09.09.21 Daily JPSC Current Affairs.09.21 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND

House nod to Bill for 75 % quota in pvt sector for locals

Amid protest against the police lathicharge on BJP leaders and workers outside the Assembly, the Hemant Soren Government on Wednesday passed three Bills in the House. The Bills include the Jharkhand Municipal (Amendment) Bill 2021, Jharkhand Goods and Service Bill 2021 and Jharkhand State Employment of Local Candidates Bill, 2021. Among these three Bills, the Jharkhand State Employment of Local Candidates Bill is important as it paves way for 75 per cent reservation to locals in jobs upto Rs  40,000 per month at private sector.

Once the Jharkhand State Employment of Local Candidates Bill is enacted in the State, Jharkhand will become the third State in the country after Andhra Pradesh and Haryana having a law providing for reservation in private sector jobs for local residents. As the bill pertains to reservations of locals in the private sector, the Government gets passed the bill without much difficulty. On one side the Soren Government was getting passed three bills, BJP leaders and workers were staging Assembly gherao against the allotment of room at Assembly for offering Namaz. Inside the house too, BJP lawmakers were protesting against the allotment of room for Namaz.

It may be noted that the bill was earlier tabled during the budget session in March this year and was referred for vetting to six member committee formed by Speaker Rabindra Nath Mahto.  The six member committee was headed by Labour Minister Satyanand Bhokta and members from different parties. The committee after going through the bill gave its consent while making some changes.

The committee had added the words “private sector” in the amended bill, changing its name from ‘The Jharkhand State Employment of Local Candidates Bill, 2021’ to ‘The Jharkhand State Employment of Local Candidates in Private Sector Bill, 2021’. The amended legislation increased the salary limit to Rs 40,000 from the earlier Rs 30,000.

The draft resolution of bill mandates that every employer shall fill up seventy-five percent of the total existing vacancies on the date of notification of this Act and subsequent thereto by local candidates with respect to such posts where the gross monthly salary or wages are not more than Rs 40,000.

The Central Government or the State Government shall not be included but the provisions of this Act shall apply on the organizations providing services through outsourcing to the Central Government or the State Government organization/undertaking, the bill says.

The other bill which was passed today was the Jharkhand Municipal (Amendment) Bill which gives power to the Jharkhand government to remove the mayor and the Chairman in the municipal bodies. As per the bill the election of mayor and Chairman in the municipal bodies in the state will not be conducted on party symbols. Apart from this mayor and deputy mayor will be elected by the elected councillors on the basis of majority.

The passing of the Bill assumes importance as reports about differences between government and municipal bodies have escalated in the past few months with most of the Municipal bodies in the State being represented by BJP.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

AUSINDEX – Bilateral Exercise

 

Indian and Australian navies commenced the bilateral exercising AUSINDEX.

Highlights:

From the Indian Navy, INS Shivalik and INS Kadmatt are taking part in AUSINDEX 2021, the fourth version of the bilateral naval exercise.

Under the Eastern Naval Command, they form the part of the Indian Navy’s Eastern Fleet based at Visakhapatnam.

Both are indigenously designed and built.

INS Kadmatt is an anti-submarine corvette and INS Shivalik is a guided missile stealth frigate.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

CSCs Approved by Passport Services

 

The Common Services Centres has received approvals to operate and manipulate Passport Seva Kendra kiosks in rural areas.

Highlights:

The Village Entrepreneur (VLE) who runs the CSC will be commissioned to collect the documents, photos, and other details required for the passport process, as well as initial non-police verification.

A nominal charge of up to Rs one hundred should be charged for the same.
The pilot program was launched in some CSCs in Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

Full-fledged service is about to roll out across the country.

 

 

 

Local Sales through SEZ Units Except Import Tag

Special Economic Zones (SEZs) were in the news. Local sales through Special Economic Zones units except import tag.

Highlights:

The government is considering an idea to enable producers in Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to promote their output to the domestic market without treating them as imports.

It is also reviewing the exclusion of special economic zones and export-oriented units from the recently notified export tax refund scheme

It has also recently been emphasized that despite the rising freight and input costs, the special economic zones and EOU units have not benefited under the Remission of Taxes and Duties on Export Products (RoDTEP) scheme.

 

Committee for Coal Based Hydrogen Production

 

To Prepare Road Map for Coal based Hydrogen Production the Ministry of Coal Constitutes an Expert Committee and Task Force .

Highlights:

On India’s 75th Independence Day, the Prime Minister introduced a Hydrogen Mission. Coal is one of the vital sources of hydrogen making (Brown Hydrogen) aside from Natural Gas (Grey hydrogen) and renewable energy (Green Hydrogen) through electrolysis.

In the case of renewable energy (green hydrogen), excess solar energy is used to electrolyze water into hydrogen and oxygen

However, Coal has not been prompted elsewhere because of the fear that while extracting hydrogen by coal (from the moisture embedded in coal) there might also be carbon emission. Almost

In view of the above situation, the Ministry of Coal has established two committees.

 

Establishment of National Livestock Mission

 

The Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying Minister established the National Livestock Mission portal.

About National Livestock Mission:

? This mission covers all the Indian states.
? There are 4 sub-missions under National Livestock Mission:
? Sub-Mission on Fodder and Feed Development
? Sub-Mission on Livestock Development
? Sub-Mission on Development of Pig in North-Eastern Region
? Sub-Mission on Technology Transfer, Skill Development and Extension
? It is a centrally-sponsored scheme. Under ‘White Revolution’, it runs as a sub-scheme.
? It began working in 2014.
? The mission ensures quantitative and qualitative enhancement in livestock manufacturing systems, specially in Sheep, Goat, Pig, Poultry, Feed and Fodder sector.

 

Unlocking Huge Potential of Mineral Exploration

The Geological Survey of India has designated 100 mineral blocks with geological potential for auction. Handing over of these a hundred Reports to the State Governments will ensure non-stop grant of minerals in the country and extra revenue to the State Governments by bringing greater quantities of mineral blocks under auction.

About MMDR Amendment Act, 2021:

The 2015 MMDR Amendment Act introduced transparency in the allocation of mineral concessions in mining leases and exploration licenses.

In this non-stop endeavour, the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, has been further liberalized in March 2021.

The latest amendment is anticipated to expand employment and funding in the mining sector, enlarge the income to the States, increase production and time bound operationalization of mines,maintain the continuity of mining operations after the tenant changes, and accelerate the pace of mineral exploration and auction resources.