10.03.21 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND

Now, vehicles to run on compressed biogas in city

Gas Authority of India Ltd (GAIL) and Ranchi Municipal Corporation (RMC) on Thursday inked an MoU for setting up of a plant to produce compressed biogas with the garbage collected from the city. The CPG produced would be used for various purposes including fuel for running vehicles in the city.

The MoU was signed for the construction of a compressed biogas plant for garbage-to-gas production in the office room of Chief Minister Hemant Soren on the Assembly premises.

 

Notably, by processing 300 tonnes of organic waste per day in Ranchi, a target has been set to produce about 10 tonnes of compressed biogas per day. Gail India Limited will set up two 150-150 tonne plants for this. A plant will be set up in the first phase, the construction of which may take about two years. For this, the Ranchi Municipal Corporation is providing eight acres of land in Jhiri to GAIL India Limited. At the same time, if the need arises in the second phase, the municipal corporation will also arrange for additional land.

GAIL India Limited will set up an organic waste processing plant of 300 MT / day in two phases in Ranchi. In the first phase, a 150 tonne capacity organic waste processing plant will be built. A plant will produce 5 tonnes of compressed biogas in a day. The age limit of the plant will be more than 20 years.

INTERNATIONAL

Defence Acquisition Councils Plans-US

The Defense Acquisition Council (DAC) will undertake multi-billion dollar deals for armed drones from the United States and advanced submarines under the Project-75I. Highlights:

India has been seeking to purchase 30 armed drones from the United States, each serving 10, but this process has been repeatedly delayed in the past few years.

Although the Navy has urgent requirements for High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) drones, in view of the high cost of the platform, its practicality in the Army and Air Force is still in doubt.

The Navy has introduced two MQ-9B Sea Guardian unarmed drones purchased from the United States. Project-75I:

The 75I-class submarine is the successor to the 75-class Kalvari-class submarine of the Indian Navy.

This project is being processed through the Strategic Partnership (SP) model of the Defense Procurement Procedure.

This project is part of a 30-year plan for the construction of indigenous submarines and was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Security in 1999. About Defence Acquisition Council:

The Defense Acquisition Council (DAC) is the highest decision-making body in the Ministry of Defense, responsible for determining new policies and new capital acquisitions for the three services (Army, Navy and Air Force) and the Indian Coast Guard.

The Minister of Defence  is the chairman of the Defense Acquisition Council.

It was established in 2001 after the recommendations of the Group of Ministers on “Reforming the National Security System”, that is, after the Kargil War (1999).

NATIONAL

GI Tag for Pochampally Ikkat

Pochampally Ikkat has been granted Geographical Indiaction (GI) Status. Pochampally Ikkat: Pochampally Ikat or resist dyeing involves a sequence of tying and dyeing the bundled yarn parts into a predetermined color scheme before weaving. During the Nizam era, they were exported to Myanmar (Burma), West Asia and East Africa, where they are called Asian rumors. The word “Ikat” is derived from the Malay-Indonesian mangikat, which means to bind, tie or entangle.

 

DRDO conducted Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) Test

DRDO conducted a successful flight test of the Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet. Highlights:

 

The Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet is a missile propulsion technology jointly developed by India and Russia.

 

DRDO successfully conducted a flight demonstration of SFDR technology from Integrated Test Range, Chandipur, on the coast of Odisha.

 

The successful test of SFDR technology has provided Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) with technical advantages, enabling it to enhance long-range air-to-air missiles.

 

Currently, this type of technology is only available in a few countries in the world.

 

Establishment of Techbharat

The Union Health Minister announces the establishment of Techbharat in 2021 Highlights:

 

This is an e-conference center that brings together stakeholders from the HealthTech and Edutech departments.

 

This is the second e-conference organized by Laghu Udyog Bharati and the IMS Foundation.

 

Techbharat promotes interaction and discussion among thousands of domestic and foreign participants, including policy makers, government representatives, industry members, investors, and start-ups to build resource-rich partnerships and boost growth in the sectors.

 

Ease of Living Index released by MoHUA

Recently, Ease of Living Index (EoLI) 2020 was released. Ministry: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs  Highlights:

 

Aim of EoLI: To measure the well-being of Indian citizens in 111 cities under the pillars of Quality of Life, Economic capacity and Sustainability

 

“Ease of Living Index (EoLI) 2020” also added a “Citizen Perception Survey” to the index, with a weight of 30%.

 

Published rankings of cities with a population of more than one million and cities with a population of less than one million.

 

Bangalore placed in the Best performer in the “Million+” category.

 

Shimla placed in the Best performer in the “Less than a Million” category.