History- Ancient, Medieval, Modern and Culture-RAS/RTS Mains Topic wise Solved Question Papers

IAS Questions

  1. The ancient civilization in Indian sub-continent differed from those of Egypt, Mesopotamia and Greece in that its culture and traditions have been preserved without a breakdown to the present day. Comment.  12.5-2015
  2. Mesolithic rock cut architecture of India not only reflects the cultural life of the times but also a fine aesthetic sense comparable to modern painting. Critically evaluate this comment. 12.5-2015
  3. How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi ? Discuss.
    Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, despite having divergent approaches and strategies, had a common goal of amelioration of the downtrodden. Elucidate. 12.5-2015
  4. It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Discuss. 12.5-2015
  5. To what extent has the urban planning and culture of the Indus Valley Civilization provided inputs to the present day urbanization? Discuss. 10- 2014
  6. Gandhara sculpture owed as much to the Romans as to the Greeks. Explain.10- 2014
  7. Taxila university was one of the oldest universities of the world with which were associated a number of renowned learned personalities of different disciplines. Its strategic location caused its fame to flourish, but unlike Nalanda, it not considered as a university in the modern sense.Discuss. 10- 2014
  8. The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761. Why were so many empire-shaking battles fought at Panipat ?10- 2014
  9. Sufis and medieval mystic saints failed to modify either the religious ideas and practices or the outward structure of Hindu/Muslim societies to any appreciable extent. Comment. 10- 2014
  10. Examine critically the various facets of economic policies of the British in India from mid-eighteenth century till independence. 10- 2014
  11. In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be. the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India ? 10- 2014
  12. What were the major political,economic and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial struggle in India? 10- 2014
  13. Though not very useful from the point of view of a connected political history of South India, the Sangam literature portrays the social and economic conditions of its time with remarkable vividness. Comment. (200 words)  (10 marks)2013
  14. Discuss the ‘Tandava’ dance as recorded in early Indian inscriptions. (100 words)  (5 marks)
  15.  Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple architecture. Discuss (100 words)  (5 marks) 2013

Guess Questions

  1. Vedatrayi and related upnishads
  2. Shad darshan/ or six philosophies in its creators
  3. Balakot
  4. Rit
  5. Dhamm Mahamatra
  6. Afghan royalty Theory
  7. Nurjahan junta
  8. Name any 4 person historians (Midvival period) and their writings.
  9. March to Delhi Movement
  10. Delhi Pact
  11. Liberation Day
  12. Alipur Conspiracy
  13. Royal Indian Navy Revolt
  14. Tasawwuf
  15. Kornish
  16. Tell the importance of ‘Varnashrama’ system
  17. Explain the theory/concept of ‘Rina’ in Indian culture
  18. Architectural and artistic features of the great Stoopa of sanchi.
  19. Khilji revolution
  20. Din-e-Ilahi
  21. Janhagir age painting
  22. Cripps Mission
  23. Contribution of revolutionary movement to National Struggle for Independence in India
  24. “Indian after 1905 had new interests and objectives and compelled new lines of policy. Comment.
  25. With great skill and masterful diplomacy and using both persuasion and pressure, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel succeeded in integrating the hundreds of princely states with the India Union. Discuss.
  26. This Anglo-Marathan war coveing nearly nine years from the murder of narayan Rao to the Treaty of salbye emplatically discloses the vitality of the Maratha nation which had not been exhausted either by the disaster of panipat or the death of their great Peshwar Madhavrao. Comment.
  27. If it would not have been for regional literature, the regional rulers wouldn’t have existed.
  28. Main teachings of Buddha and Mahavir.
  29. Local self administration of Cholas.
  30. Explain the resons for rise and types of Iqta system in India. Compare it with Jagir system and highlight the impacts of Iqta system.
  31. What impacts did the Civil Disobedience Movement have on various provinces of India? How did peasant movements of India nourish it.
  32. The 19 century Indian renaissance was both an acceptance and rejection of western values. Do you agree?
  33. Purushartha
  34. Rovalt Act
  35. Pitra Dura
  36. Champaran Satyagraha
  37. Alipur Conspiracy Case
  38. Nehru Report
  39. Hunter Commission
  40. Iqta System
  41. Write the contribution of Madan Mohan Malviya in National freedom struggle.


1- What are the main reasons of the emergence of nationalism during Indian Freedom Movement? 4

2- Evaluate the changes in Indian Freedom Movement and Political perspective before and after arrival of Gandhijee. 6


3- Two nation theory. 4

4- Causes of partition of Bengal. 4

5- Crips Mission. 4


6- What was Komagata Maru incident? 4

7- Discuss the first war of independence of 1857 and evaluate its implications. 6

8- Discuss the main proposals of Cabinet Mission. 6


9-Explain the struggle of Maratha’s against the Mughals. 6


10- What is the importance of ‘Khayal’ in Indian Classical Music. 4

11- Discuss the main 5 cultural heritage of Delhi. 6

12- What are the factors responsible for Renaissance in Modern India . 6


13- Which is the largest mosque of India and by whom was it constructed? 2

14- Describe the historical and religious importance of Mamallapuram (now Mahabalipuram). 4

15- Why is Bodh Gaya famous? 4

16- Examine the concept of composite culture as envisaged by Akbar (1556 AD-1605 AD). 6

17- Examine the growth of Militant Nationalism (1906-1918) in the Indian Freedom Struggle. 6

18- Access the role of three major academies setup during 1953-1954 to promote fine arts , literature and music in the country. 6


19- Classical School of Dancing. 4

20- What was Bhakti Movement and who were its prominent saints? 6

21- Write a short note on the impact of Sufism on Indian Society. 6


22- Development of Architecture and Literature during the Gupta Period. 4

23- Bhakti movement in Medieval India.  4

24- Analyse the factors which lead to the revolt of 1857 and explain the reasons for its failure. 6

25- Social and religious reforms in the later half of 19th century. 3


26- Nalanda University. 2

27- Pashupati. 2

28- Lothal. 2

29- Importance of the year 1857. 2

30- What are the main features of Gandhar Art. 4

31- What are the main teachings of Suharvardi Sufi Saints. 4

32- Through light on the changing attitude of British Monarchy. 4

33- Discuss the origin and spread of Bhakti Movement in Medieval India. 6


34- Swami Vivekanand. 2



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