24-25.04.21 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND

IIAB holds International Symposium on Plant Biotechnology

CAR-Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology (IIAB), Garhkhatanga, Ranchi successfully organized International Symposium on Advances in Plant Biotechnology and Genome Editing (APBGE-2021), held virtually. More than 450 delegates from 11 different countries participated in the three-day Symposium (Apr 8-10).

Nine scientific sessions were organized during these days with keynote lectures delivered by renowned national and international experts working in the domain.

There was a timely workshop on Genome Editing Technology, partnering with the industries, for the benefit of young researchers and students.

The symposium extensively covered recent advances in plant tissue culture, system biology and biotechnology in plant sciences with focus on plant stress induced by impending climate changes.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment MOXIE

The Perseverance rover of Mars 2020 Mission of NASA these days converted carbon dioxide into oxygen. This is the first time this has been completed in any other planet. This was once performed through MOXIE, an instrument placed in the front facet of the rover.

MOXIE is Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilisation Experiment. It is a golden container placed in the front side of the rover.

MOXIE is also called “Mechanical Tree”. This is because, it uses electricity and chemistry to cut up carbon molecules into carbon and oxygen. In due process, it produces carbon monoxide as a by product.

 

Recommendation of US Commission on International Religious Freedom

The United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) has recommended that India be included in the list of the most serious violations of religious freedom in 2020 for the second year in a row.

The Ministry of Public Information pointed out a number of human rights issues in India in its “Human Rights Report 2020”.

The main focus of the report is on two countries/regions:

The “Country of Special Concern” (CPC) is a country designated by the Secretary of State of the United States that has seriously violated religious freedom under the IRFA (International Religious Freedom Act of 1998).

Countries on the “special watch list” are considered to not meet all the standards of the Chinese Communist Party, but engage in or tolerate acts that seriously violate religious freedom.

World Malaria Day is on 25th April

Every year, World Malaria Day is celebrated on April 25 by the World Health Organisation and countless different global organisations.

The World Malaria Day was hooked up via the 60th session of the World Health Assembly. Earlier it was once broadly recognised as African Malaria Day.

Malaria is caused by way of Plasmodium parasite. The ailment spreads to the people through the chunk of woman Anopheles mosquito.

According to the World Health Organisation, India represents 3% of international malaria. India once nearly eliminated Malaria. However, Malaria came lower back to India in the commencing of the twenty-first century.

There were 1.5 million Malarial cases in India in the year 2009. India has set a goal of turning into Malaria free country by 2027 and malaria elimination by 2030.

The National Strategic Plan for Elimination of Malaria diagram was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The above target used to be set under this plan. The graph is designed based on the Global Technical Strategy of Malaria (2016-2030).

 

NATIONAL

World Immunization Week 2021 24th to 30th April

 

The World Immunization Week was observed in last week of April i.e., between 24th April and 30th April.

The World Immunization Week is an initiative by World Health Organization (WHO) to create awareness about the Vaccination and its importance.
It is observed in last week of April (the 2021 event was observed between 24th and 30th of April). The initiative is one of eight global public health campaigns observed by the World Health Organization.

National Panchayati Raj Day is on 24th April

 

Every year, April 24th is celebrated as National Panchayati Raj Day i.e., on that day Constitutional Amendment No. 73 of 1992 entered into force on April 24, 1993.

The Panchayati raj Day was first observed in the year 2010.

Panchayati Raj Day paved the way for the country’s three-tier Panchayati Raj system, namely Gram Panchayat at the village level, Panchayat Samiti at the block level and Zila Parishad at the district level.

Rajasthan is the first state in the country to implement the Panchayati Raj system. The late Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru launched the plan in the Nagaur region on October 2, 1959. The plan was later implemented in Andhra Pradesh in 1959.

Due to the large population and large area of many states in India, they decided to decentralize democratic power.

To meet this requirement, a committee led by Balwant rai Mehta was established in 1957. The committee recommends democratic decentralization. Therefore, the concept of Panchayati Raj appeared for the first time in history.

Women of India Won 7 Gold in AIBA Youth World Boxing Championship

 

Indian Women created history at the AIBA Youth World Boxing Championship 2021. A complete of eight Indians entered the finals. Of this, seven have been women. All the female finalists finished on top.

In 2017, Indian Women gained 5 gold medals. The 2017 Youth World Championship used to be held in Guwahati.

 

AIBA is International World Boxing Championships that AIBA Women World Boxing Championship and AIBA World Boxing Championships biennially.