. The industrialized world in the 1980s had led to increasing public resistance to the disposal of hazardous wastes – in accordance with what became known as the NIMBY (Not in My Back Yard) syndrome– and to an increase of disposal costs. This in turn led some operators to seek cheap disposal options for hazardous wastes in the developing countries, where environmental awareness was much less developed and regulations and enforcement mechanisms were lacking The Convention came into force in 1992.
The objectives of the convention are to reduce trans-boundary movements of hazardous wastes, to minimize the creation of such wastes and to prohibit their shipment from Developed countries to the LDCs
India ratified the convention and enacted Hazardous Wastes Management Rules Act 1989, encompasses some of the Basal provisions related to the notification of import and export of hazardous wastes ,illegal traffic and liability.