DMPQ-Discuss the recent efforts by India to reduce the pollution caused by coal mines.

The impact of mining activities involving drilling, blasting, loading, and transport of coal is the generation and dispersion of suspended particulate matter in the atmosphere for which various air pollution control measures have been prescribed. Generation and propagation of dust are controlled at the source by the installation of fixed sprinklers at CHPs, coal stockyards, … Read more

DMPQ-Adaptation and Acclimatization to Climate crisis is the best way forward to deal with the Climate Change Problem.” Discuss.

. Rising temperatures have led to a sharp increase in climate extreme events in recent years. The current trend of catastrophic climate events results from a mere 0.6 °C temperature rise in the last 100 years. Ignoring low probability risks could be catastrophic for the economy as well as society. COVID-19 could be nature’s warning … Read more

DMPQ-Throw light on Plastic Waste Management rules, 2016 and discuss it’s significance.

The plastic waste management rules 2016 have been amended to speed up the elimination of single-use plastics and promote alternatives. The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 aimed to: Increase the minimum thickness of plastic carry bags from 40 to 50 microns and stipulate minimum thickness of 50 microns for plastic sheets also to facilitate collection … Read more

DMPQ-Explain how nature based efforts against climate change crisis can be an effective solution to the problem.

The environment, energy and climate ministers from the ‘Group of 20’ (G20) economies expressed their commitments towards addressing the challenges presented by urbanisation, climate change and biodiversity loss. A major emphasis was placed on the inclusion of nature-based solutions (NbS) in fight against the climate crisis. Nature-based solutions (NbS) to climate change involve conserving, restoring … Read more

DMPQ-What are Urban Heat Islands ? Discuss the causes of their origin.

Urban Heat Islands (UHI) are significantly warmer urban areas than its surrounding rural areas due to human activities. Urban Heat Island is a major problem associated with rapid urbanisation. The temperature increase is attributed to deforestation and the construction materials adopted for city building. Usually, under the urban heat island phenomenon, the central regions of … Read more

DMPQ-. Define the concept of Eco Tax. Also mention how it’s relation with covid-19 pandemic and it’s impact on economic growth.

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced countries all over the world to rethink climate change and the need for preservation of the environment. Fiscal reforms for managing the environment are important, and India has great potential for revenue generation in this aspect. Environment regulation, may take several forms: command and control; economic planning/urban planning; environmental tax … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the significant of installing smog towers to fight against Air Pollution. Also mention the challenges associated with them.

Two new smog towers have been recently inaugurated in Delhi. Bengaluru and Chandigarh also installed smog towers this year. Mumbai’s clean air plan indicates a financial requirement of ?25 crore for installing air filtration units at major traffic intersections in the city. Benefits of Smog Towers The Delhi government claims that the newly installed smog … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the challenge of water Management in India. Mention India’s Water Management practices and impact of Climate change on them.

India’s rapid urban growth is putting pressure on its public service arrangements  especially its management of water and sanitation services. • The safe and reliable availability of water and sanitation proved to be the first line of defence against the scourges of COVID-19. The supply-demand gap is expected to widen by 50 per cent by … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the various effects of E-Wastes on Environment.

E-waste or Electronic waste is any electrical or electronic equipment that’s been discarded. This includes working and broken items that are thrown in the garbage or donated to a charity reseller, their components, consumables, parts, and spares.  E-waste is particularly dangerous due to toxic chemicals that naturally leach from the metals inside when buried. Contamination … Read more

DMPQ-Write an essay on Transition towards Green Technology.

.  India has slowly begun to realise pollution is not only causing environmental degradation but it is also a fundamental threat to growth and development. • If not taken seriously and contained, it will have a deep impact on the economy. There is an inevitable demand for clean technologies. Major developments in clean energy technology … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss India’s Challenges towards the transformation from fossil fuels to renewable energy.

A recent ‘Council for Energy, Environment and Water’ (CEEW) report has highlighted the challenges to India’s transformation from a fossil-fuel-dependent economy to one based on renewable energy. There is the major constraint of finance. The transformation will involve massive high-cost, high-risk, long-gestation investments. There is little fiscal space for large public investment in renewables, while … Read more

DMPQ-What is Zero Budget Natural Farming ? Critical evaluate the practice of Zero Budget Natural Farming.

The need was intensified by the rising cost of these external inputs causing indebtedness and suicide among farmers, while the impact of chemicals on the environment and long-term fertility was devastating. Without the need to spend money on these inputs or take loans to buy them the cost of production could be reduced and farming … Read more

dmpq-. Discuss the implications of climate change for Agriculture according to the Sixth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

The Sixth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has issued a “code red” to humanity declaring 1.5°C warming of the planet as inevitable. Although environmental health is being given importance globally, the pace of recovery is not as fast as the pace of degradation. In India’s context, the agriculture and allied … Read more

dmpq-Critically evaluate India’s goal of Carbon neutrality vis-à-vis cop-26 summit.

. Developed countries have an extremely poor track record on climate action. In keeping with this trend, the recently declared enhanced pledges for climate action, including declarations of net-zero emissions by 2050, also fall woefully short of what is required to ensure the safety of the planet. The pressure on developing countries to “do more” … Read more

dmpq-Post covid world presents ample opportunities to become a tech leader in the world.”

Every time a technology giant chooses an India-born techie as its leader, there is a justifiable swelling of pride in the country, but also some disappointment. Despite having so many celebrated technologists around the world, India is still not a major player in technology. This failure can be attributed to lower public spending, high imports … Read more

DMPQ-Briefly describe the major components of social forestry. Also mention the significance of it.

Social forestry means the management and protection of forests and afforestation on barren  lands with the purpose of helping in the environmental, social and rural development. The  National Commission on Agriculture (1976) has classified social forestry into three categories. The main thrust of social forestry is to reduce pressure on the  traditional forest areas by … Read more

DMPQ-. Discuss the salient features of India’s national water policy.

. The salient features of the Draft National Water Policy (2012) are presented  below: Emphasis on the need for a national water framework law, comprehensive legislation for optimum development of inter-State rivers and river valleys, amendment of Irrigation Acts,  Indian Easements Act, 1882, etc. Water, after meeting the pre-emptive needs for safe drinking water and … Read more

DMPQ- Explain why Kyoto protocol couldn’t achieve it’s goals.

Kyoto protocol set ambitious goals for countries but couldn’t meet them. Reasons for the failure of Kyoto protocol are as follows: Though Kyoto was legal, it didn’t have provision of enforcing penalties, as a result developed countries failed to meet the target  and also got away with that. Developing countries criticized this protocol from the … Read more

DMPQ-“Nuclear waste is quickly becoming the most dangerous challenges for the world.” Elucidate.

. Like all industries, the generation of electricity produces waste. Whatever fuel is used, the waste produced in generating electricity must be managed in ways that safeguard human health and minimise the impact on the environment.For radioactive waste, this means isolating or diluting it such that the rate or concentration of any radionuclides returned to … Read more

DMPQ- . Throw light on the salient features of draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA), 2020.

A signatory to the Stockholm Declaration (1972) on Environment, India enacted laws to control water (1974) and air (1981) pollution soon after. But it was only after the Bhopal gas leak disaster in 1984 that the country legislated an umbrella Act for environmental protection in 1986. Exemptions All inland waterways projects and expansion/widening of national … Read more

DMPQ- What is single use plastic? Explain how management of single use plastic pollution is a severe challenge for India.

single-use plastics are goods that are made primarily from fossil fuel–based chemicals (petrochemicals) and are meant to be disposed of right after use—often, in mere minutes. Single-use plastics are most commonly used for packaging and serviceware, such as bottles, wrappers, straws, and bags. The bigger challenge is to put in place an efficient waste management … Read more

DMPQ- . “It has been said that space exploration is bad for environment.” Critically comment the statement.

. Space launches can have a hefty carbon footprint due to the burning of solid rocket fuels. Many rockets are, however, propelled by liquid hydrogen fuel, which produces ‘clean’ water vapour exhaust, although the production of hydrogen itself can cause significant carbon emissions. Rocket engines release trace gases into the upper atmosphere that contribute to … Read more

DMPQ-. How Solid waste management rules 2016 are going to solve India’s solid waste treatment problem?

. The Ministry revised the rules for management of solid waste in the municipal areas after 16 years. The new rules are now applicable beyond municipal areas and extend to urban agglomerations, census towns, notified industrial townships, areas under the control of Indian Railways, airports, airbase, port and harbour, defence establishments, special economic zones, state … Read more

DMPQ-. Explain the measures taken by central and state governments to curb the menace of air pollution in India.

. National Ambient Air Quality Standards envisaging 12 pollutants have been notified under the EPA, 1986 along with 115 emission/effluent standards for 104 different sectors of industries, besides 32 general standards. Government is executing a nation-wide programme of ambient air quality monitoring known as National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP). The network consists of six … Read more

DMPQ- What is the concept of Green GDP ? Throw light on sustainable goals set out to achieve the Green GDP .

. Green GDP refers to a national accounting system of the utilization of the non-renewable  natural resources of any country and is now being envisioned as a part of sustainable  development. The objective is to utilize the resources optimally, efficiently and effectively  in furthering the growth of economies and at the same time a realization … Read more

DMPQ- Analyze the guidelines issued by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) for implementation of Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017.

According to Ramsar Convention, wetland is defined as, “areas of marsh, fen, peat land or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed 6 metres”. Key Features of the … Read more

DMPQ- Throw a light on the mission pillars of Namami Gange mission. Also suggest some vital measures to make Ganga a clean river.

. It is an Integrated Conservation Mission for river Ganga, approved as ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in 2014 with budget outlay of Rs.20,000 Crore.   Main pillars of the mission River front development o Conservation of Aquatic life and biodiversity Improvement of coverage of sewerage infrastructure in habitations on banks of Ganga. River … Read more

DMPQ- What is Environment impact assessment (EIA) ? What are issues related with EIA 2020 draft?

Environment Impact Assessment or EIA can be defined as the study to predict the effect of a proposed activity/project on the environment. A decision making tool, EIA compares various alternatives for a project and seeks to identify the one which represents the best combination of economic and environmental costs and benefits. EIA systematically examines both … Read more

DMPQ- “ We have recently witnessed many environmental challenges arising in India’s infrastructural projects.” Elucidate the statement by citing recent examples.

. A still larger issue now emerging is the environmental issues, erosion of forest cover, etc,  around the infrastructure projects. The present issues being faced in Orissa and other  states on projects which can not only alter the face of the state but also the nation in terms  of economic development need deeper introspection. The … Read more

DMPQ- What is International Solar Alliance (ISA) ? Discuss it’s interests and objectives in achieving renewable energy goals.

The International Solar Alliance (ISA) was conceived as a coalition of solar-resource-rich countries (which lie either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn) to address their special energy needs. The ISA will provide a dedicated platform for cooperation among solar-resource-rich countries, through which the global community, including governments, bilateral … Read more

DMPQ- What is single use plastics? Explain how they are dangerous for environment?

. Single-use plastics, often also referred to as disposable plastics, are commonly used for plastic packaging and include items intended to be used only once before they are thrown away or recycled. These include, among other items, grocery bags, food packaging, bottles, straws, containers, stirrers, styrofoam cups or plates etc.   Impacts of single use … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and Suggest some measures to protect them

Mangroves are salt-tolerant vegetation that grows in intertidal regions of rivers and estuaries. They are referred to as ‘tidal forests’ and belong to the category of ‘tropical wetland rainforest ecosystem’. Causes of Depletion of mangroves Sea level rise and coastal erosion Due to global warming, the sea levels are continuously rising. The rising sea levels … Read more

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