15.09.21 Daily JPSC Current Affairs.

JHARKHAND

After CAG censure, experts to study bridge quality in Jharkhand

The Jharkhand government has decided to rope in retired bridge experts for supervision of the construction work of bridges in rural areas after such structures crumbled prematurely.

 

The move also came in the backdrop of the CAG report for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2019, which said lack of planning, monitoring and poor execution of the bridges built for rural connectivity under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY and the Mukhyamantri Gram Setu Yojana (MGSY). The report, which was tabled during the monsoon session of the assembly earlier this week, also slammed the government over wasteful expenditure in such bridge projects, causing heavy loss to the state exchequer.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

International community to provide $1.2 billion for Afghanistan Humanitarian Crisis

 

 

On the occasion, U.N. Secretary General Antonio Guterres underlined the importance of engaging with the Taliban in order to ensure continued humanitarian assistance in India.

 

He also highlighted the importance of addressing other concerns like terrorism, human rights and nature of the government.

High-level ministerial event

 

United Nations organised a high-level ministerial event in Geneva on September 13, 2021 on the issue of humanitarian situation in Afghanistan.

 

UNs highlighted the acute needs in Afghanistan and underlined the urgent funding support & actions by international partners in order to support the people of Afghanistan.

 

  1. agencies and non-governmental partners also launched a flash appeal and asked $606 million for remaining months of year 2021 in order to bring relief to 11 million people in Afghanistan.

 

About $1.2 billion in humanitarian & development aid was announced by member States, including the funding for flash appeal and regional response.

 

El Salvador Becomes the 1st Country to Bitcoin as National Currency

 

El Salvador has come to be the first country in the world to take delivery of Bitcoin as a legal tender.

Highlights:

The authorities of El Salvador claimed that the cross will give many residents of the country access to bank offerings for the first time.

In addition, buying and selling in cryptocurrency will assist the use of a shop around $400 million in prices that is levied by way of banks and financial institutions on the cash despatched domestically by expats.
The acceptance of Bitcoin as a legal forex by means of El Salvador follows a regulation accepted by the country’s parliament in June.

At the time, the use of a allowed Bitcoin to be typical as soft for all items and services. The bill was accredited within 24 hours of being presented to Congress by way of President Nayib Bukele.

 

NATIONAL

Sansad TV to be Launched

 

Vice President & Rajya Sabha Chairman M. Venkaiah Naidu, Prime Minister Narendra Modi as well as Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla will launch Sansad TV jointly on September 15, 2021.

The launch date of Sansad Tv, September 15, coincides with the International Day of Democracy.

 

Sansad TV was created by merging the Rajya Sabha TV and Lok Sabha TV in February 2021. Government also appointed the CEO of Sansad TV in March, 2021.

Programming of Sansad TV

 

Sansad TV programming primarily includes four categories:

  1. Functioning of Parliament & democratic institutions
  2. Governance and implementation of schemes & policies
  3. History & culture of India and
  4. Issues, interests and concerns of contemporary nature.

Sansad TV is an Indian government television service that broadcasts programming of the two Houses of Parliament and other public affairs programming. It was formed on March 2021 by merging two existing house channels that is, Lok Sabha TV and Rajya Sabha TV. Provisionally the channel will comprise of 35 themes on which programmes will be aired. Programmes will be similar and in two English and Hindi languages.

 

September 15: Engineers Day 2021

 

The day mark the contributions of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya in the field of engineering and education.

 

Visvesvaraya is the man with high principles.

 

He played a significant role in constructing dams, reservoirs and hydro-power projects across India.

His high architect projects are Krishna Raja Sagar dam in Karnataka and flood protection system in Hyderabad.

India has been celebrating the Engineers Day on September 15, since 1968. His birthday is celebrated as Engineers’ Day in India, Sri Lanka and Tanzania.

 

Centre allows 11 states to borrow Rs 15721 crore from market

 

Central government has allowed 11 states to borrow an additional fund of Rs 15,721 crore from the market, because they achieved the capital expenditure target that finance ministry had set for June quarter the fiscal year 2021-22.

 

States that have been allowed to borrow include- Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand.

 

Additional open market borrowing permission equivalent to 0.25% of their Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) was granted.

 

Additional financial resources will help these states to push their capital expenditure further.

 

Article 293(3) of the Constitution provides for states to require Centre’s permission in order to borrow additional funds. This permission is granted after fulfilling certain conditions provided by Article 293(4). Centre has been exercising this power as per recommendations of the Finance Commission.

 

Land records integrated with Centre’s e-portal

 

Government further noted that, procurement in the Kharif Marketing season 2021-22 will be done as per new mechanism.

 

Three states that have not integrated their digital land records with the nodal procurement agency, Food Corporation of India (FCI) include- barring Assam, Uttarakhand and Jammu & Kashmir.

 

Cross-checking land records before procurement will help in ensuring that the MSP reaches to the farmers and not traders.

 

Crop cultivated by farmers, either in their own land or rented property, will be procured by the government.

To register on the portal, farmers will not need to provide physical proofs of land records.

Objective of the scheme

 

This mechanism was launched with the objective of finding how much crop has been cultivated in any particular area and how much the government procures from genuine farmers and not from traders.

 

Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme (DILRMP)

 

It is a Central Sector scheme which now stands extended up to 2020-21 with the total cost of Rs. 950 crores. Department of Land Resources also proposed an extension to 2023-24. This scheme attempts to build commonalities existing in the area of land records in several States to develop an appropriate Integrated Land Information Management System (ILIMS) in India.

Integrated Land Information Management System (ILIMS)

 

ILIMS comprises of information on parcel ownership, taxation, land use, location boundaries, encumbrances, land value etc.

 

Linking land record databases with banks

 

Next phase of the DILRMP include linkage of land record databases with banks. It will enhance the service deliveries and will also function as inputs to the schemes in sectors like Agriculture, Finance and Disaster Management

 

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