DMPQ- What do you understand by the term Good ozone and bad zone?

Ozone is a gas that occurs both in the Earth’s upper atmosphere and at ground level. Ozone can be “good” or “bad” for your health and the environment, depending on its location in the atmosphere. Ground-level or “bad” ozone is not emitted directly into the air, but is created by chemical reactions between oxides of … Read more DMPQ- What do you understand by the term Good ozone and bad zone?

DMPQ- What are the main characteristics of Tropical deciduous forest?

A tropical deciduous forest would grow in a place that is warm all year and the trees would lose their leaves at some point every year. Main characteristics of tropical deciduous forests are: These are the most wide spread forests of India. They are also known as the monsoon forests. They spread over areas of … Read more DMPQ- What are the main characteristics of Tropical deciduous forest?

DMPQ- Write a short note on Joint forest Management.

Joint Forest Management (JFM) is an approach wherein state forest departments support local forest dwelling and forest fringe communities to protect and manage forests and share the costs and benefits from the forests with them. The Government of India consolidated the intervention on participatory forest management through the National Forest Policy, 1988, and then through … Read more DMPQ- Write a short note on Joint forest Management.

DMPQ- Recently there was ban on the use of single use plastics. What is single use plastics.

Single-use plastics, often also referred to as disposable plastics, are commonly used for plastic packaging7 and include items intended to be used only once before they are thrown away or recycled. These include, among other items, grocery bags, food packaging, bottles, straws, containers, cups and cutlery. Figure 1.1 introduces the main polymers used to manufacture … Read more DMPQ- Recently there was ban on the use of single use plastics. What is single use plastics.

DMPQ- What are the objectives of National Environment Policy?

Conservation of Critical Environmental Resources – To protect and conserve critical ecological systems and resources, and invaluable natural and man-made heritage, which are essential for life-support, livelihoods, economic growth, and a broad conception of human well-being. Intergenerational Equity – To ensure judicious use of environmental resources to meet the needs and aspirations of the present … Read more DMPQ- What are the objectives of National Environment Policy?

DMPQ- What are the different methods of solid waste treatment?

Different methods are used for treatment of solid waste and the choice of proper method depends upon refuse characteristics, land area available and disposal cost they are as follows Incineration Compaction Pyrolysis Gasification Composting Incineration It is a controlled combustion process for burning solid wastes in presence of excess air (oxygen) at high temperature of … Read more DMPQ- What are the different methods of solid waste treatment?

DMPQ- What do you mean by organic farming? What are its benefits?

Organic farming is an agricultural system that works in harmony with nature. It largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc.) and rely upon crop rotation, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection. Organic farming … Read more DMPQ- What do you mean by organic farming? What are its benefits?

DMPQ- Recently Forest report was released by forest survey of India. Highlight the major findings.

India State of Forest Report 2019 has been prepared by Forest Survey of India (FSI). It is a biannual report. The report is prepared after mapping of forests and trees through satellite. Key highlights of the report are as follows: the forest area has increased by 3976 kilometers and the area of trees by 1212 … Read more DMPQ- Recently Forest report was released by forest survey of India. Highlight the major findings.

DMPQ: In the last decade NGT played a great role in rendering environment justice. In light of the statement, Suggest the role of NGT in last decade.

The National Green Tribunal has been established on 18.10.2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property … Read more DMPQ: In the last decade NGT played a great role in rendering environment justice. In light of the statement, Suggest the role of NGT in last decade.

DMPQ: The Indian Meteorological department confirmed that this month was coldest in Delhi since 1901. What are the Possible reasons for such cold waves?

In Delhi, the average maximum temperature for December was less than 20°C until December 27. This has happened only four times in the last 118 years, and the IMD has said this month would most likely become the second coldest December for Delhi since 1901. A cold-day condition is said to prevail when the maximum … Read more DMPQ: The Indian Meteorological department confirmed that this month was coldest in Delhi since 1901. What are the Possible reasons for such cold waves?

DMPQ- Write a short note on Hydrofluoro carbon?

Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are a group of industrial chemicals primarily used for cooling and refrigeration. HFCs were developed to replace stratospheric ozone-depleting substances that are currently being phased out under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. Many HFCs are very powerful greenhouse gases and a substantial number are short-lived climate pollutants with … Read more DMPQ- Write a short note on Hydrofluoro carbon?

DMPQ-Explain the concept of Air quality Index.

The AQI is an index for reporting daily air quality. The concept of index is to have one Number one colour description for the common man to judge the air quality within his vicinity.  The index constituted part of the Government’s mission to introduce the culture of cleanliness. Institutional and infrastructural measures were being undertaken in … Read more DMPQ-Explain the concept of Air quality Index.

DMPQ- How climate change affect the fauna and flora of the country?

Impact of climate change on Flora: All the plants/tree species requires a specific temperature for their life processes like germination of seed, growth, flowering, fruiting etc. Changes in temperature have changed this cycle. Trees which are unable to adjust to this change are becoming endangered and might get extinct if not saved. Because of the … Read more DMPQ- How climate change affect the fauna and flora of the country?

DMPQ-Enumerate the threat to biodiversity in India.

Geo-demographic load: India Supports 17% population of the world with only 2.4% area of the world. This ever increasing population is putting great pressure on the natural resources of the country. Climate change Deforestation Habitat loss and fragmentation Overexploitation leading to shortening of Earth Overshoot day. Natural Calamities. Invasive species like water hyacinth, Congress grass, … Read more DMPQ-Enumerate the threat to biodiversity in India.

DMPQ: How thermal power plants are detrimental to the environment?

  Thermal power plants are the major source of energy in India. Nearly 65% of energy production comes from thermal plants. The energy is generated through coal heating process and then running turbine. But the energy generation is not a eco friendly exercise. Thermal power plant affect the environment in following way: Air Pollution:      Particulate … Read more DMPQ: How thermal power plants are detrimental to the environment?

DMPQ- What is e waste? Discuss its impact on the environment and health.

E-waste or electronic waste refers to all waste from electronic and electrical appliances which have reached their end- of- life period or are no longer fit for their original intended use and are destined for recovery, recycling or disposal. It includes computer and its accessories monitors, printers; typewriters, mobile phones and chargers, remotes, batteries, LCD/Plasma … Read more DMPQ- What is e waste? Discuss its impact on the environment and health.

DMPQ- Mention the Importance and relevance of Agroecology in detail.

Agroecology goes beyond a one-dimensional view of agroecosystems – their genetics, agronomy, edaphology, etc., – to embrace an understanding of ecological and social levels of co-evolution, structure and function. Instead of focusing on one particular component of the agroecosystem, agroecology emphasises the interrelatedness of all agroecosystem components and the complex dynamics of ecological processes that … Read more DMPQ- Mention the Importance and relevance of Agroecology in detail.

DMPQ-Despite having large biodiversity in equatorial region, lumbering and livestock farming is still difficult. Comment.

The biodiversity available at equator is highly unmatchable and it one of the riches area in terms of quanta and different types of flora and fauna. But this potential is difficult to translate into commercial extraction as Lack of pure strands as compared to taiga region. Every inch is filled with different kinds of tree. … Read more DMPQ-Despite having large biodiversity in equatorial region, lumbering and livestock farming is still difficult. Comment.

DMPQ-United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change

The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an intergovernmental treaty developed to address the problem of climate change. The Convention, which sets out an agreed framework for dealing with the issue, was negotiated from February 1991 to May 1992 and opened for signature at the June 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development … Read more DMPQ-United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change

DMPQ-Urban environmental management (UFM)

Historically, interaction between the various actors involved in UEM processes has been very weak and ineffective. While laws to effect such involvement existed, it was not exercised both on the part of local governments (adequate information was not provided), as well as other actors and citizens themselves (there was no commitment to participate). Information that … Read more DMPQ-Urban environmental management (UFM)

DMPQ-Explain the preventive measures and preparedness plan for drought mitigation

Dams/reservoirs and wetlands to store water Improvement in agriculture through modifying cropping patterns and introducing drought-resistant varieties of crops Watershed management Water rationing Management of rangeland with improvement of grazing patterns, introduction of feed and protection of shrubs and trees Cattle management Proper selection of crop for drought-affected areas Development of water resource system with … Read more DMPQ-Explain the preventive measures and preparedness plan for drought mitigation

DMPQ-What do you understand by the term flagship species and indicator species.

  Flagship species: A flagship species is a species selected to act as an ambassador, icon or symbol for a defined habitat, issue, campaign or environmental cause. By focusing on, and achieving conservation of that species, the status of many other species which share its habitat – or are vulnerable to the same threats – … Read more DMPQ-What do you understand by the term flagship species and indicator species.

DMPQ- Explain the importance of Contour banks and strip cropping in combating soil erosion.

Runoff concentration is managed by structural measures such as contour banks in upland areas, or strip cropping on floodplains. These systems involve a total change in the way a farm is managed.  Runoff systems must be carefully planned. Flow between properties and across roads and railway lines must be coordinated and suit those affected by … Read more DMPQ- Explain the importance of Contour banks and strip cropping in combating soil erosion.

DMPQ-Write the objectives of Wildlife protection act 1972 and its various ammendments.

Wildlife Protection Act 1972 was passed on August 21, 1972, but was later implemented on September 9, 1972. This act prohibits the capturing, killing, poisoning or trapping of wild animals It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. Objectives Prohibition of hunting Protection and management of wildlife habitats Establishment … Read more DMPQ-Write the objectives of Wildlife protection act 1972 and its various ammendments.

DMPQ- Mention the steps in Disaster risk management

Disaster risk management:steps Prevention Activities and measures to avoid existing and new disaster risks (often less costly than disaster relief and response). For instance, relocating exposed people and assets away from a hazard area. Mitigation The lessening or limitation of the adverse impacts of hazards and related disasters. For instance, constructing flood defences, planting trees … Read more DMPQ- Mention the steps in Disaster risk management

DMPQ:-Write a short note on Blue Carbon Initiative?

UNEP’s Blue Carbon Initiative aims to develop a global partnership to advance the sound management of coastal and marine ecosystems in order to ensure that their carbon sequestration and storage functions are maintained, and emissions of greenhouse gases are avoided.  The initiative aims at achieving the following overall targets by 2025: Reversing the current trend … Read more DMPQ:-Write a short note on Blue Carbon Initiative?

DMPQ:-Climate change is going to affect the agriculture sector most. Discuss the ways through which the effect of Climate change can be prevented?

According to the economic survey, the farm incomes will be dropped by 12% on an average in the coming years with potential losses amounting to 18% of the revenue. The method to prevent the effect are: Fully irrigating Indian agriculture through technologies of drip irrigation, sprinklers, and water management—captured in the “more crop for every … Read more DMPQ:-Climate change is going to affect the agriculture sector most. Discuss the ways through which the effect of Climate change can be prevented?

DMPQ:Ocean Acidification is one of the key effect of global warming. What is Ocean Acidification and How does it affect the marine ecosystem ?

When Carbon dioxide mixes with ocean water it lowers the pH and causes acidification. The level of atmospheric CO2 is increasing after industrial revolution . This increase in CO2 lowers the pH and hence the acidity.  When CO2 reacts with H2O it forms weak carbonic acid. It furtherreacts with water to release bicarbonate ions and … Read more DMPQ:Ocean Acidification is one of the key effect of global warming. What is Ocean Acidification and How does it affect the marine ecosystem ?

DMPQ:Write a short note on Agenda 21.

Agenda 21 is a non-binding and voluntary implementation plan of United Nations with regard to sustainable development. Agenda 21 is a comprehensive plan of action to be taken globally,nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations System,Governments, and Major Groups in every area in which humanimpacts on the environment. Agenda 21, the Rio Declaration … Read more DMPQ:Write a short note on Agenda 21.

DMPQ :Water crisis is more due to anthropogenic factors than natural. Comment

India is facing the water crisis due to various factors and major reasons are decline in the per capita availability of water. As per the above stats the water crisis is deepening and is going to create huge problem. Recently Chennai faced a severe water crisis. IIT Chennai was forced to shutdown for two months.  … Read more DMPQ :Water crisis is more due to anthropogenic factors than natural. Comment

DMPQ- What are The objective of Mission Kakatiya ?

The objective of Mission Kakatiya is to enhance the development of agriculture based income for small and marginal farmers, by accelerating the development of minor irrigation infrastructure, strengthening community based irrigation management and adopting a comprehensive programme for restoration of tanks. Tanks have been the life line of Telangana owing to the state’s geographical positioning. … Read more DMPQ- What are The objective of Mission Kakatiya ?

DMPQ- What are the Aspects of Disaster Management?

  Disaster Prevention Disaster Prevention is the concept of engaging in activities which intend to prevent or avoid potential adverse impacts through action taken in advance, activities designed to provide protection from the occurance of disasters. Disaster Preparedness Disaster preparedness activities embedded with risk reduction measures can prevent disaster situations and also result in saving … Read more DMPQ- What are the Aspects of Disaster Management?

DMPQ- Critically analyse the lack of Policy and Regulatory Framework for Wastewater .

Wastewater shares the policy and regulatory framework with water; however with some differences such as the role of bodies such as the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) becomes more critical. The CPCB, under the MoEF, is an advisory body to the government for prevention and control of water and air pollution and for improvement in … Read more DMPQ- Critically analyse the lack of Policy and Regulatory Framework for Wastewater .

DMPQ- What are the objectives of Drought-prone Areas Programme?

  Minimize adverse effects of droughts on the productivity of land, water and human resources Promote overall economic development and improve the socio-economic condition of poor and disadvantaged sections inhabiting the programme areas Capacity building and empowerment of village community, ensuring participation of Panchayati Raj Institutions and NGOs in programme implementation at grassroots level and … Read more DMPQ- What are the objectives of Drought-prone Areas Programme?

DMPQ- List out the different types of biofertilizers.

Different types of biofertilizers  Rhizobium Rhizobium is a soil habitat bacterium, which can able to colonize the legume roots and fixes the atmospheric nitrogen symbiotically. The morphology and physiology of Rhizobium will vary from free-living condition to the bacteroid of nodules. They are the most efficient biofertilizer as per the quantity of nitrogen fixed concerned. … Read more DMPQ- List out the different types of biofertilizers.

DMPQ- What do you mean by Ex-Situ Conservation?

Ex-Situ Conservation Conservation of plants and animals outside their natural homes Offsite Collections – 1500 botanical gardens and 800 zoological gardens – captive breeding program (species with less number of individuals – when number increases they are released in wild) – restock depleted population, reintroduce species in wild and restore degraded habitats Gene Banks – … Read more DMPQ- What do you mean by Ex-Situ Conservation?

DMPQ- Mention the adaptations by the desert flora and fauna.

Deserts have almost no precipitation, or rainfall. In fact, deserts are specifically defined as areas with an average annual precipitation of less than 10 inches per year. Deserts usually have really high daytime temperatures, low nighttime temperatures, and very low humidity. Desert soil is often sandy, rocky, or gravely. Plant life is highly specialized to … Read more DMPQ- Mention the adaptations by the desert flora and fauna.

DMPQ- Highlight the economics of Climate Change.

Abatement of GHGs, particularly CO2 , implies curtailment of energy consumption. Energy is a vital factor of production, and its replacement and/or reduction will entail a shift away from current production methods. If current systems employ efficient production techniques, a change in factor proportions will increase the cost of production, and have an adverse impact … Read more DMPQ- Highlight the economics of Climate Change.

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