13.02.21 Daily JPSC Current Affairs.

JHARKHAND

Women farmers earning lakhs from Lac production in State

The Government of Jharkhand is committed to revive the rural economy and make rural women self-reliant. At the NITI Aayog Governing Council Meet, Chief Minister Hemant Soren said, “The state government wants to enhance the purchasing power of the villagers. India can become a self-reliant nation only when we empower the rural population.”

Women in rural areas are being trained for the production of lac. The government is taking measures to generate livelihood opportunities for rural women. More than 73,000 rural women have been trained under this programme. In 2020, the trained women produced around 2000 metric tonnes of Lac.

The State government plans to create a pool of livelihood programmes for the women residing in rural areas, through forest produce and traditional skill set. The government intends to set the example by helping these women become self-reliant through forest produce.

The women farmers in Jharkhand are being trained scientifically for lac production under the Women Farmers Empowerment Project. Additionally, these women are also being provided with a market linkage facility.

A total of 460 Collection Centres and 25 Rural Service Centres are operational across the state for procurement of the produce. These centres are fully run by women where the farmer’s produce is collected at one place and later sold in the market.

The government of Jharkhand is committed to make optimum use of all the forest produce and make the rural population self-reliant by providing them with a source of livelihood.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Darwin Day: 12 February

12 February is celebrated every year as Darwin Day to commemorate the birth anniversary of the father of evolutionary biology, Charles Darwin in 1809.

This day highlights Darwin’s contribution to evolutionary and plant science.

In 2015, Darwin’s ‘Origin of Species’ was voted the most influential academic book in history.

The theory of evolution by natural selection was first formulated in Darwin’s book “On the Origin of Species” in 1859.

It is explained that organisms change over time as a result of changes in heritable physical or behavioural traits.

These changes will allow an organism to adapt better in the environment and help to survive and to have better offspring.

World Radio Day: 13 February

World Radio Day is celebrated on 13 February each year to recognize radio as a powerful medium, which brings people together from every corner of the globe, to promote diversity and help build a more peaceful and inclusive world.

According to UNESCO, radio is a powerful medium for celebrating humanity and constitutes a platform for democratic discourse.

Radio has the ability to reach out to the widest audience, in the process having the ability to shape a society’s experience of diversity and providing a platform for everyone to be represented and heard.

The theme of World Radio Day 2021 is ‘New World, New Radio”.

 

Worlds First Artificial Island in Denmark

 

The Danish government approved a plan to build an artificial island in the North Sea as part of its efforts to switch to green energy.

The project is known as the largest construction project in Danish history, and it is estimated to cost DKK 210 billion.

The energy island is based on a platform that serves as a hub for generating electricity from surrounding offshore wind farms.

The artificial island will be located about 80 kilometers from the North Sea, most of which will be owned by the Danish government.

Its main purpose is to provide large-scale offshore wind power.

The idea is to connect and distribute power between Denmark and neighboring countries.

NATIONAL

11 projects of Rs. 2560 lakhs have been sanctioned under National Beekeeping & Honey Mission

 

Recently the government has approved the allocation for Rs. 500 crore for National Beekeeping & Honey Mission (NBHM) for three years (2020-21 to 2022-23).

The mission was announced as part of the AtmaNirbhar Bharat scheme.

NBHM aims for the overall promotion & development of scientific beekeeping in the country to achieve the goal of ‘Sweet Revolution’ which is being implemented through the National Bee Board (NBB).

The main objective of NBHM is to promote holistic growth of the beekeeping industry for income & employment generation.

National Monsoon Mission Earth Science Ministry

Under the Monsoon Mission, the Ministry has developed the most advanced weather and climate prediction models, which are now in operation.

These models include models for short-range and medium-range (1-10 days), extended-range (10 days to 30 days), and seasonal (up to one season).

 

Use the Monsoon Mission Model to develop seamless forecasting systems on different time scales, such as Seasonal, Extended range, Short-range forecasting.

Initiate and coordinate working partnerships between Indian and foreign institutions to develop a system for forecasting extreme climate applications

Develop and implement climate application systems with social impact (such as agriculture, flood forecasting, extreme event forecasting, wind energy, etc.)

Advanced data assimilation system can prepare high-quality data for model prediction.

 

Climate Change Study on Indian Agriculture – NICRA

 

Under National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA), the Impact of Climate Change on Indian agriculture was studied.

 

The Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) launched a network project NICRA in 2011 to address the impact of climate change on Indian agriculture.

The project aims to enhance the resistance of Indian agriculture to climate change and climate vulnerability through strategic research and technology demonstration.

Research on adaptation and mitigation involves crops, livestock, fisheries and natural resource management.

The project consists of four parts. Strategic research, technology demonstration, capacity building and sponsorship/competitive grants.