Oceans Currents

? Oceans: Currents Ocean current, stream made up of horizontal and vertical components of the circulation system of ocean waters that is produced by gravity, wind friction, and water density variation in different parts of the ocean. Ocean currents are similar to winds in the atmosphere in that they transfer significant amounts of heat … Read more

Ethical Dilemmas In Government And Private Institutes (1)

? Ethical dilemmas in government and private institutes The reputation and success of governance depends upon the conduct of public functionaries and what the public believe about their conduct. It is therefore of fundamental importance that public functionaries act justly and fairly to all, not only paying lip service to ethical conduct but also … Read more

Reproductive Systems

? Reproductive systems The reproductive system in both males and females consists of structures that produce reproductive cells, or gametes, and secrete sex hormones. A gamete is a haploid cell that combines with another haploid gamete during fertilization. Sex hormones are chemical messengers that control sexual development and reproduction. The male reproductive system consists … Read more

Naxalism

? Naxalism Naxalism is considered to be one of the biggest internal security threats India faces at the moment, then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said in 2008. Every year, many security personnel are killed in various attacks perpetrated by naxalites. Although the forces are trying hard to root the red menace out of the … Read more

Community Based Organizations

? Community Based Organizations (CBOs) Community based organizations (CBO’s) are nonprofit groups that work at a local level to improve life for residents. The focus is to build equality across society in all streams – health care, environment, quality of education, access to technology, access to spaces and information for the disabled, to name … Read more

Molecular Breeding And Marker Assisted Selection

? Molecular breeding and marker assisted selection Molecular breeding Molecular Breeding or Marker assisted breeding (MAB) is the process of using the results of DNA tests to assist in the selection of individuals to become the parents in the next generation of a genetic improvement program. The choice among various methods of MAB depends … Read more

Migration And Metropolitan Regions

? Migration and Metropolitan Region Migration Migration has been defined as crossing of the boundary of a political or administrative unit for a certain minimum period of time. It includes the movements of refugees, displaced persons, uprooted people as well as economic migrants. Internal migration refers to a move from one area (a province, … Read more

India China

? india’s relations with china Cultural and economic relations between China and India date back to ancient times. The Silk Road not only served as a major trade route between India and China, but is also credited for facilitating the spread of Buddhism from India to East Asia. During the 19th century, China’s growing … Read more

DILWARA TEMPLES (1)

?                   DILWARA TEMPLES:-                                   The exquisitely carved marble temples of Dilwara in Mount Abu are the finest examples of Jain temples in India. The hallmark of these temples is the crisp translucent shell like treatment of marble, which surpasses anything seen elsewhere. The ornamental detail Spread over the minutely carved decoration … Read more

Census Of India

? Census of India : Economic and Social features Rural and urban population Altogether, 833.5 million persons live in rural area as per Census 2011, which was more than two-third of the total population, while 377.1 million persons live in urban areas. Urban proportion has gone up from 17.3 per cent in 1951 to … Read more

Pattern Of Revenue Expenditure

? Pattern of Revenue Expenditure In India, government expenditure – as per the provision in the Constitution – is divided into revenue expenditure and capital expenditure. However, the adoption of economic planning shifted emphasize on the division of expenditure into Plan and Non-Plan. The share of Non-Plan expenditure has remained close to 70% and … Read more

Contribution Of Prominent Indian Scientists

? Contribution of Prominent Indian Scientists   Ever since Vedic times, science and scientific inquiry have been integral to Indian intellectual endeavors. It is widely known that Indian mathematicians invented the concept of zero and the decimal system of numbers. It is perhaps not as well known that the Pythagorean theorem was known in India many centuries before … Read more

Paramar Dynasty

? Paramar dynasty In the ninth century, The Paramara / Puar / Panwar dynasty originated in the Mount Abu region of Rajasthan and later ruled over the Malwa region in central India. They ruled from their capital at Dh?r?nagara, the present day Dhar city in Madhya Pradesh. The Paramara rulers were appointed as governors … Read more

Vishnukundins

? Vishnukundins The Vishnukundina Empire was one of the Middle kingdoms of India, controlling the Deccan, Orissa and parts of South India during the 5th and 6th centuries, carving land out from the Vakataka Empire. It played an important role in the history of the Deccan during the 5th and 6th centuries CE. The … Read more

17-18.11.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Jharkhand railway stations fail national cleanliness test, Ranchi station ranked at 63   In a nationwide study, titled ‘Cleanliness Assessment of Non-Suburban and Suburban Stations 2019’, conducted by the Indian Railways this year on cleanliness in stations, none of Jharkhand’s busiest railway stations have featured in the top 50 cleanest stations. The study’s findings, … Read more

Landform

? Landform Each landform has its unique physical shape, size, materials and is a result of the action of certain geomorphic processes and agent(s). Every landform has a beginning. Landforms once formed may change in their shape, size and nature slowly or fast due to continued action of geomorphic processes and agents. Due to … Read more

Direction Test

? Direction test     Introduction: There are four main directions – East, West, North and South as shown below:         There are four cardinal directions – North-East (N-E), North-West (N-W), South-East (S-E), and South-West (S-W) as shown below:       Key points   At the time of sunrise if a man stands facing the east, his shadow will be towards … Read more

16.11.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs

  INTERNATIONAL   Bangladesh tops business bribery risk in South Asia   Bangladesh has the highest business bribery risk among South Asian countries, according to the Trace Bribery Matrix which releases annual ranking for 200 countries.   The Matrix evaluates countries under four parameters which are business interaction with the government, anti-bribery deterrence, transparency and … Read more

Nervous System Of Human Being

? Nervous system of human being The nervous system is a complex collection of nerves and specialized cells known as neurons that transmit signals between different parts of the body. It is essentially the body’s electrical wiring. Structurally, the nervous system has two components: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. According … Read more

Nepotism

? Nepotism Nepotism describes a variety of practices related to favoritism; it can mean simply hiring one’s own family members, or it can mean hiring and advancing unqualified or under-qualified family members based simply on the familial relationship. The word nepotism stems from the Latin word for “nephew,” especially the nephews of the prelates … Read more

Attorney General

? Attorney General of India Constitutional of Attorney General Article 76 The President shall appoint a person who is qualified to be appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court to be Attorney-General for India. It shall be the duty of the Attorney-General to give advice to the Government of India upon such legal matters, … Read more

Climatic Regions Of India

? Climatic Regions of India : Koeppen’s Classification   Climate Type Climatic Region Annual Rainfall in the Region Amw(Monsoon type with shorter dry winter season) Western coastal region, south of Mumbai over 300 cm As(Monsoon type with dry season in high sun period) Coromandel coast = Coastal Tamil Nadu and adjoining … Read more

Social Welfare Programmes

? Social Welfare Programmes of India Social Welfare sector is responsible for the welfare, rehabilitation and development of the Persons with Disabilities, the Social Deviants, and the Other Disadvantaged who require special attention of the State because of the disabilities and vulnerabilities they suffer from. While there is no information about the size of … Read more

Distribution Of Natural Resources

? Distribution of natural resources World Distribution of forest reserves Forests cover 31 percent of the world’s land surface, just over 4 billion hectares. (One hectare = 2.47 acres.) This is down from the pre-industrial area of 5.9 billion hectares. According to data from the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, deforestation was at its … Read more

Methods Of Production And Manufacturing

? Methods of production and manufacturing Washing soda The chemical name of washing soda is sodium carbonate decahydrate, and its chemical formula is Na2CO3.10H2O. So washing soda is hydrated salt of sodium carbonate containing 10 molecules of water of crystallization. Sodium carbonate is manufactured by Solvay process. The manufacture of sodium carbonate by Solvay … Read more

Gram Swaraj

? Gram Swaraj, Satyagraha and Bhoodana Gram Swaraj Gram swaraj, or village self-rule, was a pivotal concept in Gandhi’s thinking. It was the centerpiece of his vision of economic development in India. Gandhiji’s Gram Swaraj was not the reconstruction of the old village but the formation of fresh independent units of villages having self-sufficient … Read more

Printing Press In India During British Rule

? Printing press in india during british rule The press as we know it today was, however, brought to India in the wake of British rule. Under the rule of the East India Company, there was the possibility of interesting news and some enterprising journalists set up printing presses in India to expose the … Read more

The Chauhans

? Origins According to the Rajput bards, Chauhan is one of the four Agnikula or ‘fire sprung’ clans who were created by the Gods in the anali kund or ‘fountain of fire’ on Mount Abu to fight against the Asuras or demons. Chauhan is also one of the 36 ruling races of the Rajputs. … Read more

Number System

? Number system 1. Basic Formulae  (a + b)(a – b) = (a2 – b2) (a + b)2 = (a2 + b2 + 2ab) (a – b)2 = (a2 + b2 – 2ab) (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2(ab + bc + ca) (a3 + b3) = (a + b)(a2 – ab + b2) (a3 – b3) = (a – b)(a2 + ab + b2) (a3 + b3 + c3 – 3abc) = (a + b + c)(a2 + b2 + c2 – ab – bc – ac) When a + b + c = 0, then a3 + b3 + c3 = 3abc   2. Types of Numbers I. Natural Numbers Counting numbers 1,2,3,4,5,…1,2,3,4,5,… are called natural numbers   … Read more

Social Audit

? RAS MAINS REVISION: Part III Auditing and Accounting     Social Audit: It is a tool through which government department can plan, manage and measure non-financial activities and monitor both internal and external consequences of the department social and commercial operation. OR Social Audit is an independent evaluation of the performance of an … Read more

Niti Ayog

? Niti Ayog – National Institution for Transforming India   The National Institution for Transforming India, also called NITI Aayog, was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015. NITI Aayog is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs. While designing … Read more

Society

? Society, Community, Association, Institution, Social group, Folkways and Mores Society society is an organization of people whose associations are with one another. MacIver describes society as a web of relationships. There are a number of definitions of society. Most of them point to the following characteristics of society. The first condition for calling … Read more

FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT.Decision.making Docx

? FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT – DECISION MAKING   Concept and meaning   Decision making is the process of identifying and selecting a course of action to solve a specific problem.   Decision making involves the selection of a course of action from among two or more possible alternatives in order to arrive at a … Read more

Broad Physical Feature

? Broad Physical Feature: Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Lakes and Glaciers:-   Landforms are the natural features and shapes existent on the face of the earth. Landforms possess many different physical characteristics and are spread out throughout the planet. Together, landforms constitute a specific terrain and their physical arrangement in the landscape forms what is … Read more

Emergence Of India As Educational Force

? Emergence of India as Educational Force The Indian higher education system has undergone rapid expansion. In less than 20 years, the country has created additional capacity for a mammoth 40 million students. While the scale of this expansion is remarkable in itself, what sets it apart from earlier decades of equally aggressive expansion … Read more

El Nino

? El Nino El Niño is the name given to the occasional development of warm ocean surface waters along the coast of Ecuador and Peru. When this warming occurs the usual upwelling of cold, nutrient rich deep ocean water is significantly reduced. El Niño normally occurs around Christmas and usually lasts for a few weeks to a few … Read more

15.11.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Organic farming in Jharkhand gets Rs 100 crore cabinet boost   The state government on Saturday gave its approval for a Rs 100-crore boost to organic farming and facilitate its certification in Jharkhand. Under the scheme, farmers will be given Rs 30,000 per acre to practice chemical-free farming.   Along with assistance to farmers, … Read more

14.11.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Ranchi laps up women-only bus service   Taking up the issue of women safety, Ranchi Municipal Corporation launched the city’s first women-only buses, plying on the 4.2-kilometer route between Kutchery Chowk and Rajendra Chowk, with a goal to make the commuting safer.   A report titled ‘WINGS 2018 – A study on the perception … Read more

Puzzle Test

? Puzzle Test Puzzle Test section comprises problems put in the form of puzzles involving certain number of items, be it persons or things. The candidate is required to analyse the given information, condense it in a suitable form and answer the questions asked.     In this type of test, the questions are … Read more

Inputs Of Agriculture

? Inputs of agriculture Seed Seed is technically defined as ripened ovule containing embryo. Another definition says that the seed is a living embryo which is vital and basic input for attaining sustained growth in agricultural production in different agro-climatic conditions. The embryo in the seed remains almost suspended for sometimes and then revives … Read more

Lord Wellesley

? Lord Wellesley (1789-1805) INTRODUCTION Lord Wellesley became the Governor General of India at a time when the British were involved in a life and death struggle with France all over the world. He soon realized that the political conditions in India were favorable for the expansion of the British Empire in India. Lord … Read more

Maharshi Karve

? Maharshi Karve Dhondo Keshav Karve, (born April 18, 1858, Sheravali, India—died November 9, 1962, Poona (Pune), Indian social reformer and educator, noted for supporting the education of women and for organizing associations for the remarriage of Hindu widows.  While an instructor in mathematics (1891–1914) at Fergusson College, Poona, Karve became concerned with breaking … Read more

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis

? Factors affecting photosynthesis There are three main factors affecting photosynthesis and several corollary factors. The three main are:   Light irradiance and wavelength Carbon dioxide concentration Temperature. Total photosynthesis is limited by a range of environmental factors. These include the amount of light available, the amount of leaf area a plant has to … Read more

13.11.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs

    INTERNATIONAL   ·       Bangladesh partners with China to build Purbachal   Bangladeshhas partnered with Chinato build its first smart city and the biggest planned township on the outskirts of Dhaka. The project also includes a mega water project which upon completion, will divert water from the Meghna river to the settlement. The township is signed under Bangladesh’s … Read more

Class And Caste In Indian Politics

? Class and caste in Indian politics Caste in Indian society refers to a social group where membership is largely decided by birth. Each such local group avoids entering into marital relationship with outsiders. Originally, this group was associated with a specific profession. The mutual relationship of one caste with the other is established … Read more

India Relations With European Union

? India relations with european union The 1994 EU-India Cooperation Agreement provides the legal framework for EU-India relations. Since 2000, regular Summits have boosted political, economic and sectorial cooperation underpinned by the formation of the EU-India Strategic Partnership in 2004.   At the 14th EU-India Summit, held in New Delhi on 6 October 2017, … Read more

Stress

? BEHAVIOR   MEETING LIFE CHALLENGES : STRESS   Stress: – The pattern of responses an organism makes to stimulus event that disturbs the equilibrium and exceeds a person’s ability to cope.   NATURE OF STRESS   Stress is not a factor that resides in the individual or the environment, instead it is embedded … Read more

Development Of Press

? Development of Press, Railway, Press and Telegraph, Industries in British India   Development of Press:- The first press in India was established by the Portuguese in 1550, first book was published by Portuguese missionaries (1557). The next was established by British in 1684. James Augustus Hickey is considered as the “father of Indian … Read more

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