9.12.22 JPSC Daily Current Affairs

JHARKHAND
Govt adopts audio-visual module for early childhood education
To foster continuity in early and primary education of three to 14-year-old children, an audio-visual medium has been adopted by the state government.
Children in two districts — West Shinghum and Gumla — will get access to “Gulmohar model” that was inaugurated by education minister Jagarnath Mahto.
Gulmohar is an audio-visual module for early childhood education.
The framework of activities is holistic in nature, covering all domains of development — physical, motor, cognitive and psychosocial — as well as elements on maintaining health and hygiene and parenting tips.
On this occasion, the education minister said, “The level of education in Jharkhand must be elevated. The education department has made the necessary preparations. Our government’s top priority is to bring government schools on a par with private schools.”
Currently, the programme is being implemented in Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, Delhi and West Bengal. Altogether 1,237 anganwdi centres (AWCs) and 505 government primary schools are included in the project, which is being carried out in close collaboration with state governments. It aims to improve the quality and consistency of a child’s experiences during the transition from pre-primary to primary school.
INTERNATIONAL
 
UNESCO heritage sites tentative list: Sun Temple & Vadnagar town Rock cut sculpture added
 
Three new cultural sites in India, including the iconic Sun Temple at Modhera, historic Vadnagar town in Gujarat, and rock-cut relief sculptures of Unakoti in Tripura, have been added to the tentative list of UNESCO world heritage sites. The UNESCO website describes a tentative list as an “inventory of those properties which each State Party intends to consider for nomination”.
The Sun Temple in Modhera, Gujarat, is dedicated to Surya Dev and is situated on the left bank of the Pushpavati River, a tributary of the River Rupan. It is the earliest of such temples, setting trends in architectural and decorative features and perfectly illustrating the Solanki style. Itscomponents—the main temple shrine (garbhagriha), a hall  (gadhamandapa), an outer hall or assembly hall (Sabhamandapa or rangamandapa), and a sacred pool (Kunda), now known as Ramakunda—are all built in the Marugurjara architectural style. This eastfacingtemple is built of bright yellow sandstone.
 
 
NATIONAL
 
Ministry of Rural Development launches Prajjwala Challenge inviting ideas, solutions and actions to transform rural economy
With an aim to invite ideas, solutions and actions that can transform rural economy, the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) has launched the Prajjwala Challenge. It is one of the platforms where ideas are invited from individuals, Social Enterprises, Start up, Private Sector, Civil Society, Community Based Organization, Academic Institution, Start-ups, Incubation centres, Investors etc having potential to transform the rural economy.
DAY-NRLM is one of the flagship poverty alleviation programs of the Ministry of Rural Development, which aims at creating efficient and effective institutional platforms of the rural poor, enabling them to increase household income through sustainable livelihoods enhancements and improved access to financial services.
India, ADB sign $125 million loan to improve Urban Services in Tamil Nadu
The Government of India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) today signed a $125 million loan to develop climate-resilient sewage collection and treatment, and drainage and water supply systems in three cities in the state of Tamil Nadu.
The signatories to the tranche 3 loan for Tamil Nadu Urban Flagship Investment Program were Rajat Kumar Mishra, Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs in the Ministry of Finance who signed for the Government of India, and Hoe Yun Jeong, Officer-in-Charge of ADB’s India Resident Mission who signed for ADB.
The financing is the third and the last tranche of the $500 million multi-tranche financing facility (MFF) for the Program approved by ADB in 2018 to build priority water supply, sewerage, and drainage infrastructure in strategic industrial corridors across 10 cities in the state. The tranche 3 loan covers Coimbatore, Madurai, and Thoothukudi.
Road accidents linked to fog claimed 13,372 lives in 2021
 
Road accidents caused due to foggy and misty weather conditions claimed 13,372 lives in 2021 and another 25,360 were left injured — more than half were grievously injured. Among states and UTs, Uttar Pradesh recorded a maximum of 3,782 fatalities, followed by Bihar (1,800) and Madhya Pradesh (1,233) on this account. Goa, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep did not report any road death due to this reason.
 
As per the latest report titled “Road Accidents in India” published by the road transport ministry, among the million-plus cities, all the top six cities reporting high number of such fatalities were from UP. While Kanpur reported a maximum of 173 fatalities, Agra recorded 108 deaths and the other cities that saw a high number of deaths were Prayagraj (97), Ghaziabad (91) Lucknow (67) and Varanasi (56). Patna also recorded 56 such deaths.
 
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