10.12.22 JPSC Daily Current Affairs

Jharkhand fares poorly in nation-wide education survey
 Jharkhand is lagging in performances in all subjects at both primary and senior level since 2017, the findings of the National Achievement Survey 2021 show.
The survey was conducted for students of Class III, V, VIII and X across the state. A total of 3,453 schools and 1,13,509 students participated in the statewide survey. The last NAS survey was done in 2017 after which it was held in 2021, the final report of which was released by the education department recently.
The Union ministry of education conducted the survey in schools across the state to collect data on the academic achievement and performance of students. The NAS is a system-level assessment that summarises student performance at the national, state and district levels. According to the report, there has been a decline in children’s learning ability.
Class III, Class V, Class VIII and Class X students were divided into four sections for the survey. The survey for Classes III and V students focussed on language, mathematics and environmental science. That of Class VIII focused on math, science, english and social science, while the class X curriculum included math, science, English, social science and Modern India Language.
Croatia joins the euro
The European Union has given Croatia the green light to begin using the euro and join theSchengen zone from next year.
The country will join 19 other EU member states that use the currency.
It will adopt the currency from 1 January 2023, making Croatia the latest nation to join the eurozone since Lithuania in 2015.
From next year, it will mean that just seven EU countries still use their own currency.
By adopting the euro, the eastern European nation hopes to gain more financial security and improve the living standards of its citizens.
Croatia will also benefit economically from closer financial links with the single currency area’s other members and the European Central Bank.
As Croatia becomes the 20th EU nation to adopt the euro, there are still a number of members that haven’t taken this step.
In total, seven EU countries don’t use the euro: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Hungary,Poland, Romania, and Sweden.
India’s first Surety Bond Insurance product to be launched on December 19: Nitin Gadkari

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) will launch India’s first-ever surety bonds insurance product on December 19 to boost liquidity in the infrastructure sector.
While surety bonds refer to the performance or delivery obligation to complete the insured project, the corporate bonds refer to financial obligation to repay the debts or loans.
AAP to become a national party
Aam Aadmi Party(AAP) led by Arvind Kejriwal is all set to become the latest political outfit to get the status of ‘national party’ as the counting of votes is underway in recently concluded Gujarat Assembly elections. For AAP to get the status of the national party it will require atleast 6% vote share and needs to win atleast two seats.
To earn a national party status, a political party needs to be recognized in at least four states, and to be recognised as a state party, it needs to win at least two seats and 6 per cent of votes polled in the Assembly election. In other words, AAP needs to win just two seats and secure 6 per cent of votes
Three Himalayan medicinal plants enter IUCN Red List
Three medicinal plant species found in the Himalayas have made it to International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species following a recent assessment. Meizotropis pellita has been assessed as ‘critically endangered’, Fritilloria cirrhosa as ‘vulnerable’, and Dactylorhiza hatagirea as ‘endangered’.
These species are found in the Himalayan region spread across Nepal, India, China, Sikkim, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. IUCN is an international organisation (NGO) working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
Increase in the use of Green Hydrogen
In the Independence Day speech on August 15, 2021, the  Prime Minister announced the launch of National Hydrogen Mission. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has accordingly prepared a draft Mission document which inter-alia proposes to support production and deployment of Green Hydrogen.
Green Hydrogen can potentially be used to replace fossil fuels and fossil fuel based feedstocks in a number of sectors inter alia including fertilizer production, petroleum refining, steel production and transport applications.
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