16.01.18 JPSC (Jharkhand) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND

  • Wildlife numbers fall in Jharkhand even as forest cover increases

 

  • Black bucks no longer bellow here and the Chinkara’s snort is barely heard in Jharkhand now.

 

  • The presence of around a dozen wildlife species , including the tiger and leopards , and birds such as the great spotted eagle appears to be diminishing in a state where the forest cover has increased in the past decade.

 

  • Experts say Jharkhand is suffering from ‘empty forest syndrome’, underlining the deterioration of forest ecosystems.

 

  • Forest officials blame the hunting culture of tribals for the syndrome but experts blame mismanagement of sanctuaries, poaching, rampant mining and inadequate forest security system for the predicament.

 

  • One of the first counts of wildlife in the region was done in 1894-95 and 1896-97.

 

  • The Jharkhand government has failed to declare ecologically sensitive zones (ESZ) for 10 of the 11 wildlife sanctuaries, which experts say has led to unchecked stone quarries, tree felling, encroachment and construction work in the buffer zones of the wildlife reserves.

 

  • The Supreme Court order in 2006 had asked states and union territories to propose geographical extent of ESZ to the environment ministry so as to protect them from industrial pollution and unregulated development under the Environment Protection Act of 1986.

 

  • Killing animal is a part of tribal culture. There is festival called Bishu in Jharkhand when thousands of tribal enter forests to kill animals.

 

 

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