17.12.22 JPSC Daily Current Affairs

JHARKHAND
State’s MMR drops, better than national average: Study
The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Jharkhand had dropped to 56 deaths per one lakh live births between 2018 and 2020 and the figure is better than the national average and big states like Gujarat, a recent survey report released by the office of Registrar General of India has said.
According to the findings of the study (special bulletin on maternal mortality in India), Jharkhand’s MMR dropped by 15 points from the previous edition of the survey which was conducted between 2016 and 2018.
In the latest study, as many as 71 pregnant women per one lakh live births died during their pregnancies or childbirth during this period.
The Union government’s data also suggested a considerable improvement in Jharkhand’s MMR over the past decade as another edition of the study conducted between 2014 and 2016 had put the state’s MMR at 62 alongside Bihar.
As per the World Health Organization’s sustainable development goals, India and the rest of the world has to reduce the MMR to a minimum of 70 deaths per one lakh live births. Not only Jharkhand had managed to obtain the WHO’s SDG criteria but it also faired better than the national average which stood at 97. Jharkhand’s MMR is better than Bihar (118), West Bengal (103), Madhya Pradesh (173), Chhattisgarh (137), Odisha (119), the report said.
INTERNATIONAL
 
India’s Cuisine Ranked Fifth in the list of best Cuisines of the World
India is ranked fifth on the global list of the best cuisines for 2022, according to Taste Atlas. The ranking is based on audience votes for ingredients, dishes, and beverages. Italy’s food came in first place followed by Greece and Spain. India received 4.54 points and the best rated foods of the country include “garam masala, malai, ghee, butter garlic naan, keema”, the rating said. Ithas a total of 460 items in the list. Furthermore, the best restaurants to try Indian cuisine are Shree Thaker Bhojanalay (Mumbai), Karavalli (Bengaluru), Bukhara (New Delhi), Dum Pukht (New Delhi), Comorin (Gurugram) and 450 others, according to the list.
 
NATIONAL
 
Global recession 2023 and its impact on India
According to the Centre for Economics and Business Research (CEBR), a global recession will start in 2023. A global recession is predicted by other agencies as well to begin in 2023. New borrowing costs put in place to fight inflation cause several economies to shrink. According to the British consultancy’s annual World Economic League Table, the global economy topped $100 trillion for the first time in 2022 but will halt in 2023 as governments continue to struggle against growing costs.
The global gross domestic product will have doubled by 2037 as developing economies catch up to the wealthier ones. According to Bloomberg, the East Asia and Pacific region will produce more than a third of the world’s output by 2037, while Europe’s share will drop to less than a fifth as a result of changing power dynamics.
The data from the IMF’s World Economic Outlook and an internal model serve as the foundation for the Centre for Economics and Business Research’s estimates of growth, inflation, and currency rates.
 
 
Efforts to Enhance Production under Mission Coking Coal
 
Government has launched ‘Mission Coking Coal’ in August, 2021 to suggest roadmap to augment the production and utilization of domestic coking coal in India by 2030. Mission Coking Coal document has made recommendations majorly relating to new exploration, enhancing production, enhancing washing capacity, auction of new coking coal mines.
CIL undertakes constant efforts to enhance coking coal production by capacity enhancement through expansion of existing coking coal producing mines and from implementation of new coking coal blocks. Mass Production Technology has been introduced in UG mines of CIL to enhance the domestic raw coking coal production. CIL is taking steps regarding offering of coking coal mines for production to investors on revenue sharing basis.
 
11 states/ UTs have laws on lifts, Centre urges others to follow suit
Flagging that only 11 states and UTs have Acts and Rules in place for lifts which mandate compliance of standards, the consumer affairs ministry has urged all the state and UT governments to frame laws and notify the rules specifying a robust audit mechanism.
The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has published several Indian standards on lifts covering various aspects for ensuring safe travel in lifts. The letter said, “However, it has been noted that only 11 states have Lift Acts/ Rules in place which mandate (or are in the process of mandating) compliance to Indian Standards on lifts.”
The states which have the compliance mechanism in place are Maharashtra, Delhi, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, West Bengal, Kerala, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh and Assam.
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