remains the gamble of Indian Monsoon. Only 48% of the land has assured irrigation. Rest of the area is rainfed which increases the vulnerability factor for the farmers residing in those areas.

Land used pattern depicts the high cropping intensity i.e. 192 million hectare is under gross cropped area. But agriculture land are suffering from low productivity and high pressure on land.

Fragmentation of land and land holding pattern in India restricts the mechanised farming. More than 86% of the farmers are marginalised farmers i.e. land holding less than 1 hectare. The land holding gets further fragmentised due to population growth rate and unavailability of additional source of income.

Agriculture facing the problem of shortage or inadequacy of input, Availability, affordability and accessibility of the agro technology, microfinance, HYV seeds, irrigation, fertilizer is another problem.

Irrational policies like Minimum support price make farmers to go for limited type of crop which creates imbalances in production and hence affect demand supply.


JPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for JPSC Prelims and JPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by JPSC Notes are as follows:- For any doubt, Just leave us a Chat or Fill us a querry––

JPSC Mains Test Series 2022

Subscribe our Test Series program to get access to 20 Quality mock tests for JPSC Preparation.

Click Here for Mains Test Series and Notes

Click Here for Printed Notes (With COD)

Hope we have satisfied your need for JPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation

Kindly review us to serve even better

[jetpack_subscription_form title=”Subscribe to JPSC Notes” subscribe_text=”Never Miss any JPSC important update!” subscribe_button=”Sign Me Up” show_subscribers_total=”1″]