USA became a power to reckon with within three decades of end of civil war and heavy Industrialization of USA took place. USA produced 1/3rd of total steel of world by 1900. For a long time, its growth was un-noticed as most of its production was consumed at home itself. It was only by 1890s … Read more DMPQ-Trace the rise of United states of America as global power in 19th century.
. After defeat of Napoleon in battle of Waterloo, Prince Metternich Chancellor of Austria convened Congress of European Powers in Vienna. It was a first of its kind diplomatic meet in which all concerned powers affected by Napoleon attended. After end of napoleon’s reign, European heads met from 1814 to 1815 in Vienna to settle … Read more DMPQ-“Congress of Vienna, 1814 was an effort of European powers to reinstate the older Europe.” Explain.
Almost after Indira Gandhi’s swearing in as PM after 1971 elections, Bangladesh Crisis broke out. It was a direct challenge to the Two Nations Theory itself that people of one religion form one nation. Political and economic elites of West Pakistan had dominated the scene and people of East Pakistan had no mechanism to air … Read more DMPQ- Explain government of India’s role in the liberation of Bangladesh.
India always wanted to have friendly relationships with China as both have borne the brunt of colonialism and it was evident in its recognition of Communist China right from the beginning in 1950, support of China in Korea war and support of China in UNSC seat. India also raised little objection over Chinese occupation over … Read more DMPQ- Explain why panchsheel spirit did not last long between India-China bilateral relations .
India wanted to have cordial and friendly relationships with US despite its policy of non-alignment. The US, however, disappointed India first on Kashmir issue, then over food aid. The US had big influence in the UN and it used it to project a negative image of India over Kashmir issue and ignored the fact that … Read more DMPQ- . Explain why India and United states of America had stressed diplomatic relations post world war 2.
Answer. The World Health Organization (WHO), the UN’s health agency, has played a crucial role in tackling the COVID-19 pandemic, ever since the first cases were identified in the Chinese city of Wuhan in December. Helping countries to prepare and respond The plan, which is updated as fresh information and data improve WHO’s understanding of … Read more DMPQ-. World Health Organization plays an important role during the pandemic. Throw light on WHO’s roles and responsibilities amid Covid19 pandemic crisis.
. The rise of the liberal international order has been a major factor in the growing movement of people across borders, whether for purposes of supply chains and distribution networks, international finance and the flow of money, employment, study or tourism. But this globalization has also allowed the entire world to be much more aware … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the future of globalization amid the pandemic crisis.
India continued to push for greater priority to be given within the UN system for the global counter-terrorism effort. It was repeatedly highlighted that the international community needed to strengthen its legal framework that supported international counter-terrorism cooperation by reaching agreement on the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT), and ensure greater transparency and effectiveness … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on India’s contribution to UN peacekeeping missions.
. The Wassenaar Arrangement has been established in order to contribute to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus preventing destabilising accumulations. The aim is also to prevent the acquisition of these items by terrorists. Participating States seek, through … Read more DMPQ- Briefly describe wassenaar arrangement. Also mention it’s importance for India becoming the member of it.
The Bosnian War began in 1992 and lasted until 1995, though the cause of the Bosnian War has roots in World War II and its impact is still being felt in 2017. The war led to the deaths of around 100,000 people. It also spurred the genocide of at least 80 percent Bosnian Muslims, also … Read more DMPQ- Briefly describe the causes war in Bosnia Herzegovina.
Mikhail Gorbachev is one of the prominent figures who are believed to have had their part in bringing the end to the Cold War. It may also be said that he is the most controversial character among them. We have seen a multitude of contrasting opinions about the motivations and consequences of Gorbachev’s statesmanship, ranging … Read more DMPQ- Evaluate critically the role of Mikhail Gorbachev in the fall of Soviat union.
At the fourth BRICS Summit in New Delhi (2012), the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa considered the possibility of setting up a new Development Bank to mobilize resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS and other emerging economies, as well as in developing countries. They directed Finance Ministers to … Read more DMPQ-What is new development bank? Also mention the main objectives of the bank.
ADR and GDR are route used by Indian corporate sector used for foreign direct investment.In the absence of convertibility, Indian companies cannot access the global capital market by issuance of shares just as they can be in the domestic market. To enable companies to access global markets, companies can issue shares, but instead of selling … Read more DMPQ-Critically differentiate between American depository receipts (ADR) and Global depository receipts(GDR).
. The conflict with China on the borders of Ladakh, and the brutal murder of 20 Indian soldiers has led to furious allegations by retired service officers as well as opposition leaders of ‘another’ intelligence failure. A disjointed Indian intelligence system appears to have permitted China the crucial time window to initially move forces into … Read more DMPQ- Disscuss the major intelliegence Challenges India facing in the context of recent India china border dispute.
Patent A patent is granted for an invention which is a new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of industrial application. “New invention ’ means the subject matter has not fallen in public domain or that it does not form part of the state of the art; Inventive step is the feature(s) … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the various types of Intellectual property rights.
India’s main strategic challenge comes from its prosperous northern neighbour; China. It can be said that China and India, are going to make uneasy neighbours. For the two nuclear-armed nations to rise, almost simultaneously, without conflict will require either adroit diplomacy or a miracle; possibly both. The all weather Sino-Pakistan alliance, with its strong anti-Indian … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the main causes escalating maritime challenges for India.
One of the most important challenges of border management is integration of local community in 4 border management. Preventing alienation of border population, winning their hearts and minds by formulating people inclusive border management policies is of paramount importance. There is need to recognise the local bordering community as a prime stakeholder in border management. … Read more DMPQ- . How can community participation is one of the important factors in border management ?
China and its engagements in the Indian Ocean Region is set to grow at a rapid pace until the near future. China’s setting up of its base in Djibouti is ideal during peacetime but there is also a significant presence of other militaries such as the US, France, Japan, etc, which shall render the Chinese … Read more DMPQ- China has been actively engaged in expanding its footprint in Indian Ocean. Explain what kind of threat China pose for India in Indian ocean.
. There have been a series of lone wolf terrorist strikes across the world. From 2014 Sydney hostage crisis to Paris knife attack are among the prominent incidents. A lone wolf attack is undertaken by a very small group or an individual in support of a larger cause, but without the overall supervision or support … Read more DMPQ- Terrorists organizations like ISIS are using lone wolf attacks. What do you understand by ‘lone wolf attacks’? What threat does this pose to India?
The New Deal itself created millions of jobs and sponsored public works projects that reached most every county in the nation. Federal protection of bank deposits ended the dangerous trend of bank runs. Abuse of the stock market was more clearly defined and monitored to prevent collapses in the future. The Social Security system was … Read more DMPQ- Critically evaluate the achievements of new deal to end the recession in the United States of America.
Between the late 1960s and the late 1970s, there was a thawing of the ongoing Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. This détente took several forms, including increased discussion on arms control. Although the decade began with vast improvements in bilateral relations, by the end of the decade events had brought … Read more DMPQ- Why was there a period of détente during the1970s and 1980s,and in what ways did detente manifest itself?
Quad is an informal strategic forum among the like-minded democracies across the Indian and the Pacific Ocean aimed to ensure and support a “free, open and prosperous” Indo-Pacific region. It comprises of the USA, India, Japan and Australia. Dubbed the Asian NATO, the Quad has a rocky past and has only recently developed a greater … Read more DMPQ- What is QUAD ? What are the implications of including Australia in MALABAR 2020 under QUAD ?
End of cold war When Mikhail Gorbachev assumed the reins of power in the Soviet Union in 1985, no one predicted the revolution he would bring. A dedicated reformer, Gorbachev introduced the policies of glasnost and perestroika to the USSR. Gorbachev hoped these changes would be enough to spark the sluggish Soviet economy. Freedom, however, … Read more DMPQ- Explain why the Cold War came to an end, and show how this affected international relations.
. Fifteen countries have formed the world's largest trading bloc, covering nearly a third of the global economy. The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is made up of 10 Southeast Asian countries, as well as South Korea, China, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. The pact is seen as an extension of China's influence in the … Read more DMPQ- What is RCEP ? Analyze the economic implications for India of opting out of Agreement.
Following its 1945 defeat in World War II, Japan withdrew its forces from Vietnam, leaving the French-educated Emperor Bao Dai in control. Seeing an opportunity to seize control, Ho’s Viet Minh forces immediately rose up, taking over the northern city of Hanoi and declaring a Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) with Ho as president. Seeking … Read more DMPQ- What caused the civil war in South Vietnam and why did the USA become involved?
Thousands of young people in Thailand are defying the authorities by gathering in the streets and calling for change in some of the biggest pro-democracy protests the country has seen in years. An emergency decree banning such rallies was issued by the government in an attempt to clamp down on the largely peaceful demonstrations that … Read more DMPQ- What are the causes of pro democracy protests in Thailand? Also analyze the way forward for democracy in the country.
Within the span of only a month, the United States has brokered peace between Israel and two Arab countries—first the United Arab Emirates, then Bahrain. Both deals are revolutionary in scop. By normalizing ties and focusing on business, trade, and travel, these “warm peace” agreements go beyond the often tenuous “cold peace” that Egypt and … Read more DMPQ- Analyze the significance of recent Israel-Arab peace deal to bring the peace in middle east region. Also mention it’s importance for India’s interests.
India’s Minister of Defence Rajnath Singh and Minister of External Affairs Dr. S. Jaishankar welcomed U.S. Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo and Secretary of Defense Dr. Mark T. Esper to New Delhi for the third annual India-U.S. 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue. The Ministers reiterated their commitment to maintaining a free, open, inclusive, peaceful, and prosperous … Read more DMPQ- Point out the significance of Indo-US 2+2 dialogue in 2020 in advancing the shared vision for Indo-pacific region.
For more than 100 days, tensions have been high between India and China along their disputed Himalayan border. This tension has been most acute in eastern Ladakh, where, in mid-June, 20 Indian soldiers and an unspecified number of Chinese soldiers were killed in the Galwan Valley, the first fatalities along the de facto Line of … Read more DMPQ- How Ladakh conflict has completely derailed India-China diplomatic relations?Also suggest a way forward for these two diplomatic partners.
The Caucasus is a strategically important mountainous region in south-east Europe. For centuries, different powers in the region – both Christian and Muslim – have vied for control there. Modern-day Armenia and Azerbaijan became part of the Soviet Union when it formed in the 1920s. Nagorno-Karabakh was an ethnic-majority Armenian region, but the Soviets gave … Read more DMPQ- Describe the historical background of Azerbaijan-Armenia conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh region.
On May 8, India’s defence minister virtually inaugurated a new 80 km-long road in the Himalayas, connecting to the border with China, at the Lipulekh pass. The Nepali government protested immediately, contending that the road crosses territory that it claims and accusing India of changing the status quo without diplomatic consultations. Lipulekh and Kalapani are … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the recent India-Nepal border dispute.
The case of Charlie Hebdo Outright violence broke out in early 2015 when the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo published a series of cartoons depicting Prophet Mohammad in improper ways, considered blasphemous in Islam. Two brothers of Algerian descent broke into the premises of the newspaper and murdered 11 people in cold blood including the chief … Read more DMPQ- Critically evaluate the ‘Freedom to offend’ issue in light of recent terrorist attack in France.
Since his re-election in 2019, Prime minister Modi has pushed through a series of policies seen by many in the country as unduly targeting India’s Muslim minority, including the revocation of Muslim-majority Kashmir’s semi-autonomous status and a new citizenship act that makes it easier for adherents of most large faiths practiced in South Asia, except … Read more DMPQ- Evaluate the effect of new government in USA on Indo-US diplomatic relations.
China China has provided financial support, arms and sanctuaries to Naga, Mizo and Meitei extremist’s right since the British Period. The military encroachments and conflict of 1962, India was defeated and became psychologically weak. Since then, China has been astutely following a policy of strategic containment of India by regional coalitions and arming India’s neighbours … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the threats posed by external state actors for India’s internal security.
Earlier, European Union represented one economic market as an economic union with free trade with each other. The Euro zone came into existence with the signing of Maastricht treaty signed during 1992, of a monetary union, one central bank and single currency, replacing country specific currencies in the European Union. As a result, the Euro … Read more DMPQ- . What was Euro zone crisis? Point out the structural problems associated with the crisis.
. The working of the foreign policy of India since the 1990s has resulted in a happy note with the simultaneous expansion of good relations with the all major powers, growing importance in Asia and the Indian Ocean regions and growing importance in the international system. India is bound to change according to world politics … Read more DMPQ- Do you agree that Non alignment movement is quickly becoming irrelevant in india’s foreign policy.
Within South Asia, Modi government framed a Neighbourhood First policy to signal India’s commitment to regional connectivity. From a policy of strategic insulation and neglect during much of the Cold War, and a reluctant embrace of regionalism thereafter, India’s regional policy has now shifted irreversibly towards strengthening cross-border relations. An Indian connectivity strategy must be … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the challenges India faces in implementing it’s ‘neighbourhood first’ policy.
The extension of India’s strategic posture into the Indian Ocean littoral creates opportunities and challenges associated with its increasing contact and influence across a broader area. As described above, China appears to be pursuing a policy of encirclement of India, relying upon its military advantage along the Sino–Indian border and its ‘all-weather friendship’ with Pakistan. … Read more DMPQ- How does Great power politics affect India’s security interests in Indian ocean ?
The Gilgit Baltistan was a region of princely state of Jammu Kashmir ruled by Maharaja Hari Singh. Before independence; a rebellion occurred and rebels established an independent rule for a short time. After that; keeping view of the Muslim predominance in the region; it has been merged with Pakistan. The significance of Gilgit and Baltistan … Read more DMPQ- What is Gilgit-Baltistan conflict? Critically evaluate the geostrategic importance of the region.
The Anti dumping agreement defines two categories of subsidies: prohibited and actionable. It originally contained a third category: non-actionable subsidies. This category existed for five years, ending on 31 December 1999, and was not extended. The agreement applies to agricultural goods as well as industrial products, except when the subsidies are exempt under the Agriculture … Read more DMPQ- . Explain the types of subsidies categorized in WTO (World trade centre).
Three main areas where the challenges to multilateralism can be identified include concepts, methods and institutions. First, concepts are becoming volatile eroded by problems of global dimension that have to be handled over national borders. Some examples include national sovereignty versus human rights concerns or international criminal justice decisions, environmental and health problems. We have … Read more DMPQ- What are the challenges against multilateralism in front of International diplomacy ? Also discuss necessary UN reforms in this regard.
The International North-South Transport Corridor is a 7200 km-long multimodal transportation network that links the Indian Ocean to the Caspian Sea via the Persian Gulf onwards into Russia and Northern Europe. Launched as a joint initiative by India, Iran and Russia in 2000 and ratified by the three in 2002, the corridor has now expanded … Read more DMPQ- What is International North–South Transport Corridor ? Discuss it’s geostrategic importance for india.
Mains Functions and Objectives of World Health Organization are: To act as the directing and co-ordinating authority on international health work; To establish and maintain effective collaboration with the United Nations, specialized agencies, governmental health administrations, professional groups and such other organizations as may be deemed appropriate; To assist Governments, upon request, in strengthening health … Read more DMPQ- . What are the objectives and functions of World health organization? Do you agree with the criticism of WHO regarding Covid-19 pandemic.
. India shares around 4100 km of its land border with Bangladesh. The entire stretch consists of plain, riverine, hilly and with hardly any natural obstacles. Instead of natural barriers, border meanders through villages, agricultural lands, etc. Undemarcated stretches and adverse possessions had been causing constant friction between the border guarding forces of India and … Read more DMPQ- Throw light on the security challenges at India-Bangladesh border.
Project 75I: The Indian Navy’s Project 75I (P75I) Scorpene submarine development for six latest-generation attack boats is expected to be completed by 2022. The P75I Scorpene class diesel-electric / air-independent propulsion (AIP) submarines are based on the Scorpene class submarines, which were designed by French naval shipbuilding firm DCNS in partnership with Spanish shipbuilding firm … Read more DMPQ- Write short note on: o Project 75I o Project 28
In terms of economic relations, the U.S. and China have been coupling up for decades. So much so that they became the biggest trading partners on the planet starting in 2014. Now, amid trade and technology wars, a pandemic and strained diplomatic relations, the world’s two largest economies appear bound for a seismic “decoupling.” … Read more DMPQ- The Great Decoupling
The failure of U.S. policy toward Iran, Iraq, and Syria—the major Shia-led nations in the Middle East—creates significant risks for regional stability. These include a lethal conflict with Iran; upward pressure on oil prices; an Iraq caught between Iran’s orbit and state failure, and a rogue Syria fused to Russia and Iran. Neither Donald Trump … Read more DMPQ- Shia Crescendo
The Arab Spring was a series of pro-democracy uprisings that enveloped several largely Muslim countries, including Tunisia, Morocco, Syria, Libya, Egypt and Bahrain. The events in these nations generally began in the spring of 2011, which led to the name. However, the political and social impact of these popular uprisings remains significant today, years after … Read more DMPQ- Arab spring.
SCO was formulated in 1996 with five countries- Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, China, Tajikistan. Uzbekistan joined in the group in 2001. The primary motive behind the formation was to ensure stability along the borders. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic, and security organisation, the creation of which was announced on 15 June … Read more DMPQ- Short Note on Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
Since the 1960s, the countries of the developing world have approached international negotiations together as the Group of 77, or G77. The G77 has steadily demanded greater participation in international politics. Member-states also argued that negotiations should lead to international agreements that enhanced their development possibilities. After 2000, several countries in the G77 grew economically … Read more DMPQ- Write an essay on India’s role in G77.