Genome and Various Genome Projects for RAS/RTS Exam

1000 Genomes Project
launched in January 2008, is an international research effort to establish by far the most detailed catalogue of human genetic variation.
Human Genome Project
HGP was an international scientific research project with a goal to determine the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up DNA and to identify and map the genes of the human genome. Began in 1990 and ended in 2003.
Genome
The genome is the entirety of an organism’s hereditary information. It is coded either in DNA or RNA (for many viruses).
International HapMap Project
The International HapMap Project is an organization whose goal is to develop a haplotype map of the human genome, which will describe the common patterns of human genetic variation. It is a collaboration among researchers at academic centers, non-profit biomedical research groups and private companies in Canada, China, Japan, Nigeria, UK and the US.
1000 Plant Genomes Project
Started in 2008, the aim of the project is to obtain the transcriptome (expressed genes) of 1000 different plant species. Headed by Dr. Wong and Dr. Deyholos of the University of Alberta.

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