Forests and other nature-based solutions for climate change, such as wetlands, can provide over one third of the climate change mitigation needed by 2030. Conserving and restoring forest landscapes is not only a cost-effective way to mitigate climate change, but it also means that many other benefits are provided to local communities and wider society. Healthy forests filter sediments and pollutants from rainwater runoff, protecting the quality of rivers and lakes, including drinking water sources.
One third of the world’s largest cities source a significant amount of their drinking water from protected forests. Restoring forest ecosystems, with appropriate species and connectivity between habitats, is critical for biodiversity – approximately 29% of assessed forest species are threatened with extinction, according to IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species. Finding innovative ways to manage and restore forests to absorb carbon dioxide, along with the wide range of other benefits from forests, is crucial if we are to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement and global biodiversity targets.
there is huge potential to restore degraded and deforested landscapes – underpinned by the Bonn Challenge to bring 150 million hectares of those landscapes into restoration by 2020 and 350 million hectares by 2030.JPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for JPSC Prelims and JPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by JPSC Notes are as follows:-
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