07-08.02.21 Daily JPSC Current Affairs.

JHARKHAND

Buddhist Monastery Founded in Jharkhand ASI

 

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) discovered a Buddhist monastery believed to be at least 900 years old in a village near Juljul Pahar in Sitagarhi Hills, Jharkhand. It was buried in a Under the mound. Earlier, an ancient Buddhist shrine buried under a similar mound was discovered near the site. Highlights: Unearthed Articrafts:

 

Four statues of god Tara in Varad Mudra (showing the gesture of allocating ballon hands). ? Nagri text on the statue of Tara: Nagri is an early version of Devnagri text, and its word represents Buddhist belief.

 

The six Buddha statues in the Bhumisparsha Mudra (the gesture of the hand shows the five fingers of the right hand to the earth, symbolizing the Buddha’s understanding).

 

The sculpture appears to be a statue of Shaivite deity Maheswari – with a crown and chakras coiled around-representing the cultural assimilation of the region.

 

Since the monastery is located on the old route to Varanasi, and Varanasi is only 10 kilometers away from Sarnath, where the Buddha gave his first sermon, this discovery is of great significance.

 

The existence of the statue of Tara indicates that the Vajrayana form of Buddhism in this area may spread.

 

Vajrayana: The Vajrayana language means “Thunderbolt Che” and is also known as Tantric Buddhism. This Buddhist school developed in India around 900 AD. Compared with other Buddhist schools, its foundation is esoteric elements and a very complicated set of rituals

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

Square Kilometre Array Observatory formed to set up World’s Largest Radio Telescope

The newly constituted Square Kilometre Array Observatory (SKAO) Council held its maiden meeting and approved the establishment of the world’s largest radio telescope.

SKAO is a new intergovernmental organisation dedicated to radio astronomy.

The headquartered of SKAO is based in the United Kingdom

Currently organisations from ten countries are a part of the SKAO, which include Australia, Canada, China, India, Italy, New Zealand, South Africa, Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK.

The Indian contingent of over 20 institutions will be lead by Pune-based National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA) of TIFR.

The SKAO telescope will be an array of antennas located in two continents, i.e. Africa and Australia.

Democracy Index 2020 Released by EIU

The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) recently released a report entitled “Democracy in Disease and Health?” And, released the 2020 Democracy Index.

The 2020 Democracy Index report was covering 167 countries/regions. It classifies the economy into flawed democracies, fully democratic states, mixed regimes, and authoritarian regimes.

The report emphasizes that out of 167 countries, 23 countries are full democracies, 52 are defective democracies, 35 countries are mixed regimes, and 57 countries are authoritarian regimes.

In the Democracy Index, Norway ranks first. The other places that include 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th places in the index were won by Iceland, Sweden, New Zealand, and Canada.

India’s ranking dropped two places from the previous year. This year India ranks 53rd. Sri Lanka ranks 68th. It is also classified as a defective democracy. Pakistan ranks 105th. It is classified as a “hybrid regime.”

 

India & Bahrain join hands for Renewable Energy

The 1st meeting of the Joint Working Group in the field of Renewable Energy between India and Bahrain was held in virtual format.

In the meeting, both sides presented the initiatives taken, progress made and future targets set by their respective governments as well as opportunities available in this sector.

Both sides also agreed to forge deeper engagement in capacity building and focused cooperation between concerned agencies as well as the private sector of the two countries in this sector, particularly in the field of solar, wind and clean hydrogen.

NATIONAL

Union Minister Mentions About CWF in Parliament

 

In the ongoing meeting, the Union Minister of State for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution has informed Congress about the Consumer Welfare Fund (CWF).

 

 

The Consumer Welfare Fund was established under the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act of 2017. The 1992 Consumer Welfare Fund rules have been incorporated into the 2017 CGST rules.

The fund was established by the Ministry of Finance (Ministry of Finance) and operated by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs (Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution).

The goal of CWF is to promote and protect consumer welfare.

 

Prime Ministers Five S Vision To Tackle Global Challenges

 

Raksha Mantri emphasized the Prime Minister’s “Five S” vision to tackle global challenges in his keynote speech at the IOR Defense Ministers Meeting.

PM Modi’s “Five S Vision” representative to tackle global challenges:
? Samman (respect)
? Samvaad (dialogue)
? Sahyog (cooperation)
? Shanti (peace)
? Samriddhi (prosperity)

KAPILA Campaign for Patent Awareness

The Government initiated a campaign, namely the ” Kalam Program for Intellectual Property Literacy and Awareness Campaign (KAPILA) for Intellectual Property Literacy aimed at raising patent awareness.

KAPILA was launched in October 2020.
Scheme objectives:

Build awareness of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) among Higher Education Institutions (HEIs)

Provide intellectual property protection for inventions originating from faculty and students from HEIs.

Develop intellectual property right Credit Courses

Provide intellectual property training programs for faculty and students in HEIs.

Sensitization and development of IP archiving system

 

 

Rashtriya Yuva Sashaktikaran Karyakram (RYSK) by Youth Affairs Ministry

 

The Rashtriya Yuva Sashaktikaran Karyakram Scheme is a Central Sector Scheme of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.

 

The Rashtriya Yuva Sashaktikaran Karyakram Scheme is a Central Sector Scheme of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and has been continuing since the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan”.

The scheme aims to cultivate the personalities and leadership skills of young people and enable them to participate in nation-building activities.

The beneficiaries of this scheme are young people in the 15-29 age group. In the case of the programme specifically targets young people, the age group is 10-19 years old.

 

This is an overall scheme that includes the following sub-schemes:

Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (founded in 1972, one of the largest youth organizations in the world)
National Youth Corps
National Programme for Youth and Adolescent Development
International Cooperation
Youth Hostels
Assistance to Scouting and Guiding Organisations
National Youth Leadership Program