DMPQ- List out the challenges faced in transportation of agricultural produce in India. Give suggestive measures.

Transport is considered to be an important aspect in improving agricultural efficiency. It improves the quality of life of individuals, structures a market for agricultural productions, makes interaction possible among geographical as well as regions and opened up new areas to economic focus. Road transport is the most regular and multifaceted network that includes wide … Read more

DMPQ- What are the different Techniques of soil conservation?

Soil conservation includes all those measures which help in protecting the soil from erosion and exhaustion. Soil erosion has been continuing over, such a large part of India for such a long time that it has assumed alarming proportions. Afforestation The best way to conserve soil is to increase area under forests. Indiscriminate felling of … Read more

DMPQ- What are the main objectives of Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)?

Main objectives of the Mission are: Promote holistic growth of horticulture sector, including bamboo and coconut through area based regionally differentiated strategies, which includes research, technology promotion, extension, post harvest management, processing and marketing, in consonance with comparative advantage of each State/region and its diverse agro-climatic features; Encourage aggregation of farmers into farmer groups like … Read more

DMPQ- What are the different Techniques of irrigation? Considering the water crisis of India which one would you consider a sustainable one.

Surface Irrigation In this method water flows and spreads over the surface of the land. Varied quantities of water are allowed on the fields at different times. Hence, flow of water under surface irrigation comes under unsteady flow. As a result it is very difficult to understand the hydraulics of surface irrigation. However, suitable and … Read more

DMPQ- Do you think river interlinking project in India is going to address the problem of water crisis and floods in India?

River interlinking is an ambitious project of central government to link surplus river basin with deficient river basin to solve surplus and shortage problem of various regions of the country. Recently Bihar and Assam faced the flood situation diverting of water through inter linking can solve the crisis. Points in favour are as: Prevention of … Read more

DMPQ- What do you understand by the term feminisation of agriculture? What are the reasons for feminisation of agriculture?

Feminisation of agriculture refers to the increasing number of women in multiple roles as labourers, cultivators, farmers and entrepreneurs in agricultural sector.  According to agricultural census 2011, there has been a 24 per cent increase in the number of female agricultural labourers between 2001 and 2011, from 49.5 million to 61.6 million. Women in rural … Read more

DMPQ- Short note on Water Frontiers of India.

India covers 3,214 km from North land to South land and 2,933 km from eastwards to westwards. India has the land frontier of 15,106.7 km and a coastline of 7,516.6 km.  Sri Lanka, Thailand, Pakistan,  Bangladesh, Myanmar, Maldives, and  Indonesia are the nations with which India accords marine borders.   India is also surrounded in the … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Pygmy

Pygmy, in anthropology, member of any human group whose adult males grow to less than 59 inches (150 cm) in average height. A member of a slightly taller group is termed pygmoid.  The best-known Pygmy groups and those to whom the term is most commonly applied are the Pygmies of tropical Africa; elsewhere in Africa … Read more

DMPQ-The Coastal Plains

The Peninsular plateau is flanked by stretch of narrow coastal strips, running along the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on the east. The western coast, sandwiched between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, is a narrow plain. It consists of three sections. The northern part of the coast is … Read more

DMPQ-Write an essay on Sex-ratio of India.

Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. Sex ratio is a valuable source for finding the population of women in India and what is the ratio of women to that of men in India. In the Population Census of 2011 it was revealed that the population ratio in … Read more

DMPQ- How can humidity and precipitation be related?

When it rains, it will increase the relative humidity because of the evaporation. The air where the rain is falling may not be completely saturated with water vapor. However, the longer it rains, the more the humidity will increase because of the air constantly drawing the water.  The evaporation will cool the air and increase … Read more

DMPQ:Spatial distribution of temperature on earth is not uniform. Discuss the factors associated with the distribution.

The factors are as follows:   Latitude: The insolation largely depends on the latitude. The intensity of insolation decreases from equator to poles. In addition to this the day length and seasons also depends upon the latitude. Hence lower latitude records high temperature as compared to higher latitudes.   Altitude: As we know that temperature … Read more

DMPQ- What exactly is a black hole?

According to Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity, black holes are uninhabitable chasms of spacetime that end in a ‘singularity,’ or a mass of infinite density. Black holes, with gravitational fields so powerful that not even light could escape them, were inferred by quantum physics about a century ago. It’s a place so bleak that even the laws of physics … Read more

DMPQ-Write a short note on sprinkler Irrigation.

It involves applying irrigation water which is similar to natural rainfall. Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. The pump supply system, sprinklers and operating conditions must be … Read more

DMPQ- How does temperature effects crop growth?

The crops to be grown, the agricultural operations and agricultural patterns are closely influenced by the prevailing temperature condi­tions of the region.  The agricultural scientists have proved that each crop has a specific zero below which it cannot grow. There is also an optimal temperature in which the crop is at its. Greatest vigour. For … Read more

DMPQ-Irrigation is always associated with positive economic development but there are negative fallouts too.

Irrigation is consider boon for agriculture. Artificial injection of water increases the productivity and efficiency of the land. But there are negative fallouts attached with Irrigation. These are as follows: Associated problems of water logging and salinity. Poor irrigation practices lead to water logging and salinity. The productivity has been on decline in some areas … Read more

DMPQ-What do you mean by sacred groves? Why these places are protected?

Sacred groves are the patches of forest or natural vegetation from  a few trees to forest to several acres that are usually dedicated to local folk deities.  The chief elements of protection are religious beliefs and traditional rituals. As sentiments are attached with it local community inherently are inclined toward their protection. Sometimes there is … Read more

DMPQ-Decline in Child Population.Comment.

The 2011 Census is the first one in many decades which counted less absolute number of children in the 0-6 age group. Compared to 2001 Census count of 164 million children, there were 159 million children in 2011, or there were 5 million fewer children in India. This is evident in the share of children … Read more

DMPQ-Cape of Good Hope water way

  Cape of Good Hope, rocky promontory at the southern end of Cape Peninsula, Western Cape province, South Africa. It was first sighted by the Portuguese navigator Bartolomeu Dias in 1488 on his return voyage to Portugal after ascertaining the southern limits of the African continent. One historical account says that Dias named it Cape … Read more

DMPQ- Write an essay on the Linguistic population of India.

As per the 2011 census, 43.63 percent of Indians speak Hindi as their mother tongue. Bengali, with 8.03 percent speakers, is second in the list, followed by Marathi at 3rd with 6.86 percent speakers, Telugu at 4th with 6.7 percent speakers and Tamil at 5th with 5.7 percent speakers. In all, 13 of the 22 … Read more

DMPQ- Write aan essay on Monsoons in India.

The monsoons in India form two branches: the first, the southwest monsoon, sweeps from the Arabian Sea and drenches the Malabar coast of western India and then sweeps down towards Sri Lanka. The second, the southeast, moves northward around the same time from the Bay of Bengal and drenches Bangladesh and eastern Indian and then … Read more

DMPQ- Evaluate the changing stats of sex ration in India

Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. Sex ratio is a valuable source for finding the population of women in India and what is the ratio of women to that of men in India. In the Population Census of 2011 it was revealed that the population ratio in … Read more

DMPQ- What are Submarine Canyons

These are steep valleys, forming deep gorges on the ocean floor. They are mainly restricted to the continental shelf, slope and rise.  Broadly, there are three types of submarine canyons: Small gorges which begin at the edge of the continental shelf and extend down the slope to very great depths, e.g., Oceanographer Canyons near New … Read more

DMPQ- Penumbral Eclipse

In a penumbral eclipse, the Full Moon enters the Earth’s penumbral shadow. The light from the Earth is partially blocked, and the Moon grows dimmer. In principle, a penumbral eclipse can be a partial penumbral eclipse (with only part of the Moon in the penumbra) or a total penumbral eclipse, where the entire Moon is in the penumbra; however, … Read more

DMPQ- How does climate control the landform development?

Climate is a major sculptor of landforms. One of generous precipitation often induces extensive erosion through plentiful runoff and stream flow. A moist, cool climate can even favor the formation of glaciers in mountains and high latitudes. Given the proper conditions, these massive ice bodies advance and heavily impact the terrain. A whole slew of … Read more

DMPQ- Write an essay on the Earth’s core.

Earth’s core is the very hot, very dense center of our planet. The ball-shaped core lies beneath the cool, brittle crust and the mostly-solid mantle. The core is found about 2,900 kilometers (1,802 miles) below Earth’s surface, and has a radius of about 3,485 kilometers (2,165 miles). Planet Earth is older than the core. When … Read more

DMPQ:Why do earthquake occur? Which regions of the world are highly prone to earthquakes and why? Analyse.

Main causes of the earthquake are plate tectonics, volcaniceruption or anthropogenic activities like explosions, reservoir induced seismicity etc. There is arelease of huge amount of energy in the form of sound and seismic waves causing shaking of earth’s surface. The regions which are on the  boundaries of the tectonic plates are more prone to earthquake.  … Read more

DMPQ:-What is ITCZ? What is its utility?

It is a belt of low pressure which circles the Earth generally near the equator where the trade winds of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres come together. It is characterised by convective activity which generates often vigorous thunderstorms over large areas. It is most active over continental land masses by day and relatively less active … Read more

DMPQ:Write a short note on Troposphere.

It is the lower most layer of atmosphere. It extends up to 18km at equator, 13 km at midlatitude and about 8km at poles.It contains approximately 90% of the total mass of the atmosphere.The entire weather phenomenon takes place in this layer. It contains all the watervapour, dust particles, clouds etc. In troposphere the temperature … Read more

DMPQ:Write a short note on Coriolis Effect.

It is a deflecting force experienced due to rotation of earth. Because of Coriolis the air appears to turn towards its right in the northern hemisphere and towards its left in the southern hemisphere. The coriolis always acts in the perpendicular direction of the motion ofair. It is zero at the equator and increases towards … Read more

DMPQ:What is Sustainable Agriculture system? What are its components?

A farming systems that are “capable of maintaining their productivity and usefulness to society indefinitely and must be resource-conserving, socially supportive, commercially competitive,and environmentally sound.” Major components of sustainable agricultural system Soil and water conservation to prevent degradation of soil productivity Efficient use of limited irrigation water without leading to problems of soil salinity,alkalinity and … Read more

DMPQ-Outline the cultural model of conservation of different tribes in India.

  Bishnoi Tribe of Rajasthan: Bishnois consider treesas sacred and protect the entire ecosystemincluding animals and birds that exists in theirvillages. Tribe has organized their own Tiger Forcewhich is a brigade of youth actively pursue wildlifeprotection. Chenchu Tribe of Andhra Pradesh: They areinvolved in tiger conservation at Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve (NSTR). Maldhari Tribe in … Read more

DMPQ :What are fissure volcanoes ? Give some example

In Fissure volcanic eruptions, the Lava comes out to the surface through the cracks of the rock strata and hence the fissure eruptions are not much explosive. The fissure eruptions are smooth and the Lava spreads to a larger area, so they form landscapes such as plateaus.  The major component of volcano are basalt. Basalt is … Read more

DMPQ- What are the main Causes of the Energy Crisis?

Overconsumption The energy crisis is a result of many different strains on our natural resources, not just one. There is a strain on fossil fuels such as oil, gas and coal due to overconsumption – which then in turn can put a strain on our water and oxygen resources by causing pollution. Overpopulation Another cause … Read more

DMPQ- List out the Importance of glaciers.

All of the phases of water—solid, liquid and vapor—relate to glacier dynamics. Water has unique qualities that come into play in understanding the roles glaciers play in the Earth system. For example, water expands rapidly when it freezes—an increase of about 9% by volume. Also, water enters the atmosphere through the familiar cycle of melting … Read more

DMPQ- Analyse the World Distribution of coal reserves.

China China ranks first in the world in coal production. Nearly 38 per cent of world’s coal output is from China. All types of coal are found, including anthracite, bituminous coal and lignite. Although coal occurs in every province of China, but its greatest concentration is in Shanxi and Shaanxi (Shansi and Shensi).   USA … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the Urban heat island.

As urban areas develop, changes occur in their landscape. Buildings, roads, and other infrastructure replace open land and vegetation. Surfaces that were once permeable and moist become impermeable and dry. These changes cause urban regions to become warmer than their rural surroundings, forming an “island” of higher temperatures in the landscape. Heat islands occur on … Read more

DMPQ- Critically evaluate the Dams as an system for flood control.

Dams and flood control The efficiency of dams to withhold floods has always been put to question. Critics have also termed dams as harbinger of floods claiming that the essential scientific assessment for consistent release of water to avoid build up is rarely done. Absence of a standard operating procedure for releasing water from the … Read more

DMPQ- Mention few erosional Landforms.

EROSIONAL LANDFORMS Cirque Cirques are the most common of landforms in glaciated mountains. They are deep, long and wide troughs or basins with very steep concave to vertically dropping high walls at its head as well as sides. A lake of water can be seen quite often within the cirques after the glacier disappears. Such … Read more

DMPQ- What are the different types of Urban Settlements?

urban settlements are classified on various bases. However, classification based on size and function are most common. Let us discuss them one by one Classification based on Population Size According to population size, census of India classifies urban centres into six classes. Classwise urban settlements and their population Class                              Population Class I                            1,00,000 and above … Read more

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