08.04.21 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND

CM nod to 100 MW floating solar plant at Getalsud Dam

Floating solar plants are to be set up on the water reservoirs located in the State. Under this, Chief Minister, Hemant Soren has approved the proposal of the Energy Department to set up a 100 MW capacity floating solar plant in the Geltasud reservoir of Ranchi in the first phase. With the installation of floating solar plants on the reservoirs, the availability of electricity will be ensured and will also help in water conservation.

Keeping in mind sustainable and inclusive development as well as environmental management, the National Solar Mission 2010 has been launched by the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy to promote the use of renewable energy sources to reduce dependence on traditional energy sources. Under this, the Central government has set a target of developing 175 GW (one thousand MW) renewable energy capacities by the year 2022, which aims to produce 100 GW of solar power. In this connection, several schemes are being implemented like Solar Park, Ultramega Solar Power Project, Grid Connected Solar PP Power Project and Floating Solar Plant.

In Jharkhand also, the work of promoting power generation from renewable energy sources is being done through several projects. In the light of the feasibility report, jointly prepared by JREDA and Solar Energy Corporation of India, to produce electrical energy by installing floating solar plant on reservoirs to meet the growing power energy requirement with environment management, the floating solar plant is being set up in the Gaeltasud reservoir.

Meanwhile, in another development, Chief Minister, Hemant Soren, in the financial year 2020-21 has approved the proposal for acceptance of payment of Rs. 600,00,000 (Rupees six crores) and the draft mandate, for reimbursement of fee of children belonging to weaker and unprivileged classes enrolled in reserved seats in pre-primary class as primary class in unaided private schools under Gyanodaya Scheme (Primary Education).

After the approval of the proposal of the Department of School Education and Literacy by the Chief Minister, 11764 students belonging to the weaker and disadvantaged category will be benefited under the Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, enrolled in 25 per cent seats of admission class in private schools. The State government will reimburse expenditure on education of such children at a maximum rate of Rs 425 per child.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

World in 2030 – Public Survey Report

 

UNESCO released the World 2030: Public Survey Report. The organization released the report based on surveys conducted from May 2020 to September 2020. The survey collected feedback from more than 15,000 people around the world. Highlights:

 

According to the report, climate change, violence and conflict, loss of biodiversity, discrimination and inequality, water and housing, and insufficient food are the four major challenges facing a peaceful society in 2030.

 

Participants believe that education is the only key way to solve the many difficulties that will be faced in 2030. However, North Americans (United States, Canada) believe in science rather than education. Apart from education, the only solution is international cooperation.

 

The report believes that the main challenges in 2030 are as follows: Violence and conflict, Discrimination and inequality, False information and freedom of expression, Climate change and biodiversity loss, Lack of food, water and housing, Health and disease, Lack of decent jobs and opportunities, Political participation and democratic principles, Artificial Intelligence and New Technology, Tradition and culture are at risk.

 

UNESCO is acronymed as United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It was established in 1945.

 

Ukrainian President Urges NATO Speed Up the Membership

 

Ukrainian President (Volodymyr Zelensky) urged NATO for speedning up the process of joining the alliance, as it was the only way to end the fight against pro-Russian separatists. Background: Since 2014, the conflict in eastern Ukraine has been intensifying, which is the main escalation of the conflict in eastern Ukraine.

 

There, the government forces fought against separatists in the Donbas region, which mainly speaks Russian. Ukraine accused Russia of gathering thousands of military personnel last week on its northern and eastern borders and the Crimea peninsula annexed by Moscow in 2014. Ukraine’s Western allies have quickly defended themselves and issued a series of statements warning Russia not to take further action.

 

NATO: NATO was established in 1949 when the “Washington Treaty” was signed. It is a security alliance of 30 countries in North America and Europe. NATO was established during the Cold War and was a fortress against Soviet aggression. Its basic goal is to defend the freedom and security of allies through political and military means.

 

World Economic Outlook International Monetary Fund

 

The International Monetary Fund released the World Economic Outlook entitled Managing Recovery in Different. Highlights:

 

The report predicts that India’s GDP growth in the current fiscal year 2022 will be 12.5%. This is 1% higher than the previous forecast of 11.5% in January 2021. This is the highest among emerging economies and elite developed economies.

 

In addition, India’s growth forecast for 2023 has been raised from 6.8% to 6.9%. Previously, the International Monetary Fund had predicted that India’s growth rate would be 6.8%.

 

The global economy will grow by 6% in 2021 and is expected to slow to 4.4% by 2022. By 2020, the global economy will shrink by 3.3%.

 

According to this report, China has recovered its pre-COVID GDP in 2020. However, many other countries are not expected to resume production until 2023.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

National Policy for Rare Diseases

 

 

The Union Health Minister approves the National Policy for Rare Diseases, 2021. About the National Policy for Rare Diseases, 2021:

 

The Rare Disease Policy aims to reduce the high cost of treatment of rare diseases by paying more attention to indigenous research with the help of the national consortium convened by the Department of Health Research of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

 

Increasing research and development focus and local drug production will reduce the cost of treatment of rare diseases.

 

The policy also envisages the establishment of a rare disease registration system based on national hospitals so that there is enough data to define rare diseases and conduct research and development related to rare diseases in the country.

 

The policy also focuses on early screening and prevention through primary and secondary health care infrastructure (for example, health and wellness centers and District Early Intervention Centers (DEIC)) and counselling for high-risk parents.

 

Cabinet nod to reimplement law on fighting NCR’s bad air

 

The Union cabinet  approved the re-promulgation of ordinance on air quality management in National Capital Region (NCR) and adjoining areas spread over four states — Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh — with important changes that seek to assuage farm unions opposed to the new agriculture laws.

The re-promulgated legislation has been tweaked to take care of the concerns of farmers who had objected to its substantially high penalty provision for stubble burning in neighbouring states. The multi-member statutory commission will now also have representation from farmers, industry and construction sectors. Penalty provisions for erring industry or other sectors remain intact with jail term up to five years or with fine up to Rs 1 crore or with both for any non-compliance or contravention of any provision or rules and order or direction of the panel.

 

The commission had replaced the Supreme Court-backed Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority — EPCA — which had been taking care of the issues of air pollution in the NCR for last 22 years. The EPCA had successfully implemented certain measures such as relocation of polluting industries, switching over of public transport buses from diesel to CNG and restriction of entry of polluting trucks in the Capital.

 

 

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