DMPQ-“Pandemic induced Semiconductor Shortage presents a huge opportunity before India to become self reliant in this critical technology.” Discuss.

The pandemic has brought to the fore the fragility of the global supply chain of semiconductor manufacturing. The situation is exacerbated by the overdependence of the world on East Asia for fab manufacturing, the rising price of silicon, and the China-U.S. trade war. No wonder, countries are scampering to safeguard their interests by introducing attractive … Read more

DMPQ-“Corona Virus Pandemic has created the need for effective disease Surveillance System.” Discuss.

A major cholera outbreak in Delhi in 1988 and the Surat plague outbreak of 1994, nudged the Government of India to launch the National Surveillance Programme for Communicable Diseases in 1997. However, this initiative remained rudimentary till, in wake of the SARS outbreak, in 2004, India launched the Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP). The focus … Read more

DMPQ-. Discuss the recent breakthrough treatment in treating AIDS via stem cell transplantation.

There is considerable excitement in the world of medicine after scientists reported that a woman living with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) and administered an experimental treatment is likely ‘cured’. Only three people so far are known to have been cured of HIV. A patient with leukaemia in the United States has become the first woman … Read more

DMPQ-What is Assisted Reproductive Technology? Mention the important features of The Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Act, 2020.

Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) procedures involve surgically removing eggs from a woman’s ovaries, combining them with sperm in the laboratory, and returning them to the woman’s body or donating them to another woman.  Assisted Reproductive Technology fertility treatments handle both a woman’s egg and a man’s sperm.  By definition, ART does not include treatments in … Read more

dmpq-Discuss India’s Mechanism for the Regulation of Genetically modified Foods.

The top biotech regulator in India is Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC). The committee functions as a statutory body under the Environment Protection Act 1986 of the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF). It was earlier known as Genetic Engineering Approval Committee. Under the EPA 1986 “Rules for Manufacture, Use, Import, Export and Storage of … Read more

DMPQ-Describe SARS-coV-2? Also mention the diagnosis and symptoms associated with the disease caused by this viral variant.

A variant of SARS-CoV-2 with a D614G substitution in the gene encoding the spike protein emerged in late January or early February 2020. Over a period of several months, the D614G mutation replaced the initial SARS-CoV-2 strain identified in China and by June 2020 became the dominant form of the virus circulating globally. The standard … Read more

DMPQ-. Throw light on some of the major myths associated with Covid-19 pandemic.

Answer. 5G mobile networks DO NOT spread COVID-19 Viruses cannot travel on radio waves/mobile networks. COVID-19 is spreading in many countries that do not have 5G mobile networks. COVID-19 is spread through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks. People can also be infected by touching a contaminated surface and then their … Read more

DMPQ-. Write a short note on ISRO’s Shukrayaan mission.

. Shukrayaan -1 is a proposed mission to the fiery planet, Venus which is also known as Shukra. Based on the success of Chandrayaan and the Mangalyan ISRO has been studying the feasibility of future interplanetary missions which includes Venus. Venus is the second planet from the sun and is the hottest in our solar … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on ISRO’s Shukrayaan mission.

Bioterrorism is the use of bacteria, viruses, or germs to purposely harm large quantities of people or communities. These “weapons” are spread through air, water, or food sources. Bioterrorism is rare and is used to threaten people, governments, and countries. In bioterrorist attacks, usually only a small number of people may be injured or affected. … Read more

Describe the major features associated with ocean continental convergence.

In plate tectonics, Convergent boundary is a region where two or more tectonic plates of the lithosphere move towards one another and collide. There are 3 types of Convergence: Ocean-Continental Continent-Continent Ocean-Ocean Features associated with ocean continental convergence: In this type of boundary, the oceanic lithosphere will always sub duct below the continental lithosphere. This … Read more

What do you understand by the term Gravitational Lensing?

Gravitational Lensing is a natural phenomenon that magnifies light around galaxies.  The phenomenon occurs when a huge amount of matter, such as a massive galaxy or cluster of galaxies, creates a gravitational field that distorts and magnifies the light from objects behind it, but in the same line of sight. This makes dim, faraway objects … Read more

What is Reusable launch vehicle technology? What are its features and advantage? (SCIENCE)

A reusable launch system (RLS, or reusable launch vehicle, RLV) is a system capable of launching apayload into space more than once. Features RLV-TD is part of a series of technology demonstration missions that have been considered as a firststep towards realizing a Two Stage To Orbit (TSTO) fully re-usable vehicle. The configuration of RLV-TD … Read more

What is robotics? write down its application in agriculture? (science)

Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture,                 and operation of robots. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology and bioengineering. Application in agriculture: Robots can be used to farming on a large scale, with efficiency and in lesser time. Helps  in extensive farming. Robots make it … Read more

DMPQ-Briefly describe photonics. Also mention the need of photonics.

. Photonics is the science of light. It is the technology of generating, controlling, and detecting light waves and photons, which are particles of light. The characteristics of the waves and photons can be used to explore the universe, cure diseases, and even to solve crimes. Scientists have been studying light for hundreds of years. … Read more

DMPQ-. Give a brief description about Bio-piracy with examples.

As genetic research becomes more sophisticated, so does our ability to use plants and animals to develop new drugs or modify crops to meet food security needs. Often, in the search for new bio resources, researchers draw on local people’s traditional knowledge about the properties of a particular plant, animal or chemical compound. When researchers … Read more

DMPQ-What is hydroponics? Mention the important factors necessary for successful practice of hydroponics.

Hydroponics, or growing plants in a nutrient solution root medium, is a growing area of commercial food production and also is used for home food production by hobbyists. Learn about the state-of-the-art techniques for producing food in a controlled, soilless setting. Major factors to ensure the successful hydroponics practice are as follows: Ensuring water quality … Read more

DMPQ-. Describe the basic concept of Cloning. Also mention the potential drawbacks of applications of Cloning.

Cloning is the process of generating a genetically identical copy of a cell or an organism. Cloning happens often in nature—for example, when a cell replicates itself asexually without any genetic alteration or recombination. Prokaryotic organisms (organisms lacking a cell nucleus) such as bacteria create genetically identical duplicates of themselves using binary fission or budding. … Read more

DMPQ- Point out the major components and applications of biometric system.

A biometric system is a technology which takes an individual’s physiological, behavioral, or both traits as input, analyzes it, and identifies the individual as a genuine or malicious user. Basic Components of a Biometric System Input Interface (Sensors) It is the sensing component of a biometrics system that converts human biological data into digital form. … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the potential disadvantages of Transgenic crops.

A concern about what affect genetically modified material could have on human health. For example, transgenic crops have been suggested to cause allergies in some people, although it is uncertain whether transgenic crops are the source of this reaction. Furthermore the antibiotic resistance genes placed in these crops has been suggested to cause resistance to … Read more

DMPQ- What are Transgenic crops ? Explain how transgenic crops have the potential to end the food security crisis.

A transgenic crop is a genetically modified organism (GMO). Transgenic indicates that a transfer of genes has occurred using recombinant DNA technology. Generally a transgenic crop contains one or more genes that have been inserted artificially either from an unrelated plant or from different species altogether. Plants have been modified for many reasons over the … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the process of regulation of Genetically modified (GM) foods in India.

. In India, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) introduced the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 as an umbrella legislation to provide a holistic framework for the protection and improvement to the environment. In connection with the use of micro-organisms and application of gene technology, the MoEFCC notified the “Rules for manufacture, use/import/export & … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the Applications of Biotechnology in live stock and animal husbandry.

Biotechnology is being harnessed in various aspects of the livestock industry to hasten breed development for improved animal health and welfare, enhanced reproduction, and improved nutritional quality and safety of animal-derived foods. Artificial Insemination One of the earliest perfected technology is artificial insemination (AI) where new breeds of animals are produced through the introduction of … Read more

DMPQ- . Explain how Biotechnology can play significant role in the conservation of Bio diversity and environment.

At present, loss of specific species, groups of species (extinction) or decrease in number of particular organisms (endangerment) are taking place in different parts of the world at a rapid pace. These losses are often manifestations of degradation or destruction in the ecosystem or habitat. DNA Banks More plant conservationists are turning to DNA technologies … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the role of Bioremediation in environment friendly waste disposal process.

. Bioremediation is a branch of biotechnology that employs the use of living organisms, like microbes and bacteria, in the removal of contaminants, pollutants, and toxins from soil, water, and other environments. Bioremediation may be used to clean up contaminated groundwater or environmental problems, such as oil spills. Bioremediation relies on stimulating the growth of … Read more

DMPQ- What is the purpose of DNA technology (Use and Application) regulation bill, 2018 ? Throw light on the salient features of the bill.

. The primary intended purpose of “The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2019” is for expanding the application of DNA-based forensic technologies to support and strengthen the justice delivery system of the country. The utility of DNA based technologies for solving crimes, and to identify missing persons, is well recognized across the world. … Read more

DMPQ- Explain how gene therapy can impact the future of humans.

. Gene therapy is the treatment of disease by replacing, altering, or supplementing a gene that is absent or abnormal and whose absence or abnormality is responsible for the disease. Gene therapy may use the genetic material, DNA, itself as the means of treatment. Most, if not all, diseases have a genetic factor. The genetic … Read more

DMPQ-. Discuss some of the important tools and technologies of biotechnology.

. Important tools which come under Biotechnology are as follows: Genetic engineering Genetic engineering is the process of using recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology to alter the genetic makeup of an organism. Traditionally, humans have manipulated genomes indirectly by controlling breeding and selecting offspring with desired traits. Genetic engineering involves the direct manipulation of one or … Read more

DMPQ-How bio-diesel can solve India’s problems of energy and pollution.

A glaring and current problem is the pollution plaguing the entire north Indian plains. The short-term solution for this issue exists in the quick and scaled-out expansion of biofuel-powered public transport across the country. Imagine bringing down pollution levels by up to 90% in carbon emissions by public transport vehicles, eliminating stubble burning by farmers, … Read more

DMPQ-Briefly discuss all three stages of India’s Nuclear power program.

. India’s three-stage nuclear power programme was formulated by Homi Bhabha in the 1950s to secure the country’s long term energy independence, through the use of uranium and thorium reserves found in the monazite sands of coastal regions of South India. The ultimate focus of the programme is on enabling the thorium reserves of India … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss how space can solve world’s energy problems.

.  A new technological study reveals that by the year 2050, there will be need a for three times as much primary power and it will have to be three times as clean. There is no earthly technology now available, or capable of becoming available by the year 2050, that can solve the energy problem. … Read more

DMPQ-. What is the concept of smart grid in power sector ? Why it is important for India?

. As of August 2019, India is the third-largest producer and fourth-largest consumer of electricity in the world with an installed capacity of about 350 GW. This power is generated from both traditional and renewable sources. The advent of newer models such as microgrids, the influx of renewables, and the revised target of having 227 … Read more

DMPQ- . How does nuclear agriculture benefits different aspects of Agriculture?

. Here are just seven examples of how nuclear technology is improving agriculture: Improved soil and water balance Nuclear techniques are now used in many countries to help maintain healthy soil and water systems, which are paramount in ensuring food security for the growing global population. For instance, in Benin, a scheme involving 5 000 … Read more

DMPQ- What are Radioisotopes? Point out their industrial applications.

. Radioisotopes are radioactive isotopes of an element. They can also be defined as atoms that contain an unstable combination of neutrons and protons, or excess energy in their nucleus. The unstable nucleus of a radioisotope can occur naturally, or as a result of artificially altering the atom. In some cases a nuclear reactor is … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the significance of India’s ‘Make in India’ Programme in defence sector. Also mention the challenges In Indigenous Defence Manufacturing.

The ‘Make in India’ programme is primarily being impelled by the imperative to reduce arms import bills and ‘optimise’ defence expenditure – India’s FY2019 defence budget of USD 71.1 billion was the highest in South Asia and the third-highest in the world, and for the past five years, it has been the world’s second largest … Read more

DMPQ- What is MTCR (Missile technology control regime) ? What advantages India have after becoming it’s member ?

. Established in April 1987, the voluntary Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) aims to limit the spread of ballistic missiles and other unmanned delivery systems that could be used for chemical, biological, and nuclear attacks. The regime urges its 35 members, which include most of the world’s key missile manufacturers, to restrict their exports of … Read more

DMPQ- Briefly describe the Ayush systems of Healthcare.

Ayurveda ‘ Ayurveda’ literally means “Science of Life”. Ayurveda is evolved from the various Vedic hymns rooted in the fundamental philosophies about life, disease and health. The Charak Samhita and Sushruta Samhita developed around 2500 BC are the main treaties of Ayurveda fully available today. Yoga Yoga is essentially spiritual and it is an art … Read more

DMPQ- . Explain Integrated guided missile development programme ( IGMDP). How it has played an important role in India’s defence

.  The Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) was an Indian Ministry of Defence programme for the research and development of the comprehensive range of missiles. The programme was managed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Ordnance Factories Board in partnership with other Indian government political organisations. The project started in 1982–83 … Read more

DMPQ- . Describe the different types of missile systems on the basis of their delivery.

Ballistic Missiles Ballistic missiles are powered by rockets initially but then follow an unpowered, parabolic, free-falling trajectory toward their targets. They are classified by the maximum distance that they can travel, which is a function of how powerful the missile’s engines (rockets) are and the weight of the missile’s payload, or warhead. To add more … Read more

DMPQ- .How space technology is playing important role in India’s socio-economic development.

Space technology is not just about space exploration but it has huge role to play in socio-economic field. Socio-Economic development through application of space technology: Survey of various mineral and natural resources have been made possible through remote sensing. Management of these resources, their development conservation and formulation of various policies are affectively done with … Read more

DMPQ- . What are the future economic implications of moon missions.

Answer. Moon exploration has many possibilities: We could make use of lunar resources to facilitate scientific and economic activity in the vicinity of both Earth and Moon (so-called cis-lunar space) as well as future exploration deeper into the Solar System. We can consider the importation of lunar resources to the Earth’s surface where they would … Read more

DMPQ- What is AVATAR (Aerobic vehicle for hypersonic aerospace transportation) ? Discuss it’s signicance in boosting India’s defence.

.  AVATAR is a single-stage reusable spaceplane capable of horizontal takeoff and landing, being developed by India’s Defense Research and Development Organization along with Indian Space Research Organization and other research institutions; it could be used for cheaper military and civilian satellite launches. According to the Designers, Hyperplane projects of the 1980’s – the X-30, … Read more

DMPQ- Point out the important socio-economic applications of recently launched GSAT-30 satellite.

GSAT-30 is aimed at providing high-quality television, telecommunications and broadcasting services. The 3,357-kg GSAT-30 derives its heritage from ISRO’s earlier INSAT/GSAT satellite series, and is equipped with 12 C and 12 Ku band transponders. GSAT-30 will serve as replacement to the aging INSAT-4A spacecraft services with enhanced coverage. The satellite will provide Indian mainland and … Read more

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