28.03.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND

  • Jharkhand Freedom Fighter : Birsa Munda (1875–1900)

 

  • Birsa Munda was a tribal leader and a folk hero, belonging to the Munda tribe who was behind the Millenarian movement that rose in the tribal belt of modern day Bihar, and Jharkhand during the British Raj, in the late 19th century making him an important figure in the history of the Indian independence movement

 

  • His long stay at Chaibasa from 1886 to 1890 constituted a formative period of his life. During 1893-4 all waste lands in villages, the ownership of which were vested in the Government, were constituted into protected forests under the Indian Forest Act VII of 1882. In Singhbhum as in Palamau and Manbhum the forest settlement operations were launched and measures were taken to determine the rights of the forest-dwelling communities. Villages in forests were marked off in blocks of convenient size consisting not only of village sites but also cultivable and waste lands sufficient of the needs of villages.

 

  • Mundas called him Dharati Aba, the father of the earth. As a matter of strategy he went with his followers to Chutia on 28 January 1898 to collect the record or rights and re-establish racial links with the temple there. He said that the temple belonged to the Kols in ancient times.

 

  • It is said that 7000 men and women assembled around Christmas of 1899 heralding the Ulgulaan (or revolution) which soon spread to Khunti, Tamar, Basia and Ranchi. It was January 5, 1900. The entire Munda community was up in arms.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

  • Pakistan approves the proposal to open Sharda Peeth corridor

 

  • The Pakistan government approved a proposal to establish a corridor that will allow Hindu pilgrims from India to visit Sharda Peeth.

 

  • It is an ancient Hindu temple and cultural site in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.

 

  • The Sharda Peeth corridor, when opened, will be the second religious tract after Kartarpur corridor in Pakistan-controlled territory that will connect the two neighbouring nations.

 

  • After Partition in 1947, the temple went under the control of Pakistan.

 

  • It is about 130km from Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu & Kashmir.

 

  • Kashmiri Pandits consider Sharada as their “kuldevi” or principal deity.

 

  • India, Bangladesh to start cruise service

 

  • India and Bangladesh will start a cruise service that would take passengers through the Sunderbans to Dhaka.

 

  • The move aims to strengthen inland waterway routes between the two countries.

 

  • Other than road and rail, India and Bangladesh also have very strong power connectivity through waterways.

 

  • As the movement of goods starts using inland waterways, goods from India can go in the cheapest possible form up to Narayanganj and Dhaka in Bangladesh.

 

  • Apart from it, people would have the option to travel through the Sunderbans on luxury vessels up to Dhaka.

 

  • World’s largest e-waste recycling hub opened in Dubai
  • Located at the Dubai Industrial Park, the 2,80,000 square feetplant will process Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), IT asset disposition (ITAD), refrigerant gas and specialised waste.
  • It is established by ‘Enviroserve’ company with a total cost of $5 million.
  • It has a processing capacity of 100,000 tonnesof total integrated waste per year, of which 39,000 tonnes is e-waste.
  • The 120 million dirhams ($5 million) project is backed by the Swiss Government Export Finance Agency.

NATIONAL

  • Government notifies Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules 2019

 

  • Health and Family Welfare Ministry have notified the Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules, 2019 with an aim to promote clinical research in the country.

 

  • The new rules will change the regulatory landscape for the approval of new drugs and conduct of clinical trials in the country.

 

  • These rules will apply to all new drugs, investigational new drugs for human use, clinical trial, bioequivalence study and Ethics Committee.

 

  • It has reduced the time for approving applications to 30 days for drugs manufactured in India and 90 days for those developed outside the country.

 

  • The ethics committee will monitor the trials and decide on the amount of compensation in cases of adverse events.

 

  • ISRO to launch 29 satellites including EMISAT on April 1, 2019

 

  • India on April 1 will launch an electronic intelligence satellite ‘Emisat’ for the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) along with 28 third party satellites.
  • ISRO, for the first time, will also demonstrate its new technologies like three different orbitswith a new variant of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket.
  • PSLV-C45will take off from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota tentatively at 9:30 AM carrying the satellites onboard.
  • EMISAT, weighing 436 kg, is intended for electromagnetic spectrum measurement.
  • The 28 international customer satellites are from four countries, viz. Lithuania, Spain, Switzerland and USA. All these satellites are being launched under commercial arrangements.

 

  • India successfully conducts an anti-satellite missile test in Mission Shakti

 

  • India successfully completed ‘Mission Shakti‘ operation where it destroyed a live satellite on a low earth orbit (LEO) using an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile in three minutes.

 

  • A DRDO-developed Ballistic Missile, Defence Interceptor Missile successfully engaged an Indian orbiting target satellite in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) in a Hit to Kill mode.

 

  • He assured the international community that India’s capability will not be used against anyone but is purely a defence initiative for its security.

 

  • The successful launch of an anti-satellite missile, the country has emerged as a space superpower in the world.

 

  • After the US, Russia, and China, India is the fourth country to acquire this space capability.

 

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