08.12.21 Daily jPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND

Centre, State at loggerheads over TAC formation

Centre and the State Government are once again loggerheads over formation of Tribal Advisory Council in State. The Opposition BJP has been opposing the formation of TAC in the State, with the plea that Constitutional provisions have not been followed in formation of TAC. The issue of TAC was once again raised in Lok Sabha, with Union Tribal Affairs minister Arjun Munda saying that the Jharkhand Government has ignored powers of Governor in formation of TAC. On Monday, Godda BJP MP Nishikant Dubey raised the query on the constitution of TAC in State.

Replying to the query made by Dubey, Union Minister Munda said that he is informing the Jharkhand government that the Tribal Advisory Council should be properly constituted through the Governor. The Union Minister said that the Governor had sought information from the Law Ministry and the Union Tribal Ministry in the manner, in which the TAC was constituted. Later, the Tribal Ministry also sought the opinion of the Law Ministry in this regard.

The Minister also said that the law ministry has said in its suggestion that the Jharkhand government has neglected several powers of Governor in formation of TAC. Those subjects should be sent again to the Governor and it should be ensured through the Governor that that advisory council is properly constituted. Godda MP in Lok Sabha Nishikant Dubey said that the Jharkhand government has done unconstitutional work in the formation of TAC.

On June 4, 2021, the State government made a new rule of TAC, according to which the role of the Governor in the formation of TAC was abolished. The Chief Minister became the Chairman of the body. The right to approve the appointment of all the members also came to the CM. TAC was formed only with the approval of CM. The appointment of the members was also done by the CM. Earlier; the right to constitute TAC was with the Governor.

Even Governor Ramesh Bais recently had said that he was taking legal opinion on the amended Tribes Advisory Council (TAC) rules, while underlining that the Constitution provides special powers to the Governor concerning governance in scheduled areas.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

 

Davis Cup 2021

The Davis Cup 2021 was won by the Russian Tennis Federation.

Highlights:

  • The Davis Cup finals happened between Daniil Medvedev and Andrey Rublev of Russia.
  • And Daniit Medvedev won the match, taking victory to the Russian Tennis Federation.
  • The Davis Cup is also named the World Cup of Tennis as it is an international team competition in men’s tennis.
  •  The Billie Jean King Cup is the women’s equivalent of the Davis Cup. The International Tennis Federation conducts it on hard courts.
  • It first happened in 1900 as a trial between the US and Britain, and by 2016, 135 countries were participating in the tournament.
  • The most victorious countries of the Davis cup are the USA, Australia, New Zealand, where the USA has won the Davis Title 32 times, Australia has won 28 times.
  • It is a single-elimination tournament, as each match’s loser is immediately eliminated from the tournament.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

INSACOG For Booster Shots

 

The COVID 19 Vaccine Booster Shots are recommended by the INSACOG (Indian SARS CoV – 2 Genomics Consortium) for people above 40.

Highlights:

  • The advice arises to counterbalance the Omicron risks in the country. The Omicron is a COVID-19 variant that was later identified in South Africa.
  • The World Health Organisation declared it a “Variant of Concern”. According to INSACOG, it isn’t easy to identify the presence of the variant in the more initial stages of its entry into the country.

Booster shots

  • The booster shots are the supplementary use of the vaccine, given after the protection afforded by the original shots begin to decline.
  • The booster shots help keep the immunity levels in people, and all vaccines have booster shots.
  • The booster shots are given after a person has completed his vaccine series to increase the protection against the virus.
  • This is because the protection against the virus decreases over some time.

 

The Climatic Zones of India – AGRO

 

Agro – Climatic Zone is suitable land for growing a particular crop type.

Highlights:

  • It is essential to delineate the land in the country into agro-climatic zones for sustainable agricultural production.
  • The Agro – Climatic Zone has two significant modifications – climate and growing periods.
  • The Agro-Ecological Zone has four vital variables – climate, soil types, landforms and length of the growing period.
  • An Agro-Ecological Zone is created from the Agro – Climatic Zone. The land unit acts as a conditioner to climate and length of the growing period. There are 20 agro-ecological zones in India.
  • The Indian Council of Agricultural Research began the National Agricultural Research Project to set up zonal research centres in each agro-climatic zone.
  • These centres will analyse agro-ecological requirements and cropping patterns in the regions.

There are 15 agro-climatic zones in India. They are,

  • Western Himalayas
  • Eastern Himalayas
  • Lower Gangetic plains
  • Middle Gangetic plains
  • Upper Gangetic plains
  • Trans Gangetic plains
  • Eastern plateau and hills
  • Central plateau and hills
  • Western plateau and hills
  • Southern plateau and hills
  • East coast plains and hills
  • West coast plains and hills
  • Gujarat Plains and Hills
  • Western dry region and islands.

 

 

PM To Launch Delhi Dehradun Corridor

 

The Prime Minister Narendra Modi is to inaugurate Delhi – Dehradun corridor.

Highlights

  • The PM will also launch several other projects along with the corridor, which will reduce the distance between the two cities from 248 – km to 180 – km.
  • The primary purpose of the corridor is to decongest North East Delhi.
  • The corridor will improve the Mandola Vihar Yojana of the Government of Uttar Pradesh and also the growth potential of Tronica city.
  • PM Modi will set the foundation stone for the Delhi – Dehradun corridor, which will be built at Rs 8,300 crores.
  • The project is to be executed in Engineering, Procurement and Construction mode, where the government pays the private developer for constructing roads. And the toll revenue accrues to the government.
  • The highway is divided into four sections, and Section 1 is to be developed as 6 lanes.
  • Also, it is divided into two packages where package 1 falls in the Delhi portion, and Package 2 falls in the Uttar Pradesh portion.

Exercise Ekuverin

 

The Exercise Ekuverin is a joint military exercise held between India and Maldives. It is held between the armies of India and Maldives.

 

Ekuverin means “Friends” in Dhivehi language. It is an Indo – Aryan language. It is spoken in India, Lakshadweep and Maldives.

The Exercise is being conducted between India and Maldives since 2008.

 

In 2019, the exercise was held in Pune, Maharashtra and in 2018, it was held in Maldives.

  • The exercise focused on enhancing inter – operability between the armed forces of India and Maldives.
  • It also included counter – insurgency and counter – terrorism operations.
  • The joint exercise in 2021, also conducted sports and cultural activities to enhance the bilateral and defence relations.

 

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