25.12.22 JPSC Daily Current Affairs

Jamshedpur gets its first ‘Satellite Mobile Eye Clinic on Van’
Jamshedpur Eye Hospital (JEH) kicked-off the New Year 2023 with the inauguration of its first ‘Satellite Mobile Eye Clinic on Van’ as part of its larger community outreach programme to eliminate avoidable visual impairment among the local population.  JEH will also be starting its new software-assisted ‘Lazy Eye Therapy’, in collaboration of Bynocs Solution, in which selected cases of adult amblyopia, a condition leading to loss or lack of development of clear vision in one or both eyes, to treat by a six-week software assisted Video Gaming Program.
The inauguration of the new programmes and facilities took place at a special event in the JEH complex.  The event saw the presence of officials from the hospital, key members of the Rotary Club and officials from Tata Steel Foundation (TSF) and Tata Steel.  The new ‘Satellite Mobile Eye Clinic on Van’ is being launched in collaboration with Rotary Club of Jamshedpur & TSF.
Given the shortage of healthcare professionals especially the specialist-cadre and trained paramedics, JEH plans to establish itself as a ‘Teaching and Training Eye Centre’ to produce well-trained, efficient Ophthalmologists and Optometrists to serve the country and this region to reduce prevalence of blindness of India from 1.99% to 0.3%.   JEH is already empanelled with Arka Jain University for providing one-year mandatory Internship training to the final year student of BSc. Optometry on a selection basis.  The hospital also plans to start the post-graduate fellowship training programme in cataract and other sub-specialties as well as start post-graduate DNB Teaching in Ophthalmology soon.
China Becomes First Country in Asia to Launch Hydrogen Powered Train
China’s CRRC Corporation Ltd. Launched a hydrogen urban train, and it is the first in Asia and the second such train in the world. Germany introduced green trains a few months back. The hydrogen trains have a speed of 160 km per hour and the operational range without refueling is 600 km.
The trains launched by Germany have a record of 1175 km range set. The Indian Railway on the other hand is moving fast to induct the ‘World’s Greenest Train’ soon.
India will get its first-ever Indigenous Hydrogen trains by December 2023. Railway Minister Ashwini Vaishnav informed that Indian Railways is working on new environment-friendly trains and the engineers are designing them.
Dirtiest Railway Stations in India list
Indian railway is well-known not just in India but even outside. Some railway stations, in addition to trains, are well-known worldwide. India is home to the second-largest platform in the world. In addition, one of the main train stations in India are the New Delhi Railway Station and Mumbai Central Railway Station. Usually, the question is that which are the cleanest railway stations in India, but here we will see the dirtiest railway stations in India.
In addition to direct observation, QCI assessors gathered comments from 1.2 million passengers to determine which Indian railway stations were the cleanest and dirtiest.
In accordance with revenue creation, the ranking has classified Indian railway stations into a number of categories for the third consecutive year.
There are 75 railway stations in the A1 category that generate more than 75 crore in annual passenger income.
Govt Eyes $17 billion Cut in Food, Fertiliser Subsidies in 2023/24
India aims to cut spending on food and fertiliser subsidies to 3.7 trillion rupees ($44.6 billion) in the fiscal year from April, down 26% from this, to rein in a fiscal deficit that ballooned during the COVID-19 pandemic. Spending on fertiliser subsidies will likely fall to about Rs 1.4 lakh crore. That compares with nearly Rs 2.3 lakh crore this year.
Food and fertiliser subsidies alone account for about one-eighth of India’s total budgetary spending of ?39.45 trillion this fiscal year, but reducing these subsidies could be politically sensitive given the impending elections.
The government anticipates allocating roughly 2.3 trillion for food subsidies in the upcoming fiscal year as opposed to 2.7 trillion for the year that has just ended on March 31.
The amount spent on fertiliser subsidies will probably decrease to roughly 1.4 trillion in contrasts to 2.3 trillion this year.
17th Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award 2023 announced
17th Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award: 27 Indians living overseas have been chosen by the Indian government for the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Awards (PBSA), for outstanding achievements both in India and abroad. The award is the highest honour conferred upon Indians living abroad, including Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) or organisations/institutions established and run by them.
The jury that selected the recipients comprised Vice-President Jagdeep Dhankhar as its chairman and External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar as its Vice-Chair, among other distinguished dignitaries from different fields. The awards will be conferred upon the recipients by President Droupadi Murmu during the 17th edition of the PBSA, which is scheduled to be held from 8-10 January in Indore, Madhya Pradesh.
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