29.01.21 Daily JaPSC Current Affairs

 

JHARKHAND

MGNREGA sustains rural population and economy during Covid-19

 

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has come to a great help to provide employment opportunities to the rural population of Jharkhand at a time when the economy of the country has been badly affected by Covid-19.

The ground assessment has confirmed that during the lockdown when Jharkhand witnessed a mass reverse migration, the job loss on national level; MGNREGA proved crucial to financially sustain the poor rural population.

 

So far in fiscal year 2021-2022 corresponding with the second and lethal wave of Covid 19, the Jharkhand government has provided job cards to 33,000 families that will benefit 51,000 people. So far 228 lakh man-days have been created with 13.80 lakh people getting employment out of different MGNREGA schemes. To locally generate employment opportunities for job seekers under MGNREGA scheme district administration and rural development department have been asked to start at least five to six construction works at each village.

The State Government has further directed that rural works can be selected under different schemes like Nilambar-Pitambar Jal Samridhi Yojana, Birsa Harti Gram Yojana, Veer Poto Ho Khel Yojana, Didi Badi Yojana and others.  Schemes related to water conservation and forestations too have been added under MGNREGA.

So far, 47,242 schemes have been completed and the work is under progress in 9.42 lakh schemes.

Notably, 81 per cent of the total allotted budget has been spent on schemes related to natural resource conservation.

Currently, agriculture related schemes constitute 94.33 per cent of the total schemes approved under MGNREGA.

In fact the Jharkhand Government realised that during tough times like this MGNREGA can be the life saver if schemes are properly managed. In the previous fiscal year over 14 lakh new job cards were issued when there was a nationwide lockdown. Similarly, 11 crore man-days were created under MGNREGA. The result remained satisfactory as almost all households got jobs for a minimum of 46 days whereas 3.56 per cent of the total households got full 100 days’ jobs.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

International Everest Day is on 29th May

May 29 is the International Mount Everest Day. Tenzing Norgay of Nepal and Edmund Hillary of New Zealand climbed Mt.

On this day in 1953, Mount Everest became the first human to achieve this feat. Nepal decided to make the 2008 International Mount Everest Remembrance Day an International Mountaineering Festival, and the legendary climber Hillary passed away. Everest Day commemorates the first summit on May 29 every year. In 1953, Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa climbed Mount Everest. This day is celebrated with commemorations, parades and special events in Kathmandu and the Everest region.

International Day of UN Peacekeepers is on 29th May

May 29 will be the International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers. On May 29, 1948, the first United Nations peacekeeping mission was established when the Security Council authorized a small number of United Nations military observers in the Middle East.

Highlights:

? United Nations peacekeeping is a joint effort between the Department of Peace Operations and the Department of Operations Support. The Security Council authorizes every peacekeeping mission.

? The financial resources of UN peacekeeping operations are the collective responsibility of UN member states. According to the “United Nations Charter”, each member state has a legal obligation to pay its share of peacekeeping.

NATIONAL

Panel Constituted to Suggest Reforms to IPC

The Union Home Ministry has established a panel to recommend changes to the Indian Penal Code (IPC)

Highlights: 

? It will almost certainly propose a separate Section on “offences relating to speech and expression.”

? Because there is no clear definition of what constitutes “hate speech” in the IPC, the Committee for Reforms in Criminal Laws is attempting to define such speech for the first time.

 

Creation of a Lakshadweep Development Authority – LDA

The people of Lakshadweep are dissatisfied with the new administrator Praful Khoda Patel’s decision to establish a Lakshadweep Development Authority (LDA).

 

The establishment of the Lakshadweep Development Authority (LDA) with broad powers includes the eviction of landowners.
It is generally believed that this was promoted by the real estate lobby group and violated the interests of the islanders.

 

Technology Development Board (TDB) Carbon Technology

 

TDB National Award 2021 was given to a Bangalore start-up for its recycling carbon technology.

Highlights:

The award was given to the start-up for creating a commercial solution for converting CO2 to chemicals and fuels.

Breathe Applied Sciences, a start-up incubated at the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), created efficient catalysts and methodologies for converting CO2 to methanol and other chemicals.

The advancement is significant because of the aid of the solution in the conversion of anthropogenic CO2 generated from various sources such as coal and natural gas power generation sectors, steel industry, cement industry, and chemical industries.

Launch of SeHAT OPD portal

 

The Ministry of Defence launched the Services e-Health Assistance & Tele-consultation (SeHAT) OPD portal.

Highlights: 
? The portal offers telemedicine services to serving Armed Forces personnel, veterans, and their families. This is the final version of the SeHAT OPD portal, which includes advanced safety features.

? The trial version became operational in August 2020.

? It is developed by the Department of Military Affairs (DMA), the Integrated Defence Staff (IDS), the Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS)and the Centre for the Development of Artificial Computing (C-DAC) Mohali

? The portal will assist hospitals in reducing their workload, and patients will be able to obtain contactless consultations in a simple and efficient manner.